MIAT Mongolian Airlines
|Founded||July 7, 1956|
|Hubs||Chinggis Khaan International Airport|
|Frequent-flyer program||Blue Sky Mongolia|
MIAT Mongolian Airlines (pronounced me-at, Mongolian: Монголын Иргэний Агаарын Тээвэр, Mongolyn Irgenii Agaaryn Teever (MIAT), Mongolian Civil Air Transport) is the Mongolian national airline, headquartered in the MIAT Building in Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia. The airline operates international scheduled services from its base at Chinggis Khaan International Airport near Ulaanbaatar.
MIAT Mongolian Airlines was established in 1956. It began operations with the help of Aeroflot and began flights on 7 July 1956 using an Antonov An-2 from Ulaanbaatar to Irkutsk. The airline also used Soviet-built Ilyushin Il-14s for flights to international destinations like Beijing and Moscow. During the 1960s and 1970s, the airline obtained Antonov An-24 and An-26 twin turboprops. A Tupolev Tu-154 jet on lease from Aeroflot was introduced in the late 1980s.
In 1992, MIAT bought five Chinese Harbin Y-12 commuter aircraft and acquired a Boeing 727-200 from Korean Air, one more following in 1994. An Airbus A310 was leased in 1998, and a new Boeing 737 was leased in 2002 to replace the aging 727-200 fleet. Between 2003 and 2008, MIAT's An-24 and An-26 fleet was gradually retired. In April 2008, MIAT received its second Boeing 737-800 aircraft on lease from CIT Aerospace. In July 2008, MIAT ended scheduled domestic flights completely. In June 2009, the airline temporarily resumed scheduled domestic flights to Mörön and Khovd using its Boeing 737-800 aircraft.
In late 2009, MIAT flew charter flights to Hong Kong and Sanya, a popular resort city in Hainan, China. In June 2010, the airline's flights were brought to a halt due to a mechanics' strike. However, the situation was resolved with the replacement of the CEO and Technical Director.
In early 2011, MIAT signed an agreement with Air Lease Corporation to lease two former China Eastern Boeing 767-300ERs until 2013. The first aircraft entered service in May 2011 with the second following in November 2011. In 2011 the Airbus A310 was retired after serving MIAT Mongolian Airlines for 13 years. In June 2011, MIAT began regular flights to Hong Kong. The company also ordered three aircraft, a Boeing 767-300ER and two Boeing 737-800s, to be delivered in 2013 and 2016 respectively. The order marks the first time in two decades that MIAT has chosen to expand its fleet by purchasing new aircraft straight from the manufacturer rather than leasing them.
In January 2019, MIAT announced flights to Shanghai and Guangzhou in China to start from summer of 2019. In addition, it announced the leasing of 3 Boeing 737 MAX aircraft to be delivered in January, May, and October 2019, thereby replacing two of its aircraft whose leases are due to expire in 2019, together with the implementation of a self-checkin system.
MIAT Mongolian Airlines has codeshare agreements with the following airlines:
|Boeing 737 MAX 8||1||3||12||—||150||162|
|Boeing 787-9||—||1||16||21||276||313||To be delivered in 2021.|
MIAT has previously operated a variety of aircraft types, including:
Accidents and incidents
MIAT Mongolian Airlines has suffered the following incidents and accidents since commencing operations:
- 4 August 1963: Avia 14 Super MT-105 crashed into the side of Otgontenger Mountain.
- 17 September 1973: Antonov An-24B BNMAU-4206 crashed into the side of a mountain in the Hovd Province of Mongolia during approach.
- 1 May 1979: Antonov An-24B BNMAU-1202 ran off the runway on landing at Erdenet Airport.
- 26 January 1990: Antonov 24RV BNMAU-10208 crashed into terrain near Ulaangom Airport at night, killing all 30 on board.
- 23 April 1993: Antonov An-26 BNMAU-14102 flying from Buyant Ukhaa Airport, Ulaanbaatar crashed into the side of Marz Mountain during descent into Tosontsengel Airport, Mongolia. All 32 passengers and crew died.
- 21 September 1995: Antonov An-24RV BNMAU-10103 flying from Buyant Ukhaa Airport, Ulaanbaatar crashed into a mountain near Choho Geologoh Uul during approach into Mörön Airport, after the crew descended too soon, killing 42 of 43 on board in Mongolia's worst air disaster.
- 10 June 1997: Harbin Y-12 JU-1020 crashed after encountering windshear whilst landing at Mandalgobi Airport, killing seven of 12 on board.
- 26 May 1998: Harbin Y-12 JU-1017 crashed into a mountain near Erdenet due to possible overloading, killing all 17 passengers and crew on board.
- "Contact Us Archived 2013-01-12 at the Wayback Machine." MIAT Mongolian Airlines. Retrieved on June 27, 2010. "MIAT building, Buyant-Ukhaa 45 Ulaanbaatar 210134, Mongolia"
- "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. 2007-04-10. p. 50.
- "History". Archived from the original on 29 October 2012. Retrieved 5 May 2017.
- UB Post: MIAT Company Expands Domestic and International Flights, accessed May 29th, 2009.
- "МИАТ ХК-ийн түрээслэн авч буй Боинг 767 онгоцны танилцуулга". 2011-06-10. Retrieved 21 June 2011.
- "Boeing Celebrates 8,888th Order for the 737 Family". 2011-06-21. Retrieved 21 June 2011.
- "Боинг компаниас онгоц худалдан авах гэрээнд гарын үсэг зурлаа". 2011-06-21. Retrieved 21 June 2011.
- A, Tuguldur (2 January 2019). "Зуны нислэгийн хуваарьт Шанхай, Гуанжу чиглэлийн нислэгүүд нэмэгдэнэ". Ikon.mn. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
- B, Jargalmaa (2 January 2019). "МИАТ 2019 онд "Boeing 737 МAX-8" загварын ГУРВАН онгоц түрээсэлнэ". Ikon.mn. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
- "Datamonitor Healthcare - Pharma intelligence". Retrieved 5 May 2017.
- "Cathay Pacific announces new codeshare agreement with MIAT Mongolian Airlines". Retrieved 28 June 2017.
- "Korean Air/MIAT Mongolian Airlines launch codeshare". Routesonline. 19 March 2010.
- "Global Airline Guide 2019 (Part One)". Airliner World. October 2019: 21.
- "Airplane description". MIAT Mongolian Airlines.
- "MIAT - Mongolian Airlines Fleet Details and History". Planespotters.net.
- "MIAT Mongolian Airlines to lease two B737 MAX 8s". Retrieved 5 May 2017.
- "MIAT Mongolian Airlines to lease two more B737 MAX 8s". Retrieved 5 May 2017.
- "MIAT Mongolian Airlines". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- "Mongolia's MIAT ends B737-700 operations". Ch-Aviation.
- Harro Ranter. "Aviation Safety Network > ASN Aviation Safety Database > Operator index > Mongolia > MIAT - Mongolian Airlines". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- Accident description for MT-105 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2014-8-17.
- Accident description for BNMAU-4206 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2014-8-17.
- Accident description for BNMAU-1202 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2014-8-17.
- Accident description for BNMAU-10208 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2014-8-17.
- Accident description for BNMAU-14102 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2014-8-17.
- Accident description for BNMAU-10103 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2014-8-17.
- Accident description for JU-1020 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2014-8-17.
Media related to MIAT Mongolian Airlines at Wikimedia Commons