M40 Gun Motor Carriage

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155 mm Gun Motor Carriage M40
155mm Gun Motor Carriage M40 2.JPG
TypeSelf-propelled artillery
Place of originUnited States
Production history
No. built311
Mass36.3 metric tons (80,000 lb)
Length9.1 m (29 ft 10 in)
Width3.15 m (10 ft 4 in)
Height2.7 m (8 ft 10 in)
Crew8 (Commander, driver, 6 gun crew)

Armor12 mm
155 mm M2 gun
20 rounds
EngineWright (Continental) R975 EC2
340 hp (253 kW)
Power/weight9.36 hp/t
SuspensionHVSS (Horizontal Volute Spring Suspension)
170 km (106 mi)
Speed38 km/h (24 mph) on road
23 km/h (14 mph) off road

The 155 mm Gun Motor Carriage M40 was an American self-propelled artillery vehicle built on a widened and lengthened Medium Tank M4A3 chassis, but with a Continental engine and with HVSS (Horizontal Volute Spring Suspension), which was introduced at the end of the Second World War.


Equipped with a 155 mm M2 gun, it was designed to replace the earlier M12 Gun Motor Carriage. Its prototype designation was the T83, but this was changed to the M40 in March 1945.

A single pilot vehicle was used in the European Theatre in 1945 by 991st Field Artillery Battalion, along with a related 8 inch Howitzer Motor Carriage T89, (later re-designated the M43 Howitzer Motor Carriage) which was sometimes also equipped with a 155 mm barrel.[1] A total of 311 out of a planned 600 were completed by the Pressed Steel Car Company before the end of the war, 24 of which were later converted into M43s. From there it was deployed during the Korean War.

After World War II, the M40 was used by the British Army, who designated it 155 mm SP, M40 and called it Cardinal in the tradition of using ecclesiastical names for SP artillery, such as Deacon, Priest, Bishop and Sexton.

Gun section[edit]

A complete gun section consisted of one M40 GMC and one M4A1 high speed tractor towing an M23 ammunition trailer. Each battery had four gun sections. The M4A1/M23 combo replaced the earlier M30 cargo carrier.[2]


8-inch HMC M43 in Korea.

The Army planned to use the same T38 chassis for a family of SP artillery:

  • Cargo Carrier T30 - a few built before cancellation in December 1944 to make more chassis available for GMCs
  • 8 inch Howitzer Motor Carriage M43 - 8 in (203 mm) HMC, standardized August 1945, 48 built
  • 250 mm Mortar Motor Carriage T94 - 10 in (250 mm) MMC, began design Feb. 1945, one prototype completed in 1946

Related vehicles[edit]

Surviving vehicles[edit]

  • one at United States Army Ordnance Museum
  • one at the Imperial War Museum, Duxford (UK)
  • one at Royal Artillery Museum, Woolwich (UK)
  • one at the Technik Museum, Sinsheim (Germany)
  • Two M40 GMCs – Arkansas National Guard Mus, Camp Robinson, Little Rock, AR (USA)
  • one at City vehicle storage area, Charleston, AR (USA)
  • one at the United States Army Field Artillery Museum, Fort Sill, Ok (USA)


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hunnicutt - Sherman: A History of the American Medium Tank, p 353-355, 570.
  2. ^ http://www.realmilitaryvideos.com/videos/the-m-40-and-t-89-motor-carriages/
  3. ^ "U.S. Army Field Artillery Museum - Collections". army.mil. Retrieved 22 February 2016.


  • Hunnicutt, R. P. (1994). Sherman: A History of the American Medium Tank. Presidio Press. ISBN 0-89141-080-5.
  • Ness, Leland (2002). Janes World War II Tanks and Fighting Vehicles. Harper Collins. ISBN 0-00-711228-9.

External links[edit]