|Developer(s)||Clement Lefebvre, Perberos, Stefano Karapetsas, et al.|
|Initial release||August 19, 2011|
1.26 / 3 August 2021
|Written in||C, C++, Python|
|Operating system||Unix-like with X11 (X Window System)|
MATE is named after the South American plant yerba mate and tea made from the herb, mate. The name was originally all capital letters to follow the nomenclature of other Free Software desktop environments like KDE and LXDE. The recursive backronym "MATE Advanced Traditional Environment" was subsequently adopted by most of the MATE community, again in the spirit of Free Software like GNU ("GNU's Not Unix!"). The use of a new name, instead of GNOME, avoids naming conflicts with GNOME 3 components.
An Argentine user of Arch Linux, named Perberos started the MATE project to fork and continue GNOME 2 in response to the negative reception of GNOME 3, which had replaced its traditional taskbar (GNOME Panel) with GNOME Shell. MATE aims to maintain and continue the latest GNOME 2 code base, frameworks, and core applications.
MATE has forked a number of applications which originated as GNOME Core Applications, and developers have written several other applications from scratch. The forked applications have new names, most of them from Spanish. MATE applications include:
Caja, which means "box" in Spanish, is a file manager from Nautilus. Originally, Caja is a fork from GNOME Files, formerly known as Nautilus. Caja functions as one of the core component of MATE desktop environment. Ever since the fork Caja has been developed and added new features.
Caja has many functions such as generating a folder and document, displaying file and folders, searching and managing files and installation or uninstallation of fonts. Caja can handle various kinds of file formats.
Caja added improvements at the recent release of MATE 1.26. Some of them are:
- In Caja, users can select a new Bookmarks sidebar.
- Caja gained support for formatting drives from the context menu.
Caja also provides many extensions like:
and so on, still now under development.
Caja is a popular file manager in Linux. One reason for this is that the Caja script extension allows users to add scripts easily.
This is a document viewer, which is a fork from Evince). Atril means "lectern" in Spanish. For example, unlike Evince, Atril has a unique feature, which can handle EPUB document formats. It also equipped with caret navigation.
This is a file archiver from File Roller, later named as Archive Manager). Engrampa means "staple" in Spanish.
Eye of MATE
This is a image viewer, also known as "eom".
This is a calculator, also known as mate-calc.
MATE Control Center
This is a main graphical preferences of MATE desktop environment.
MATE System Monitor
This is a graphical system monitor on the user's desktop.
This is a terminal emulator (from GNOME Terminal).
A window manager, fork from Metacity. It means "frame" in Spanish.
A menu item editor, which is a fork from Alacarte. It means "waiter" in Spanish.
We consider MATE yet another desktop, just like KDE, Gnome 3, Xfce etc... and based on the popularity of Gnome 2 in previous releases of Linux Mint, we are dedicated to support it and to help it improve. The most popular Linux desktop was, and arguably is, Gnome 2.
New features have been added to Caja such as undo/redo and diff viewing for file replacements. MATE 1.6 removes some deprecated libraries, moving from mate-conf (a fork of GConf) to GSettings, and from mate-corba (a fork of GNOME's Bonobo) to D-Bus.
One of the aims of the MATE developers is to provide a traditional user experience while using the newest technologies. In MATE 1.20, which was released in February 2018, support for HiDPI was added and the GTK+ version got increased to 3.22. The MATE 1.22 release migrated many programs from Python 2 to Python 3 and from dbus-glib to GDBus. In an upcoming version, support for Wayland will be added.
|2011-06-18||Announced at Arch Linux forum|
|2011-08-19||Initial release|
(Notice) There are an odd number of versions between each official release. They are treated as versions under development, and are not announced as official releases.
MATE was initially announced on the Arch Linux forum on 18 June 2011, and became an official community package in January 2014.
MATE was initially announced on November 8, 2013 at its official website. MATE Desktop is released as one of Live and installation iso images.
MATE-Compiz spin is one among the different spins of Fedora. This Fedora Spin bundles MATE Desktop with Compiz Fusion.
MATE Desktop is the preferred default desktop of GhostBSD.
MATE is one of the three major desktop environments on Linux Mint since version 12 "Lisa", and Debian Edition from version 201303 until the release of LMDE 3, with the other two being Xfce and Cinnamon.
Parabola is a popular Arch derivative and the first Linux distribution to use MATE as its default desktop environment.
Since Flidas alpha (its version 8), Trisquel has begun to adopt MATE 1.18 instead of GNOME desktop environment.
In March 2015, Ubuntu MATE was granted official Ubuntu flavour status from version 15.04 onwards.
MATE is available in many Linux distributions. One of these recently notable is a Rocky Linux. Some people are not satisfied with the newer GNOME implementations or are a lot of users who simply prefer the older MATE GNOME 2 look and feel. For those people, getting MATE installed in Rocky Linux will provide a nice, stable alternative.
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