|Place of origin||Weimar Republic|
|Used by||Germany, Spain, Portugal, China|
|Wars||Spanish Civil War,
World War II,
Second Sino-Japanese War,
Chinese Civil War,
Portuguese Colonial War
|Weight||13.3 kg (29 lb)|
|Length||1,443 mm (56.8 in)|
|Rate of fire||600 rounds/min|
|Muzzle velocity||890 m/s (2,900 ft/s)|
|Maximum firing range||2,000 m (2,200 yd)|
|Feed system||25 round box magazine, or 75 round saddle drum, 5 round stripper clip|
The MG 13 (shortened from German Maschinengewehr 13) is a German general-purpose machine gun developed by converting the Dreyse Model 1918 heavy water-cooled machine gun, into an air-cooled version.
Dreyse Model 1918 Machinegun: In 1907 Louis Schmeisser of Erfurt patented a machinegun named in honor of the inventor of the needle gun by the heads of the factory where it was made which was founded by Dreyse. The Dreyse machinegun was a heavy, usually tripod mounted, belt-fed and water cooled machinegun.
The 1907 model was succeeded by the 1912 and later 1918 models. On ascending to power Adolf Hitler immediately ordered the Model 1918 to be modernized by the company Simson in Suhl. It became the MG13.
MG 13s were sold to Spain where they retained the designation of MG13 and to Portugal which used them into the late 1940s as the 'Metralhadora 7,92 mm m/1938 Dreyse.  Those MG 13s that were not sold were placed into storage, and these later saw use in World War II by second line German units. As it was easy to handle and reload, many second line troops could use the MG 13 with efficiency.
The Chinese Nationalist Government also imported the MG 13 with the Panzer I Ausf A. tanks from Germany in 1936. The MG 13 was also used against the Japanese Imperial Army during the Second Sino-Japanese War.
Flags of Users
- Smith, Joseph E (1973). Small Arms of the World (10th ed.). Harrisburg, PA, USA: Stackpole Company. p. 137.
- "MG 13 'Dreyse' machine gun (Germany) ." world.guns.ru. Retrieved: 4 December 2013.
- "Panzerkampfwagen I." achtungpanzer.com. Retrieved: 4 December 2013.
- "Panzerkampfwagen I". achtungpanzer.com. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
Ausf A (July 1934 June 1936) 2 x MG13 Dreyse (7.92mm),
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to MG 13.|
|This firearms-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|