MAN Lion's City

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MAN Lion's City
K-VB 5000 Deckstein.JPG
Lion's City Hybrid in Cologne
Overview
Manufacturer MAN Truck & Bus
Production 1996–present
Assembly
Body and chassis
Class Integral bus
Body style
Doors 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5
Floor type
Related
Powertrain
Power output 220-360 hp
Dimensions
Length 8.13m – 20.45m
Width 2.38m – 2.55m
Height 2.99m – 4.37m
Chronology
Predecessor
NG 313 CNG (A23) on line 2 in Stockholm.
NL 263 (A21) in Oslo
NG 313 (A23) in Mülheim an der Ruhr
ORN Lion’s City G at westside of Mainz Mainstation.
Lion’s City DD in Berlin

The MAN Lion's City is a range of low-floor and low-entry public buses built by German truck and bus manufacturer MAN Truck & Bus (previously MAN Nutzfahrzeuge) since 1996 primarily for the European market, but is also available in chassis-only variants worldwide. The name Lion's City has been used since 2004, when MAN's public bus models which had been marketed separately were gathered into one range, when also most models received a facelift. The first models to be introduced were the 12-metre low-floor intercity bus NÜ xx3 (A20) in 1996, the 12-metre city bus NL xx3 (A21) in 1997 and the articulated NG xx3 (A23) in 1998. As with former MAN bus models the power-rating made up part of the model name, giving the NÜ-series buses with power-ratings of 260 and 310 hp model names NÜ 263 and NÜ 313 respectively.[1] The main production sites are in Starachowice and Sady in Poland, but the models have also been built in Germany and Turkey. Initially most of the midibus variants were manufactured by Göppel Bus in Augsburg, later Nobitz.

Models are available with a 6-cylinder turbocharged straight engine which runs on diesel, compressed natural gas or liquefied petroleum gas. Versions with hydrogen fuel cell [2] drive and with hydrogen internal combustion engines [3] have been successfully tested, as well as diesel-electric hybrid drive.[4] A production hybrid-electric version, the Lion's City Hybrid, which uses supercapacitors and two 67 kW electric motors is available since 2010. Hybrid electric buses offer increased efficiency in urban traffic and use 30% less fuel than combustion-only buses.[5]

The latest generation of Neoplan Centroliner is based on the Lion's City (Neoplan was also part of the Neoman Bus group).

Integral variants[edit]

Codes inside parentheses are internal codes that identify some technical characteristics of the variants, like length/wheelbase, number of axles, floor height, width, engine arrangement and so on. Some codes are unique to one variant, while others are shared between variants. Some variants have changed from one code to another over time. These codes are sometimes mistakenly used as a model designation. One can find the codes in VINs (ie. WMAA21...) and in vehicle production serial numbers (ie. A210012).

Current[edit]

City (low-floor)
  • Lion's City, known as NL xx3 1997–2004 - 12 m single-decker[6]
    • horizontal engine - two doors (A21)
    • vertical engine - three doors (A37), since 2002[7]
  • Lion's City Hybrid (A37) - 12 m hybrid single-decker
  • Lion's City C (A26, A36 since 2013) - 13.7 m single-decker
  • Lion's City L (A26), known as NL xx3 - 15 m 1998–2004, Lion's City LL 2004–2009 - 14.7 m single-decker[6]
  • Lion's City G (A23), known as NG xx3 1998–2004 - 18 m articulated[6]
  • Lion's City GL (A23, A40 since 2011) - 18.75 m articulated
  • Lion's City M - 10.5 m midibus
    • 2.38 m wide (A35)
    • 2.5 m wide (A47)
City (low-entry)
  • Lion's City LE (A78), known as EL xx3 2003–2004, Lion's City T 2004–2008 - 12m single-decker[6]
    • version based on standard low-floor, horizontal engine platform (A21), including CNG version, available since 2011(?)
    • version for South African market - bodied on 18.280 HOCL-NL/R (A84) chassis by MAN South Africa in Olifantsfontein since 2011[8][9]
  • Lion's City C LE (A26, A45 since 2013?) - 13.7 m single-decker
  • Lion's City L LE (A26, A44 since 2012?) - 14.7 m single-decker
  • Lion's City G LE (A42) - 18 m articulated
  • Lion's City GL LE (A49) - 18.75 m articulated
Intercity (low-floor)
  • Lion's City Ü (A20), known as NÜ xx3 1996–2004 - 12m single-decker
Intercity (low-entry)
  • Lion's City LE Ü (A78), known as EL xx3 2003–2004, Lion's City TÜ 2004–2008 - 12m single-decker[6]

Discontinued[edit]

City (low-floor)
  • Lion's City DD (A39) - 13.73 m double-decker
  • Lion's City GXL (A43) - 20.45 m articulated
  • Lion's City M, known as NM xx3 and EM xx3 until 2005 - 8.13 m to 11.21 m midibus, bodied on 10/11.xxx HOCL (469), 12.xxx HOCL-NL (A76), 14.xxx HOCL-NL (A66) and NL xx3 F (A22) chassis by Göppel Bus[6]
Intercity (low-floor)
  • Lion's City ÜLL (A25), known as NÜ xx3 - 15 m 1998–2004 - 14.7 m single decker[6]

Chassis variants (for external bodywork)[edit]

Low-floor chassis variants are offered for external bodywork by local bodywork manufacturers. Most are bodied in the local manufacturer's own styling, but some are licensed to replicate the Lion's City bodywork, usually in markets where MAN don't sell the integral variants. This includes the East Lancs Kinetec for the UK market, which only replicate the front part. Gemilang Coachworks in Malaysia replicate the whole bodywork for their buses sold in Asia Pacific market, including the Lion's City Hybrid bodywork mounted on conventional diesel chassis.

Type designation system[edit]

The type designations were used to define all models prior to 2004. With the introduction of the model names in 2004, the system is still in use on all vehicles, but is more for internal use. In most cases it can be found on the plate inside the bus where one find the VIN.

Floor height
  • N: Low-floor bus (German: Niederflur)
  • E: Low-entry bus (Some low-entry versions have letter N instead when they are built technically similar to the low-floor version.)
Adaption
  • D: Double-decker bus (German: Doppeldeckerbus)
  • G: Articulated bus (German: Gelenkbus)
  • L: Rigid bus (no special adaption) (German: Linienbus)
  • M: Midibus
  • Ü: Intercity bus (German: Überlandbus)
Power code
  • xx: First two digits of power output in hp (nearest ten)
Special remarks
  • F: Denotes that it is built as a chassis for external bodywork (German: Fahrgestell)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Linienbusse" (in German). MAN Nutzfahrzeuge. Archived from the original on 13 April 1997. 
  2. ^ "MAN: Fuel Cell City Bus (2000)". netinform - Wasserstoff und Brennstoffzellen. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. 
  3. ^ "MAN: low floor bus with FC and LH2 (2001)". netinform - Wasserstoff und Brennstoffzellen. Archived from the original on 7 July 2010. 
  4. ^ "Premiere in Helsinki: MAN Lion's City Hybrid-Stadtbus der neuesten Generation" (PDF) (in German). Neoman Bus Gruppe. 22 May 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 December 2008. 
  5. ^ "Hybrid drive". MAN Truck & Bus. Archived from the original on 25 August 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g "MAN Bus Program" (PDF). MAN Nutzfahrzeuge. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 December 2005. 
  7. ^ "IAA 2002 - MAN Bus-Highlights" (PDF) (in German). MAN Nutzfahrzeuge. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 February 2004. 
  8. ^ "MAN A84 - 18.280 HOCL-NL Lion's City LE" (PDF). MAN Truck & Bus (S.A.) (Pty) Ltd. 
  9. ^ "Olifantsfontein". MAN Truck & Bus (S.A.) (Pty) Ltd. Retrieved 8 October 2016. 
  10. ^ a b "MAN bus chassis – Programme 2008/2009" (PDF). MAN Nutzfahrzeuge. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 September 2009.