Though often compared directly to other popular web development stacks such as the LAMP stack, the components of the MEAN stack are higher-level including a web application presentation layer and not including an operating system layer.
The acronym MEAN was coined by Valeri Karpov. He introduced the term in a 2013 blog post and the logo concept, initially created by Austin Anderson for the original MEAN stack LinkedIn group, is an assembly of the first letter of each component of the MEAN acronym.
MongoDB is a NoSQL database program that uses JSON-like BSON (binary JSON) documents with schema.
While Express is capable of acting as an internet-facing web server, even supporting SSL/TLS out of the box, it is often used in conjunction with a reverse proxy such as NGINX or Apache for performance reasons.
Angular and alternatives
Node.js is the application runtime that the MEAN stack runs on.
- LAMP (software bundle)
- List of all Apache/MySQL/PHP stacks
- LYME (software bundle) – a stack based on Erlang
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- Dickey, Jeff (2014-09-24). Write Modern Web Apps with the MEAN Stack: Mongo, Express, AngularJS, and Node.js. Peachpit Press. ISBN 9780133962376.
- "LAMP vs MEAN, Deciding the right stack for your startup". www.linkedin.com. Retrieved 2020-02-16.
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- "Mean Stack". LinkedIn.
- "The most popular database for modern apps". MongoDB. Retrieved 2020-02-16.
- "Express - Node.js web application framework". expressjs.com. Retrieved 2020-02-16.
- II, Thomas Hunter (2019-03-28). "Why should I use a Reverse Proxy if Node.js is Production-Ready?". Medium. Retrieved 2020-02-16.
- "Features - Server Side Rendering | Next.js". nexts.org. Retrieved 2020-02-16.
- Haviv, Amos Q. (2014). MEAN Web Development: Master real-time web application development using a mean combination of MongoDB, Express, Angular JS, and Node.js. Birmingham, UK: Packt Publishing. ISBN 978-1783983285.
- Holmes, Simon (2019). Getting MEAN with Mongo, Express, Angular, and Node, Second Edition. Shelter Island, NY: Manning Publishing. ISBN 9781617294754.
- Holmes, Simon (2015). Getting MEAN with Mongo, Express, AngularJs, and Node. Shelter Island, NY: Manning Publishing. ISBN 9781617292033.
- Dickey, Jeff (2014). Write Modern Web Apps with the MEAN Stack: Mongo, Express, AngularJS, and Node.js (Develop and Design). San Francisco, CA: Peachpit Press. ISBN 978-0133930153.