MODOK

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MODOK (also written as M.O.D.O.K.; an acronym for Mental/Mobile/Mechanized Organism Designed Only for Killing) is the name of different fictional supervillains appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics.

The first MODOK is a former employee of Advanced Idea Mechanics, an arms dealing organization specializing in futuristic weaponry, who undergoes substantial mutagenic medical experimentation originally designed to increase his intelligence. While successful, this experimentation results in a freakishly overdeveloped head, causing the character's signature look and use of a flying chair for mobility. After the experiments, he rebels against his masters and takes control of AIM. Debuting in the Silver Age of Comic Books, MODOK has appeared in over four decades of Marvel continuity, and starred in the miniseries Super-Villain Team-Up: MODOK's 11 #1–5 (cover-dated September–December 2008) and a self-titled one-shot issue MODOK: Reign Delay #1 (Nov. 2009).

MODOK has featured in other Marvel-endorsed products such as video games and animated television series and merchandise such as trading cards and toys. IGN's list of the Top 100 Comic Book Villains of All Time ranked MODOK as #100.[1]

Publication history[edit]

MODOK first appeared in the title Tales of Suspense #93–94 (September–October 1967), and became a recurring foe for superhero Captain America where he was created by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby. Writer Mike Conroy stated "Inevitably, he (MODOK) returned to plague Captain America, whose physical perfection he so resented."[2]

MODOK reappeared in Captain America #120 (December 1969) and #133 (January 1971). The character also featured in a storyline in Sub-Mariner #49 (May 1972), before becoming the major villain in an extended storyline in Hulk #167–169 (September–November 1973). MODOK also participated in the "War of the Supervillains" storyline in Iron Man #74–75 (May–June 1975).

MODOK has a series of encounters with heroine Ms. Marvel in Ms. Marvel #5 (May 1977); #7 (July 1977); #9 (September 1977) and #10 (October 1977). Constant battles against the Marvel heroes followed, including Iron Man Annual #4 (Dec. 1977); Marvel Team-Up #104 (April 1981) and Marvel Two-In-One #81–82 (November–December 1981). Following a failed bid to use fellow Hulk foe the Abomination to achieve his ends in Hulk #287–290 (September–December 1983), MODOK is assassinated in Captain America #313 (January 1986). The character's body makes a ghoulish return in Iron Man #205 (April 1986).

During the Taking AIM storyline in Avengers #386–387 (May–June 1995); Captain America #440 (June 1995); Avengers #388 (July 1995) and Captain America #441 (July 1995), MODOK is resurrected. More typical attempts to better the character's situation followed in Iron Man/Captain America Annual 1998; Defenders vol. 2 #9–10 (November–December 2001); Wolverine #142–143 (September– October 1999); Captain America & The Falcon #9 (January 2005) and Cable & Deadpool #11 (March 2005).

The character then made three humorous appearances, in Wha...Huh? #1 (September 2005); Marvel Holiday Special 2006 (January 2007) and GLA-Xmas Special #1 (February 2006). After appearing briefly in mutant titles X-Men #200 (August 2007) and Uncanny X-Men #488 (September 2007), MODOK was featured in Ms. Marvel vol. 2, #14–17 (June–September 2007) and appeared in two miniseries: Marvel 1985 #1–4 (July–September 2008) and #5–6 (November 2008) and Super-Villain Team-Up: MODOK's 11 #1–5 (September–December 2008).

MODOK also featured in Hulk #600 (September 2009); Astonishing Tales vol. 2 #2 (May 2009) and the one-shot publication MODOK: Reign Delay #1 (November 2009).

MODOK later gained a counterpart in MODOK Superior where the character first appeared in Hulk vol. 2 #29 and was created by Jeff Parker and Gabriel Hardman.

Fictional character biography[edit]

George Tarleton[edit]

MODOK
Modok.PNG
Promotional art for MODOK from Super-Villain Team-Up: MODOK's 11 (Sept. 2007).
Art by Eric Powell.
Publication information
PublisherMarvel Comics
First appearance
  • Tales of Suspense #93 (September 1967) (cameo)
  • Tales of Suspense #94 (October 1967) (full appearance)
Created by
In-story information
Alter egoGeorge Tarleton
Team affiliations
Notable aliasesMODOC (Mobile Organism Designed Only for Computing)
Abilities
  • Superhuman intellect
  • Psionic powers
  • Exceptional ability to calculate probabilities

George Tarleton is a technician for the organization Advanced Idea Mechanics (AIM). He was born in Bangor, Maine. Having recently created the Cosmic Cube, the AIM scientists use advanced mutagenics to alter Tarleton and create the super intelligent MODOC (acronym for Mental Organism Designed Only for Computing) to study and improve the object. MODOC, however, becomes ambitious, kills his former masters and takes control of AIM. Calling himself MODOK (Mental Organism Designed Only for Killing), he comes into conflict with the hero Captain America, who is intent on rescuing SHIELD agent Sharon Carter from AIM.[3]

MODOK becomes a recurring foe for Captain America, battling the hero on three more occasions, with the last encounter revealing the villain's origin.[4] MODOK also battles Namor the Sub-Mariner and Doctor Doom, the latter intent on claiming the Cosmic Cube.[5]

MODOK reappears and kidnaps Betty Ross, changing her into the mutant Harpy with gamma rays in a bid to destroy the Hulk. The character follows the Hulk and the Harpy to a floating aerie, where the Hulk's alter ego Bruce Banner cures Ross of her condition. MODOK and an AIM team arrive in time to kill the creature known as the Bi-Beast, the guardian of the aerie, but not before activating a self-destruct mechanism, forcing the characters to flee.[6] MODOK also accepts the offer of the other-dimensional being the Black Lama and participates in the "War of the Supervillains", but fails to capture the prize when defeated by Iron Man.[7]

AIM becomes dissatisfied with the lack of scientific advancement under MODOK's leadership and MODOK's obsession with seeking revenge against metahumans, ousting him from power. MODOK attempts to regain control of the organization and prove his worth by unleashing a nerve agent on New York City, which is prevented by Ms. Marvel and the Vision.[8] MODOK seeks revenge against Ms. Marvel, first attempting to mind control the heroine[9] and then hiring the Shi'ar assassin Deathbird to kill her;[10] Ms. Marvel overcomes both of these obstacles and finally defeats MODOK.[11]

MODOK's ambitions grow and he seeks world domination, but is thwarted by Iron Man and superhero team the Champions.[12] After an attempt to plunder the resources of the Savage Land and a battle with Ka-Zar and the Hulk,[13] the character develops a new biological agent called Virus X. MODOK's attempts to test the agent on the homeless is prevented by the Thing, Sub-Mariner and Captain America, although the villain escapes and the Thing almost dies when exposed to the virus.[14]

Abandoned by AIM for these failures, the character revives long-time Hulk foe the Abomination, planning to use the monster against his superiors. The plan fails when the Abomination is revealed to be mentally unstable, although during the course of the storyline MODOK transforms Dr. Katherine Waynesboro (an associate of Bruce Banner) into Ms. MODOK, a female version of himself. Horrified by MODOK's callous disregard for life, Waynesboro demands to be restored to human form, and MODOK complies.[15] Wishing to disassociate themselves from MODOK, AIM hires the Serpent Society to assassinate the villain. They succeed, with Death Adder striking the killing blow.[16] The Serpent Society return MODOK's body to AIM, with the organization using it as a supercomputer. A rogue AIM agent remotely operates MODOK's body in a bid to destroy Iron Man, with the battle ending with the body's destruction.[17]

Although MODOK had died, AIM temporarily replaced him with his more loyal, and in some ways more effective, second female counterpart MODAM.[18]

During the Taking AIM storyline, MODOK is resurrected because AIM needs MODOK to assist with the creation of another Cosmic Cube. Eventually MODOK is stranded in an alternate dimension, but manages to return with the unintended help of the villainous group the Headmen.[19] After attempting to steal a device that boosts mental power,[20] MODOK agrees to aid the Headmen in their plans of conquest, but after taking control of AIM once again, he reneges on the agreement to avoid an encounter with the superhero team the Defenders.[21] MODOK clashes with Canadian superhero team Alpha Flight[22] before being captured by a group composed of US Naval intelligence and a drug cartel. MODOK is lobotomized and employed to infiltrate spy satellites and manipulate the stock market, but he recovers and exploits the situation until captured and taken into custody by SHIELD.[23]

During the GLX-Mas Special, MODOK and AIM fought Dum Dum Dugan and his S.H.I.E.L.D. squad but were defeated by Squirrel Girl and her sidekick Tippy-Toe.[24]

MODOK then seeks a sample of the cybernetic species the Phalanx,[25] and after brief encounters with the mutant X-Men,[26] battles Ms. Marvel once again, the heroine aided by fellow Avenger Wonder Man during an elaborate scheme by renegade AIM branches to kill MODOK, with one of the rogues being MODOK's long-lost son who seeks revenge for his abandonment.[27] Employing an elaborate scheme and double-cross, MODOK restores his personal wealth and power and establishes himself as the leader of AIM once again.[28]

It is also revealed that MODOK was involved in the creation of both the Red Hulk and the Red She-Hulk and belongs to the Intelligencia, a secret organization of genius-level supervillains.[29]

MODOK was seen in Puerto Rico attempting to create an army of genetically enhanced monkeys called A.I.Monkeys to eliminate the recession in A.I.M., until he was defeated by Mister Fantastic, Invisible Woman and the rookie Puerto Rican hero known as El Vejigante.[30]

During the Fall of the Hulks storyline, it is revealed that MODOK is a member of the Intelligencia, who had a part in the creation of both Red Hulk and Red She-Hulk.[31] They captured some of the smartest men and brought about the events that would lead up to the World War Hulks storyline.

When several heroes are subjected, by the Intelligencia, to the Cathexis ray which can transfer radiant energy from one subject to another, Amadeus Cho is affected as well. Unlike the others, who become "Hulked-Out Heroes", his mind expands and becomes so powerful he gains the ability to warp reality within a ten-foot radius. Using this power, he reverses the process that created MODOK, turning him back into George Tarleton, who knows no better than to get away as quickly as possible.[32]

George Tarleton was taken into custody by the US military and remains confined, where Bruce Banner occasionally calls on him to help defuse the "doomsday plans" MODOK installed in the case his master plan should fail. Tarleton, however, appears to remember next to nothing of his time as MODOK and in fact seems to be either traumatized or just a simple-minded man.[33]

MODOK Superior[edit]

MODOK Superior
Publication information
PublisherMarvel Comics
First appearanceHulk Vol. 2 #29
Created by
In-story information
Team affiliations
Abilities
  • Superhuman intellect
  • Psionic powers
  • Exceptional ability to calculate probabilities

Unknown to everyone, the doomsday plans left behind by MODOK serve as a distraction. The plans themselves are coordinated by a 'cluster' of brains, cloned from MODOK's own, who act as one non-sentient supercomputer. This cluster is destroyed by the Red Hulk and the doomsday plans are stopped. However, one of the cloned brains, rather than being utilized as an organic computer, is allowed to develop naturally and then uploaded with MODOK's memories. This new MODOK (apparently free from the weaknesses of the original) declares himself MODOK Superior and prepares to make his own mark on the world.[34]

Cooperating with the Intelligencia once again, MODOK Superior and the Intelligencia attempt to study the body of a Spaceknight, which had crashed on Earth for unknown reasons. When the Avengers attempt to stop them, the body is revealed to be the latest vessel for the consciousness of Ultron. In the battle with the Avengers, MODOK Superior takes on Thor, claiming he has the power of a god - and being immediately struck down.[35]

During the Fear Itself storyline, MODOK Superior reviews the attacks by Skadi and tells his followers that she is actually Red Skull's daughter Sin who has tapped into the powers of the Asgardians. He then views from his surveillance that Red Hulk is fighting Thing (in the form of Angrir: Breaker of Souls). When he learns that Zero/One and Black Fog are also after Red Hulk, MODOK Superior plans to get to Red Hulk first.[36] MODOK Superior prevents Black Fog from killing Red Hulk. MODOK Superior becomes intangible to keep himself from getting attacked by Angrir (who shoots down Zero/One's Helicarrier). MODOK Superior has his encounter with Zero/One and both of them declare a truce to help fight the soldiers of the Serpent. During that time, MODOK Superior starts to develop a crush on Zero/One.[37]

In the prologue to the Avengers vs. X-Men storyline, MODOK Superior targets an ex-AIM scientist named Dr. Udaku who was being escorted to the Pentagon by Wakandan forces. Before MODOK Superior could burn Dr. Udaku, Scarlet Witch arrives and fights MODOK Superior where smaller MODOK pawns surround Scarlet Witch. In the nick of time, Ms. Marvel and Spider-Woman arrive and help to defeat MODOK Superior and AIM.[38]

MODOK Superior and some rogue A.I.M. Agents joined up with S.H.I.E.L.D. in order to make a deal to take down Andrew Forson (the current leader of AIM).[39]

After a brief retirement, MODOK Superior returned and opened up a group of assassins called the Agents of MODOK (Mercenary Organization Dedicated Only to Killing) where they killed bad people. However, he made the mistake of recruiting Gwenpool when she killed his top assassin and took credit for his kills.[40] When he found she was not a superhuman and had no special training he attempted to eliminate her, but she turned on him and sent him into space with an injured eye and damaged equipment.[41] She then took over his agency for a brief time, but when her plans defeated a group of alien arms dealers but did not get them any money (having turned the client, an old Doombot who escaped from a fight in the past with Squirrel Girl, against them) the agency was disbanded and everyone went their own way.[42]

MODOK Superior and a group of A.I.M. members attacked a HYDRA airship to capture Shiklah, who was in its custody. Deadpool saved her, and stole MODOK Superior's chair.[43] MODOK Superior was taken to the hospital where he vowed vengeance on Deadpool for stealing his chair.[44]

During the "Secret Empire" storyline, MODOK Superior appears as a member of the Army of Evil and took part in the attack on Manhattan in retaliation for what happened at Pleasant Hill during "Avengers: Standoff!".[45]

Powers and abilities[edit]

George Tarleton was subjected to a mutagenic process that transformed him into MODOK and grants him superhuman intelligence, including a computer-like memory, the ability to scour and retain large data-banks of information very quickly, and solve abstract mathematical problems nearly instantaneously. He also has the ability to calculate the mathematical probability of any given event occurring, which is so strong that it borders on precognition. However, his creativity remains at an average human level. MODOK's vast intelligence makes him one of the few beings that can analyze and comprehend the workings of the Cosmic Cube, which was the very purpose for his creation.

As MODOK, he also has psionic powers enabling him to contact others through telepathy, cast illusions, mentally control individuals and large groups, generate force fields able to withstand minor nuclear explosions, and focus his mental power into devastating beams through a headband. A side effect of the mutation was the growth of Tarleton's head to the point whereby his body can no longer support its weight, needing to rely on an exoskeleton and a hoverchair called the Doomsday Chair for movement. The Doomsday Chair is equipped with a variety of weapons, including missiles and lasers.

Occasionally, Tarleton had the use of a giant humanoid robot body that was proportionally sized to fit his head.[46] Tarleton's organs also wear out quickly, necessitating the use of harvested clones, whose organs are used to sustain him.[47] As the leader of AIM, MODOK has advanced technology, resources, and a personal army at his disposal.

MODOK Superior has the same intelligence and mental powers as the original MODOK, but apparently none of his weaknesses.

Other versions[edit]

Marvel Adventures[edit]

A version called "MODOC" (Mental Organism Designed Only for Conquest) appears in the title Marvel Adventures: The Avengers, briefly turning the Avengers into (superior) versions of itself before being defeated.[48]

Ms. Marvel[edit]

Over the course of her two series, Carol Danvers (Ms. Marvel) had several interactions with AIM and MODOK; among others, she was both saved from being disincorporated by 24 embryonic MODOCs who had been outfitted with reality-altering powers when working in unison and separated into two separate entities to fulfill her fondest wish.[49] Also, reference was made, by AIM personnel, to many actual MODOCs who, apparently, really did function in the way that MODOK was originally supposed to have done (namely, as docile organic supercomputers).[50]

MODOT[edit]

MODOT (Mobile Organism Designed Only for Talking), formerly Nobel Prize hopeful Dimitri Smirkov, appears in the third Howard the Duck miniseries and, unlike his predecessor MODOK, can walk without the aid of a hoverchair. He had no designs of world conquest, but instead was only interested in making money; this may be because the branch of AIM that created him did so specifically so he could talk the head office into increasing their budget. He ended up practically ruling the airwaves, influencing millions of viewers through one hundred android hosts, anchormen and reporters, all controlled directly by him.[51]

MODOG[edit]

Iron Man has an encounter with MODOG (Mobile Organism Designed Only for Genocide) in the second volume of The Invincible Iron Man. Iron Man dispatches him with ease, dumping him in outer space.[52]

Marvel MAX[edit]

The limited series U.S. War Machine, published under the mature-audience Marvel MAX imprint, showcases another version of MODOK salvaged by SHIELD when it is discarded by AIM, apparently a victim of racial prejudice.[53]

Ultimate Marvel[edit]

The Ultimate Marvel version of the character features in the title Ultimate Vision, experimenting with a Gah Lak Tus probe on an AIM space station. Although he starts the story as the amoral genius cyborg George Tarleton, after he is infected by Gah Lak Tus, he is eventually reduced to a disembodied head.[54]

Another version of MODOK appeared in Ultimate Armor Wars #2, when the devious Dr. Faustus revealed he, too, was a cyborg and harbored a tiny MODOK inside his hollow head.[55]

Nextwave[edit]

At least four versions of MODOK, apparently based around Elvis Presley, were created by the Beyond Corporation to defend their secret weapons factory, State 51. They were defeated by the Nextwave Squad. Their principal mode of attack seemed to involve shooting cheeseburgers at their target.[56]

The following issue revealed that the Beyond Corporation was being run by a disguised infant MODOK, apparently conceived by a MODOK and a MODAM. This MODOK escapes the Nextwave Squad, but it is subsequently killed by its master, Devil Dinosaur.[57]

Amalgam Comics[edit]

A version of the character features in Iron Lantern #1, a one-shot title that is a part of the Amalgam Comics line, which is a sequel to the DC vs. Marvel miniseries. MODOK is merged with DC Comics character Hector Hammond to form HECTOR (Highly Evolved Creature Totally Oriented for Revenge).[58]

Marvel Zombies[edit]

An alternate version of MODOK is seen being eaten by zombified versions of She-Hulk and Hawkeye. Later, it is discovered that this universe's Ash had watched this MODOK be devoured.[59]

Earth X[edit]

An alternate version of MODOK appeared in Earth X. In recent history, MODOK, like every other telepath on the planet, was killed when the Red Skull's powers first manifested. MODOK's hoverchair, ironically, was later recovered by the Skull's army and the Skull used it as his personal throne.[60]

MODORD[edit]

A Dazzler-centered story, "Disco Highway", in the fourth issue of the miniseries X-Men: Serve and Protect, released in February 2011, features a character named MODORD (Mental Organism Designed Only for Roller Derby).[61]

MODOK: Assassin[edit]

During the Secret Wars storyline, the Battleworld domain of Killville is based on a reality where MODOK killed every known superhero, which resulted in its citizens being in constant danger from every supervillain and killer in Killville.[62]

Spider-Gwen[edit]

In the pages of Spider-Gwen that is taking place on Earth-65, Captain America fights against MODAAK (Mental Organism Designed As America's King).[63] The author based this character on American then-presidential candidate Donald Trump.[64]

In other media[edit]

Novel[edit]

MODOK was the primary antagonist of the Iron Man paperback novel Iron Man: And Call My Killer...MODOK!, no. 6 in the Marvel Pocket Novels series, by William Rotsler.[citation needed]

Television[edit]

  • A much smaller version of MODOK appeared in the 1994 Iron Man TV series, voiced by Jim Cummings.[citation needed] He served as one of the Mandarin's minions. In this version, George Tarleton was a scientist who married a supermodel. However, a jealous superior resembling Red Ghost turned him into MODOK. MODOK then joined Mandarin in hopes of a cure.
  • MODOK is featured in Iron Man: Armored Adventures, voiced by Lee Tockar.[citation needed] In the show, the acronym is MODOC, with the 'C' standing for Conquest. He appears in the episodes "Ready, AIM, Fire" and "Panther's Prey", but comes online in the episode "Designed Only for Chaos". He then appears in the episodes "Uncontrollable" and "The Hawk and the Spider".
  • MODOK appears in The Super Hero Squad Show, voiced by Tom Kenny.[citation needed] The "K" in MODOK's acronym stands for "Kicking-butt". He is a member of Doctor Doom's Lethal Legion and is often paired up with the Abomination as the group's comic relief. The meaning of the acronym is joked upon in the episode "Hulk Talk Smack!", wherein the Grey Hulk jokingly states that the "K" stands for "Kickball", causing MODOK to rebut that this is not what it stands for.
  • MODOK appears in The Avengers: Earth's Mightiest Heroes, voiced by Wally Wingert.[citation needed] The character goes by the same altered acronym as the version from Iron Man: Armored Adventures. He appears in the episodes "Iron Man is Born", "Everything is Wonderful", "Widow's Sting", and "Hail, Hydra!".
  • MODOK appears in the Avengers Assemble animated series,[65] voiced by Charlie Adler.[66] This version is seen as AIM's primary leader. During season one, he is seen as an ally of the Red Skull, first appearing to aid in swapping Red Skull's consciousness with Captain America's. After that plan fails and he removes Iron Man's armor to put onto Red Skull, MODOK uses microbots to control Captain America, Black Widow, Falcon, Hawkeye, Hulk, and Thor while the Iron Skull targets the Arc Reactor in Avengers Mansion before Stark frees the Avengers. MODOK later serves as a founding member of Iron Skull's Cabal alongside Attuma, Dracula, and Hyperion, enlisting his AIM forces while gaining the Super-Adaptoid as a personal enforcer. Despite being considered Iron Skull's most trusted minion, the two-part season finale finds MODOK himself betrayed and he thus plays a role in Iron Skull's defeat. After Red Skull escapes, MODOK becomes the Cabal's new leader and teleports them away to fight the Avengers another day. During season two, MODOK resurfaces using the Mind Stone enslave S.H.I.E.L.D. and ended up briefly transferring his consciousness into the Tri-Carrier, and where he used Pym particles to increase his body mass – all the way towards having a full human body form – in response to the danger Ultron poses to him, before the Avengers and Ant-Man restore him to his usual self. MODOK returns in Avengers: Secret Wars. In the episode "Show Your Work", MODOK plans to repopulate the Earth with his own clones, making Taskmaster reluctantly allied with the New Avengers, and is defeated by Ms. Marvel and the Vision.
  • MODOK appears in the Ultimate Spider-Man cartoon series, voiced again by Charlie Adler.[citation needed] Alluded upon in season one, he was seen in S.H.I.E.L.D.'s database for the most wanted criminals in the episode "Doomed", and when S.H.I.E.L.D. security footage shows the Beetle springing MODOK from prison in the episode "Beetle Mania". In season three's "Contest of Champions" Pt. 3, MODOK was seen imprisoned in Grandmaster's ship. His mind and Leader's mind end up attacking Spider-Man, Iron Spider and Agent Venom. Upon agreeing to free them, Spider-Man wants them to work the teleporter machine to get all the civilian hostages back to Earth. MODOK and Leader work the teleporter while the others fought Grandmaster. As the final civilians are being evacuated, MODOK and Leader took the opportunity to get teleported out of the Grandmaster's ship.
  • MODOK appears in the 2013 animated special Phineas and Ferb: Mission Marvel,[67] with Charlie Adler reprising his role.[68] He was seen with Red Skull, Whiplash, and Venom in their battle with Iron Man, Spider-Man, Hulk, and Thor.
  • MODOK appears in the Guardians of the Galaxy animated series, voiced again by Charlie Adler. In the short "Star-Lord vs. MODOK", he and A.I.M. fight Star-Lord on a mission to retrieve a fusion generator needed by Rocket Raccoon to repair the Milano. Star-Lord manages to defeat MODOK and escape.
  • MODOK appears in the 2014 Japanese anime Marvel Disk Wars: The Avengers.

Film[edit]

Video games[edit]

Music[edit]

Toys[edit]

  • Toy Biz produced a MODOK action figure for the 1994 Iron Man animated series.
  • In 2006, a "Build-A-Figure" toy was produced by Toy Biz for Wave 15 of their Marvel Legends toyline. This toy required the buyer to buy all the figures in the wave with each figure coming with a piece of the MODOK toy. The pieces would snap together to make the MODOK figure complete.
  • In 2010, Hasbro made a more kid-friendly version for its revised Super Hero Squad line, packaged together with Iron Man. He is described on the back of the pack as a "hovering psychic super menace". Originally MODOK was supposed to be called MODOC (Mental Organism Designed Only for Chaos) but was changed to his more familiar name, though the description does not reveal what the acronym really means.
  • In 2014, LEGO released the Hulk Lab Smash set for its Marvel Super Heroes theme. Along with Hulk and Thor returning as mini-figures, MODOK, along with fellow Marvel villain Taskmaster, debuted as a new mini-figure in the set.[81]
  • In 2011, Bowen Designs released a statue of MODOK that was designed and sculpted by the Kucharek Brothers.[82]

Webcomics[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Top 100 Villains: #100". IGN.com. Retrieved February 22, 2013.
  2. ^ Conroy, Mike. 500 Comicbook Villains, Collins & Brown, 2004.
  3. ^ Tales of Suspense #93–94 (September–October 1967)
  4. ^ Captain America #112 (April 1969); #120 (December 1969); and #133 (January 1971)
  5. ^ Sub-Mariner #49 (May 1972)
  6. ^ Incredible Hulk #167–169 (September–November 1973)
  7. ^ Iron Man #74–75 (May–June 1975)
  8. ^ Ms. Marvel #5 (May 1977)
  9. ^ Ms. Marvel #7 (July 1977)
  10. ^ Ms. Marvel #9 (Sept. 1977)
  11. ^ Ms. Marvel #10 (October 1977)
  12. ^ Iron Man Annual #4 (December 1977)
  13. ^ Marvel Team-Up #104 (April 1981)
  14. ^ Marvel Two-In-One #81–82 (November – December 1981)
  15. ^ Incredible Hulk #287–290 (September–December 1983)
  16. ^ Captain America #313 (January 1986)
  17. ^ Iron Man #205 (April 1986)
  18. ^ Quasar #9
  19. ^ Avengers #386–387 (May–June 1995); Captain America #440 (June 1995); Avengers #388 (July 1995); Captain America #441 (July 1995)
  20. ^ Iron Man/Captain America Annual 1998
  21. ^ Defenders #9–10 (November–December 2001)
  22. ^ Wolverine #142–143 (September–October 1999)
  23. ^ Captain America & The Falcon #9 (January 2005)
  24. ^ GLX-Mas Special #1
  25. ^ Cable & Deadpool #11 (March 2005)
  26. ^ X-Men #200 (August 2007) & Uncanny X-Men #488 (September 2007)
  27. ^ Ms. Marvel (vol. 2) #14–17 (June–September 2007)
  28. ^ Super-Villain Team-Up: MODOK's 11 #1–5 (September–December 2008)
  29. ^ Incredible Hulk #600 (September 2009)
  30. ^ Fantastic Four in Ataque del M.O.D.O.K. #1
  31. ^ Fall of the Hulks: Alpha
  32. ^ Incredible Hulk #610
  33. ^ Hulk (vol. 2) #28
  34. ^ Hulk (vol. 2) #29
  35. ^ Avengers (vol. 4) #12.1
  36. ^ Hulk (vol. 2) #37
  37. ^ Hulk (vol. 2) #38
  38. ^ Avengers vs. X-Men #0
  39. ^ Secret Avengers (vol. 2) #12
  40. ^ Unbelievable Gwenpool #2
  41. ^ Unbelievable Gwenpool #4
  42. ^ Unbelievable Gwenpool #10
  43. ^ Deadpool: The Gauntlet Infinite Comic #7
  44. ^ Deadpool: The Gauntlet Infinite Comic #8
  45. ^ Secret Empire #0. Marvel Comics.
  46. ^ Incredible Hulk #167–169 (September–November 1973) and Iron Man #74–75 (May–June 1975)
  47. ^ Fall of the Hulks: Red Hulk #1 (March 2010)
  48. ^ Marvel Adventures: The Avengers #9 (March 2007)
  49. ^ Ms. Marvel (vol. 2) #45
  50. ^ Ms. Marvel (vol. 2) #39
  51. ^ Howard the Duck (vol. 3) #1–4 (Nov. 2007 – Feb. 2008)
  52. ^ Invincible Iron Man (vol. 2) #2 (Aug. 2008)
  53. ^ U.S. War Machine #1–12 (Nov. 2001 – Jan. 2002)
  54. ^ Ultimate Vision #1-5
  55. ^ Ultimate Armor Wars #2
  56. ^ Nextwave: Agents of H.A.T.E. #11
  57. ^ Nextwave: Agents of H.A.T.E. #12 (March 2007)
  58. ^ Iron Lantern #1 (June 1997)
  59. ^ Marvel Zombies vs. Army of Darkness #3
  60. ^ Earth X #2
  61. ^ X-Men: Serve and Protect #4
  62. ^ MODOK: Assassin #1
  63. ^ Spider-Gwen Annual #1
  64. ^ Suebsaeng, Asawin. "Marvel Artist Who Made a Trump Supervillain Thinks Donald Is a 'Goddamn Idiot'". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
  65. ^ "'Marvel's Avengers Assemble' on DisneyXD -- EXCLUSIVE FIRST LOOK". EW.com. Retrieved January 4, 2015.
  66. ^ "The Avengers Protocol". Avengers Assemble. Season 1. Episode 1. May 26, 2013. Disney XD.
  67. ^ "Phineas and Ferb: Mission Marvel Preview". Marvel.com. July 18, 2012. Archived from the original on August 31, 2012. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
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External links[edit]

  • MODOK at Marvel.com
  • MODOK at the Comic Book Database