MAX Green Line

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MAX Green Line
MAX and bus side-by-side on Portland Mall, 5th & Yamhill.jpg
On the downtown Portland transit mall
Overview
TypeLight rail
SystemMAX Light Rail
StatusOperational
LocalePortland, Oregon, U.S.
TerminiPortland State University (in downtown Portland) (west)
Clackamas (east)
Stations30
Daily ridership21,630 (as of May 2018)[1]
WebsiteMAX Green Line
Operation
OpenedSeptember 12, 2009 (2009-09-12)
OwnerTriMet
Operator(s)TriMet
CharacterAt-grade and grade-separated
Technical
Line length15 mi (24.1 km) (8.3 mi (13.4 km) of new tracks)[2]
Number of tracks2
Track gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Electrification750 V DC, overhead catenary
Route diagram

PSU South/SW 6th & College St
PSU South/SW 5th & Jackson St
PSU Urban Center/SW 6th & Montgomery St
 A  Loop &  NS  Line
PSU Urban Center/SW 5th & Mill St
 B  Loop &  NS  Line
SW 6th & Pine St
City Hall/SW 5th & Jefferson St
Pioneer Courthouse
Pioneer Place
SW 6th & Pine St
SW 5th & Oak St
NW 6th & Davis St
NW 5th & Couch St
Union Station
Rose Quarter TC
Convention Center
 B  Loop (NE Grand Ave)
 A  Loop (NE 7th Ave)
NE 7th Ave
Lloyd Center/NE 11th Ave
Hollywood/NE 42nd Ave TC
NE 60th Ave
NE 82nd Ave
Gateway/NE 99th Ave TC
Parking
SE Main St
SE Division St
SE Powell Blvd
SE Holgate Blvd
Lents Town Center/SE Foster Rd
SE Flavel St
SE Fuller Rd
Clackamas Town Center TC

The MAX Green Line is a light rail line of the MAX Light Rail system in Portland, Oregon, United States that extends from downtown Portland to the eastside communities of Clackmas and Happy Valley. Owned and operated by TriMet, the line is 15 miles (24.1 km) long and serves 30 stations. It is the only line that shares parts of its alignment with all four of the other MAX lines; it shares the Banfield corridor with the Blue and Red lines and the Portland Transit Mall with the Orange and Yellow lines. A Frequent Service route, the Green Line is the second busiest in the system; it carried an average 21,630 riders per day on weekdays in May 2018.

Construction began in early 2007,[3] and the line opened on September 12, 2009.[4] The average daily ridership in June 2010 was 19,500,[5] increasing to 24,300 by April 2012.[6]

Project details[edit]

The Green Line runs over a combination of previously existing and new tracks. New tracks were built in two projects:

  • Portland Mall Revitalization Project: Added light rail tracks to the Portland Transit Mall on both Fifth and Sixth Avenues between Portland State University and Union Station, along with tracks connecting this section to previously existing tracks on the west deck of the Steel Bridge, a total length of 1.8 miles (2.9 km). The project was born of the need to relieve congestion on the existing downtown Portland MAX alignment on Yamhill and Morrison Streets. The new Portland Mall tracks first came on August 30, 2009, by the MAX Yellow Line,[7] but the Green Line opened for service just 13 days later and also runs on this new alignment,[3] traveling the 2 miles from PSU to Rose Quarter in 17 minutes.
  • I-205 Light Rail Project: Constructed a new 6.5-mile (10.5 km) alignment between Gateway Transit Center and a new transit center at Clackamas Town Center. The majority of this alignment uses the grade-separated, previously-unfinished I-205 Transitway built at the time Interstate 205 was constructed, in the late 1970s and early 1980s.[8]
The Green Line's I-205 section is served only by this line (unlike the I-84 and downtown segments). Most service uses older (pre-2005) rail cars, as they make up 83% of the fleet.

Heading south from the Gateway/Northeast 99th Avenue Transit Center station, the alignment passes under the Burnside St., Stark St., Washington St., Main St. (pedestrian) and Market St. overpasses on the east side of the freeway, then crosses under the freeway between the Market St. and Division St. overpasses. It passes under the Division St. overpass before going over Powell Boulevard and then under the Holgate Boulevard overpass. It then passes under the Steele St. (ped.) overpass and over Harold St., Foster Rd., Woodstock Blvd., and Springwater Corridor. The line then crosses Johnson Creek before an at-grade crossing at Flavel St. The line passes over the intersection of 92nd Avenue and Crystal Springs Boulevard, then returns to grade before traveling above Johnson Creek Boulevard on a 1,400-foot-long overpass, the longest new structure on the alignment. South of Fuller Road station the line dips under the pre-existing Otty Road and Monterey Avenue overpasses, before terminating at the Clackamas Town Center Transit Center, near Sunnyside Road. Because of the extensive grade-separation, trains are able to travel the 6.5-mile (10.5 km) distance from Clackamas to Gateway in only 16 minutes. Much of this segment parallels the I-205 Bike Path.

Connecting the two new sections is the following previously existing section:

Finances[edit]

The MAX Green Line project cost $575.7 million, $345.4 million of which was funded by the Federal Transit Administration.[9] The project received $32 million in funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, an amount already committed to the project by the federal government but made available so that TriMet could retire debt earlier.[9]

Future[edit]

Planned extension to Tigard and Tualatin[edit]

A planned extension dubbed the Southwest Corridor light rail project will add 13 stations over a new 12-mile (19.3 km) span and connect downtown Portland to the cities of Tigard and Tualatin. The extension will start from the existing Green Line terminus at Portland State University and travel southwest, running through the center of Southwest Barbur Boulevard and terminating at Bridgeport Village.[10] Voters approved the light rail extension in a 2016 ballot measure.[11] At an estimated cost of $2.6 billion to $2.9 billion, the project will be submitted in a regional transportation funding measure that will be voted on in 2020. If approved, it is expected to begin service in 2027.

Other proposed extensions[edit]

The line may one day be extended south to Oregon City.[12][13] Such an extension was one of six corridors in Metro's High Capacity Transit System Plan designated as a "Next Phase Regional Priority Corridor,"[14] a second-level tier where "future HCT investment may be viable if recommended planning and policy actions are implemented."

Stations[edit]

Key
Terminus
Eastbound travel only
Westbound travel only
Station Location Commenced Line transfers[15] Connections[15][16][17] Park
and ride[18]
Secure
bike parking[19]
PSU South/Southwest 6th and College Street†→ Portland
Transit
Mall
2009 No
PSU South/Southwest 5th and Jackson Street 2009 No
PSU Urban Center/Southwest 6th & Montgomery Street 2009 No
PSU Urban Center/Southwest 5th & Mill Street 2009 No
Southwest 6th & Madison Street 2009 No
City Hall/Southwest 5th & Jefferson Street 2009 No
Pioneer Courthouse/Southwest 6th 2009 No
Pioneer Place/Southwest 5th 2009 No
Southwest 6th & Pine Street 2009 No
Southwest 5th & Oak Street 2009 No
Northwest 6th & Davis Street 2009 No
Northwest 5th & Couch Street 2009 No
Union Station/Northwest 6th & Hoyt Street 2009 No
Union Station/Northwest 5th & Glisan Street 2009 No
Rose Quarter Transit Center Portland 2009 C-Tran Yes
Convention Center 2009 Portland Streetcar No
Northeast 7th Avenue 2009 Portland Streetcar No
Lloyd Center/Northeast 11th Avenue 2009 No
Hollywood/Northeast 42nd Avenue Transit Center 2009 Yes
Northeast 60th Avenue 2009 Yes
Northeast 82nd Avenue 2009 Yes
Gateway/Northeast 99th Avenue Transit Center 2009 690 Yes
Southeast Main Street 2009 420 Yes
Southeast Division Street 2009 Yes
Southeast Powell Boulevard 2009 391 Yes
Southeast Holgate Boulevard 2009 125 Yes
Lents Town Center/Southeast Foster Road 2009 Yes
Southeast Flavel Street 2009 Yes
Southeast Fuller Road Clackamas 2009 630 Yes
Clackamas Town Center Transit Center 2009 750 Yes

References[edit]

  1. ^ "May 2018 Monthly Performance Report" (PDF). TriMet. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
  2. ^ Pantell, Susan (December 2009). "Portland: New Green Line Light Rail Extension Opens". Light Rail Now. Retrieved September 1, 2018.
  3. ^ a b Redden, Jim (September 13, 2009). "Leaders heap praise on new MAX Green Line". Portland Tribune. Archived from the original on June 8, 2011. Retrieved 2014-05-13.
  4. ^ Rivera, Dylan (September 13, 2009) [online date September 12, 2009]. "Riders pack MAX Green Line on first day of service". The Oregonian. Retrieved 2009-09-20.
  5. ^ Monthly Performance Report (June 2010) (PDF). July 23, 2010. TriMet. Retrieved 2010-09-07.
  6. ^ TriMet ridership continues to rise May 11, 2012. TriMet. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
  7. ^ "New MAX line opens downtown". Portland Tribune. August 28, 2009. Archived from the original on June 8, 2011. Retrieved 2014-05-13.
  8. ^ Redden, Jim (September 10, 2009) [updated October 30]. "After 35 years of waiting, TriMet's Green Line hits all the parties: Thousands ride new I-205 line that was born of a '70s freeway rebellion". Portland Tribune. Archived from the original on June 8, 2011. Retrieved 2014-05-13.
  9. ^ a b Carinci, Justin (May 8, 2009). "MAX green line gets $32 million". Daily Journal of Commerce. Retrieved August 21, 2012.
  10. ^ "Southwest Corridor Light Rail Project Steering Committee Preferred Alternative Report" (PDF). Metro. August 20, 2018. Retrieved September 20, 2018.
  11. ^ Hammond, Betsy (November 16, 2016). "Tigard voters say 'yes' to light rail -- by just 130 votes". The Oregonian. Archived from the original on September 20, 2018.
  12. ^ Redden, Jim (August 20, 2009). "Cities fight to avoid being left at station". Portland Tribune. Retrieved 2014-05-13.
  13. ^ https://trimet.org/pdfs/tip/tip.pdf (8.7M page vi)
  14. ^ Regional High Capacity Transit System Plan 2035 - Summary Report. June 2010. Metro. http://library.oregonmetro.gov/files//hct_plan_june2010_web.pdf
  15. ^ a b Rail System Map with transfers (PDF) (Map). TriMet. Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  16. ^ Portland City Center and Transit Mall (PDF) (Map). TriMet. Retrieved July 30, 2018.
  17. ^ "Maps + Schedules - Portland Streetcar". Portland Streetcar. Retrieved October 11, 2018.
  18. ^ "Park & Ride Locations". TriMet. Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  19. ^ "Bike Parking". TriMet. Retrieved July 25, 2018.

External links[edit]