MBTA Bus

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MBTA Bus
MBTA 1845.jpg
A New Flyer XDE40 bus at Dudley Station in 2017
Parent Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority
Founded 1964 (predecessors date to 1856)
Locale Greater Boston
Service area Boston and immediate suburbs
Service type Local, limited stop, express, and Silver Line BRT
Routes 177[1]
Fleet 1076[1]
Daily ridership 387,815 (2013)[2]
Fuel type Diesel, CNG, electric trolleybus, diesel-electric hybrid
Operator MBTA; private operators
Website mbta.com

The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority operates 177 bus routes (list of routes) in the Greater Boston area, many of which were formerly part of a large streetcar system. Some routes are for local transport within the city; others bring passengers from surrounding areas to stops on the MBTA Commuter Rail or subway lines. The MBTA has a policy objective to provide transit service within walking distance (defined as 0.25 miles (0.40 km)) for all residents living in areas with population densities greater than 5,000 inhabitants per square mile (1,900/km2) within the MBTA's service district. Much of this service is provided by bus.

The MBTA operates a four-route bus rapid transit service branded as the Silver Line, as well as three crosstown routes that were intended to become the first part of the now-suspended Urban Ring project. Fifteen routes designed as key routes run with higher frequency at all times, including extended service hours on Friday and Saturday nights over some of these routes.

Most MBTA Bus service is served by diesel, compressed natural gas, and diesel-electric hybrid buses. Silver Line routes running in the Waterfront Tunnel use dual-mode buses that operate as trolleybuses in the tunnel and as diesel-electric hybrid buses on the surface. Four routes based out of the Harvard Bus Tunnel run with trolleybuses in Cambridge, Massachusetts and several surrounding suburbs.

All buses and routes are wheelchair-accessible (see MBTA accessibility); most of the MBTA's bus fleet consists of low-floor buses with wheelchair ramps, while older high-floor buses have lifts. All buses have LED exterior headsigns displaying route and destination, with automated audio/visual stop announcements for passengers.

After taking over operations in August 1964 from the former Metropolitan Transit Authority, the MBTA began rebranding many elements of Boston's public transportation network. After being found unsuitable for what is now the Orange Line because it did not show up well on maps, yellow was chosen for the color of bus operations.[3]

Fleet[edit]

Active fleet[edit]

This is the current bus roster for the MBTA as of May 2017, including two groups of buses where delivery is ongoing. All buses are 102 inches (260 cm) wide; most buses are 40-foot (12 m) length while 101 of the total MBTA bus fleet are 60-foot (18 m) articulated buses.[1][4]

Order Year Manufacturer Model Picture Fleet Qty. Active Propulsion Length (ft.) Notes
1994 TMC RTS T80206 MBTA TMC RTS 0049.jpg 0001-0138 138 13 Diesel 40
  • All units expected to be retired in early-mid 2018
1995 NovaBus RTS T80206 MBTA route 83 bus on Mass Ave at Walden Street, September 2014.jpg 0139-0400 262 21 Diesel 40
  • All units expected to be retired in early-mid 2018
2003-2004 NABI 40-LFW MBTA 2278.jpg 2001-2299 299 136 CNG 40
  • 163 buses have retired as of May 2017; buses will continue to be retired as more XN40 and XDE40 buses come into service, with the last units retired in August 2017
2004 Neoplan USA AN440LF MBTA route 77A bus on Mass Ave, February 2015.jpg 4101-4128 28 28 Electric trolleybus 40
2004-2005 Neoplan USA AN440LF MBTA 0568.jpg 0401-0593 193 191 Diesel 40
  • All buses have been overhauled by Midwest Bus
2004-2005 Neoplan USA AN460LF MBTA 1124 jpg..jpg 1101-1132 32 32 Dual mode 60
  • In Silver Line (SL1 and SL2) service
  • #1125-1132 owned by Massport
  • Buses are being overhauled by Maine Military Authority, with completion estimated by the end of 2017. 11 buses have re-entered service as of January 2017
2006-2007 NFI D40LF MBTA New Flyer D40LF (24246542695).jpg 0600-0754 155 154 Diesel 40
2008 NFI D40LF MBTA NF D40LF 0892..jpg 0755-0909 155 155 Diesel 40
  • MBTA has requested bids, due in November 2016, to overhaul this fleet
2010 NFI DE60LFR MBTA route 39 bus on Centre Street, April 2017.JPG 1200-1224 25 22 Hybrid 60
2014-2015 NFI XDE40 MBTA XDE40 1415.jpg 1400-1459 60 60 Hybrid 40
2016-2017 NFI XN40 MBTA route 41 bus on Centre Street, April 2017.JPG 1600-1774 175 110 CNG 40
  • Delivery began in October 2016 and will last until July 2017
2016-2017 NFI XDE40 MBTA 1845.jpg 1775-1924 &
3000-3005
156 99 Hybrid 40
  • Delivery began in October 2016 and will last until July 2017
  • 6 buses (tentatively numbered 3000-3005) will be used for privately operated routes 712 and 713 beginning on July 1, 2017[1]
2016-2017 NFI XDE60 MBTA 1287.jpg 1250-1293 44 44 Hybrid 60
2016 ElDorado National Axess BRT Fuel Cell MBTA 5002 jpg.jpg 5002 1 1 Hydrogen Fuel Cell 40
  • Bus is being tested in revenue service on Charlestown routes for up to 2 years (late 2016 to late 2018)

Future[edit]

On June 29, 2015, the MassDOT board approved the purchase of 325 new 40-foot buses (175 CNG-powered and 150 hybrid) from New Flyer, with options for an additional 200 hybrid buses or 200 diesel buses. The 325 buses, costing a total of $222.2 million, will be delivered in 2016 and 2017 following the acceptance of a production test model. They will replace the remaining C40LF and 40-LFW fleets.[1][5] Six additional hybrid buses will be used for privately operated routes 712 and 713 when a new contract begins on July 1, 2017.[1]

In April 2017, the MBTA exercised an option from a previous order of 60-foot hybrid buses for one with extended-range electric operation intended for Silver Line Waterfront use. If tested successfully, an additional option for up to 45 hybrid buses with extended-range electric operation would be exercised to replace the dual-mode AN460LF fleet.[1][6]

In February 2015, the MBTA was awarded a $4.14 million FTA grant to purchase five 60-foot articulated battery electric buses from New Flyer.[1][7]

In late 2016, the MBTA will place a prototype 40-foot hydrogen fuel cell bus provided by the FTA into service.[1][8]

Order Year Manufacturer Model Picture Fleet Qty. Active Propulsion Length (ft.) Notes
2018 NFI XE60 TBD 5 0 Battery-Electric 60
  • Will be used to extend the fleet for the Silver Line Gateway project
  • Buses to be delivered in 2018
2017 NFI XDE60 TBD 1 0 Hybrid 60
  • Part of an option to order up to 46 additional hybrid buses with extended-range electric operation to replace the current dual-mode fleet, thus would not require a change of power between trackless trolley and diesel at Silver Line Way.
  • Would expand fleet for the Silver Line Gateway.
  • Bus is due to arrive in late 2017

Facilities[edit]

MBTA Bus routes grouped by the facility they operate from at peak hours

MBTA buses are operated out of the facilities listed below.[1]

Name # of buses Address Routes Times of Operation
Albany Street 116 421 Albany Street, Boston 4, 8 (Dudley school trip only), 44 (Townsend & Warren School trip only), 57, 59, 60, 65, 66 (Brighton school trips only),170, 501, 502, 503, 504, 505, 553, 554, 556, 558, CT1, CT2, CT3 Weekday rush hours & middays only
Arborway 131 3600 Washington Street, Jamaica Plain 14, 15 (early mornings only), 21, 24, 26, 27, 28-(Some school trips only), 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 34E, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39†, 40, 41, 42, 50, 51, 52, 195‡ Full-time
Cabot 207 275 Dorchester Avenue, South Boston 1, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 22, 23, 28 (early mornings and some school trips only), 43, 44, 45, 47, 55, 57*, 59*, 65*, 66, 171, 504*, 553* Full-time
Charlestown / Bennett (Somerville) 232 21 Arlington Avenue, Charlestown 62, 64, 67, 68, 69, 70, 70A, 71**, 72, 73**, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90*, 91, 92, 93, 94*, 95*, 96*, 97*, 99*, 100*, 101, 104, 105*, 106*, 108*, 109, 110, 111, 112, 132*, 134*, 136*, 137*, 325, 326, 350, 351, 352, 411*, 430* Full-time
Fellsway 76 465 Salem Street, Medford 90, 94, 95, 96, 97, 99, 100, 105, 106, 108, 131, 132, 134, 136, 137, 354, 411, 430 Weekday rush hours & middays only
Lynn 87 985 Western Avenue, Lynn 114, 116, 117, 119, 120, 121, 424, 426, 428, 429, 434, 435, 436, 439, 441, 442, 448, 449, 450, 451, 455, 456, 459, 465 Full-time
North Cambridge 28 2375 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge 71, 72***, 73, 77A (limited service) Weekdays & Saturdays only
Quincy 86 954 Hancock Street, Quincy 201, 202, 210, 211, 212, 214, 215, 216, 217, 220, 221, 222, 225, 230, 236, 238, 240, 245 Full-time
Southampton 130 (101 buses are 60 feet long) 230 Southampton Street, Boston 16 (some peak/shoulder trips), 28 (early morning service from Cabot, school trips from Cabot and Arborway), 39 (evening service from Arborway), Silver Line Full-time

Notes:

  • * = Route during evenings & weekends
  • ** = Route during Sundays
  • *** = Route 72 will return to trolleybus operation out of North Cambridge in September 2017
  • † = Route during evenings
  • ‡ = 1 trip only, runs daily, serves Lemuel Shattuck Hospital

Private buses[edit]

A Blue Hill Bus Lines vehicle on the Canton - Mattapan route, now the #716 route, in 1967

Most local bus routes in Massachusetts outside the immediate MBTA operating area are operated by the state's other regional transit authorities (RTAs). However, some routes that connect with MBTA bus or subway service are operated by outside private contractors with partial subsidy by the MBTA. [9]

Five routes – the 710, 712/713, 714, and 716 – are numbered like other MBTA buses; their operators accept MBTA passes on CharlieTickets, but do not have CharlieCard readers. The five routes are primarily commuter routes which connect with other MBTA services at their inbound terminals. They were taken over from various private operators (Hudson Bus Lines for the 710 and 716, Rapid Transit Inc. for the 712/713, and Nantasket Transportation for the 714).[10]

Five suburban municipalities contract with outside operators for local circulator routes, most with partial MBTA subsidy. Bedford, Beverly, and Dedham run single routes; Burlington runs five routes; and Lexington runs six.[10] Most are run by private operators, except for the Beverly Shuttle, which is part of the Cape Ann Transportation Authority system. Additionally, a nonprofit shuttle is run in Boston's Mission Hill neighborhood.[10] Those 15 routes appear on MBTA system maps and connect with MBTA services at designated transfer points, but are numbered separately and do not accept MBTA passes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "MBTA Vehicle Inventory". NETransit. Retrieved December 27, 2016. 
  2. ^ "Ridership and Service Statistics" (PDF) (14 ed.). Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. 2014. Retrieved 1 August 2014. 
  3. ^ Tran, Andrew Ba (June 2012). "MBTA Orange Line's 111th anniversary". Boston Globe. p. 11. Retrieved 19 January 2016. 
  4. ^ Capital Investment Program FY2008 — FY2012 (PDF). Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  5. ^ Jessen, Klark (29 June 2015). "MassDOT Board Approves Contract for 325 New MBTA Buses" (Press release). Massachusetts Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  6. ^ Jessen, Klark (6 October 2015). "MBTA Purchases Dozens of New, High Capacity Buses". MassDOT Blog (Press release). Massachusetts Department of Transportation. 
  7. ^ "Low or No Emission Vehicle Deployment Program Project Selections". Federal Transit Administration. 5 February 2015. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  8. ^ Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (17 May 2016). "MBTA acts to reduce environmental impact, prepare for climate change". Wicked Local Weymouth. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 
  9. ^ "Private Bus". Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. Retrieved 22 July 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c Belcher, Jonathan (27 June 2015). "Changes to Transit Service in the MBTA district 1964-2015" (PDF). NETransit. Retrieved 9 July 2015. 

External links[edit]