MAPPA

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MAPPA Co., Ltd.
Native name
株式会社MAPPA
Kabushiki-gaisha MAPPA
TypeKabushiki gaisha
IndustryJapanese animation
FoundedJune 14, 2011; 11 years ago (2011-06-14)
FounderMasao Maruyama (Chairman)
Headquarters,
Key people
Manabu Otsuka (CEO)
ProductsAnimation Planning and Production
Number of employees
310 (as of April 2022)[1]
DivisionsMAPPA Tokyo Asagaya 1st Studio
MAPPA Tokyo Ogikubo 2nd Studio
MAPPA Tokyo Ogikubo 3rd Studio
MAPPA Sendai Studio
MAPPA Osaka Studio
SubsidiariesCONTRAIL Co., Ltd.[2]
Websitemappa.co.jp

MAPPA Co., Ltd. (Japanese: 株式会社MAPPA, Hepburn: Kabushiki-gaisha MAPPA) is a Japanese animation studio headquartered in Suginami, Tokyo. Founded in 2011 by Madhouse co-founder and producer Masao Maruyama, it has produced anime works including Kids on the Slope, Terror in Resonance, 3rd Season of Hajime no Ippo, Yuri!!! on Ice, Kakegurui, In This Corner of the World, Zombieland Saga, Banana Fish, Dororo, Dorohedoro, The God of Highschool, Jujutsu Kaisen and its prequel movie Jujutsu Kaisen 0, Attack on Titan: The Final Season and the upcoming anime adaption's of Chainsaw Man, 2nd season of Vinland Saga, prequel spinoff of Kakegurui Twin, and Hell's Paradise: Jigokuraku. MAPPA is an acronym for Maruyama Animation Produce Project Association.[3][4]

History[edit]

The studio was founded on June 14, 2011, by Masao Maruyama, a co-founder and former producer of Madhouse, at the age of 70.[5] Murayama served as the company's first representative director, and the studio's initial goal was to produce Sunao Katabuchi's In This Corner of the World. Due to financial difficulties at Madhouse, Murayama and Katabuchi established MAPPA in the hopes of producing the film; however, despite moving studios, the film had a lot of production troubles, and wasn't released until 5 years later.[6] Maruyama first started working with Katabuchi for the film in 2010 during Madhouse era, but it took three years to start the production due to difficulties to raising funds.[7]

In April 2016, Maruyama resigned as a CEO of the studio and became a chairman. Studio animation producer Manabu Otsuka, a founding member and a former employee of Studio 4°C, became the CEO following Murayama's official departure.

Criticism[edit]

The studio's scheduling, work, and culture have been the subject of intense scrutiny,[8] with veteran animators like Hisashi Eguchi criticizing their practices;[9] to which Kevin Cirugeda from Sakugablog surmised as being due to the studio's incredibly fast-paced growth and "recklessness".[10] Mushiyo, another animator at MAPPA, also criticized the company for not properly training its animators and the studio's culture of overwork, which lead to them eventually quitting their job at the studio.[11] Besides the animator's individual output within the studio, they also criticized the company's decision to produce four series co-currently.[11]

Cirugeda also noted that in the 20 televised anime MAPPA produced from the beginning of 2015 to the beginning of 2020, the company had only been on the production committee for four of them, all of which listed MAPPA near the bottom or at the very bottom of the list, indicating that they served to a capacity almost as if they were being specifically contracted for work even on "original" series.[10]

MAPPA denied offering "unreasonable compensation" to "creators" in a response to claims that the studio underpaid workers;[12] however, animator Ippei Ichii claimed that an anime produced by MAPPA under Netflix, was suggesting a pay of ¥3,800 per cut,[12] to which Ichii claimed that ¥15,000 is the minimum cost that animators should negotiate for.[12]

Productions[edit]

Anime television series[edit]

Year Title Director(s) Eps. Note(s) Refs.
2012 Kids on the Slope Shinichirō Watanabe 12 Based on a manga by Yuki Kodama.
Co-produced with Tezuka Productions.
[13]
Teekyu Shin Itagaki 12[a] Based on a manga by Roots and Piyo. [14]
2013 Teekyu 2 12[b] Season 2 of Teekyu. [15]
Teekyu 3 12[c] Season 3 of Teekyu.
Season 4 produced by Millepensee.
[16]
2013–2014 Hajime no Ippo: Rising Jun Shishido 25 Season 3 of Hajime no Ippo.
Season 1 and 2 produced by Madhouse.
Co-produced with Madhouse.
[17]
2014 Terror in Resonance Shinichirō Watanabe 11 Original work. [18]
Rage of Bahamut: Genesis Keiichi Sato 12[d] Original work.
Based on a digital card game by Cygames.
[20]
2014–2015 Garo: The Carved Seal of Flames Yuichiro Hayashi 24 Original work.
Based on the Garo tokusatsu television series.
[21]
2015 Punch Line Yutaka Uemura 12 Original work. [22]
Ushio & Tora Satoshi Nishimura 26 Based on a manga by Kazuhiro Fujita.
Co-produced with Studio VOLN.
[23]
2015–2016 Garo: Crimson Moon Atsushi Wakabayashi 23[e] Alternative story of Garo: The Animation series. [24]
2016 Ushio & Tora Season 2 Satoshi Nishimura 13 Season 2 of Ushio & Tora. [25]
Days Kōnosuke Uda 24 Based on a manga by Yasuda Tsuyoshi. [26]
Yuri!!! on Ice Sayo Yamamoto
Jun Shishido[f]
12[g] Original work. [28]
2017 Idol Incidents Daisuke Yoshida 12 Based on a media mix project by Mages.
Co-produced with Studio VOLN.
[29]
Rage of Bahamut: Virgin Soul Keiichi Sato 24 Season 2 of Rage of Bahamut. [30]
Kakegurui Yuichiro Hayashi 12[h] Based on a manga by Homura Kawamoto and Tōru Naomura. [31]
Altair: A Record of Battles Kazuhiro Furuhashi 24 Based on a manga by Kotono Katō. [32]
Inuyashiki Keiichi Sato[i]
Shuhei Yabuta
11 Based on a manga by Hiroya Oku. [33]
2017–2018 Garo: Vanishing Line Sunghoo Park 24 Alternative story of Garo: The Animation series. [34]
2018 Banana Fish Hiroko Utsumi 24 Based on a manga by Akimi Yoshida. [35]
Zombie Land Saga Munehisa Sakai 12 Original work. [36]
2019 Dororo Kazuhiro Furuhashi 24 Based on a manga by Osamu Tezuka.
Co-produced with Tezuka Productions.
[37]
Kakegurui ×× Yuichiro Hayashi[i]
Kiyoshi Matsuda
12 Season 2 of Kakegurui. [38]
Sarazanmai Nobuyuki Takeuchi[j]
Kunihiko Ikuhara
11 Original work.
Co-produced with Lapin Track.
[39]
To the Abandoned Sacred Beasts Jun Shishido 12 Based on a manga by Maybe. [40]
Granblue Fantasy the Animation Season 2 Yui Umemoto 12[k] Based on a video game by Cygames.
Season 1 produced by A-1 Pictures.
[43]
2020 Uchitama?! Have you seen my Tama? Kiyoshi Matsuda 11 Based on a franchise by Sony Creative Products.
Co-produced with Lapin Track.
[44]
Dorohedoro Yuichiro Hayashi 12[l] Based on a manga by Q Hayashida. [46]
Listeners Hiroaki Ando 12 Original work. [47]
The God of High School Sunghoo Park 13 Based on a manhwa by Yongje Park. [48]
Mr Love: Queen's Choice Munehisa Sakai 12 Based on a video game by Papergames. [49]
The Gymnastics Samurai Hisatoshi Shimizu 11 Original work. [50]
2020–2021 Jujutsu Kaisen Sunghoo Park 24 Based on a manga by Gege Akutami. [51]
Attack on Titan: The Final Season Yuichiro Hayashi
Jun Shishido[f]
16 Based on a manga by Hajime Isayama.
Seasons 1–3 produced by Wit Studio.
[52]
2021 Zombie Land Saga Revenge Munehisa Sakai 12 Season 2 of Zombie Land Saga. [53]
Re-Main Masafumi Nishida[i]
Kiyoshi Matsuda
12 Original work. [54]
The Idaten Deities Know Only Peace Seimei Kidokoro 11 Based on a manga by Amahara and Coolkyousinnjya. [55]
Takt Op. Destiny Yuuki Itoh 12 Original work.
Based on a media mix project by Bandai Namco Arts and DeNA.
Co-produced with Madhouse.
[56]
2022 Attack on Titan: The Final Season Part 2 Yuichiro Hayashi
Jun Shishido[f]
12 Second part of Attack on Titan: The Final Season. [57]
Dance Dance Danseur Munehisa Sakai 11 Based on a manga by George Asakura. [58]
Chainsaw Man Ryū Nakayama
Makoto Nakazono[f]
TBA Based on a manga by Tatsuki Fujimoto. [59]
2023 Vinland Saga Season 2 Shūhei Yabuta 24 Based on a manga by Makoto Yukimura.
Season 1 produced by Wit Studio.
[60]
Attack on Titan: The Final Season Part 3 Yuichiro Hayashi
Jun Shishido[f]
TBA Third and final part of Attack on Titan: The Final Season. [61]
Jujutsu Kaisen Season 2 Sunghoo Park TBA Season 2 of Jujutsu Kaisen. [62]
TBA Hell's Paradise: Jigokuraku Kaori Makita TBA Based on a manga by Yuji Kaku. [63]

Anime films[edit]

Year Title Director(s) Dur. Note(s) Refs.
2016 Garo: Divine Flame Yūichirō Hayashi 78m Continuation of Garo: The Animation. [64]
In This Corner of the World Sunao Katabuchi 129m[m] Based on a manga by Fumiyo Kōno. [65]
2019 In This Corner (and Other Corners) of the World 168m[n] Extended version of In This Corner of the World. [66]
2021 Jujutsu Kaisen 0 Sunghoo Park 105m Prequel of Jujutsu Kaisen. [67]
TBA Yuri!!! on Ice the Movie: Ice Adolescence Sayo Yamamoto TBA Continuation of Yuri!!! on Ice. [68]
Alice and Therese's Illusion Factory Mari Okada TBA Original work. [69]
Zombie Land Saga the Movie TBA TBA Continuation of Zombie Land Saga. [70]

Original video animations (OVAs)[edit]

Year Title Director(s) Eps. Note(s) Refs.
2017 Days: OVA Kōnosuke Uda 2 Bundled with limited editions of manga volumes 21 and 22. [71]
2018 Days: Touin Gakuen-sen! 3 Bundled with limited editions of manga volumes 26 and 28. [72]

Original net animations (ONAs)[edit]

Year Title Director(s) Eps. Note(s) Refs.
2012–2015 Komachi and Dangorō Hisashi Abe 4 Original work. [73]
2020 Bōkyaku Battery Parako Shinohara 1 Based on a manga by Eko Mikawa. [74]
2021 Yasuke LeSean Thomas
Takeru Satou[f]
6 Original work loosely based on real-life historical figure Yasuke.
Released on Netflix.
[75]
2022 Kakegurui Twin Yuichiro Hayashi[i]
Kaori Makita
6 Prequel and spinoff of Kakegurui.
Based on a manga by Homura Kawamoto and Kei Saiki.
Released on Netflix.
[76]

Other productions[edit]

  • Dreaming Machine (film, N/A) – cancelled film, originally directed by Satoshi Kon and taken over by Yoshimi Itazu after Kon's death; planned co-production with Madhouse[77][78]
  • Hana wa Saku (ONA, 2013) – music video for song by Yoko Kanno, the theme for NHK's Great Eastern Japan Earthquake Project; directed by Sunao Katabuchi[79]
  • Korekarasaki, Nando Anata to. (ONA, 2013) – music video for song by Mishmash and Aimee Isobe; directed by Sunao Katabuchi
  • Sex: Prologue (OVA, 2018) – promotional video for the 30th anniversary of manga Sex by Atsushi Kamijo; directed by Sayo Yamamoto[80]
  • Kick-Flight Promotional Video; Kick-Flight × KANA-BOON (ONA, 2019) – promotional video for the mobile game Kick-Flight, featuring the song "Flyers" by Kana-Boon; directed by Munehisa Sakai[81]
  • Persona 5 Royal (game, 2019) – opening animation for PlayStation 4 video game by Atlus; directed by Yuichiro Hayashi
  • Jujutsu Kaisen: Phantom Parade (game, 2022) – opening animation for mobile game by Sumzap; directed by Takuji Miyamoto
  • Mechronicle (unknown, TBA) – directed by Shinji Kimura[82][83]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Four special episodes were included in the Blu-ray/DVD release.
  2. ^ Two special episodes were included in the Blu-ray/DVD release (volume 2).
  3. ^ Two special episodes were included in the Blu-ray/DVD release (volume 3).
  4. ^ A recap of the first six episodes was aired on November 17, 2014. Two special "short story" episodes were released on December 28, 2016, and February 20, 2017.[19]
  5. ^ A special episode titled Imprint Butterfly was included in the BD/DVD release.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Chief Unit Director (演出チーフ)
  7. ^ A special episode titled Yuri!!! on Ice: Yuri Plisetsky GBF in Barcelona EX "Welcome to the Madness" was included in the BD/DVD release (volume 6).[27]
  8. ^ Three special picture drama episodes were included in the BD/DVD release.
  9. ^ a b c d Chief Director (総監督)
  10. ^ Chief Director (チーフディレクター)
  11. ^ Two special episodes were streamed on March 28, 2020, and August 26, 2020.[41][42]
  12. ^ Six short bonus episodes were included in the Blu-ray release (volume 2).[45]
  13. ^ Original version
  14. ^ The extended version features about 30 minutes of additional footage for a total duration of 168 minutes. It surpassed the extended 70mm cut of Final Yamato by five minutes to become the longest animated film to date.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "COMPANY". MAPPA (in Japanese). Retrieved April 2, 2022.
  2. ^ "CONTRAIL CO., Ltd official website".
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  5. ^ "About". www.mappa.co.jp (in Japanese). MAPPA. Retrieved November 27, 2014.
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  44. ^ Pineda, Rafael Antonio (June 13, 2019). "MAPPA, Lapin Track Make Tama and Friends' Uchi Tama!? TV Anime for Winter 2020". Anime News Network. Retrieved June 13, 2019.
  45. ^ Hodgkins, Crystalyn (May 1, 2020). "Dorohedoro's 6 'Ma no Omake' Bonus Anime Shorts Previewed in Video". Anime News Network. Retrieved December 30, 2020.
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  48. ^ Pineda, Rafael Antonio; Sherman, Jennifer (April 16, 2020). "The God of High School Anime Reveals Trailer, Cast, Staff". Anime News Network. Retrieved March 20, 2022.
  49. ^ Hodgkins, Crystalyn (June 15, 2020). "Mr Love: Queen's Choice TV Anime Reveals Theme Song Artists, July 15 Debut". Anime News Network. Retrieved June 15, 2020.
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External links[edit]