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MAHLE Powertrain Ltd is the wholly owned engineering services division of MAHLE GmbH. With its headquarters in Northampton, UK and sister company in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA the company specialises in the design, development, testing and production of internal combustion engines and provides a broad spectrum of engineering and manufacturing services to its global customer base. MAHLE Powertrain’s engineers and technical specialists are also present in the MAHLE research and development centres in Stuttgart, Germany, São Paulo, Brazil and Shanghai, People's Republic of China.
In September 1998, Audi bought the Cosworth business for £117 million, then split it into two halves. Cosworth Racing was sold on to Ford for an undisclosed sum, while Audi retained a new company, Cosworth Technology which was spearheaded to run production, engineering and casting as well as the consultancy side.
The newly formed Cosworth Technology Group consisted of the engineering headquarters at Northampton, the engine assembly and machining facilities at Wellingborough and the low volume, aluminium alloy, sand casting facility at Worcester (retaining the famous Coscast process capability within the group). The group also included a sister, engineering company in Novi (MI), previously known as Intelligent Controls Inc.
On 1 January 2005, MAHLE acquired the Cosworth Technology Group, with the competence it has built up (as an integral part of Cosworth) since 1958 in developing and producing high-performance engines. Its integration into the MAHLE Group and the change of name to MAHLE Powertrain on 1 July 2005 opens up unique prospects for the long term.
MAHLE Powertrain Ltd is the engineering services division of MAHLE GmbH. It specialises in the design, development, testing and manufacture of internal combustion engines. In addition to the head office in Northampton, UK, it has a sister company in Farmington Hills, MI, near Detroit, USA which includes the Test Systems sub-division of the business. The company also has engineers and technical staff based at the parent company (MAHLE GmbH) R&D centres in Stuttgart, Shanghai and São Paulo. The UK facilities also include a manufacturing plant in Wellingborough and an aluminium sand casting foundry in Worcester.
MAHLE Powertrain provides engineering expertise in all aspects of engine development. This involves concept studies, the design and simulation phases, development and calibration work, validation and finally delivering production-ready powertrain solutions. Some projects are stand-alone and may employ specialists from a single department; others involve engineers from all disciplines within the company.
Design, Verification & Purchasing
Design and analysis engineers use the latest computer-aided engineering tools to design whole engines and subsystems from initial concept ideas to production-ready detailed designs. The company also designs performance upgrade packages for existing powertrains.
Thermodynamics & Applications
Performance and emissions engineers carry out development and optimisation of combustion systems, appraising and selecting the most appropriate combinations of hardware during an engine development programme. Calibration engineers at MAHLE Powertrain configure engine management systems to optimise performance, efficiency and driveability. They also calibrate the on-board diagnostic systems that are now mandatory on road vehicles [ref – Directive 98/69/EC 13/10/1998). Additionally, MAHLE Powertrain performs drive-cycle emissions testing on in-house dynamometers. Engine calibrations are tailored to target specific emissions legislation.
Build & Test
At their Northampton (UK) site, MAHLE Powertrain has extensive engine and vehicle testing facilities which are used to develop performance and reliability and reduce CO2 emissions and fuel consumption. The vehicle test chambers are fully certified for emissions testing to all relevant international standards. Manufacturing services
MAHLE Powertrain’s engine manufacturing services include the production of high quality aluminium sand castings, the machining of cylinder heads and blocks (in both aluminium and cast iron) and the assembly of cylinder head systems and complete engines.
The Test Systems sub-division of MAHLE Powertrain (based in Farmington Hills) provides test equipment, tools and service applications to support engineering vehicle fleets, end-of-line production testing and service / dealership diagnostics.
Internal Research & Development
MAHLE Powertrain conducts extensive research projects, focused on the application and optimisation of new products into cost-effective, production feasible engine solutions for enhanced efficiency, improved fuel economy and lower emissions. Our recent key projects include: Advanced Downsizing Engine MAHLE Powertrain designed and developed the MAHLE Advanced Downsizing Technology Demonstrator engine, which has become a recognised industry benchmark for highly optimised gasoline engine performance. Bench tests initially proved that it was capable of delivering abundant power and torque with very low fuel consumption in a high durability package. During 2010, this engine was installed into a mid-sized vehicle for further optimisation and driveability assessment. The potential for significant fuel economy benefits under ‘real world’ driving conditions were then demonstrated and verified.
MAHLE Downsizing Engine
Key features of the downsizing engine include:
- Aggressive engine downsizing: 50% displacement reduction
- High specific output: 100 kW/l
- Fuel economy benefit (proven): 5.8 l/100 km (49 mpg)
- CO2 emissions (NEDC): 135 g/km
- MAHLE COSCAST® for all major castings
- MAHLE NIKASIL® parent bore cylinder coating
- BMTS single-stage turbocharger
Compact Range Extender Engine
MAHLE Powertrain was commissioned by its parent company, MAHLE, to develop an engine for use as a range extender for electric vehicles. The design started from a completely clean sheet, and working prototypes were being tested 9 months after the start of concept work in 2009. The principle behind range-extended electric vehicles is to use an internal combustion engine to recharge the onboard battery to enhance the distance the vehicle can travel between charges, something that is currently a major limitation of fully electric vehicles. A demonstrator vehicle has recently being built.
Key features of the range extender engine include:
- 900 cm3 2 cylinder spark-ignition engine
- 30 kW output
- Compliant with Euro 6 emissions legislation
- Fully integrated axial-flux generator
Range Extender optimised for:
- Weight (< 70 kg, incl. generator)
- Package volume (the engine is the size of an A3 sheet of paper in plan view)
Single Cylinder Research Engine
MAHLE Powertrain has undertaken several research projects using their bespoke single-cylinder optical engine. The engine is capable of providing optical access to the combustion chamber at speeds of up to 5000rpm, and can be run without optical access at up to 8500rpm thanks to careful first and second order balancing.
MAHLE Flexible ECU (MFE)
The MAHLE Flexible ECU (MFE) is a robust, open architecture controller based on the proven AFT PROtroniC platform. It has the capability to control any powertrain application utilising MAHLE's highly optimised functional software. The Flexible ECU overcomes traditional prototype controller development issues and provides a cost-effective solution that is representative of a series production unit.
- Complete flexibility
- Controls all engine functions
- Fully configurable / modular software
- Covers current and future engine technologies
- Torque based structure
- Simple to use
- Matlab/Simulink compatible
- Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) protection
- Comprehensive documentation
The MAHLE Flexible ECU can be used to support development and calibration activities for gasoline and diesel products in the following areas: Full integration with existing vehicle systems, ideal for producing 'close to production level' demonstration vehicles for new hardware concepts
- Software, control algorithms, and system development
- Research and development programmes
- Demonstration of new engine hardware concepts
MAHLE Stirling Engine
The MAHLE Stirling engine develops 25 kW for use in renewable power generation applications. The engine was designed for use with a solar mirror dish configuration to collect and focus the sun's heat on to the engine's heat exchanger to provide power. The engine employs four cylinders which are arranged in a square (U4) pattern using 2 crankshafts geared together using a configuration known as 'double leading Alpha'. This compact and symmetrical cylinder arrangement minimises heat losses and offers the best thermodynamic efficiency. The pistons are double-acting, with pressurised hydrogen at up to 200 bar above and below. A cross head arrangement with a sliding gas seal is used to connect to the conrod and seal the lower volume. Extensive CAE analysis calculations were used to guide and validate the design in the concept phase. A dedicated 1-D Thermodynamic simulation software was developed to assist with optimising the geometry of the engine. During the concept development phase, four prototype engines and two seal development rigs were built for testing, as using solar energy as the heat source is not feasible for concept development the natural gas burner technology from the MAHLE Powertrain foundry was used to maintain the engine heat exchanger at a continuous 750 °C. The engine exceeded its performance targets by achieving up to 26 kW and a thermal efficiency peak of up to 43%.