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|Alter ego||George Tarleton|
The first MODOK is George Tarleton, a former employee of Advanced Idea Mechanics (A.I.M.), an arms dealing organization specializing in futuristic weaponry, who undergoes substantial mutagenic medical experimentation originally designed to increase his intelligence. While successful, the experiments result in him developing a freakishly overdeveloped head and a stunted body, causing the character's signature look and use of a hoverchair for mobility. After the experiments, he kills his creators and takes control of A.I.M. Following Tarleton being split from MODOK, the new independent being dubs himself MODOK Superior. Debuting in the Silver Age of Comic Books, MODOK has appeared in over four decades of Marvel continuity and starred in the miniseries Super-Villain Team-Up: MODOK's 11 #1–5 (cover-dated September–December 2008), the self-titled one-shot issue MODOK: Reign Delay #1 (November 2009) and the ongoing series MODOK: Head Games (December 2020).
MODOK has featured in other Marvel-endorsed products such as video games, animated television series such as Marvel's M.O.D.O.K., an animated series featuring Patton Oswalt voicing the titular character, and merchandise such as trading cards and toys. IGN's list of the Top 100 Comic Book Villains of All Time ranked MODOK as #100.
MODOK first appeared in Tales of Suspense #93–94 (September–October 1967), and became a recurring foe for the superhero Captain America, where he was created by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby. Writer Mike Conroy stated "Inevitably, he (MODOK) returned to plague Captain America, whose physical perfection he so resented."
MODOK reappeared in Captain America #112 (April 1969), 120 (December 1969) and 133 (January 1971). The character also featured in a storyline in Sub-Mariner #49 (May 1972), before becoming the major villain in an extended storyline in The Incredible Hulk (vol. 2) #167–170 (September–December 1973). MODOK also participated in "The War of the Super-Villains" storyline in Iron Man #74–75 (May–June 1975).
MODOK had a series of encounters with the superheroine Ms. Marvel in Ms. Marvel #5 (May 1977), 7 (July 1977) and 9-10 (September–October 1977). Constant battles against the Marvel heroes followed, including Iron Man Annual #4 (December 1977); Marvel Team-Up #104 (April 1981) and Marvel Two-In-One #81–82 (November–December 1981). Following a failed bid to use fellow Hulk foe the Abomination to achieve his ends in The Incredible Hulk (vol. 2) #287–290 (September–December 1983), MODOK is assassinated in Captain America #313 (January 1986). The character's body makes a ghoulish return in Iron Man #205 (April 1986).
During the Taking A.I.M. storyline in Avengers #386–387 (May–June 1995), Captain America #440 (June 1995), Avengers #388 (July 1995) and Captain America #441 (July 1995), MODOK is resurrected. More typical attempts to better the character's situation followed in Iron Man/Captain America Annual 1998; Defenders (vol. 2) #9–10 (November–December 2001); Wolverine #142–143 (September– October 1999); Captain America and the Falcon #9 (January 2005) and Cable & Deadpool #11 (March 2005).
The character then made three humorous appearances, in Wha...Huh? #1 (September 2005); Marvel Holiday Special 2006 (January 2007) and GLA-Xmas Special #1 (February 2006). After appearing briefly in the mutant titles X-Men #200 (August 2007) and Uncanny X-Men #488 (September 2007), MODOK was featured in Ms. Marvel (vol. 2) #14–17 (June–September 2007) and appeared in two miniseries: Marvel 1985 #1–6 (July–December 2008) and Super-Villain Team-Up: MODOK's 11 #1–5 (August–December 2008).
MODOK also featured in Hulk #600 (September 2009); Astonishing Tales (vol. 2) #2 (May 2009) and the one-shot issue MODOK: Reign Delay #1 (November 2009).
MODOK later gained a counterpart and successor in MODOK Superior, who first appeared in Hulk (vol. 2) #29 and was created by Jeff Parker and Gabriel Hardman, who is depicted as the archenemy of Gwendolyn "Gwen" Poole in Unbelievable Gwenpool #1–25 and 0 (June 2016–April 2018), West Coast Avengers (vol. 3) #4 (February 2019), and MODOK: Head Games (December 2020).
Fictional character biography
George Tarleton was a technician for the criminal organization Advanced Idea Mechanics (A.I.M.), founded by his father Alvin. He was born in Bangor, Maine. Having recently created the Cosmic Cube, the A.I.M. scientists used advanced mutagenics to alter Tarleton and created the super-intelligent man-mind MODOC (an acronym for Mental Organism Designed Only for Computing) to study and improve upon the object, alongside the JOD1E program. MODOC, however, becomes ambitious, kills his creators and takes control of A.I.M.. Renaming himself MODOK (Mental Organism Designed Only for Killing), he comes into conflict with the hero Captain America, who is intent on rescuing S.H.I.E.L.D. agent Sharon Carter from A.I.M.
MODOK becomes a recurring foe for Captain America, battling the hero on three more occasions, with the last encounter revealing the villain's origin. MODOK also battles Namor the Sub-Mariner and Doctor Doom, the latter intent on claiming the Cosmic Cube.
MODOK reappears and abducts Betty Ross, changing her into the Harpy with gamma radiation at a higher level than that which turned Dr. Robert Bruce Banner into the Hulk in a bid to destroy the monster. MODOK then follows the Hulk and the Harpy to a floating aerie, where Banner cures Ross of her condition. MODOK and a team of A.I.M. agents arrive in time to kill the creature known as the Bi-Beast, the guardian of the aerie, but not before activating a self-destruct mechanism, forcing everyone on board to flee. MODOK also accepts the offer of the extra-dimensional mystic the Black Lama to participate in the Black Lama's War of the Super-Villains, but fails to gain the prize - a golden globe that is supposed to give the winner of the war ultimate power - after being defeated by Iron Man.
A.I.M. becomes dissatisfied with the lack of scientific advancement under MODOK's leadership and MODOK's obsession with seeking revenge against metahumans, ousting him from power as a result. MODOK attempts to regain control of the organization and prove his worth by unleashing a nerve agent on New York City, which is prevented by Ms. Marvel and the Vision. MODOK seeks revenge against Ms. Marvel, first attempting to mentally control the heroine and then hiring the Shi'ar assassin Deathbird to kill her; Ms. Marvel overcomes both of these obstacles and defeats both Deathbird and MODOK.
MODOK's ambitions grow and he seeks world domination, but is thwarted by Iron Man and the superhero team the Champions. After an attempt to plunder the resources of the Savage Land and a battle with Ka-Zar and the Hulk, the character develops a new biological agent called Virus X. MODOK's attempts to test the agent on the homeless is prevented by the Thing, the Sub-Mariner and Captain America, although the villain escapes and the Thing almost dies when exposed to the virus.
Abandoned by A.I.M. for these failures, the character revives long-time Hulk foe the Abomination, planning to use the monster against his superiors. The plan fails when the Abomination is revealed to be mentally unstable, although during the course of the storyline MODOK transforms Dr. Katherine Waynesboro (an associate of Bruce Banner) into Ms. MODOK, a female counterpart (the first) of himself. Horrified by MODOK's callous disregard for life, Waynesboro demands to be restored to human form and MODOK willingly complies. Wishing to disassociate themselves from MODOK for good, A.I.M. hires the Serpent Society to assassinate the villain. They succeed, with Death Adder striking the killing blow. The Serpent Society returns MODOK's body to A.I.M., with the organization using it as a supercomputer. A rogue A.I.M. agent remotely operates MODOK's body in a bid to destroy Iron Man, with the battle ending with the body's destruction.
During the Taking A.I.M. storyline, MODOK is resurrected because A.I.M. needs him to assist with the creation of another Cosmic Cube. In one of the attempts to create the Cube, MODAM is killed (or at least disappears). Eventually MODOK is stranded in an alternate dimension, but manages to return with the unintended help of the supervillain team the Headmen. After attempting to steal a device that boosts mental power, MODOK agrees to aid the Headmen in their plans of conquest, but after taking control of A.I.M. once again, he reneges on the agreement in order to avoid an encounter with the superhero team the Defenders. MODOK next clashes with the Canadian superhero team Alpha Flight before being captured by a group composed of U.S. Naval intelligence and a drug cartel. MODOK is lobotomized and employed to infiltrate spy satellites and manipulate the stock market, but he recovers and exploits the situation until captured and taken into custody by S.H.I.E.L.D..
MODOK then seeks a sample of the cybernetic species the Phalanx, and after brief encounters with the mutant superhero team the X-Men, battles Ms. Marvel once again, the heroine aided by fellow Avenger Wonder Man during an elaborate scheme by renegade A.I.M. branches to kill MODOK, with one of the rogues being MODOK's long-lost son, who seeks revenge for his abandonment.
MODOK was seen in Puerto Rico attempting to create an army of genetically enhanced monkeys called A.I.Monkeys to eliminate the recession in A.I.M., until he was defeated by Mister Fantastic, the Invisible Woman and the rookie Puerto Rican hero known as El Vejigante.
During the Fall of the Hulks storyline, it is revealed that MODOK is a member of the Intelligencia, who had a part in the creation of both the Red Hulk and the Red She-Hulk. They captured some of the smartest men and brought about the events that would lead up to the World War Hulks storyline.
When several heroes are subjected by the Intelligencia to the Cathexis ray, which can transfer radiant energy from one subject to another, Amadeus Cho is affected as well. Unlike the others, who become "Hulked-Out Heroes", his mind expands and becomes so powerful that he gains the ability to warp reality within a 10-foot radius. Using this power, he reverses the process that created MODOK, turning him back into George Tarleton, who knows no better than to get away as quickly as possible.
George Tarleton was taken into custody by the U.S. military and remains confined, where Bruce Banner occasionally calls on him to help defuse the "doomsday plans" that MODOK installed in the possibility that his master plan should fail. However, Tarleton appears to remember next to nothing of his former life as MODOK and, in fact, seems to be either traumatized or just an ordinary man again.
Unknown to everyone, the doomsday plans left behind by MODOK actually serve as a distraction. The plans themselves are coordinated by a 'cluster' of brains, cloned from MODOK's own, who act as one non-sentient supercomputer. This cluster is destroyed by the Red Hulk and the doomsday plans are stopped. However, one of the cloned brains, rather than being utilized as an organic computer, is allowed to develop naturally and then uploaded with MODOK's mind. This new MODOK (who has the appearance, genius-level intelligence and mental powers of the original MODOK, but apparently none of his weaknesses) calls himself MODOK Superior and prepares to make his own mark on the world.
Cooperating with the Intelligencia once again, MODOK Superior and the Intelligencia attempt to study the body of a Spaceknight, which had crashed on Earth for unknown reasons. When the Avengers attempt to stop them, the body is revealed to be the latest vessel for the consciousness of Ultron. In the battle with the Avengers, MODOK Superior takes on Thor, claiming he has the power of a god - and being immediately struck down.
During the "Fear Itself" storyline, MODOK Superior reviews the attacks by Skadi and tells his followers that she is actually the Red Skull's daughter Sin, who has tapped into the powers of the Asgardians. He then views from his surveillance that the Red Hulk is fighting the Thing (in the form of Angrir: Breaker of Souls). When he learns that Zero/One and the Black Fog are also after the Red Hulk, MODOK Superior plans to get to the Red Hulk first. MODOK Superior prevents the Black Fog from killing the Red Hulk. MODOK Superior becomes intangible to keep himself from getting attacked by Angrir (who shoots down Zero/One's Helicarrier). MODOK Superior has his encounter with Zero/One and both of them declare a truce to help fight the soldiers of the Serpent. During that time, MODOK Superior starts to develop a crush on Zero/One.
In the prologue to the Avengers vs. X-Men storyline, MODOK Superior targets an ex-A.I.M. scientist named Dr. Udaku who was being escorted to the Pentagon by Wakandan forces. Before MODOK Superior could burn Dr. Udaku, the Scarlet Witch arrives and fights MODOK Superior, while smaller MODOK pawns surround the Scarlet Witch. In the nick of time, Ms. Marvel and Spider-Woman arrive and help to defeat MODOK Superior and A.I.M.
Agents of MODOK
After a brief retirement, MODOK Superior returned and opened up a group of assassins called the Agents of MODOK (Mercenary Organization Dedicated Only to Killing) where they killed evil people. However, he made the mistake of recruiting Gwen Poole when she killed his top assassin and took credit for his kills. When he found she was not a superhuman and had no special training, he attempted to eliminate her, but she turned on him and sent him into space with an injured eye and damaged equipment. She then took over his agency for a brief time, but when her plans defeated a group of alien arms dealers and did not get them any money (having turned the client, an old Doombot who escaped from a fight in the past with Squirrel Girl, against them) the agency was disbanded and everyone went their separate ways. After reuniting, the agency faces off against MODOK Superior when he returns from space, who elects to flee rather than fight.
MODOK Superior and a group of A.I.M. members attacked a HYDRA airship to capture Shiklah, who was in its custody. Deadpool saved her, and stole MODOK Superior's chair. MODOK Superior was taken to the hospital, where he vowed vengeance on Deadpool for stealing his chair.
During the "Secret Empire" storyline, MODOK Superior appears as a member of the Army of Evil and took part in the attack on Manhattan in retaliation for what happened at Pleasant Hill during "Avengers: Standoff!."
MODOK Superior resurfaced in a new form during a confrontation with the newest incarnation of the West Coast Avengers (of which Gwen is a member), appearing as an attractive, long-haired man, calling himself BRODOK (Bio-Robotic Organism Designed Overwhelmingly for Kissing) and insisting that he was now reformed. The team eventually exposed his scheme to turn various citizens of Los Angeles into giant mindless monsters and defeated him, reverting him back to his traditional appearance.
During the "Iron Man 2020" story arc, the War Machine was about to be experimented on by some Deathloks on Lingares when he is saved by someone. When the War Machine catches up to the rest of Force Works and gives them their equipment, they discover that his rescuer is MODOK Superior. He states that he wants to add his brainpower to Force Works as its newest member. It turns out that MODOK Superior was the one behind the Deathloks of Lingares and manipulated Force Works into taking out Ultimo's head so that he can take control of it and ultimately become Ulti-MODOK. After the bearded Deathlok was beheaded by the U.S. Agent, the War Machine temporarily turned into a Deathlok to control the remaining Deathloks into fighting Ulti-MODOK. When Quake briefly opened a lava-filled chasm, Ulti-MODOK fell into it, with the Deathloks following him down into it as well.
In the M.O.D.O.K.: Head Games storyline, MODOK Superior begins to have vivid hallucinations of a family life with a human wife and son, named Jodie and Lou, and a similarly robot daughter named Melissa. Believing that he is malfunctioning, and threatened with his life by Monica Rappaccini and the rest of A.I.M., MODOK Superior sets out to "fix" himself. After being briefly killed and resurrected by Gwen, his search for answers leads him to his childhood home where he is reunited with his father, and A.I.M.'s true founder, Alvin Tarleton. Alvin reveals that he forced his son George to undergo the process of becoming the original MODOK against his will as contrary to his origin, George was a rather inept employee at A.I.M. His wife, Jodie was a manifestation of a program, called JOD1E, that was meant to sequester him. Now empowered with the knowledge of his true upbringing, MODOK Superior traps his father's consciousness into his phone and uses the bodies of left over Super-Adaptoids to create solidified and weaponized versions of his imaginary family.
Powers and abilities
George Tarleton was subjected to a mutagenic process that transformed him into MODOK and granted him superhuman intelligence, sacrificing his body for the world's largest brain. He possessed enhanced intuition, pattern solving, information storage and retrieval, and logical and philosophical structuring. MODOK's ability to predict probable outcomes of tactical and strategic scenarios was so advanced that it bordered on precognition. His intuition was heightened to the degree that his hunches were almost always correct. MODOK had a perfect memory with the ability to recall every moment. However, his creativity remains at an average human level.
Courtesy of A.I.M. technology, MODOK wore a headband that enables him to focus his mental power into devastating energy beams. He also has psionic powers enabling him to contact others through telepathy, mentally control individuals or large groups, and generate force fields strong enough to withstand minor nuclear explosions. A side effect of the mutation was the growth of Tarleton's head to the point whereby his body could no longer support its weight, needing to rely on an exoskeleton and a hoverchair called the Doomsday Chair for movement. The Doomsday Chair was also equipped with destructive weapons, including missiles and lasers.
Occasionally, Tarleton had the use of a giant humanoid robot body that was proportionally sized to fit his head and body. Tarleton's organs also wore out quickly, necessitating the use of harvested clones, whose organs were used to sustain him. As the leader of A.I.M., MODOK had advanced technology, vast resources, and a personal army at his disposal.
MODOK Superior has the same appearance, genius-level intelligence and mental powers as the original MODOK, but apparently none of his weaknesses.
A version called "MODOC" (Mental Organism Designed Only for Conquest) appears in the title Marvel Adventures: The Avengers, briefly turning the Avengers into (superior) versions of itself before being defeated.
Over the course of her two series, Carol Danvers (Ms. Marvel) had several interactions with A.I.M. and MODOK; among others, she was both saved from being disincorporated by 24 embryonic MODOCs who had been outfitted with reality-altering powers when working in unison and separated into two separate entities to fulfill her fondest wish. Also, reference was made, by A.I.M. personnel, to many actual MODOCs who, apparently, really did function in the way that MODOK was originally supposed to have done (namely, as docile organic supercomputers).
MODOT (Mobile Organism Designed Only for Talking), formerly Nobel Prize hopeful Dimitri Smirkov, appears in the third Howard the Duck miniseries and, unlike his predecessor MODOK, can walk without the aid of a hoverchair. He had no designs of world conquest, but instead was only interested in making money; this may be because the branch of A.I.M. that created him did so specifically so he could talk the head office into increasing their budget. He ended up practically ruling the airwaves, influencing millions of viewers through 100 android hosts, anchormen and reporters, all controlled directly by him.
The miniseries U.S. War Machine, published under the mature-audience Marvel MAX imprint, showcases another version of MODOK salvaged by S.H.I.E.L.D. when it is discarded by A.I.M., apparently a victim of racial prejudice.
The Ultimate Marvel version of the character features in the title Ultimate Vision, experimenting with a Gah Lak Tus probe on an A.I.M. space station. Although he starts the story as the amoral genius cyborg George Tarleton, after he is infected by Gah Lak Tus, he is eventually reduced to a disembodied head.
At least four versions of MODOK, apparently based around Elvis Presley, were created by the Beyond Corporation to defend their secret weapons factory, State 51. They were defeated by the Nextwave Squad. Their principal mode of attack seemed to involve shooting cheeseburgers at their target.
The following issue revealed that the Beyond Corporation was being run by a disguised infant MODOK, apparently conceived by a MODOK and a MODAM. This MODOK escapes the Nextwave Squad, but it is subsequently killed by its master, Devil Dinosaur.
A version of the character features in Iron Lantern #1, a one-shot issue (one of 24) that is part of the Amalgam Comics imprint, which is itself part of the four-issue miniseries DC vs. Marvel. MODOK is crossed with the DC Comics character Hector Hammond to form H.E.C.T.O.R. (Highly Evolved Creature Totally Oriented for Revenge), who is the leader of the Weaponers of A.I.M. (a cross between DC's the Weaponers of Qward and Marvel's A.I.M.)
An alternate version of MODOK is seen being eaten by zombified versions of the She-Hulk and Hawkeye. Later, it is discovered that this universe's Ash Williams had watched this MODOK being devoured.
An alternate version of MODOK appeared in Earth X. In recent history, MODOK, like every other telepath on the planet, was killed when the Red Skull's powers first manifested. MODOK's hoverchair, ironically, was later recovered by the Skull's army and the Skull used it as his personal throne.
A Dazzler-centered story, "Disco Highway", in issue #4 of the miniseries X-Men: Serve and Protect, released in February 2011, features a character named MODORD (Mental Organism Designed Only for Roller Derby).
During the Secret Wars storyline, the Battleworld domain of Killville is based on a reality where MODOK killed every known superhero, which resulted in its citizens being in constant danger from every supervillain and murderer in Killville.
In the pages of Spider-Gwen, which takes place on Earth-65, Captain America fights against MODAAK (Mental Organism Designed As America's King). The author based this character on American then-U.S. Presidential candidate Donald Trump.
In other media
- MODOK and a smaller version of him called ELF (External Life Form) appeared in the 1994 Iron Man animated series, voiced by Jim Cummings. This version of George Tarleton was a scientist who married supermodel Alana Ulanova before his jealous superior, the Red Ghost, turned him into MODOK. Seeking a cure, he joined up with, and became subservient to, the Mandarin.
- MODOC appears in the Iron Man: Armored Adventures animated series, voiced by Lee Tockar. The "C" in this version's acronym stands for Conquest and is the product of genetics and robotics capable of generating powerful psychic blasts. A.I.M. assembles him in the episodes "Ready, AIM, Fire" and "Panther's Prey" before using the Living Laser to activate him in the episode "Designed Only for Chaos". Following this, he appears in the episodes "Uncontrollable" and "The Hawk and the Spider". In the latter episode, Justin Hammer reassembles MODOC following A.I.M.'s defeat, but Iron Man deactivates his mind.
- MODOK appears in The Super Hero Squad Show animated series, voiced by Tom Kenny. This version is a member of Doctor Doom's Lethal Legion, who is often paired with the Abomination as the show's comedy relief, and the "K" in his acronym stands for "Kicking-butt".
- MODOC appears in The Avengers: Earth's Mightiest Heroes animated series, voiced by Wally Wingert. This version uses the same acronym as the version depicted in Iron Man: Armored Adventures. He appears in the episodes "Iron Man is Born", "Everything is Wonderful", "Widow's Sting", and "Hail, Hydra!".
- MODOK appears in the Ultimate Spider-Man animated series, voiced by Charlie Adler. After making a cameo appearance in the episode "Beetle Mania", during which the Beetle frees him from S.H.I.E.L.D.'s custody, MODOK appears in the episode "Contest of Champions" Pt. 3 as a prisoner of the Grandmaster. Spider-Man, the Iron Spider, and Agent Venom free him and the Leader and convince them to get the Grandmaster and the Collector's civilian hostages back to Earth.
- MODOK appears in the Avengers Assemble animated series, voiced again by Charlie Adler. This version serves as A.I.M.'s primary leader. Throughout season one, he aids the Red Skull in founding the Cabal and aiding in their plans. After the Red Skull betrays them in the season one finale episodes "Exodus" and "The Final Showdown", however, MODOK leads the Cabal in defeating him, with help from the Avengers, before teleporting himself and his allies away. MODOK resurfaces in the season two episode "Head to Head" with the Mind Stone, which he uses to enslave S.H.I.E.L.D. and use Pym particles to grant himself a new form in response to Ultron's impending threat before the Avengers and Ant-Man restore him to his original form. In the season four episode "Show Your Work", MODOK attempts to populate Earth with clones of himself before being defeated by Ms. Marvel and the Vision after the Taskmaster alerted them to his plans. In the episode, "The Citadel", the Beyonder adds MODOK to his collection of supervillains and has them fight Captain America and Iron Man, though they are defeated.
- MODOK appears in the 2013 animated special Phineas and Ferb: Mission Marvel, voiced again by Charlie Adler.
- MODOK appears in the Guardians of the Galaxy animated short "Star-Lord vs. MODOK", voiced again by Charlie Adler. He and A.I.M. fight Star-Lord while the latter is on a mission to retrieve a fusion generator for Rocket Raccoon, only to be defeated.
- MODOK appears in the anime series Marvel Disk Wars: The Avengers.
- MODOK appears in the 2010s Spider-Man animated series episode "A Troubled Mind", voiced again by Charlie Adler. This version is created by A.I.M. using robotics technology and three stolen mental projection devices.
- Prior to its cancellation after failing to get picked up, the live-action series New Warriors was to feature MODOK as the main antagonist. This version would have been a municipal employee named Ernest Vigman, who would have been portrayed by Keith David.
- The live-action series Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. had been given access from Marvel to use MODOK, who would have been incorporated in Anton Ivanov / the Superior's storyline in season four, but Marvel ultimately retracted access to MODOK.
- Hulu aired a M.O.D.O.K. animated series, with the title character voiced by Patton Oswalt, who also co-writes and executive produces the series with Jordan Blum. It was originally conceived as part of its own shared universe that would have led up to a special called The Offenders, but eventually became a stand-alone series. Outside the US, this show is broadcast on Disney+. This version of MODOK has a family, consisting of wife Jodie Ramirez-Tarleton, son Louis "Lou" Tarleton, and daughter Melissa Tarleton, the last of whom shares his appearance.
- MODOK appears as a boss in Marvel: Ultimate Alliance, voiced by Michael Gough. This version is a member of Doctor Doom's Masters of Evil. He leads A.I.M., Mysterio, and the Crimson Dynamo in invading S.H.I.E.L.D. Omega Base before the heroes confront and defeat them.
- MODOK appears in the Marvel Super Hero Squad video game and Marvel Super Hero Squad: The Infinity Gauntlet, voiced by again Tom Kenny.
- MODOK appears as a playable character in Marvel vs. Capcom 3: Fate of Two Worlds and Ultimate Marvel vs. Capcom 3, voiced by Wally Wingert.
- MODOK appears as a boss in the game Marvel Super Hero Squad: Comic Combat.
- MODOK appears as a playable character in Marvel Super Hero Squad Online, voiced again by Tom Kenny.
- MODOK appears as a boss in the Facebook game Marvel: Avengers Alliance.
- MODOK appears as a boss in Iron Man 3: The Official Game, voiced by Nick Sullivan. This version utilizes Aldrich Killian's consciousness, which A.I.M. downloaded prior to his physical death in the film and uploaded into a new, enhanced form. After Iron Man defeats him in combat, Killian attempts to survive by uploading his consciousness into Stark Industries's network, though Iron Man sacrifices the company to defeat Killian for good.
- MODOK appears as a boss in Marvel Heroes, voiced by Nick Jameson.
- MODOK appears as a boss and a playable character in Lego Marvel Super Heroes, voiced by Dave Boat.
- MODOK appears in Disney Infinity: Marvel Super Heroes, voiced again by Charlie Adler.
- MODOK appears as a playable character in Netmarble's Marvel Future Fight.
- MODOK appears as an unlockable playable character in Lego Marvel's Avengers, voiced again by Charlie Adler. This version claims to be "reformed", as he now works as a janitor at S.H.I.E.L.D.'s headquarters. To reflect this, the "K" in his name now stands for "Kleaning", even though he knows this is grammatically incorrect.
- MODOK appears as a non-playable character in Marvel vs. Capcom Infinite, voiced again by Wally Wingert. This version is the leader of A.I.M.brella, who perform experiments on the Mind Stone on Jedah Dohma's behalf. MODOK and his enforcer Nemesis are later defeated by a team of heroes, who take the Mind Stone.
- MODOK appears as a playable character in Marvel: Contest of Champions.
- MODOK appears as a playable character in Lego Marvel Super Heroes 2.
- MODOK appears as a boss in Marvel Ultimate Alliance 3: The Black Order voiced again by Wally Wingert. After coming into possession of the Soul Stone, he leads A.I.M. in attacking Wakanda to steal the country's wealth of knowledge.
- MODOK appears in Marvel's Avengers, voiced by Usman Ally. This version is the founder of A.I.M. who seeks to cleanse Earth of superpowered individuals and build a world protected by science. Dr. George Tarleton was initially a scientist who worked for the Avengers and discovered the Terrigen crystal the latter used to power their new Helicarrier, the Chimera. Following the A-Day disaster, which leaves Tarleton mutated from exposure to the crystal, he takes advantage of the resulting chaos to found A.I.M. and establish a virtual police state in the country over the next five years to ostensibly cure the Inhumans created in the disaster's wake, with assistance from fellow scientist Monica Rappaccini and her regeneration formula to keep himself alive as his mutation gradually enlarges his head and grants him technopathy. Having developed a hatred for superheroes, however, Tarleton captures Inhumans to harness their powers so he can create an army of Adaptoids to replace the Avengers and destroy the world, only to eventually discover Rappaccini's formula was derived from Captain America's blood and that it accelerated his mutation instead. In rage, he seemingly kills her, takes the name MODOK, and plots to exterminate all Inhumans in the world, including himself. The Avengers ultimately foil his plans while Kamala Khan defeats him, sending him tumbling into the San Francisco Bay.
- The band Monster Magnet refers to MODOK in the song "Baby Götterdämerung".
- Rapper Akira the Don has a song titled "M.O.D.O.K. (Supervillain Music)" on his Superhero Music mix-tape.
- Toy Biz produced a MODOK action figure for the 1994 Iron Man animated series tie-in toy line.
- In 2006, Toy Biz produced a "Build-A-Figure" MODOK figure for Wave 15 of their Marvel Legends toyline.
- In 2010, Hasbro made a kid-friendly version of MODOK for its revised Super Hero Squad line, packaged together with Iron Man. He is described on the back of the pack as a "hovering psychic super menace". Originally, MODOK was supposed to be called MODOC (Mental Organism Designed Only for Chaos), but was changed to his more familiar name, though the description does not reveal what the acronym stands for.
- In 2014, LEGO released the "Hulk Lab Smash" set for its Marvel Super Heroes theme, which introduced MODOK as a new mini-figure. In 2020, a new brick-built variant of MODOK was released in the Avengers Helicarrier set.
- In 2011, Bowen Designs released a statue of MODOK that was designed and sculpted by the Kucharek brothers.
- In 2021, a new MODOK figure was released by Hasbro as part of a revival of the Marvel Legends toyline.
MODOK appears in the Iron Man paperback novel Iron Man: And Call My Killer...MODOK!, no. 6 in the Marvel Pocket Novels series, by William Rotsler.
- MODOK appears in a 1999 strip of Bob the Angry Flower.
- MODOK appears in a 2007 strip of Thinking Ape Blues.
- "Top 100 Villains: #100". IGN.com. Retrieved February 22, 2013.
- DeFalco, Tom; Sanderson, Peter; Brevoort, Tom; Teitelbaum, Michael; Wallace, Daniel; Darling, Andrew; Forbeck, Matt; Cowsill, Alan; Bray, Adam (2019). The Marvel Encyclopedia. DK Publishing. p. 245. ISBN 978-1-4654-7890-0.
- Conroy, Mike. 500 Comicbook Villains, Collins & Brown, 2004.
- M.O.D.O.K.: Head Games #3–4 (February–April 2021)
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