M49 Submachine gun

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Crvena Zastava Automat M49
Profile views of the M49 Submachine Gun
Type Submachine gun
Place of origin  SFR Yugoslavia
Service history
In service 1949–Present
Wars Yugoslav Wars
Production history
Manufacturer Crvena Zastava
Variants M49, M49/56
Weight 3.75 kg (8.27 lb)(without magazine)
Length 870 mm (34.3 in)
Barrel length 270 mm (10.6 in)

Cartridge 7.62×25mm Tokarev
Action Straight blowback, open bolt
Rate of fire 750 rounds/min
Muzzle velocity 488 m/s (1,600.6 ft/s)
Effective firing range 200 m
Feed system 35-round box magazine or 71-round drum magazine
Sights Front blade, flip-up rear iron sights

The M49 submachine gun is a Yugoslavian submachine gun chambered in 7.62×25mm Tokarev, designed for use with the Yugoslav People's Army. While externally similar to the PPSh-41, as well as being able to interchange magazines, the M49 is actually very different in both construction and design. More similar in nature to the Italian Beretta Model 38, the M49 features a one-piece tube receiver which contains the bolt, recoil spring and buffer mechanism.[1] Constructed of machined parts as well as simple tubing, the receiver assembly incorporates a ventilated barrel shroud to protect the operator from being burned during periods of rapid-fire, as well as a simple muzzle brake to steady the weapon.

The M49 is a select fire weapon, with the selector switch being located immediately in front of the trigger, within the trigger guard.[2] The safety is of a push-button variety, which is located on the side of the stock forward of the trigger group. Unlike the later M56 Submachine gun, the M49 features a solid wood stock, similar in construction to that of the M48 Mauser rifle also in use at the time. The M49 is disassembled by unscrewing the cap on the rear of the receiver, permitting all of the internal parts to be extracted through the opening. The M49 and the later M49/57 variant are different only in minor details.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Smith, Joseph E., Small Arms of the World, 9th Edition, Stackpole Books, (1969), p. 723
  2. ^ Defense Intelligence Agency, ST-HB-07-03-74, Small Arms Identification and Operation Guide - Eurasian Communist Countries, United States Army, (1974), p. 100
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w Cite error: The named reference gander2017 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).

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