M53/59 Praga

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M53/59 Praga
M53 Praga.jpg
M53/59 Praga, self-propelled anti-aircraft gun of Serbian Army
Type Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun
Place of origin Czechoslovakia
Production history
No. built More than 330[1]
Weight 10.3 tonnes
Length 6.92 m (22 ft 8 in)
Barrel length 2.4 m (94 in)
Width 2.35 m (7 ft 9 in)
Height 2.95 m (9 ft 8 in)
Crew 4 (driver, commander and two gun operators)

Shell Fixed QF 30x210mm
Caliber 30 mm (1.2 in)
Barrels 2
Elevation -10° - +85°
Traverse 360°
Rate of fire 500 rpm per barrel cyclic
100 rpm per barrel practical
Muzzle velocity 1,000 m/s (3,300 ft/s)
Effective firing range 3 km (2 mi) effective range[2]

Armor Aluminum
30 mm twin AA autocannon (900 rounds)
Engine Tatra T 912-2 6-cylinder inline air-cooled diesel
110 hp (82 kW) at 2,200 rpm
Power/weight 10.7 hp/tonne (8 kW/tonne)
Suspension torsion bar
500 km (310 mi)
Speed 60 km/h (37 mph)
detail of 30 mm twin AA gun, vz.53/59

The M53/59 Praga is a Czechoslovak self-propelled anti-aircraft gun developed in the late 1950s. It consists of a heavily modified Praga Praga V3S six-wheel drive truck chassis, armed with a twin 30 mm AA autocannon mounted on the rear for which the vehicle typically carries 900 rounds of ammunition, each gun being gravity fed from distinctive 50 round magazines. The vehicle has an armoured cabin.

In Czechoslovakia it was known as Praga PLDvK vz. 53/59 - "Ještěrka" (PLDvK Model 53/59 - "Lizard"[3]). PLDvK stands for Protiletadlový dvojkanón = Anti-aircraft twin-gun.

The system is optically aimed, and can only be used effectively during the day with good weather conditions. The gun can be dismounted and used independently of the vehicle.

The vehicle is now obsolete, but it can be used effectively as ground support weapon against unarmored or lightly armoured targets (as it was shown during Yugoslav wars). It remains in service with armies of Czech Republic, Egypt, Libya, Slovakia and the Former Yugoslavia.

When Czechoslovakia imported one Soviet-made ZSU-57-2 for testing it considered it to be comparable to M53/59 which was the reason Czechoslovakia refused the Soviet SPAAG.[4]


Former Operators[edit]

  •  Czechoslovakia - Passed on to the successor states.
  •  Czech Republic - Last vehicle retired from service on 31 December 2003.[7]
  •  Croatia - (phased out and scrapped) [8] 2 were given to a local army museum.
  •  Cuba - Retired
  •  Bosnia and Herzegovina - Delivered
  •  Slovenia - Used during 10 day war, retired in late 90s. Some donated to museums.[9]
  • Federal Republic of Yugoslavia - Pass down to successor state
  •  Yugoslavia - 220 ordered in 1965 from Czechoslovakia and delivered between 1965 and 1968.[1] By 1991 their quantity grew to 789.[10] Passed on to the successor states.[11]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]