MIDAL

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MIDAL
Location
CountryGermany
General directionnorth–south
FromBunde (connected to the Netherlands)
Passes throughRehden (connected to the Rehden–Hamburg gas pipeline)
Bad Salzuflen (connected to WEDAL)
Reckrod (connected to STEGAL)
ToLudwigshafen
General information
Typenatural gas
OperatorGascade Gastransport GmbH
Construction started1992
Commissioned1993
Technical information
Length702 km (436 mi)
Maximum discharge12.8 billion cubic meters per year
Diameter1,000 mm (39 in)
No. of compressor stations3
Compressor stationsBunde
Lippe
Reckrod

MIDAL (Mitte-Deutschland-Anbindungsleitung) is a 702 kilometres (436 mi) long German natural gas pipeline, which connects the North Sea with southern Germany.[1] It runs from Bunde, where it is connected with Netherlands gas system, and Emdel receiving terminal, to Ludwigshafen. The pipeline has a capacity of 12.8 billion cubic meters of natural gas per year. It was constructed in 1992-1993, and it is owned and operated by Wingas GmbH & Co. KG.[2][3]

The northern section of the pipeline which runs from Bunde and Rysum to Rehden is 175 kilometres (109 mi) long and has a diameter of 900 millimetres (35 in). In Rehden, the pipeline is connected with the Rehden gas storage. Also the Rehden–Hamburg gas pipeline branches-off from MIDAL.[1] In future, MIDAL will be connected with the NEL pipeline at Reheden.

The middle section with length of 175 kilometres (109 mi) connects Rehden with Reckrod. This section has a diameter of 1,000 millimetres (39 in). In Bad Salzuflen, the WEDAL pipeline towards Belgium branches-off from MIDAL.[1] In Reckrod, MIDAL is connected with the STEGAL pipeline.

The 210 kilometres (130 mi) long southern section with a diameter of 800 millimetres (31 in) runs from Reckrod to Ludwigshafen. In Ludwigshafen, the pipeline is connected with a 57 kilometres (35 mi) long MIDAL-ERM branch-off pipeline to Jockgrim. It has a diameter of 400 millimetres (16 in). MIDAL-ERM was commissioned in April 1964.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Arentsen, Maarten J.; Künneke, Rolf W. (2003). National reforms in European gas. Gulf Professional Publishing. p. 236. ISBN 978-0-08-043687-6.
  2. ^ Energy Policies of IEA Countries - Germany (PDF). International Energy Agency. 2007. pp. 105, 108. ISBN 978-92-64-02223-2.
  3. ^ Victor, David G.; Jaffe, Amy; Hayes, Mark H. (2006). Natural gas and geopolitics: from 1970 to 2040. Cambridge University Press. p. 156. ISBN 978-0-521-86503-6.

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