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Ubuntu MATE, featuring the MATE desktop environment
|Developer(s)||Stefano Karapetsas, et al.|
|Initial release||August 19, 2011|
1.24 / February 2, 2020
|Written in||C, C++, Python|
|Operating system||Unix-like with X11 (X Window System)|
MATE (//) is a desktop environment composed of free and open-source software that runs on Linux and BSD operating systems. An Argentine user of Arch Linux started the MATE project to fork and continue GNOME 2 in response to the negative reception of GNOME 3, which had replaced its traditional taskbar (GNOME Panel) with GNOME Shell. MATE aims to maintain and continue the latest GNOME 2 code base, frameworks, and core applications.
MATE is named after the South American plant yerba mate and tea made from the herb, mate. The name was originally all capital letters to follow the nomenclature of other Free Software desktop environments like KDE and LXDE. The recursive backronym "MATE Advanced Traditional Environment" was subsequently adopted by most of the MATE community, again in the spirit of Free Software like GNU ("GNU's Not Unix!"). The use of a new name, instead of GNOME, avoids naming conflicts with GNOME 3 components.
MATE has forked a number of applications which originated as GNOME Core Applications, and developers have written several other applications from scratch. The forked applications have new names, most of them from Spanish. MATE applications include:
- caja (box) – file manager (from Nautilus)
- pluma (quill/feather/pen) – text editor (from Gedit)
- engrampa (staple) – archive manager (from Archive Manager)
- mate-terminal – terminal emulator (from GNOME Terminal)
- marco (frame) – window manager (from Metacity)
- mozo (waiter) – menu-item editor (from Alacarte)
"We consider MATE yet another desktop, just like KDE, Gnome 3, Xfce etc… and based on the popularity of Gnome 2 in previous releases of Linux Mint, we are dedicated to support it and to help it improve. The most popular Linux desktop was, and arguably is, Gnome 2."
One of the aims of the MATE developers is to provide a traditional user experience while using the newest technologies. In MATE 1.20, which was released in February 2018, support for HiDPI was added and the GTK+ version got increased to 3.22. The MATE 1.22 release migrated many programs from Python 2 to Python 3 and from dbus-glib to GDBus. In an upcoming version, support for Wayland will be added.
|2011-06-18||Announced at Arch Linux forum|
MATE 1.2 was released on 16 April 2012. MATE has been one of the default desktop environments shipped with Linux Mint since version 12 "Lisa", LMDE since "2013.03", Sabayon Linux since release 10, a Fedora spin (since Fedora 18), and as the desktop environment in Ubuntu MATE 14.10.
MATE is also available in the official repositories of several other Linux distributions, including Arch Linux, Parabola, LMDE, Debian, Ubuntu MATE, Linux Mint, Solus, Kali Linux, Fedora, openSUSE, Gentoo, Mageia, OpenMandriva, ROSA, and PCLinuxOS. Aside from that, there are third party repositories for Slackware. Version 3.5 and up of GhostBSD include MATE as the default desktop environment, making it the second inclusion of MATE as a default desktop, after Linux Mint, and the first in a non-Linux OS. It is also available for FreeBSD (alongside its derivatives, such as PC-BSD) and NetBSD and is default on OpenIndiana.
MATE was initially announced on the Arch Linux forum on 18 June 2011, and became an official community package in January 2014.
Parabola is a popular Arch derivative and the first Linux distribution to use MATE as its default desktop environment.
Since Flidas alpha (its version 8), Trisquel has begun to adopt MATE 1.18 instead of GNOME desktop environment.
In March 2015, Ubuntu MATE was granted official Ubuntu flavour status from version 15.04 onwards.
MATE can be selected as desktop during the installation of Debian. Live images for MATE are also created by Debian. It is supported by Debian stable, testing and sid.
MATE is supported both by openSUSE Leap (stable version) and Tumbleweed (rolling release). It can be selected as the desktop during the installation.
MATE Desktop is the preferred default desktop of GhostBSD.
- MATE Developers
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While you are at it, could you also fork gnome, and support a gnome-2 environment? – Linus Torvalds.
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- "Which distributions support MATE?". Retrieved 23 August 2014.
MATE is available via the official repositories for the following Linux distributions: Arch Linux Debian Fedora Gentoo Linux Mint Mageia openSUSE PCLinuxOS PLD Linux Point Linux Sabayon Salix Ubuntu
- "MATE Desktop Environment - Which distributions support MATE?", MATE, retrieved 2014-04-28
- "3.5 "Levi" Released". GhostBSD. Retrieved 2014-04-02.
- "The FreeBSD GNOME Project".
- "DistroWatch.com: NetBSD".
- "Illumos based OpenIndiana MATE 2016.08.16 released". OpenSourceFeed. Retrieved 2016-10-07.
- "Mate Desktop Environment - GNOME2 fork". bbs.archlinux.org. Perberos. Retrieved 22 August 2014.
- "Get Parabola". ParabolaWiki.
- Sneddon, Joey-Elijah. "Ubuntu MATE 14.04 LTS Now Available to Download". omgubuntu.co.uk. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
- Sneddon, Joey (1 March 2015). "Ubuntu 15.04 Beta Available to Download, Ubuntu MATE Is Now An Official Flavor". OMG Ubuntu. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
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