MATE (software)

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MATE
Mate-logo.svg
Ubuntu Mate
Ubuntu Mate
Developer(s)Stefano Karapetsas, et. al.[1]
Initial releaseAugust 19, 2011; 7 years ago (2011-08-19)
Stable release
1.20 / February 7, 2018
Repository Edit this at Wikidata
Written inC, C++, Python[2]
Operating systemUnix-like with X11 (X Window System)
TypeDesktop environment
LicenseGNU LGPLv2, GNU GPLv2
Websitemate-desktop.org

MATE (/ˈmɑːt/) is a desktop environment composed of free and open-source software that runs on Linux and most BSD Unix derivatives.

An Argentine user of Arch Linux started the MATE project to fork and continue GNOME 2 in response to the negative reception of GNOME 3, which controversially replaced its traditional taskbar (GNOME Panel) with GNOME Shell. MATE aims to maintain and continue the latest GNOME 2 code base, frameworks, and core applications.[3][4][5]

Name[edit]

It is named after the South American plant yerba mate and tea made from the herb, mate.[6] The name was originally all capital letters to follow the nomenclature of other Free Software desktop environments like KDE and LXDE. The recursive backronym "MATE Advanced Traditional Environment" was subsequently adopted by most of the MATE community, again in the spirit of Free Software like GNU ("GNU's Not Unix!"). The use of a new name, instead of GNOME, avoids naming conflicts with GNOME 3 components.

Software components[edit]

MATE has forked a number of applications which originated as GNOME Core Applications, and developers have written several other applications from scratch. The forked applications have new names, most of them from Spanish.

MATE applications include:

  • caja (box) – file manager (from Nautilus)
  • pluma (quill/feather/pen) – text editor (from Gedit)
  • Ubuntu MATE 18.04 with the MATE Desktop Environment version 1.20
    atril (lectern) – document viewer (from Evince)
  • engrampa (staple) – archive manager (from Archive Manager)
  • mate-terminal – terminal emulator (from GNOME Terminal)
  • marco (frame) – window manager (from Metacity)
  • mozo (waiter)  – menu-item editor (from Alacarte)

Further development[edit]

Screenshot of MATE 1.10, GTK3 version, on Manjaro Linux

MATE fully supports the GTK+ 3 application framework. The project is supported by Ubuntu MATE lead developer Martin Wimpress and by the Linux Mint development team:

"We consider MATE yet another desktop, just like KDE, Gnome 3, Xfce etc… and based on the popularity of Gnome 2 in previous releases of Linux Mint, we are dedicated to support it and to help it improve. The most popular Linux desktop was, and arguably is, Gnome 2."[7]

New features have been added to Caja such as undo/redo[8] and diff viewing for file replacements.[9]

MATE 1.6 removes some deprecated libraries, moving from mate-conf (a fork of GConf) to GSettings, and from mate-corba (a fork of GNOME's Bonobo) to D-Bus.

One of the aims of the MATE developers is to provide a traditional user experience while using newest technologies. In MATE 1.20, which was released in February 2018, support for HiDPI was added and the GTK+ version got increased to 3.22. For the upcoming MATE 1.22 release it is planned to complete the migration from Python 2 to Python 3 and from dbus-glib to GDBus. In an upcoming version, support for Wayland will be added.[10]

Releases history[edit]

Date Version
2011-06-18 Announced at Arch Linux forum
2011-08-19 Initial release
2012-04-16 1.2
2012-07-30 1.4
2013-04-02 1.6
2014-03-04 1.8
2014-09-29 1.8.1
2015-03-13 1.8.2
2015-06-11 1.10
2015-11-05 1.12
2016-04-08 1.14
2016-09-21 1.16
2017-03-13 1.18
2018-02-07 1.20
2019-03-18 1.22

Adoption[edit]

Screenshot of a PC-BSD 10.1.2 desktop (MATE) with dual monitor (dual head, pivot). The running free and open-source (FOSS) programs are: GIMP, OpenShot Video Editor, file manager, Eric Python development IDE. Also shown: Minecraft 1.8.7 (with "Forge" mods).

MATE 1.2 was released on 16 April 2012. MATE has been one of the default desktop environments shipped with Linux Mint since version 12 "Lisa",[11][12] LMDE since "201303",[13][14][15][16] Sabayon Linux since release 10,[17] a Fedora spin (since Fedora 18),[18] and as the desktop environment in Ubuntu MATE 14.10.[19]

MATE is also available in the official repositories of several other Linux distributions, including Arch Linux, Parabola, LMDE, Debian, Ubuntu MATE, Linux Mint, Solus, Kali Linux, Fedora, openSUSE, Gentoo, Mageia, OpenMandriva, ROSA, and PCLinuxOS.[20] Aside from that, there are third party repositories for Slackware.[21] Version 3.5 and up of GhostBSD include MATE as the default desktop environment, making it the second inclusion of MATE as a default desktop, after Linux Mint,[22] and the first in a non-Linux OS. It is also available for FreeBSD (alongside its derivatives, such as PC-BSD)[23] and NetBSD[24] and is default on OpenIndiana.[25]

Arch Linux[edit]

MATE was initially announced on the Arch Linux forum on 18 June 2011,[26][better source needed] and became an official community package on January 2014.

Parabola[edit]

Parabola is a popular Arch derivative and the first Linux distribution to use MATE as its default desktop environment.[27]

Trisquel[edit]

Since Flidas alpha (its version 8), Trisquel has begun to adopt MATE 1.18 instead of GNOME desktop environment.

Ubuntu MATE[edit]

Ubuntu MATE logo

In November 2014, the Ubuntu MATE team released version 14.04 LTS, which will be supported until April 2019.[28]

In March 2015, Ubuntu MATE was granted official Ubuntu flavour status from version 15.04 onwards.[29]

Slackware[edit]

MATE is available for Slackware users via MSB (Mate SlackBuilds) project. SlackBuild script for MATE can be obtained from GitHub.

Debian[edit]

MATE can be selected as desktop during the installation of Debian. Live images for MATE are also created by Debian. It is supported by Debian stable, testing and sid.

openSUSE[edit]

MATE is supported both by openSUSE Leap (stable version) and Tumbleweed (rolling release). It can be selected as the desktop during the installation.

GhostBSD[edit]

MATE Desktop is the preferred default desktop of GhostBSD.

OpenIndiana[edit]

MATE Desktop is the default desktop of the Solaris-based operating system OpenIndiana, which is the continuation the former GNOME 2, which was the default desktop of OpenSolaris.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ MATE Developers
  2. ^ "MATE". github.com. Retrieved 12 April 2015.
  3. ^ "A Gnome 2 Fork: The MATE Desktop Environment", ingeek, 2011-11-17, archived from the original on 2014-02-14, retrieved 2016-12-12
  4. ^ Larabel, Michael (2011-08-17), "A Fork Of GNOME 2: The Mate Desktop", Phoronix, retrieved 2011-12-04
  5. ^ Laishram, Ricky (2011-08-04), Linus Torvalds Ditches GNOME For Xfce, Digitizor, retrieved 2011-11-08, While you are at it, could you also fork gnome, and support a gnome-2 environment? – Linus Torvalds.
  6. ^ "MATE Desktop Environment - Where does the name come from?", MATE, retrieved 2015-07-03
  7. ^ Lefebvre, Clem (2011-12-01), "Important fix for MATE – Feedback needed", The Linux Mint Blog, retrieved 2011-12-10
  8. ^ Karapetsas, Stefano (2012-01-03), "Undo/Redo in Caja", Stefano Karapetsas's Blog, retrieved 2014-04-15
  9. ^ Karapetsas, Stefano (2012-06-17), "What's new in next Caja", Stefano Karapetsas's Blog, retrieved 2014-04-15
  10. ^ "MATE: Roadmap". Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  11. ^ Lefebvre, Clem (2011-11-26), "Linux Mint 12 Release Notes", Linux Mint, retrieved 2011-12-04
  12. ^ Holwerda, Thom (2011-11-27), "Linux Mint 12 Released", OSNews, retrieved 2011-12-05
  13. ^ "Linux Mint Debian 201303 released!". The Linux Mint Blog. 2010-07-21. Retrieved 2013-03-25.
  14. ^ "Linux Mint 13 MATE". Desktop Linux Reviews. May 24, 2012. Retrieved 2013-10-09.
  15. ^ "Linux Mint 14 MATE". Desktop Linux Reviews. January 2, 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-09.
  16. ^ "Linux Mint 15 Olivia MATE review". Linux and Life. June 2, 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-09.
  17. ^ lxnay (2012-09-13), "Press Release. Sabayon 10", Sabayon Linux, retrieved 2012-09-15
  18. ^ Mashal, Dan; Dieter, Rex (2012-07-19), "Features/MATE-Desktop", Fedora Wiki, retrieved 2012-09-15
  19. ^ "Ubuntu MATE Utopic final release/". Retrieved 1 November 2014.
  20. ^ "Which distributions support MATE?". Retrieved 23 August 2014. MATE is available via the official repositories for the following Linux distributions: Arch Linux Debian Fedora Gentoo Linux Mint Mageia openSUSE PCLinuxOS PLD Linux Point Linux Sabayon Salix Ubuntu
  21. ^ "MATE Desktop Environment - Which distributions support MATE?", MATE, retrieved 2014-04-28
  22. ^ "3.5 "Levi" Released". GhostBSD. Retrieved 2014-04-02.
  23. ^ "The FreeBSD GNOME Project".
  24. ^ "DistroWatch.com: NetBSD".
  25. ^ "Illumos based OpenIndiana MATE 2016.08.16 released". OpenSourceFeed. Retrieved 2016-10-07.
  26. ^ "Mate Desktop Environment - GNOME2 fork". bbs.archlinux.org. Perberos. Retrieved 22 August 2014.
  27. ^ "Get Parabola". ParabolaWiki.
  28. ^ Sneddon, Joey-Elijah. "Ubuntu MATE 14.04 LTS Now Available to Download". omgubuntu.co.uk. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
  29. ^ Sneddon, Joey (1 March 2015). "Ubuntu 15.04 Beta Available to Download, Ubuntu MATE Is Now An Official Flavor". OMG Ubuntu. Retrieved 1 March 2015.

External links[edit]