Russell 2000 Component
|Headquarters||Purchase, New York|
|Revenue||US$1,270 Million (FY 2014)|
|US$185 Million (FY 2014)|
|US$569 Million (FY 2014)|
|Total assets||US$16.28 Billion (FY 2014)|
|Total equity||US$3.95 Billion (FY 2014)|
Number of employees
MBIA, Inc. is a financial services company. It was founded in 1973 as the Municipal Bond Insurance Association. It is headquartered in Purchase, New York, and as of January 1, 2015 had approximately 180 employees. MBIA is the largest bond insurer. 
Functions of the company
MBIA is a monoline insurer primarily of municipal bonds and on asset-backed securities and mortgage-backed securities. Financial insurance or Financial Guarantees are a form of credit enhancement. It also provides a fixed-income asset management service with about forty billion dollars under management.
A consortium of insurance companies (Aetna, Fireman's Fund, Travelers, Cigna, and Continental) formed the Municipal Bond Insurance Association in 1973 to diversify their holdings in municipal bonds. The company went public in 1987.
In 2002, Bill Ackman, a hedge fund manager, began research which concentrated on challenging MBIA's AAA rating, despite an ongoing probe of his trading by New York State and federal authorities. He was charged copying fees for copying 725,000 pages of statements regarding the financial services company, in his law firm's compliance with a subpoena. Ackman has called for a division between MBIA's bond insurers' structured finance business and their municipal bond insurance side, despite statements from the insurance companies that this would not be a viable option.
He argued that the billions of dollars of credit default swap (CDS) protection MBIA had sold against various mortgage backed CDOs was going to be a problem. He also argued that it was not proper for MBIA, which was legally restricted from trading in CDS, to instead do it through a second corporation, LaCrosse Financial Products, which MBIA described as an "orphaned subsidiary". Ackman bought CDS against MBIA corporate debt as a way to bet that it would crash. When MBIA did, in fact, crash as the financial crisis of 2008 came to a head, he sold the swaps for a large profit. Ackman reportedly attempted to warn regulators, rating agencies and investors about the bond insurers' high risk business models. The story of Ackman's battle with MBIA was turned into a book called Confidence Game (Wiley, 2010) by Bloomberg News reporter Christine Richard. He reported covering his short position on MBIA on January 16, 2009 according to the 13D filed with the SEC.
In January 2017, MBIA UK was acquired by Assured Guaranty Ltd together with its subsidiary Assured Guaranty Corp.
Credit rating history
- April 4, 2008. Fitch Ratings cut MBIA's Insurance Corp rating to AA from AAA with a negative outlook. Fitch issued the new, lower rating even though MBIA had asked the ratings company, the month before, to stop assessing its credit worthiness.
- June 4, 2008. Moody's Investors Service announced that it would review MBIA's rating for possible downgrade for the second time in the year. Four months before this announcement, on February 2008, Moody's had affirmed the AAA rating after MBIA raised $2.6 bn in capital and announced that would stop insuring structured finance securities for six months.
- June 6, 2008. Despite having affirmed MBIA's AAA rating on February 2008, Standard and Poor's decided to downgrade MBIA's Insurance Financial Strength (IFS) rating from AAA to AA.
- June 19, 2008. Moody's downgraded MBIA's credit rating 5 notches to A2.
- November 7, 2008. Moody's further downgraded the IFS rating to "Baa1" from "A2" .
- June 25, 2009. Moody's downgraded MBIA from "Ba3" to "Ba1" which is a speculative grade.
- March 5, 2010. Moody's referred to MBIA's IFS rating as "B3".
- November 19, 2012. Moody's downgraded MBIA Inc. from "B3" to "Caa1".
- May 21, 2013. Moody's upgraded MBIA Inc. from "Caa1" to "B3".
- May 21, 2014. Moody's upgraded MBIA Inc. from "Ba3" to "Ba1".
- "MBIA 2014 Annual Report".
- Kathleen Pender (2007-12-20). "Municipal bonds hit by mortgage fallout". The San Francisco Chronicle.
- History Archived 2010-04-22 at the Wayback Machine., MBIA website, accessed 2010 4 15
- Richard, Christine; Katherine Burton (January 31, 2008). "Ackman Devoured 140,000 Pages Challenging MBIA Rating". Bloomberg. Retrieved February 22, 2008.
- "MBIA: Call to divide not viable". CNN. February 20, 2008. Archived from the original on February 27, 2008. Retrieved February 26, 2008.
- Confidence Game by Christine S Richard, Bloomberg News, 2010
- http://www.marketfolly.com/2009/01/bill-ackmans-pershing-square-files-13d.html Bill Ackman's Pershing Square Files 13D on Borders, Covers MBIA Short
- Harrow, Elizabeth, "MBIA booted from S&P 500 Index", AOL Money & Finance, December 14th 2009.
- "Assured Guaranty Corp. Completes Acquisition of MBIA UK Insurance Limited". Retrieved 2017-09-28.
- Richard, Christine S. (April 4, 2008). "MBIA Loses AAA Insurer Rating From Fitch Over Capital". Bloomberg.com.
- "Moody's says will likely cut MBIA, Ambac ratings". Reuters. June 4, 2008.
- "S&P cuts top ratings for MBIA, Ambac bond insurers". Reuters. June 5, 2008.
- MarketWatch (June 19, 2008). "Moody's downgrades Aaa rating of Ambac, MBIA". Dow Jones.
- Brettell, Karen (November 7, 2008). Grebler, Dan, ed. "Moody's cuts MBIA Insurance to "Baa1"". Reuters. Retrieved November 2, 2010.
- "Rating Action: MBIA Insurance", Moody's Investor Service, 25 June 2009.
- "Moody's comments on MBIA's fourth quarter earnings and ongoing litigations" Archived 2011-07-14 at the Wayback Machine., Moody's Investor Service, March 5, 2010
- Cf. also later cited in Smith, Dick P., December 29, 2010, pp.13-14, inter alia.
- "Rating Action: Moody's downgrades MBIA Insurance Corporation to Caa2 and MBIA Inc. to Caa1". Moody's Investors Service. 2012-11-19. Retrieved 2017-11-27.
- "Rating Action: Moody's upgrades the MBIA group; National Public Finance at Baa1 and MBIA Corp. at B3". Moody's Investors Service. 2013-05-21. Retrieved 2017-11-27.
- "Rating Action: Moody's upgrades the ratings of MBIA group: National Public Finance Guarantee to A3". Moody's Investors Service. 2014-05-21. Retrieved 2017-11-27.
- Smith, Dick P., "MBIA Inc. and MBIA Insurance Corp.", Standard & Poor's, Global Credit Portal : Ratings Direct, December 29, 2010
- Barr, Alistair, "Assured Guaranty, MBIA drop on rating concern : Standard & Poor’s proposes new ratings criteria for bond insurers", MarketWatch, January 25, 2011
- Richard, Christine S., Confidence game : how a hedge fund manager called Wall Street’s bluff, Hoboken, N.J. : Wiley/John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010. ISBN 978-0-470-64827-8