MIAT Mongolian Airlines

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MIAT Mongolian Airlines
MIAT Eng Logo.svg
IATA ICAO Callsign
Founded1956 (1956)
Commenced operationsJuly 7, 1956 (1956-07-07)
Frequent-flyer programBlue Sky Mongolia
Fleet size6
HeadquartersUlaanbaatar, Mongolia
Key people
  • Davaakhuugiin Battur (CEO) & Chairman
  • Ganbold Namsraijav (COO)
  • Odmunkh Nyamdorj (CFO)
  • Ulziibold Yadamsuren (CCO)
  • Munkhtamir Batbayar (CAO)

MIAT Mongolian Airlines (pronounced me-at, Mongolian: Монголын Иргэний Агаарын Тээвэр, Mongolyn Irgenii Agaaryn Teever (MIAT), Mongolian Civil Air Transport) is the Mongolian national airline, headquartered in the MIAT Building in Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia.[2] The airline operates international scheduled services from its base at Chinggis Khaan International Airport in Sergelen, near Ulaanbaatar.[3]


A former MIAT Boeing 727-200 (2009)

Communist era[edit]

MIAT Mongolian Airlines was established in 1956. It began operations with the help of Aeroflot and began flights on 7 July 1956 using an Antonov An-2 from Ulaanbaatar to Irkutsk. The airline also used Soviet-built Ilyushin Il-14s for flights to international destinations like Beijing and Moscow. During the 1960s and 1970s, the airline obtained Antonov An-24 and An-26 twin turboprops. A Tupolev Tu-154 jet on lease from Aeroflot was introduced in the late 1980s.

Post-communist era[edit]

In 1992, MIAT bought five Chinese Harbin Y-12 commuter aircraft and acquired a Boeing 727-200 from Korean Air, one more following in 1994. An Airbus A310 was leased in 1998, and a new Boeing 737 was leased in 2002 to replace the aging 727-200 fleet. Between 2003 and 2008, MIAT's An-24 and An-26 fleet was gradually retired. In April 2008, MIAT received its second Boeing 737-800 aircraft on lease from CIT Aerospace.[4] In July 2008, MIAT ended scheduled domestic flights completely. In June 2009, the airline temporarily resumed scheduled domestic flights to Mörön and Khovd using its Boeing 737-800 aircraft.[5]

In late 2009, MIAT flew charter flights to Hong Kong and Sanya, a popular resort city in Hainan, China. In June 2010, the airline's flights were brought to a halt due to a mechanics' strike. However, the situation was resolved with the replacement of the CEO and Technical Director.

In early 2011, MIAT signed an agreement with Air Lease Corporation to lease two former China Eastern Boeing 767-300ERs until 2013. The first aircraft entered service in May 2011 with the second following in November 2011.[6] In 2011 the Airbus A310 was retired after serving MIAT Mongolian Airlines for 13 years. In June 2011, MIAT began regular flights to Hong Kong. The company also ordered three aircraft, a Boeing 767-300ER and two Boeing 737-800s, to be delivered in 2013 and 2016 respectively.[7][8] The order marks the first time in two decades that MIAT has chosen to expand its fleet by purchasing new aircraft straight from the manufacturer rather than leasing them.

In January 2019, MIAT announced flights to Shanghai and Guangzhou in China to start from summer of 2019.[9] In addition, it announced the leasing of 3 Boeing 737 MAX aircraft to be delivered in January, May, and October 2019, thereby replacing two of its aircraft whose leases are due to expire in 2019,[10] together with the implementation of a self-checkin system.

In December 2019, MIAT announced its first Boeing 787-9 aircraft are to be delivered in spring of 2022.

On the 21st of June 2020, MIAT flew for the first time in history to the United States. With a Boeing 767-300, they flew from Ulaanbaatar to Seattle, which is the first non-stop between Mongolia and the United States in history.[11]


Codeshare agreements[edit]

MIAT Mongolian Airlines has codeshare agreements with the following airlines:


A Mongolian Airlines Boeing 737-800 (2017)
A Mongolian Airlines Boeing 767-300ER (2011)

Current fleet[edit]

As of March 2021, MIAT Mongolian Airlines operates an all-Boeing fleet consisting of the following aircraft:[16][17][18][19]

MIAT Mongolian Airlines fleet
Aircraft In service Orders Passengers Notes
C W Y Total
Boeing 737-800 3 12 150 162
156 168
162 174
Boeing 737 MAX 8 1 3[20][21] 12 150 162[22]
Boeing 767-300ER 1 15 237 252
Boeing 787-9 1 16 21 276 313 To be delivered in spring of 2021[23]
Total 5 4

Former fleet[edit]

MIAT has previously operated a variety of aircraft types, including:[24]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

MIAT Mongolian Airlines has suffered the following incidents and accidents since commencing operations:[26]

  • 4 August 1963: Avia 14 Super MONGOL-105 crashed into the side of Otgontenger Mountain; there were no survivors.[27]
  • 17 September 1973: Antonov An-24B BNMAU-4206 crashed into the side of a mountain in Hovd Province of Mongolia during descent.[28]
  • 1 May 1979: Antonov An-24B BNMAU-1202 ran off the runway on landing at Erdenet Airport.[29]
  • 31 October 1981: Antonov An-2R MONGOL-613 crashed in Sukhbaatar Province.[30]
  • 25 June 1983: Antonov An-24RV BNMAU-8401 landed hard at Buyant-Ukhaa International Airport, collapsing the right landing gear and rolling over; all 47 on board survived. The aircraft had suffered engine failure on final approach and had been losing altitude.[31]
  • 23 January 1987: Antonov An-24RV BNMAU-7710 crashed on landing at Buyant-Ukhaa International Airport; there were no casualties.[32]
  • 26 January 1990: Antonov An-24RV BNMAU-10208 force-landed near Ulaangom Airport after the pilot failed to locate the airport at night; all 41 on board survived.[33]
  • 5 December 1992: Harbin Y-12 II D-0066 crashed on takeoff from Choibaisan Airport.[34]
  • 23 April 1993: Antonov An-26 BNMAU-14102 struck the side of Marz Mountain during descent into Ölgii Airport en route from Ulaanbaatar after the crew began descending too soon, killing all 32 on board; wreckage was found on 7 May 1993.[35]
  • 21 September 1995: Flight 557,[36] an Antonov An-24RV (BNMAU-10103) struck a mountain near Choho Geologoh Uul during approach to Mörön Airport en route from Ulaanbaatar after the crew descended too soon; of the 43 on board, only a passenger survived. The accident remains the deadliest in Mongolia.[37]
  • 10 June 1997: Flight 447,[38] a Harbin Y-12-II (JU-1020), lost control and crashed after encountering windshear while on final approach to Mandalgobi Airport, killing seven of 12 on board.[39]
  • 26 May 1998: Harbin Y-12 JU-1017 crashed into a mountain near Erdenet due to pilot error, killing all 28 passengers and crew on board.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ miat.com - Route map retrieved 23 November 2021
  2. ^ "Contact Us Archived 2013-01-12 at the Wayback Machine." MIAT Mongolian Airlines. Retrieved on June 27, 2010. "MIAT building, Buyant-Ukhaa 45 Ulaanbaatar 210134, Mongolia"
  3. ^ "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. 2007-04-10. p. 50.
  4. ^ "History". Archived from the original on 29 October 2012. Retrieved 5 May 2017.
  5. ^ UB Post: MIAT Company Expands Domestic and International Flights Archived 2012-02-22 at the Wayback Machine, accessed May 29th, 2009.
  6. ^ "МИАТ ХК-ийн түрээслэн авч буй Боинг 767 онгоцны танилцуулга". 2011-06-10. Retrieved 21 June 2011.
  7. ^ "Boeing Celebrates 8,888th Order for the 737 Family". 2011-06-21. Archived from the original on 20 September 2012. Retrieved 21 June 2011.
  8. ^ "Боинг компаниас онгоц худалдан авах гэрээнд гарын үсэг зурлаа". 2011-06-21. Retrieved 21 June 2011.
  9. ^ A, Tuguldur (2 January 2019). "Зуны нислэгийн хуваарьт Шанхай, Гуанжу чиглэлийн нислэгүүд нэмэгдэнэ". Ikon.mn. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  10. ^ B, Jargalmaa (2 January 2019). "МИАТ 2019 онд "Boeing 737 МAX-8" загварын ГУРВАН онгоц түрээсэлнэ". Ikon.mn. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  11. ^ "Mongolian Airlines Operates First Non-Stop Flight to the US". 24 June 2020.
  12. ^ "Datamonitor Healthcare - Pharma intelligence". Retrieved 5 May 2017.
  13. ^ "Cathay Pacific announces new codeshare agreement with MIAT Mongolian Airlines". Archived from the original on 5 October 2017. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  14. ^ "JAL Group - PRESS RELEASES - Japan Airlines and MIAT Mongolian Airlines Agree on Codeshare Partnership Effective March 31, 2020". press.jal.co.jp. 5 February 2020. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  15. ^ "Korean Air/MIAT Mongolian Airlines launch codeshare". Routesonline. 19 March 2010.
  16. ^ "Global Airline Guide 2019 (Part One)". Airliner World. October 2019: 21.
  17. ^ "Airplane description". MIAT Mongolian Airlines.
  18. ^ "MIAT - Mongolian Airlines Fleet Details and History". Planespotters.net.
  19. ^ "MIAT sub-leases Oman Air's only B737-700".
  20. ^ "MIAT Mongolian Airlines to lease two B737 MAX 8s". Retrieved 5 May 2017.
  21. ^ "MIAT Mongolian Airlines to lease two more B737 MAX 8s". Retrieved 5 May 2017.
  22. ^ "MIAT Mongolian Airlines adds first B737 MAX 8".
  23. ^ Curran, Andrew (20 December 2019). "What To Expect From Mongolian Airlines' First Boeing 787". Simple Flying. Retrieved 21 December 2019.
  24. ^ "MIAT Mongolian Airlines". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  25. ^ "Mongolia's MIAT ends B737-700 operations". Ch-Aviation.
  26. ^ Harro Ranter. "Aviation Safety Network > ASN Aviation Safety Database > Operator index > Mongolia > MIAT - Mongolian Airlines". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  27. ^ Accident description for MT-105 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2014-8-17.
  28. ^ Accident description for BNMAU-4206 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2014-8-17.
  29. ^ Accident description for BNMAU-1202 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2014-8-17.
  30. ^ Accident description for MT-613 at the Aviation Safety Network
  31. ^ Accident description for BNMAU-8401 at the Aviation Safety Network
  32. ^ Accident description for BNMAU-7710 at the Aviation Safety Network
  33. ^ Accident description for BNMAU-10208 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2014-8-17.
  34. ^ Accident description for D-0066 at the Aviation Safety Network
  35. ^ Accident description for BNMAU-14102 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2014-8-17.
  36. ^ "Crash of an Antonov AN-24RV in Mörön: 42 killed". Bureau of Aircraft Accidents Archives.
  37. ^ Accident description for BNMAU-10103 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2014-8-17.
  38. ^ "Crash of a Harbin Yunshuji Y-12 in Mandalgov: 7 killed". Bureau of Aircraft Accidents Archives.
  39. ^ Accident description for JU-1020 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2014-8-17.

External links[edit]