M44 Self Propelled Howitzer
|Place of origin||United States|
|Crew||Five (2 Loaders, Gunner, Commander, Driver)|
|Shell||separate loading, bagged charge|
|Caliber||155 mm L/23 caliber|
|Breech||Slow cone interrupted screw|
|Rate of fire||Sustained: 1 rpm|
|Effective firing range||Conventional: 14.6 km (9.1 mi)|
|M114 155mm howitzer|
|1 × .50 cal MG|
Towards the end of the Korean War the US Army replaced the M41 155mm Howitzer Motor Carriage with the M44 which used the drive train of the recently introduced M-41 light tank, giving it increased battlefield mobility and gave the 155mm cannon crew some armor protection, even when firing the cannon. The 155mm cannon was a version of the M114 designated the M45 Howitzer with a modified recoil system that was more compact and put all the cannon under armor except the top and the barrel. The first production models were issued in 1954.
The M44 had a crew of five and was exported to Italy.
- 'Self-Propelled Howitzer Roams Any Terrain a Tank Can Travel." Popular Mechanics, October 1954, p. 104, bottom of page.
- Armoured Fighting Vehicles of the World, Christopher F. Foss, p. 177, Charles Scribner's Sons, ISBN 0-684-14113-2