|Headquarters||London, England, United Kingdom|
|Parent||Victoria Plum Ltd|
MFI Group Limited was a British furniture retailer, operating under the MFI brand. The company was one of the largest suppliers of kitchens and bedroom furniture in the United Kingdom, and operated mainly in retail parks in out of town locations. Anecdotally it was said at one stage that one in three Sunday lunches in the UK were cooked in an MFI kitchen and 60% of British children were conceived in an MFI bedroom.
After success in its early decades, it experienced recurring financial problems accompanied by several changes of ownership, and on 26 November 2008, it was announced that the business had been placed into administration. Merchant Equity Partners, headed by Henry Jackson, was the last company to own it, before it was sold to the management in September 2008 for a "small profit". The business ceased trading by 19 December 2008 after the administrators failed to find a buyer.
It struggled to make profits during the 2000s, as chains such as B&Q and Argos introduced their own furniture lines, and rival chain IKEA (who arrived in the United Kingdom in the last half of the 1980s) expanded. Following its closure, the MFI brand was purchased by Victoria Plumb, and was relaunched as an online only retailer on 30 November 2011 only for it to cease trading again in July 2015.
Following a rebrand in 2015, Victoria Plumb became VictoriaPlum.com and announced that it was to expand into other home product categories. As part of this expansion, VictoriaPlum.com announced on 17 March 2016 that it was set to revive the MFI brand name, to represent its exclusive collection of low-cost, value-for-money bedroom furniture.
The MFI Retail business was founded in 1964 as Mullard Furniture Industries by two British men, Noel Lister and Donald Searle, who previously traded in war surplus goods. It was named after Searle's wife's maiden name. The company became a public company in 1971, as MFI Warehouses (the Group). An external manager, Derek Hunt, was recruited soon afterwards.
In the 1980s, the Group entered into partnerships, notably in 1985 with Asda. The Asda connection was soon dissolved over concerns about the company's future and there was a management buy-out in October 1987.
With the advent of out of town shopping during the 1980s, MFI Retail opened a host of stores in such developments. In 1985, it was the very first tenant of the Merry Hill Shopping Centre at Brierley Hill in the West Midlands, opening a new store, which within four years, was part of the largest shopping complex in Western Europe.
MFI Retail gained a new rival in October 1987, when Swedish furniture retailer IKEA began trading in Britain, and expanded over the coming years. Soon afterwards, DIY retail giant B&Q expanded into the furniture market, and emerged as a surprise new rival for the business. Despite this, the MFI Group was still expanding in November 2002, when it took over Sofa Workshop.
During 2004–2005, serious and highly publicised IT problems affecting customers damaged MFI Retail's credibility and the finance director and chief operating officer left the Group.
By 2005, it was clear that MFI Retail's fortunes were declining. Despite the British economy still being strong and recession not even on the horizon, it was reported that sales for 2005 had fallen to £742 million compared to £854 million in 2003. In September 2006, the MFI Retail business was acquired by Merchant Equity Partners for £1 after which the parent company changed its name to Galiform. In December 2006, Argos overtook MFI as the United Kingdom's largest furniture retailer.
MFI Retail was the subject of a second management buyout in September 2008, but by this stage the British economy was sliding into recession, unemployment was rising and retail sales were falling. MFI's future was looking bleak.
Early on 25 November 2008, the BBC first reported the possibility of MFI Retail going into administration, with MFI desiring a three-month rent-free period from landlords. Later the following day it was announced that no agreement could be reached and PropertyWeek reported that Menzies Corporate Restructuring had been appointed as administrators. On 26 November 2008, after a board meeting MFI went into administration. The Company was unable to confirm what would happen to consumers with pending orders. On 19 December 2008, all 111 MFI stores were closed with the loss of 1,200 jobs .
MFI Retail operated over 200 stores across the United Kingdom, all of between 15,000 & 30,000 square feet (2,800 m2). Home deliveries amounted for over 50 million items a year going to 2.5 million households in the Great Britain & Northern Ireland.
The business had sought to upgrade many aspects of its operations, including greater focus on customer service; updating and improving the product range; improving utilisation of floor space; establishing closer supplier relationships; investing in logistics, IT, supply systems and product development and enhancing internal communications.
It offered a full range of furniture for bedrooms, bathrooms, kitchens, lounges, dining rooms and home offices. It was particularly associated with self-assembly furniture.
Its products were mainly targeted to value-oriented customers with the "Hygena" brand, and those on a higher income with the "Schreiber" brand. MFI was also one of the largest suppliers of installed appliances in the UK with its own brand "Diplomat". New and exclusive to MFI was its "Space Genie" range which were ingenious storage solutions for the kitchen and bedroom. MFI sold beds directly from Silentnight, Rest Assured and Layezee, and also sold dining furniture from The Chair Company. Other MFI brands included "Viva Sofa" and "The Bath Co."
MFI Retail had been criticised, for the excessive frequency and length of its sales. In an six-month survey by consumer magazine Which?, it emerged that four out of five kitchens in the "sale" had never actually been sold at the higher price against, which the discount claims were being made.
Which? stated that "MFI's pricing policy deceived its customers into thinking they are getting a better deal than they are. In some cases, its pricing is downright misleading". MFI's advertising of such sales also came in for criticism for using phrases such as "Hurry! Only four days left" or "Prices too good to last" even though a new sale would almost always be launched immediately afterwards.
MFI Retail was also known for being one of the first ever companies to be investigated by the BBC programme Watchdog. The programme attempted to buy a £600 kitchen advertised by MFI, though the price only actually included kitchen units and not the appliances shown. When the Watchdog crew arrived at a branch of the company, they were immediately confronted by a manager who evicted them from the store.
In September 2007, MFI Retail was forced to withdraw a television advert featuring a woman slapping her husband in the face twice and shouting at him for leaving the toilet seat up. Those complaining felt that the advert trivialised the issue of domestic violence against men. The ASA concluded that it "was likely to cause serious or widespread offence to viewers and could be seen to condone intimidation, domestic violence and aggression as an acceptable way to resolve issues".
The ASA went as far as to state that "it could also cause social, moral or psychological harm to children" and they were "concerned that it had been broadcast at all". As a result, the advertisement was banned.
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- Treanor, Jill (2006). MFI sold for £1 and repackaged as Galiform, The Guardian, 23 September 2006, Accessed 24 May 2017.
- "MFI set to go into administration". BBC News. 26 November 2008. Retrieved 26 November 2008.
- Official MEP website and news
- "Furniture chain MFI closes down". BBC News. 19 December 2008. Retrieved 19 December 2008.
- "Refurbished MFI set to launch online". Financial Times. Retrieved 29 November 2011.
- Cripps, Peter (30 November 2011). "MFI relaunches as online retailer". The Independent. Retrieved 30 November 2011.
- Chapman, Matthew (29 July 2015). "MFI brand ceases trading as owner VictoriaPlum.com repositions itself". Retail Week. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
- "MFI brand to be relaunched through owner VictoriaPlum.com's website". Retail Week. Retrieved 17 March 2016.
- Ramnarayan, Abhinav (26 November 2008). "MFI: The flatpack giant that fell flat on its back". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 8 Mar 2010.
- The Scotsman (2005). MFI dismantles businesses to make life more comfortable. The Scotsman, 1 December 2005.
- Real estate twins do nothing by halves
- MFI sells store chain in £1 deal BBC News, 22 September 2006
- "Why did it go flat-packed at MFI?". BBC News. 26 November 2008.
- MFI has gone into administration
- Furniture giant MFI collapses into administration
- MFI accused over all-year 'sales' | This is Money
- Watchdog continued to cover MFI and called it "so familiar it feels like an old friend" 1 December 2008 BBC - Press Office - Watchdog 25th anniversary
- ASA adjudications: MFI Retail Ltd Archived 28 March 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
- MFI's domestic violence ad banned after hundreds complain
- "The bathroom ad slap that landed MFI in hot water for 'trivialising' domestic violence". Daily Mail. 25 September 2007.