The protein encoded by this gene is a dual specificity protein kinase that belongs to the MAP kinase kinase family. This kinase specifically interacts with and activates MAPK7/ERK5. This kinase itself can be phosphorylated and activated by MAP3K3/MEKK3, as well as by atypical protein kinase C isoforms (aPKCs). The signal cascade mediated by this kinase is involved in growth factor stimulated cell proliferation and muscle cell differentiation. Four alternatively spliced transcript variants of this gene encoding distinct isoforms have been described.
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1wi0: Solution structure of the PB1 domain of mouse mitogen activated protein kinase kinase 5 (MAP2K5)
2npt: Crystal Structure of the complex of human mitogen activated protein kinase kinase 5 phox domain (MAP2K5-phox) with human mitogen activated protein kinase kinase kinase 2 phox domain (MAP3K2-phox)
2o2v: Crystal Structure of the Complex of Human Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase Kinase 5 Phox Domain (MAP2K5-phox) with Human Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase Kinase Kinase 3 (MAP3K3B-phox)