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Promotional art for MODOK from Super-Villain Team-Up: MODOK's 11 (Sept. 2007).
Art by Eric Powell.
|Alter ego||George Tarleton|
|Notable aliases||MODOC (Mobile Organism Designed Only for Computing)|
MODOK (also written as M.O.D.O.K.; an acronym for Mental/Mobile/Mechanized Organism Designed Only for Killing) is a fictional supervillain appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics.
The first MODOK is a former employee of Advanced Idea Mechanics, an arms dealing organization specializing in futuristic weaponry, who undergoes substantial mutagenic medical experimentation originally designed to increase his intelligence. While successful, this experimentation results in a freakishly overdeveloped head, causing the character's signature look and use of a flying chair for mobility. After the experiments, he rebels against his masters and takes control of AIM. Debuting in the Silver Age of Comic Books, MODOK has appeared in over four decades of Marvel continuity, and starred in the miniseries Super-Villain Team-Up: MODOK's 11 #1–5 (cover-dated September–December 2008) and a self-titled one-shot issue MODOK: Reign Delay #1 (Nov. 2009).
MODOK has featured in other Marvel-endorsed products such as video games and animated television series and merchandise such as trading cards and toys. IGN's list of the Top 100 Comic Book Villains of All Time ranked MODOK as #100.
MODOK first appeared in the title Tales of Suspense #93–94 (September–October 1967), and became a recurring foe for superhero Captain America where he was created by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby. Writer Mike Conroy stated "Inevitably, he (MODOK) returned to plague Captain America, whose physical perfection he so resented."
MODOK reappeared in Captain America #120 (December 1969) and #133 (January 1971). The character also featured in a storyline in Sub-Mariner #49 (May 1972), before becoming the major villain in an extended storyline in Hulk #167–169 (September–November 1973). MODOK also participated in the "War of the Supervillains" storyline in Iron Man #74–75 (May–June 1975).
MODOK has a series of encounters with heroine Ms. Marvel in Ms. Marvel #5 (May 1977); #7 (July 1977) and #9-10 (September–October 1977). Constant battles against the Marvel heroes followed, including Iron Man Annual #4 (December 1977); Marvel Team-Up #104 (April 1981) and Marvel Two-In-One #81–82 (November–December 1981). Following a failed bid to use fellow Hulk foe the Abomination to achieve his ends in Hulk #287–290 (September–December 1983), MODOK is assassinated in Captain America #313 (January 1986). The character's body makes a ghoulish return in Iron Man #205 (April 1986).
During the Taking A.I.M. storyline in Avengers #386–387 (May–June 1995); Captain America #440 (June 1995); Avengers #388 (July 1995) and Captain America #441 (July 1995), MODOK is resurrected. More typical attempts to better the character's situation followed in Iron Man/Captain America Annual 1998; Defenders (vol. 2) #9–10 (November–December 2001); Wolverine #142–143 (September– October 1999); Captain America and the Falcon #9 (January 2005) and Cable & Deadpool #11 (March 2005).
The character then made three humorous appearances, in Wha...Huh? #1 (September 2005); Marvel Holiday Special 2006 (January 2007) and GLA-Xmas Special #1 (February 2006). After appearing briefly in the mutant titles X-Men #200 (August 2007) and Uncanny X-Men #488 (September 2007), MODOK was featured in Ms. Marvel (vol. 2) #14–17 (June–September 2007) and appeared in two miniseries: Marvel 1985 #1–6 (July–December 2008) and Super-Villain Team-Up: MODOK's 11 #1–5 (August–December 2008).
MODOK also featured in Hulk #600 (September 2009); Astonishing Tales (vol. 2) #2 (May 2009) and the one-shot publication MODOK: Reign Delay #1 (November 2009).
MODOK later gained a counterpart in MODOK Superior, who first appeared in Hulk (vol. 2) #29 and was created by Jeff Parker and Gabriel Hardman.
Fictional character biography
George Tarleton is a technician for the organization Advanced Idea Mechanics (A.I.M.). He was born in Bangor, Maine. Having recently created the Cosmic Cube, the AIM scientists use advanced mutagenics to alter Tarleton and create the super-intelligent MODOC (acronym for Mental Organism Designed Only for Computing) to study and improve upon the object. MODOC, however, becomes ambitious, kills his former masters and takes control of A.I.M.. Calling himself MODOK (Mental Organism Designed Only for Killing), he comes into conflict with the hero Captain America, who is intent on rescuing S.H.I.E.L.D. agent Sharon Carter from A.I.M.
MODOK becomes a recurring foe for Captain America, battling the hero on three more occasions, with the last encounter revealing the villain's origin. MODOK also battles Namor the Sub-Mariner and Doctor Doom, the latter intent on claiming the Cosmic Cube.
MODOK reappears and kidnaps Betty Ross, changing her into the mutate the Harpy with gamma rays in a bid to destroy the Hulk. The character follows the Hulk and the Harpy to a floating aerie, where the Hulk's alter ego Dr. Robert Bruce Banner cures Ross of her condition. MODOK and an A.I.M. team arrive in time to kill the creature known as the Bi-Beast, the guardian of the aerie, but not before activating a self-destruct mechanism, forcing the characters to flee. MODOK also accepts the offer of the other-dimensional being the Black Lama and participates in the "War of the Supervillains", but fails to capture the prize when defeated by Iron Man.
A.I.M. becomes dissatisfied with the lack of scientific advancement under MODOK's leadership and MODOK's obsession with seeking revenge against metahumans, ousting him from power. MODOK attempts to regain control of the organization and prove his worth by unleashing a nerve agent on New York City, which is prevented by Ms. Marvel and the Vision. MODOK seeks revenge against Ms. Marvel, first attempting to mind control the heroine and then hiring the Shi'ar assassin Deathbird to kill her; Ms. Marvel overcomes both of these obstacles and finally defeats Deathbird and MODOK.
MODOK's ambitions grow and he seeks world domination, but is thwarted by Iron Man and the superhero team the Champions. After an attempt to plunder the resources of the Savage Land and a battle with Ka-Zar and the Hulk, the character develops a new biological agent called Virus X. MODOK's attempts to test the agent on the homeless is prevented by the Thing, Sub-Mariner and Captain America, although the villain escapes and the Thing almost dies when exposed to the virus.
Abandoned by A.I.M. for these failures, the character revives long-time Hulk foe the Abomination, planning to use the monster against his superiors. The plan fails when the Abomination is revealed to be mentally unstable, although during the course of the storyline MODOK transforms Dr. Katherine Waynesboro (an associate of Bruce Banner) into Ms. MODOK, a female version of himself. Horrified by MODOK's callous disregard for life, Waynesboro demands to be restored to human form, and MODOK complies. Wishing to disassociate themselves from MODOK, A.I.M. hires the Serpent Society to assassinate the villain. They succeed, with Death Adder striking the killing blow. The Serpent Society returns MODOK's body to A.I.M., with the organization using it as a supercomputer. A rogue A.I.M. agent remotely operates MODOK's body in a bid to destroy Iron Man, with the battle ending with the body's destruction.
During the Taking A.I.M. storyline, MODOK is resurrected because A.I.M. needs him to assist with the creation of another Cosmic Cube. In one of the attempts to create the Cube, MODAM is killed (or at least disappears). Eventually MODOK is stranded in an alternate dimension, but manages to return with the unintended help of the villainous group the Headmen. After attempting to steal a device that boosts mental power, MODOK agrees to aid the Headmen in their plans of conquest, but after taking control of A.I.M. once again, he reneges on the agreement in order to avoid an encounter with the superhero team the Defenders. MODOK clashes with Canadian superhero team Alpha Flight before being captured by a group composed of U.S. Naval intelligence and a drug cartel. MODOK is lobotomized and employed to infiltrate spy satellites and manipulate the stock market, but he recovers and exploits the situation until captured and taken into custody by S.H.I.E.L.D..
MODOK then seeks a sample of the cybernetic species the Phalanx, and after brief encounters with the mutant X-Men, battles Ms. Marvel once again, the heroine aided by fellow Avenger Wonder Man during an elaborate scheme by renegade A.I.M. branches to kill MODOK, with one of the rogues being MODOK's long-lost son, who seeks revenge for his abandonment.
MODOK was seen in Puerto Rico attempting to create an army of genetically enhanced monkeys called A.I.Monkeys to eliminate the recession in A.I.M., until he was defeated by Mister Fantastic, the Invisible Woman and the rookie Puerto Rican hero known as El Vejigante.
During the Fall of the Hulks storyline, it is revealed that MODOK is a member of the Intelligencia, who had a part in the creation of both the Red Hulk and the Red She-Hulk. They captured some of the smartest men and brought about the events that would lead up to the World War Hulks storyline.
When several heroes are subjected by the Intelligencia to the Cathexis ray, which can transfer radiant energy from one subject to another, Amadeus Cho is affected as well. Unlike the others, who become "Hulked-Out Heroes", his mind expands and becomes so powerful that he gains the ability to warp reality within a 10-foot radius. Using this power, he reverses the process that created MODOK, turning him back into George Tarleton, who knows no better than to get away as quickly as possible.
George Tarleton was taken into custody by the U.S. military and remains confined, where Bruce Banner occasionally calls on him to help defuse the "doomsday plans" that MODOK installed in the possibility that his master plan should fail. However, Tarleton appears to remember next to nothing of his time as MODOK and in fact seems to be either traumatized or just a simple-minded man.
Unknown to everyone, the doomsday plans left behind by MODOK serve as a distraction. The plans themselves are coordinated by a 'cluster' of brains, cloned from MODOK's own, who act as one non-sentient supercomputer. This cluster is destroyed by the Red Hulk and the doomsday plans are stopped. However, one of the cloned brains, rather than being utilized as an organic computer, is allowed to develop naturally and then uploaded with MODOK's memories. This new MODOK (apparently free of all the weaknesses of the original) declares himself MODOK Superior and prepares to make his own mark on the world.
Cooperating with the Intelligencia once again, MODOK Superior and the Intelligencia attempt to study the body of a Spaceknight, which had crashed on Earth for unknown reasons. When the Avengers attempt to stop them, the body is revealed to be the latest vessel for the consciousness of Ultron. In the battle with the Avengers, MODOK Superior takes on Thor, claiming he has the power of a god - and being immediately struck down.
During the "Fear Itself" storyline, MODOK Superior reviews the attacks by Skadi and tells his followers that she is actually Red Skull's daughter Sin, who has tapped into the powers of the Asgardians. He then views from his surveillance that Red Hulk is fighting Thing (in the form of Angrir: Breaker of Souls). When he learns that Zero/One and Black Fog are also after Red Hulk, MODOK Superior plans to get to Red Hulk first. MODOK Superior prevents Black Fog from killing Red Hulk. MODOK Superior becomes intangible to keep himself from getting attacked by Angrir (who shoots down Zero/One's Helicarrier). MODOK Superior has his encounter with Zero/One and both of them declare a truce to help fight the soldiers of the Serpent. During that time, MODOK Superior starts to develop a crush on Zero/One.
In the prologue to the "Avengers vs. X-Men" storyline, MODOK Superior targets an ex-A.I.M. scientist named Dr. Udaku who was being escorted to the Pentagon by Wakandan forces. Before MODOK Superior could burn Dr. Udaku, Scarlet Witch arrives and fights MODOK Superior, while smaller MODOK pawns surround Scarlet Witch. In the nick of time, Ms. Marvel and Spider-Woman arrive and help to defeat MODOK Superior and A.I.M.
After a brief retirement, MODOK Superior returned and opened up a group of assassins called the Agents of MODOK (Mercenary Organization Dedicated Only to Killing) where they killed bad people. However, he made the mistake of recruiting Gwenpool when she killed his top assassin and took credit for his kills. When he found she was not a superhuman and had no special training, he attempted to eliminate her, but she turned on him and sent him into space with an injured eye and damaged equipment. She then took over his agency for a brief time, but when her plans defeated a group of alien arms dealers but did not get them any money (having turned the client, an old Doombot who escaped from a fight in the past with Squirrel Girl, against them) the agency was disbanded and everyone went their own way.
MODOK Superior and a group of A.I.M. members attacked a HYDRA airship to capture Shiklah, who was in its custody. Deadpool saved her, and stole MODOK Superior's chair. MODOK Superior was taken to the hospital, where he vowed vengeance on Deadpool for stealing his chair.
During the "Secret Empire" storyline, MODOK Superior appears as a member of the Army of Evil and took part in the attack on Manhattan in retaliation for what happened at Pleasant Hill during "Avengers: Standoff!."
MODOK Superior resurfaced in a new form during a confrontation with the newest incarnation of the West Coast Avengers, now appearing as an attractive, long-haired man, calling himself BRODOK (Bio-Robotic Organism Designed Overwhelmingly for Kissing) and insisting that he was now reformed. The team eventually exposed his scheme to turn various citizens of Los Angeles into giant mindless monsters and defeated him, reverting him back to his traditional appearance.
During the "Iron Man 2020" arc, War Machine was about to be experimented on by some Deathloks on Lingares when he is saved by someone. When War Machine catches up to the rest of Force Works and gives them their equipment, they discover that his rescuer is MODOK Superior. He states that he wants to add his brainpower to Force Works as its newest member. It turns out that MODOK Superior was behind the Deathloks of Lingares and manipulated Force Works into taking out Ultimo's head so that he can take control of it and become Ulti-MODOK. After the bearded Deathlok was beheaded by U.S. Agent, War Machine temporarily turned into a Deathlok to control the remaining Deathloks into fighting Ulti-MODOK. When Quake briefly opened a lava-filled chasm, Ulti-MODOK fell in with the Deathloks following him down.
Powers and abilities
George Tarleton was subjected to a mutagenic process that transformed him into MODOK and grants him superhuman intelligence, including a computer-like memory, the ability to scour and retain large data-banks of information very quickly, and solve abstract mathematical problems nearly instantaneously. He also has the ability to calculate the mathematical probability of any given event occurring, which is so strong that it borders on precognition. However, his creativity remains at an average human level. MODOK's vast intelligence makes him one of the few beings that can analyze and comprehend the workings of the Cosmic Cube, which was the very purpose for his creation.
He also has psionic powers enabling him to contact others through telepathy, mentally control individuals or large groups, and generate force fields able to withstand minor nuclear explosions. Courtesy of A.I.M. technology, MODOK wears a headband that enables him to focus his mental power into devastating mind-beams. A side effect of the mutation was the growth of Tarleton's head to the point whereby his body can no longer support its weight, needing to rely on an exoskeleton and a hoverchair called the Doomsday Chair for movement. The Doomsday Chair is equipped with a variety of weapons, including missiles and lasers.
Occasionally, Tarleton had the use of a giant humanoid robot body that was proportionally sized to fit his head. Tarleton's organs also wear out quickly, necessitating the use of harvested clones, whose organs are used to sustain him. As the leader of A.I.M., MODOK has advanced technology, resources, and a personal army at his disposal.
MODOK Superior has the same genius-level intelligence and mental powers as the original MODOK, but apparently none of his weaknesses.
A version called "MODOC" (Mental Organism Designed Only for Conquest) appears in the title Marvel Adventures: The Avengers, briefly turning the Avengers into (superior) versions of itself before being defeated.
Over the course of her two series, Carol Danvers (Ms. Marvel) had several interactions with A.I.M. and MODOK; among others, she was both saved from being disincorporated by 24 embryonic MODOCs who had been outfitted with reality-altering powers when working in unison and separated into two separate entities to fulfill her fondest wish. Also, reference was made, by A.I.M. personnel, to many actual MODOCs who, apparently, really did function in the way that MODOK was originally supposed to have done (namely, as docile organic supercomputers).
MODOT (Mobile Organism Designed Only for Talking), formerly Nobel Prize hopeful Dimitri Smirkov, appears in the third Howard the Duck miniseries and, unlike his predecessor MODOK, can walk without the aid of a hoverchair. He had no designs of world conquest, but instead was only interested in making money; this may be because the branch of A.I.M. that created him did so specifically so he could talk the head office into increasing their budget. He ended up practically ruling the airwaves, influencing millions of viewers through 100 android hosts, anchormen and reporters, all controlled directly by him.
The limited series U.S. War Machine, published under the mature-audience Marvel MAX imprint, showcases another version of MODOK salvaged by S.H.I.E.L.D. when it is discarded by A.I.M., apparently a victim of racial prejudice.
The Ultimate Marvel version of the character features in the title Ultimate Vision, experimenting with a Gah Lak Tus probe on an A.I.M. space station. Although he starts the story as the amoral genius cyborg George Tarleton, after he is infected by Gah Lak Tus, he is eventually reduced to a disembodied head.
At least four versions of MODOK, apparently based around Elvis Presley, were created by the Beyond Corporation to defend their secret weapons factory, State 51. They were defeated by the Nextwave Squad. Their principal mode of attack seemed to involve shooting cheeseburgers at their target.
The following issue revealed that the Beyond Corporation was being run by a disguised infant MODOK, apparently conceived by a MODOK and a MODAM. This MODOK escapes the Nextwave Squad, but it is subsequently killed by its master, Devil Dinosaur.
A version of the character features in Iron Lantern #1, a one-shot title that is a part of the Amalgam Comics line, which is a sequel to the DC vs. Marvel miniseries. MODOK is merged with DC Comics character Hector Hammond to form H.E.C.T.O.R. (Highly Evolved Creature Totally Oriented for Revenge), who is the leader of the Weaponers of A.I.M. (a merging of DC's the Weaponers of Qward and Marvel's A.I.M.).
An alternate version of MODOK appeared in Earth X. In recent history, MODOK, like every other telepath on the planet, was killed when the Red Skull's powers first manifested. MODOK's hoverchair, ironically, was later recovered by the Skull's army and the Skull used it as his personal throne.
A Dazzler-centered story, "Disco Highway", in issue #4 of the miniseries X-Men: Serve and Protect, released in February 2011, features a character named MODORD (Mental Organism Designed Only for Roller Derby).
During the Secret Wars storyline, the Battleworld domain of Killville is based on a reality where MODOK killed every known superhero, which resulted in its citizens being in constant danger from every supervillain and murderer in Killville.
In the pages of Spider-Gwen that is taking place on Earth-65, Captain America fights against MODAAK (Mental Organism Designed As America's King). The author based this character on American then-presidential candidate Donald Trump.
In other media
MODOK was the primary antagonist of the Iron Man paperback novel Iron Man: And Call My Killer...MODOK!, no. 6 in the Marvel Pocket Novels series, by William Rotsler.
- A much smaller version of MODOK, ELF (External Life Form) appeared in the 1994 Iron Man TV series, voiced by Jim Cummings. He served as one of the Mandarin's minions. In this version, George Tarleton was a scientist who married a supermodel. However, a jealous superior resembling Red Ghost turned him into MODOK. MODOK then joined Mandarin in hopes of a cure.
- MODOK is featured in Iron Man: Armored Adventures, voiced by Lee Tockar. In the show, the acronym is MODOC, with the 'C' standing for Conquest. He appears in the episodes "Ready, AIM, Fire" and "Panther's Prey" being assembled by A.I.M., but comes online in the episode "Designed Only for Chaos". He then appears in the episodes "Uncontrollable" and "The Hawk and the Spider".
- MODOK appears in The Super Hero Squad Show, voiced by Tom Kenny. The "K" in MODOK's acronym stands for "Kicking-butt". He is a member of Doctor Doom's Lethal Legion and is often paired up with the Abomination as the group's comic relief. The meaning of the acronym is joked upon in the episode "Hulk Talk Smack!", wherein the Grey Hulk jokingly states that the "K" stands for "Kickball", causing MODOK to rebut that this is not what it stands for.
- MODOK appears in The Avengers: Earth's Mightiest Heroes, voiced by Wally Wingert. The character goes by the same altered acronym as the version from Iron Man: Armored Adventures. He appears in the episodes "Iron Man is Born", "Everything is Wonderful", "Widow's Sting", and "Hail, Hydra!".
- MODOK appears in the Avengers Assemble animated series, voiced by Charlie Adler. This version is seen as A.I.M.'s primary leader. During season one, he is seen as an ally of the Red Skull, first appearing to aid in swapping Red Skull's consciousness with Captain America's. After that plan fails and he removes Iron Man's armor to put onto Red Skull, MODOK uses microbots to control Captain America, Black Widow, Falcon, Hawkeye, Hulk, and Thor while the Iron Skull targets the Arc Reactor in Avengers Mansion before Iron Man frees the Avengers. MODOK later serves as a founding member of Iron Skull's Cabal alongside Attuma, Dracula, and Hyperion, enlisting his A.I.M. forces while gaining the Super-Adaptoid as a personal enforcer. Despite being considered Iron Skull's most trusted minion, the two-part season finale finds MODOK himself betrayed and he thus plays a role in Iron Skull's defeat. After Red Skull escapes, MODOK acts as the Cabal's new leader and teleports them away to fight the Avengers another day. During season two, MODOK resurfaces using the Mind Stone enslave S.H.I.E.L.D. and ended up briefly transferring his consciousness into the Tri-Carrier, and where he used Pym particles to increase his body mass – all the way towards having a full human body form – in response to the danger Ultron poses to him, before the Avengers and Ant-Man restore him to his usual self. MODOK returns in Avengers: Secret Wars. He first plans to repopulate the Earth with his own clones which makes Taskmaster reluctantly allied with the New Avengers, and is defeated by Ms. Marvel and the Vision. MODOK is later among the Beyonder's collection of supervillains alongside Crimson Widow, Absorbing Man and Ares, and is defeated by Captain America and Iron Man.
- MODOK appears in the Ultimate Spider-Man animated series, voiced again by Charlie Adler. Alluded upon in season one, he was seen in S.H.I.E.L.D.'s database for the most wanted criminals in the episode "Doomed", and when S.H.I.E.L.D. security footage shows the Beetle springing MODOK from prison in the episode "Beetle Mania". In season three's "Contest of Champions Part 3", MODOK was seen imprisoned in Grandmaster's ship. His mind and Leader's mind end up attacking Spider-Man, Iron Spider and Agent Venom. Upon agreeing to free them, Spider-Man wants them to work the teleporter machine to get all the civilian hostages back to Earth. MODOK and Leader work the teleporter while the others fought Grandmaster. As the final civilians are being evacuated, MODOK and Leader took the opportunity to get teleported out of the Grandmaster's ship.
- MODOK appears in the 2013 animated special Phineas and Ferb: Mission Marvel, with Charlie Adler reprising his role. He was seen with Red Skull, Whiplash, and Venom in their battle with Iron Man, Spider-Man, Hulk, and Thor.
- MODOK appears in the Guardians of the Galaxy animated series, voiced again by Charlie Adler. In the short "Star-Lord vs. MODOK", he and A.I.M. fight Star-Lord on a mission to retrieve a fusion generator needed by Rocket Raccoon to repair the Milano. Star-Lord manages to defeat MODOK and escape.
- MODOK appears in the 2014 Japanese anime Marvel Disk Wars: The Avengers.
- MODOK appears in Marvel's Spider-Man, voiced again by Charlie Adlier. Seen in the episode "A Troubled Mind", he was created by A.I.M. using their robotics and three stolen mental projection devices.
- Prior to its cancellation after failing to get picked up, New Warriors was to feature MODOK as the main villain. This version would have been a municipal employee named Ernest Vigman who would have been portrayed by Keith David.
- Hulu will air a M.O.D.O.K. animated series, with MODOK voiced by Patton Oswalt who will also co-write and executive produce the series with Jordan Blum. It was originally conceived as being part of its own shared universe that would have lead up to a special titled The Offenders, but will now be a stand-alone series. In January 2020, the rest of the cast was announced: Aimee Garcia as Jodie (M.O.D.O.K.'s wife); Ben Schwartz as Lou (M.O.D.O.K.'s son); Melissa Fumero as Melissa (M.O.D.O.K.'s daughter); Sam Richardson as Gary (M.O.D.O.K.'s henchman); and Beck Bennett as Austin Van Der Sleet (AIM's new boss). Characters Monica Rappaccini and Super-Adaptoid appear voiced by Wendi McLendon-Covey and Jon Daly respectively.
- MODOK appears as a boss in Marvel: Ultimate Alliance, voiced by Michael Gough. He leads his A.I.M. forces in the invasion of the S.H.I.E.L.D. Omega Base, along with Mysterio and the Crimson Dynamo, in a plot to crash it into a nearby dam. When the heroes confront MODOK, he freezes them in place with an entropy device and gives them questions where a right answer causes MODOK to drop his guard for a brief moment, and a wrong answer will give the heroes an electric shock. Either way, if the player gets the answers right or wrong, MODOK fights the heroes and loses, and they prevent the S.H.I.E.L.D. Omega Base from crashing into the dam.
- MODOK appears in the Marvel Super Hero Squad video game and Marvel Super Hero Squad: The Infinity Gauntlet, voiced by Tom Kenny.
- MODOK appears as a playable character in Marvel vs. Capcom 3: Fate of Two Worlds and Ultimate Marvel vs. Capcom 3, voiced again by Wally Wingert.
- MODOK is featured as a boss in the game Marvel Super Hero Squad: Comic Combat.
- MODOK appears as a villain character and as a playable character in Marvel Super Hero Squad Online, voiced again by Tom Kenny.
- MODOK is featured as a boss in the Facebook game Marvel: Avengers Alliance.
- MODOK appears as a boss in Iron Man 3: The Official Game, voiced by Nick Sullivan. At the game's climax, this version of MODOK is revealed to be Aldrich Killian's consciousness having been "downloaded" by A.I.M. prior to his physical death in the movie and uploaded into a new, enhanced form. After Iron Man defeats him in combat, he attempts to survive by uploading his consciousness into the network of Stark Industries. Iron Man willingly sacrifices the network (and therefore Stark Industries itself) toward destroying Killian for good.
- MODOK appears as a boss in Marvel Heroes, voiced by Nick Jameson.
- MODOK appears as a boss and a playable character in Lego Marvel Super Heroes, voiced by Dave Boat.
- MODOK appears in Disney Infinity: Marvel Super Heroes, again voiced by Charlie Adler.
- MODOK appears as a playable character in Netmarble's Marvel Future Fight.
- MODOK appears in Lego Marvel's Avengers, voiced again by Charlie Adler. This MODOK is apparently a "reformed" version of the character who is now working as a janitor at S.H.I.E.L.D.'s headquarters. His dialogue reveals that the 'K' on his name now stands for "Kleaning", despite MODOK himself acknowledging that that is grammatically wrong. He can be unlocked as a playable character after completing a mission for him.
- MODOK makes a non-playable appearance in Marvel vs. Capcom Infinite, with Wally Wingert reprising his role. In the game's story, he is the leader of A.I.M.brella, a fusion of A.I.M. and the Umbrella Corporation from Resident Evil, and is performing experiments to create B.O.W.s on the orders of Jedah Dohma, using the Mind Stone to control them. He and his enforcer Nemesis are defeated by a team of heroes, who take the Mind Stone.
- MODOK is playable in Marvel: Contest of Champions.
- MODOK appears as a playable character in Lego Marvel Super Heroes 2.
- MODOK appears as a boss in Marvel Ultimate Alliance 3: The Black Order voiced again by Wally Wingert. After coming into possession of the Soul Stone, he invades Wakanda with A.I.M. and attempts to seek out the country's wealth of knowledge.
- MODOK will appear in Square Enix's 2020 Avengers game as the founder of Advanced Idea Mechanics who seeks to cleanse the Earth of superpowers.
- The band Monster Magnet refers to MODOK in the song "Baby Götterdämerung" from the album Powertrip with the lyrics "So what would MODOK do, if his memory got too full? He'd find the power source, and then he'd pick what plugs to pull."
- Rapper Akira the Don has a song titled "M.O.D.O.K. (Supervillain Music)" on his "Superhero Music" mix-tape.
- Toy Biz produced a MODOK action figure for the 1994 Iron Man animated series.
- In 2006, a "Build-A-Figure" toy was produced by Toy Biz for Wave 15 of their Marvel Legends toyline. This toy required the buyer to buy all the figures in the wave with each figure coming with a piece of the MODOK toy. The pieces would snap together to make the MODOK figure complete.
- In 2010, Hasbro made a more kid-friendly version for its revised Super Hero Squad line, packaged together with Iron Man. He is described on the back of the pack as a "hovering psychic super menace". Originally MODOK was supposed to be called MODOC (Mental Organism Designed Only for Chaos) but was changed to his more familiar name, though the description does not reveal what the acronym really means.
- In 2014, LEGO released the Hulk Lab Smash set for its Marvel Super Heroes theme. Along with the Hulk and Thor returning as mini-figures, MODOK, along with fellow Marvel villain the Taskmaster, debuted as a new mini-figure in the set. In 2020, a new brick-built variant of MODOK will be released in the Avengers Helicarrier set alongside War Machine, Captain Marvel, Nick Fury, Black Widow, Thor, Iron Man, an AIM Agent and a Helicarrier.
- In 2011, Bowen Designs released a statue of MODOK that was designed and sculpted by the Kucharek brothers.
- MODOK (with associates) makes an appearance in a 1999 strip of Bob the Angry Flower.
- MODOK talks Star Wars with Abe in a 2007 strip of Thinking Ape Blues.
- "Top 100 Villains: #100". IGN.com. Retrieved February 22, 2013.
- DeFalco, Tom; Sanderson, Peter; Brevoort, Tom; Teitelbaum, Michael; Wallace, Daniel; Darling, Andrew; Forbeck, Matt; Cowsill, Alan; Bray, Adam (2019). The Marvel Encyclopedia. DK Publishing. p. 245. ISBN 978-1-4654-7890-0.
- Conroy, Mike. 500 Comicbook Villains, Collins & Brown, 2004.
- Tales of Suspense #93–94 (September–October 1967)
- Morris, Jon (2017). The Legion of Regrettable Supervillains: Oddball Criminals from Comic Book History. Quirk Books. pp. 178–179. ISBN 978-1594749322.
- Captain America #112 (April 1969); #120 (December 1969); and #133 (January 1971)
- Sub-Mariner #49 (May 1972)
- Incredible Hulk #167–169 (September–November 1973)
- Iron Man #74–75 (May–June 1975)
- Ms. Marvel #5 (May 1977)
- Ms. Marvel #7 (July 1977)
- Ms. Marvel #9 (September 1977)
- Ms. Marvel #10 (October 1977)
- Iron Man Annual #4 (December 1977)
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