Ubuntu MATE running MATE Desktop Environment 1.12
|Developer(s)||Perberos and MATE Developers|
|Initial release||August 19, 2011|
1.16 / September 21, 2016
|Written in||C, C++, Python|
|Operating system||Unix-like with X11 (X Window System)|
|License||GNU LGPLv2, GNU GPLv2|
MATE (//; Spanish pronunciation: [ˈmate]) is a desktop environment forked from the now-unmaintained code base of GNOME 2. It is named after the South American plant yerba mate and tea made from the herb, mate. The name was originally all capital letters to follow the nomenclature of other Free Software desktop environments like KDE and LXDE. The recursive backronym "MATE Advanced Traditional Environment" was subsequently adopted by most of the MATE community, again in the spirit of Free Software like GNU ("GNU's Not Unix!"). The use of a new name, instead of GNOME, avoids conflicts with GNOME 3 components.
GNOME 3 (released in April 2011) replaced the classic desktop metaphor, substituting its native user interface: GNOME Shell. This action led to some criticism from parts of the free software community. Some users refused to accept the new interface design of GNOME and called for continued development of GNOME 2. An Argentine user of Arch Linux started the MATE project in order to meet this demand and announced the availability of MATE on 18 June 2011.
MATE has forked a number of applications originating as the GNOME Core Applications, and developers have written several other applications from scratch. The forked applications have new names. Most of them used names from Spanish, including:
- Caja (box) – File manager (from Nautilus)
- Pluma (quill/feather/pen) – Text editor (from Gedit)
- Atril (lectern) – Document viewer (from Evince)
- Engrampa (staple) – Archive manager (from Archive Manager)
- MATE Terminal – Terminal emulator (from GNOME Terminal)
- Marco (frame) – Window manager (from Metacity)
- Mozo (waiter) – Menu item editor (from Alacarte)
"We consider MATE yet another desktop, just like KDE, Gnome 3, Xfce etc… and based on the popularity of Gnome 2 in previous releases of Linux Mint, we are dedicated to support it and to help it improve. The most popular Linux desktop was, and arguably is, Gnome 2."
|2011-06-18||Announced at Arch Linux forum|
MATE 1.2 was released on 16 April 2012. MATE has been one of the default desktop environments shipped with Linux Mint since version 12 "Lisa", Linux Mint Debian Edition since "201303", Sabayon Linux since release 10, a Fedora spin (since Fedora 18), and as the desktop environment in Ubuntu MATE 14.10.
MATE is also available in the official repositories of several other Linux distributions, including Ubuntu, Arch Linux, Debian, Kali Linux, Mageia, ROSA, Gentoo, openSUSE and PCLinuxOS. Aside from that, there are third party repositories for Slackware. Version 3.5 and up of GhostBSD include MATE as the default desktop environment, making it the second inclusion of MATE as a default desktop, after Linux Mint, and the first in a non-Linux OS. It is also available for FreeBSD (alongside its derivatives, such as PC-BSD) and OpenIndiana.
MATE was initially announced on the Arch Linux forum on 18 June 2011, and became official community package in January 2014.
In March 2015, Ubuntu MATE was granted official Ubuntu flavour status from version 15.04 onwards.
Screenshot of MATE 1.10, GTK3 version, on Manjaro Linux.
- Cinnamon (software) - desktop environment developed by the Linux Mint team and based on GNOME 3
- Xfce - similarly lightweight desktop environment that also utilizes the GTK+ application framework
- Insivest, Martin (2016-09-21), MATE 1.16 released, retrieved 2016-09-29
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- Laishram, Ricky (2011-08-04), Linus Torvalds Ditches GNOME For Xfce, Digitizor, retrieved 2011-11-08,
While you are at it, could you also fork gnome, and support a gnome-2 environment? – Linus Torvalds.
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- Karapetsas, Stefano (2012-06-17), "What's new in next Caja", Stefano Karapetsas's Blog, retrieved 2014-04-15
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- lxnay (2012-09-13), "Press Release. Sabayon 10", Sabayon Linux, retrieved 2012-09-15
- Mashal, Dan; Dieter, Rex (2012-07-19), "Features/MATE-Desktop", Fedora Wiki, retrieved 2012-09-15
- "Ubuntu MATE Utopic final release/". Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- "Which distributions support MATE?". Retrieved 23 August 2014.
MATE is available via the official repositories for the following Linux distributions: Arch Linux Debian Fedora Gentoo Linux Mint Mageia openSUSE PCLinuxOS PLD Linux Point Linux Sabayon Salix Ubuntu
- "MATE Desktop Environment - Which distributions support MATE?", MATE, retrieved 2014-04-28
- "3.5 "Levi" Released". GhostBSD. Retrieved 2014-04-02.
- "The FreeBSD GNOME Project".
- OpenSourceFeed. "Illumos based OpenIndiana MATE 2016.08.16 released". Retrieved 2016-10-07.
- Sneddon, Joey-Elijah. "Ubuntu MATE 14.04 LTS Now Available to Download". omgubuntu.co.uk. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
- Sneddon, Joey (1 March 2015). "Ubuntu 15.04 Beta Available to Download, Ubuntu MATE Is Now An Official Flavor". OMG Ubuntu. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
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