Mining Innovation Rehabilitation and Applied Research Corporation

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Coordinates: 46°28′10″N 80°58′25″W / 46.46944°N 80.97361°W / 46.46944; -80.97361

Mining Innovation Rehabilitation and Applied Research Corporation
Non-profit Organization
Founded1987 (as Geomechanics Research Centre)
HeadquartersGreater Sudbury, Ontario, Canada,
OwnerLaurentian University

MIRARCO (Mining Innovation Rehabilitation and Applied Research Corporation), is a not-for-profit corporation that operates with support from the private and public sectors. It has been developing innovative solutions for the mining industry and its challenges. The driving force behind MIRARCO is a dedicated workforce made up of experienced professionals and students at all levels of post-secondary education. Through our unique position as a hybrid organization, combining academic and professional dynamics, we help advance innovative and applied research.

MIRARCO is engaged in five core research domains:

  • Geomechanics Research
  • Safety Research
  • Decision Support Software
  • Sustainable Energy Solutions
  • Climate Adaptation

Geomechanics Research[edit]

The Geomechanics Research Centre focuses its research activities on geohazard assessment and risk mitigation. The Centre conducts engineering and scientific research and development in geotechnical engineering and applies its findings to promote safer and more economical excavations at depth.


  • Rock Characterization
    • Drift mapping for classification according to RMR, Q or GSI systems.
    • Borehole logging using optical or acoustic televiewers and full-waveform sonic logger.
    • Lab measurement of strength and deformation characteristics according to ASTM or ISRM standards.
    • Drillability assessment according to tests developed at Norwegian Institute of Technology and those developed at the Laboratoire du Centre d’Études et Rechèrches des Charbonnages de France (CERCHAR).
  • Rock Stress
    • Field measurements of the in situ stress state by overcoring using either triaxial CSIRO stress cells or the USBM borehole deformation gauge.
    • Back-analysis/constraining of the stress state from excavation/borehole response measurements.
    • Critical review of existing measurement database.

Decision Support Software[edit]

The Software Centre is developing the next generation of decision-support tools for mining with an emphasis on underground mine ventilation and life-of-mine schedule optimization. These two areas of research are key in maximizing the profitability of a mining operation.


  • Production Optimization - MIRARCO is developing underground mine planning software.
  • Discrete Fracture Network (DFN) Modeling - MIRARCO’s new software tool, MoFrac, is a state-of-the-art DFN generation tool.
  • Ventilation Optimization - Proper planning and operation of underground mine ventilation systems.

Sustainable Energy Solutions[edit]

The Sustainable Energy Solutions centre comprises a team of international researchers dedicated to excellence in energy research. We focus on industry, public sector, and community/municipality interests, with primary emphasis on energy challenges in the Mining Industry across the globe.


  • Whole and life cycle, power, heat and fuel audits and demand profiling
  • Appraisal and concept development of energy consumption reduction technologies (including energy efficiency) for the minerals sector
  • Integration of renewable energy technologies into the mining sector
  • Renewable heat technology application development including heat recovery and utilization
  • Investigation of revenue enhancement opportunities via carbon trading and the clean development mechanism

Safety Research[edit]

The Safety Research Centre addresses unique issues related to Safety and Risk Management in the mining industry: ventilation, ground control, and Mining Health & Safety Research.


  • Expert advice and testimony regarding legal interpretation of regulatory issues in underground mining.
  • Design and implementation of safety modules for engineering schools in Canada.
  • Regulatory advice in Occupational Health and Safety.
  • Technical expertise in Mining Ventilation.
  • Virtual Reality Lab Simulation.
  • Pre-Start Audits.
  • Design of health and safety programs for supervisors, inspectors, and managers.
  • Technical advice regarding Mine Rescue Emergency Procedures.

Climate Adaptation[edit]

The Climate Adaptation at MIRARCO is dedicated to assisting communities and sectors adapt to climate change through the provision of climate science and adaptation tools. The Centre is also a resource hub for researchers and stakeholders searching for activities, events and resources on climate change impacts and adaptation.


  • Within the Province of Ontario and beyond, OCCIAR’s aim is to effectively communicate the science of climate change (including current and future impacts); encourage the development and implementation of adaptation strategies in order to reduce climate vulnerability and increase resiliency; develop tools to assist with adaptation; and create and foster partnerships with stakeholder groups to advance adaptation.
  • OCCIAR has extensive experience working with a broad range of organizations, including federal, provincial, and local governments, First Nations, professionals (e.g. engineers, planners and consultants), researchers, industries and community organizations. Working with this wide variety of stakeholders, OCCIAR develops and delivers climate change impacts and adaptation resources throughout the province. The Centre also strives to create new relationships with different agencies and institutions to facilitate and enhance adaptation planning through mainstreaming of climate change into decision-making processes.
  • The OCCIAR webpage hosts pertinent and up-to-date information pertaining to climate change impacts, vulnerabilities, and adaptation. If you are seeking to better understand how climate change will impact your community or sector, please contact OCCIAR. We can help you develop solutions to reduce the risks posed by future climate variability and climate change.
    For more information, please visit