The MLS SuperDraft is an annual event, taking place in January of each year, in which the teams of Major League Soccer select players who have graduated from college or otherwise been signed by the league. The SuperDraft was first instituted in 2000, as a combination of the MLS College Draft, in which players having graduated from college were selected, and the MLS Supplemental Draft, in which all other players were chosen. The draft is divided into four rounds in which each club has a selection, the order of which is determined by a combination of the teams' playoff and regular season positions, with the last placed team (or expansion teams) getting the first pick.
The MLS SuperDraft was created by merging the original Supplemental Draft with the now-defunct College Draft. Originally created to ensure strict parity in the league, the draft was designed to allow weaker clubs to develop their rosters. The first draft was held in 2000, and since then has become the flagship draft of the league. Recently, the draft has been considered to be secondary to youth academies.
Only players from the American college sports system (the NCAA) are eligible to be drafted. Canadian Interuniversity Sport men's soccer players are not included, despite numerous proposals and discussions in 2010 and 2012.
Rules of Draft Selection
- Any expansion club automatically gets the first pick; should there be two expansion teams, a coin toss determines who picks first in the SuperDraft and who picks first in the expansion draft.
- Teams that did not make the playoffs are ordered by their regular-season record.
- Teams that made the MLS Cup Playoffs are then ordered by which round of the playoffs they are eliminated.
- The winners of the MLS Cup are given the last selection, and the losers the penultimate selection.
- Remaining ties are broken by the goal differential, goals scored, goals conceded, and then the flip of a coin.
|Eliminated in knockout round||11-12|
|Eliminated in conference semifinals||13-16|
|Eliminated in conference championships||17-18|
|MLS Cup finalist||19|
|MLS Cup winner||20|
List of SuperDrafts
The following table includes players widely considered to be among the best steals in MLS draft history.[who?]
|1997||29||Kevin Hartman||GK||Los Angeles Galaxy||Ranked #2 in MLS career shutouts (112)|||
|2000||35||Nick Rimando||GK||Miami Fusion||Ranked #1 in MLS career shutouts (123)|||
|2004||36||Michael Bradley||MF||MetroStars||U.S. national team (>100 caps)|||
|2005||89||Chris Wondolowski||FW||San Jose Earthquakes||Ranked #4 in MLS goals scored (122)|||
- Walter, Tyler (8 January 2011). "MLS SuperDraft: Why the Rise of Youth Academies Causes the Draft To Be Obsolete". Bleacher Report. Retrieved 17 July 2011.
- McCarthy, Kyle (13 December 2010). "Monday MLS Breakdown: Academy Programs Increasingly Influence SuperDraft Pool". Goal.com USA. Retrieved 17 July 2011.
- "Let's abandon the MLS draft". ESPN.com. 14 January 2011. Retrieved 17 July 2011.
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