MN zonation

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The MN zonation is a system used to correlate mammal-bearing fossil localities in the Miocene and Pliocene epochs of Europe. It consists of sixteen consecutive zones (numbered MN 1 through MN 17; MN 7 and 8 have been joined into MN 7/8) defined through reference faunas, well-known sites that other localities can be correlated with.

Neogene ELMMZ
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MN 1
MN 2
MN 3
MN 4
MN 5
MN 6
MN 6
MN 9
MN 10
MN 11
MN 12
MN 13
MN 14
MN 15
MN 16
MN 17
MN 18
 
 
 
 

The zones are as follows:[1]

Interval Start End Age
MN 1 23.8 Ma 22.4 Ma Aquitanian, Agenian
MN 2 22.4 Ma 20.0 Ma
MN 3 20.0 16.9 Ma (between 16.6 and 17.2 Ma)
MN 4 16.9 Ma (between 16.6 and 17.2 Ma) 16.0 Ma
MN 5 16.0 Ma 13.7 Ma
MN 6 13.7 Ma 12.75 Ma (between 13 and 12.5 Ma)
MN 7/8 12.75 Ma (between 13 and 12.5 Ma) 11.1 Ma
MN 9 11.1 Ma 9.7 Ma
MN 10 9.7 Ma 8.7 Ma
MN 11 8.7 Ma 7.75 Ma (between 8.0 and 7.5 Ma)
MN 12 7.75 Ma (between 8.0 and 7.5 Ma) 7.0 (between 6.8 and 7.2 Ma)
MN 13 7.0 (between 6.8 and 7.2 Ma) 4.9 Ma
MN 14 4.9 Ma 4.2 Ma
MN 15 4.2 Ma 3.2 Ma
MN 16 3.2 Ma 2.5 Ma
MN 17 2.5 Ma 2.0 Ma Gelasian

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bruijn, H. de, Daams, R., Daxner-Höck, G., Fahlbusch, V., Ginsburg, L., Mein, P. and Morales, J. 1992. "Report of the RCMNS working group on fossil mammals", Reisensburg 1990. Newsletters on Stratigraphy 26(2–3):65–118.
  • Dam, J.A. van, Alcalá, L., Alonso Zarza, A., Calvo, J.P., Garcés, M. and Krijgsman, W. 2001. "The Upper Miocene mammal record from the Teruel–Alfambra region (Spain). The MN system and continental stage/age concepts discussed." Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 21(2):367–385.
  1. ^ "Mammal Neogene Units". www.fossilworks.org. Paleobiology Database. Retrieved June 22, 2017. 

Neogene
Miocene Pliocene

Phanerozoic Eon
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