|Developer(s)||Clement Lefebvre, Perberos, Stefano Karapetsas, et al.|
|Initial release||August 19, 2011|
1.26 / 3 August 2021
|Written in||C, C++, Python|
|Operating system||Unix-like with X11 (X Window System)|
MATE (//) is a desktop environment composed of free and open-source software that runs on Linux and BSD operating systems. An Argentine user of Arch Linux started the MATE project to fork and continue GNOME 2 in response to the negative reception of GNOME 3, which had replaced its traditional taskbar (GNOME Panel) with GNOME Shell. MATE aims to maintain and continue the latest GNOME 2 code base, frameworks, and core applications.
MATE is named after the South American plant yerba mate and tea made from the herb, mate. The name was originally all capital letters to follow the nomenclature of other Free Software desktop environments like KDE and LXDE. The recursive backronym "MATE Advanced Traditional Environment" was subsequently adopted by most of the MATE community, again in the spirit of Free Software like GNU ("GNU's Not Unix!"). The use of a new name, instead of GNOME, avoids naming conflicts with GNOME 3 components.
MATE has forked a number of applications which originated as GNOME Core Applications, and developers have written several other applications from scratch. The forked applications have new names, most of them from Spanish. MATE applications include:
- Caja (box) – file manager (from Nautilus)
- Pluma (quill/feather/pen) – text editor (from Gedit)
- Atril (lectern) – document viewer (from Evince): For example, unlike Evince, Atril has a unique feature, which can handle EPUB document formats. It also equipped with caret navigation.
- Engrampa (staple) – file archiver (from Archive Manager)
- Eye of MATE - image viewer
- MATE Calculator - also known as mate-calc
- MATE Control Center
- MATE System Monitor
- MATE Terminal – terminal emulator (from GNOME Terminal)
- marco (frame) – window manager (from Metacity)
- Mozo (waiter) – menu-item editor (from Alacarte)
We consider MATE yet another desktop, just like KDE, Gnome 3, Xfce etc... and based on the popularity of Gnome 2 in previous releases of Linux Mint, we are dedicated to support it and to help it improve. The most popular Linux desktop was, and arguably is, Gnome 2.
New features have been added to Caja such as undo/redo and diff viewing for file replacements. MATE 1.6 removes some deprecated libraries, moving from mate-conf (a fork of GConf) to GSettings, and from mate-corba (a fork of GNOME's Bonobo) to D-Bus.
One of the aims of the MATE developers is to provide a traditional user experience while using the newest technologies. In MATE 1.20, which was released in February 2018, support for HiDPI was added and the GTK+ version got increased to 3.22. The MATE 1.22 release migrated many programs from Python 2 to Python 3 and from dbus-glib to GDBus. In an upcoming version, support for Wayland will be added.
|2011-06-18||Announced at Arch Linux forum|
|2011-08-19||Initial release|
(Notice) There are an odd number of versions between each official release. They are treated as versions under development, and are not announced as official releases.
MATE was initially announced on the Arch Linux forum on 18 June 2011, and became an official community package in January 2014.
MATE was initially announced on November 8, 2013 at its official website. MATE Desktop is released as one of Live and installation iso images.
MATE-Compiz spin is one among the different spins of Fedora. This Fedora Spin bundles MATE Desktop with Compiz Fusion.
MATE Desktop is the preferred default desktop of GhostBSD.
MATE is one of the three major desktop environments on Linux Mint since version 12 "Lisa", and Debian Edition from version 201303 until the release of LMDE 3, with the other two being Xfce and Cinnamon.
Parabola is a popular Arch derivative and the first Linux distribution to use MATE as its default desktop environment.
Since Flidas alpha (its version 8), Trisquel has begun to adopt MATE 1.18 instead of GNOME desktop environment.
In March 2015, Ubuntu MATE was granted official Ubuntu flavour status from version 15.04 onwards.
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- MATE Desktop Environment
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