|This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. (May 2016)|
MKM steel, an alloy containing nickel and aluminum, was developed in 1931 by the Japanese metallurgist Tokuhichi Mishima. While conducting research into the properties of nickel, Mishima discovered that a strongly magnetic steel could be created by adding aluminum to non-magnetic nickel steel.
MKM steel is tough and durable, inexpensive to produce, maintains strong magnetism when miniaturized and can produce a stable magnetic force in spite of temperature changes or vibration. MKM steel is similar to Alnico.
These properties made MKM steel ideal for various applications in the rapidly growing electronics sector and allowed the miniaturization of components used in personal electronics and the communications, aviation and automobile industries.