Heckler & Koch MP5

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Heckler & Koch MP5
Heckler & Koch MP5A3
TypeSubmachine gun
Place of originWest Germany
Service history
In service1966–present
Used bySee Users
Production history
DesignerTilo Möller, Manfred Guhring, Georg Seidl, Helmut Baureuter
ManufacturerHeckler & Koch
VariantsSee Variants
Mass2.54 kg (5.6 lb)[12]
Length680 mm (27 in)
Barrel length225 mm (8.9 in)
Width50 mm (2.0 in)
Height260 mm (10.2 in)

Cartridge9×19mm Parabellum
ActionRoller-delayed blowback, closed bolt
Rate of fire800 rounds/min
Muzzle velocity400 m/s (1,312 ft/s)
Effective firing range200 m (656 ft)
Feed system15-, 30-, 40-, or 50-round detachable box magazine,[13] 50-round drum magazine and 100-round Beta C-Mag drum magazine
SightsIron sights. Rear: rotary drum; front: hooded post

The Heckler & Koch MP5 (German: Maschinenpistole 5) is a submachine gun developed in the 1960s by German firearms manufacturer Heckler & Koch. It uses a similar modular design to the Heckler & Koch G3, and has over 100 variants and clones,[14] including selective fire, semi-automatic, suppressed, compact, pistol-classed, and even marksman variants.[15] The MP5 is one of the most widely used submachine guns in the world, having been adopted by over forty nations and numerous militaries, police forces, intelligence agencies, security organizations, paramilitaries, and non-state actors.[16]

In 1999, Heckler & Koch developed the UMP, which was intended as the MP5's successor.[17] However, despite its higher cost, the MP5 remained the more successful of the two options, as its roller-delayed action was considered better at "reduc[ing] recoil ... making it easier to stay on target" than the UMP's straight blowback action.[18]


Heckler & Koch, encouraged by the success of the G3 battle rifle, developed a family of small arms consisting of four types of firearms all based on a common G3 design layout and operating principle. The first type was chambered for 7.62×51mm NATO, the second for the 7.62×39mm M43, the third for 5.56×45mm NATO, and the fourth for the 9×19mm Parabellum. The MP5 was created for the fourth type, and was initially known as the HK54; under the HK naming system, this categorizes it as a selective fire carbine chambered in a handgun cartridge.[19]

Work on the MP5 began in 1964, and in 1966 it was adopted by the German Federal Police, Federal Border Guard, and Bundeswehr special forces, initially as the MP64, before being redesignated as the MP5.[19] The MP5A1 was introduced in the late 1960s and was the first model to feature the front ring sight and "Slimline" handguard. In 1970, the MP5 and MP5A1 were superseded by the MP5A2 and MP5A3, improvements to the MP5A1 with a fixed stock and retracting stock respectively. In 1974, the MP5SD, an integrally-suppressed variant, was introduced, and in 1976, the MP5K, a redesigned compact variant, was developed per a request for a variant that suited close-quarters combat in South America. In 1977, the original straight magazines were replaced by curved steel magazines. In 1978, the "Tropical" handguard was introduced for the MP5.

In 1980, the MP5 achieved an iconic status during the Iranian Embassy siege, when the British Army's elite Special Air Service broke the siege by launching a raid on the embassy to rescue the hostages held inside; photographs and footage of SAS operatives entering the embassy carrying MP5s with top-mounted flashlights were widely disseminated in newspapers and on television, making the MP5 widely recognizable and associated with elite counterterrorist units.[20] The MP5 has since become a mainstay in militaries, special forces, and police tactical units across the world, but has gradually been replaced since the late 1990s by rifles, carbines, and personal defense weapons due to changes in armament trends, including growing access to body armor that can stop handgun cartridges.[21]

The MP5 is manufactured under license in several nations including Greece (formerly at Hellenic Arms Industry, currently at Hellenic Defence Systems), Iran (Defense Industries Organization), Mexico (SEDENA), Pakistan (Pakistan Ordnance Factories), Saudi Arabia, Sudan (Military Industry Corporation), Turkey (MKEK), and the United Kingdom (formerly at Royal Ordnance, later moved to Heckler & Koch Great Britain).[22]


HK MP5 insignia printed on the firearm

The primary version of the MP5 family is the MP5A2, which is a lightweight, air-cooled, selective fire delayed blowback operated 9×19mm Parabellum weapon with a roller-delayed bolt. It fires from a closed bolt (bolt forward) position.[23]

The fixed, free-floating, cold hammer-forged barrel has six right-hand grooves with a 1 in 250 mm (1:10 in) rifling twist rate and is pressed and pinned into the receiver.[24]


A view through the MP5's aperture sights

The first MP5 models used a double-column straight box magazine, but since 1977, slightly curved, steel magazines have been used with a 15-round capacity (weighing 0.12 kg) or a 30-round capacity (0.17 kg empty).[24]

The adjustable iron sights (closed type) consist of a rotating rear diopter drum and a front post installed in a hooded ring. The rear sight is mechanically adjustable for both windage and elevation with the use of a special tool, being adjusted at the factory for firing at 25 metres (27 yd) with standard 8 grams (123 gr) FMJ 9×19mm NATO ammunition. The rear sight drum provides four apertures of varying diameters used to adjust the diopter system, according to the user's preference and tactical situation.[25] Changing between apertures does not change the point of impact down range.

The MP5 has a hammer firing mechanism. The trigger group is housed inside an interchangeable polymer trigger module (with an integrated pistol grip) and equipped with a three-position fire mode selector that serves as the manual safety toggle. The "S" or Sicher position in white denotes weapon safe, "E" or Einzelfeuer in red represents single fire, and "F" or Feuerstoß (also marked in red) designates continuous fire. The SEF symbols appear on both sides of the plastic trigger group. The selector lever is actuated with the thumb of the shooting hand and is located only on the left side of the original SEF trigger group or on both sides of the ambidextrous trigger groups. The safety/selector is rotated into the various firing settings or safety position by depressing the tail end of the lever. Tactile clicks (stops) are present at each position to provide a positive stop and prevent inadvertent rotation. The "safe" setting disables the trigger by blocking the hammer release with a solid section of the safety axle located inside the trigger housing.[24]

The non-reciprocating cocking handle is located above the handguard and protrudes from the cocking handle tube at approximately a 45° angle. This rigid control is attached to a tubular piece within the cocking lever housing called the cocking lever support, which in turn makes contact with the forward extension of the bolt group. It is not however connected to the bolt carrier and therefore cannot be used as a forward assist to fully seat the bolt group. The cocking handle is held in a forward position by a spring detent located in the front end of the cocking lever support which engages in the cocking lever housing. The lever is locked back by pulling it fully to the rear and rotating it slightly clockwise where it can be hooked into an indent in the cocking lever tube.[24]

Operating mechanism[edit]

The roller-delayed blowback mechanism originated from the aborted StG 45(M) assault rifle prototypes developed in Nazi Germany at the end of World War II.

The bolt rigidly engages the barrel extension—a cylindrical component welded to the receiver into which the barrel is pinned. The delay mechanism is of the same design as that used in the G3 rifle. The two-part bolt consists of a bolt head with rollers and a bolt carrier. The heavier bolt carrier lies up against the bolt head when the weapon is ready to fire and inclined planes on the front locking piece lie between the rollers and force them out into recesses in the barrel extension.[26]

When fired, expanding propellant gases produced from the burning powder in the cartridge exert rearward pressure on the bolt head transferred through the base of the cartridge case as it is propelled out of the chamber. A portion of this force is transmitted through the rollers projecting from the bolt head, which are cammed inward against the inclined flanks of the locking recesses in the barrel extension and to the angled shoulders of the locking piece. The selected angles of the recesses and the incline on the locking piece produce a velocity ratio of about 4:1 between the bolt carrier and the bolt head. This results in a calculated delay, allowing the projectile to exit the barrel and gas pressure to drop to a safe level before the case is extracted from the chamber.[26]

The delay results from the amount of time it takes for enough recoil energy to be transferred through to the bolt carrier in a sufficient quantity for it to be driven to the rear against the force of inertia of the bolt carrier and the forward pressure exerted against the bolt by the recoil spring. As the rollers are forced inward they displace the locking piece and propel the bolt carrier to the rear. The bolt carrier's rearward velocity is four times that of the bolt head since the cartridge remains in the chamber for a short period of time during the initial recoil impulse. After the bolt carrier has travelled rearward 4 mm, the locking piece is withdrawn fully from the bolt head and the rollers are compressed into the bolt head. Only once the locking rollers are fully cammed into the bolt head can the entire bolt group continue its rearward movement in the receiver, breaking the seal in the chamber and continuing the feeding cycle.[26]

Since the 9×19mm Parabellum cartridge is relatively low powered, the bolt does not have an anti-bounce device like the G3, but instead the bolt carrier contains 32.5 g (1.15 oz) of tungsten granules that prevent the bolt group from bouncing back after impacting the barrel extension. The weapon has a fluted chamber that enhances extraction reliability by bleeding gases backwards into the shallow flutes running along the length of the chamber to prevent the cartridge case from expanding and sticking to the chamber walls (since the bolt is opened under relatively high barrel pressure). A spring extractor is installed inside the bolt head and holds the case securely until it strikes the ejector arm and is thrown out of the ejection port to the right of the receiver. The lever-type ejector is located inside the trigger housing (activated by the movement of the recoiling bolt).[26]


Cross section diagram of an early MP5SD suppressor, from 1971 patent. Vented barrel surrounded by metal mesh packing in the expansion chambers, followed by conical baffles in the forward chambers.

In the early 1970s, HK introduced a conversion kit for the MP5 that enables it to use rimfire ammunition (.22 LR). This unit consists of a barrel insert, a bolt group and two 20-round magazines. This modification reduces the cyclic rate to 650 rounds per minute. It was sold mostly to law enforcement agencies as a way to train recruits on handling the MP5. It used ammunition that was cheaper and had a lower recoil than 9×19mm Parabellum. This reduced training costs and built up skill and confidence in the operators before transitioning them to the full-bore model.

Barrel accessories[edit]

Threading is provided at the muzzle to work with certain muzzle devices made by Heckler & Koch, including: a slotted flash suppressor, blank firing attachment (marked with a red-painted band denoting use with blank ammunition only), an adapter for launching rifle grenades (for use with rifle-style grenades with an inside diameter of 22 mm using a special grenade launching cartridge) and a cup-type attachment used to launch tear gas grenades. An optional three-lugged barrel is also available for mounting a quick-detachable suppressor.


The receiver housing has a proprietary claw-rail mounting system that permits the attachment of a standard Heckler & Koch quick-detachable scope mount (also used with the G3, HK33, and G3SG/1). It can be used to mount daytime optical sights (telescopic 4×24), night sights, reflex sights, and laser sights. The mount features two spring-actuated bolts, positioned along the base of the mount, which exert pressure on the receiver to hold the mount in the same position at all times assuring zero retention. All versions of the quick-detachable scope mount provide a sighting tunnel through the mount so that the shooter can continue to use the fixed iron sights with the scope mount attached to the top of the receiver.

A Picatinny rail adapter can be placed on top that locks into the claw rails. This allows the mounting of STANAG scopes and has a lower profile than the claw-rail system.


Standard MP5 variants have the option of two handguard variants: "Slimline", the original slim checkered metal handguard; and "Tropical", a wider and smoother polymer handguard introduced in 1978.

The MP5SD, MP5K, and SP89 have unique handguards owing to their design differences; the MP5SD handguard is similar to Slimline but larger to fit the integrated suppressor, the MP5K handguard has a built-in foregrip and handstop, and the SP89 handguard is similar to the MP5K's but extended and without the foregrip.

Aftermarket handguards also exist, including newer vented handguards based on the Tropical handguard, "dedicated forend" handguards featuring a built-in underbarrel tactical light, and rail integration system-equipped handguards to fit attachments.[27]


The stockless MP5A1 has a buttcap with a sling mount for concealed carry; the MP5K series was a further development of this idea.[28] The MP5A2 has a fixed buttstock (made of a synthetic polymer), whereas the compact MP5A3 has a retractable metal stock.

The MP5A4 (fixed stock) and MP5A5 (sliding stock) models, which were introduced in 1974, are available with four-position trigger groups. The pistol grips are straight, lacking the contoured grip and thumb groove of the MP5A1, MP5A2, and MP5A3. The selector lever stops are marked with bullet pictograms rather than letters or numbers (each symbol represents the number of bullets that will be fired when the trigger is pulled and held rearward with a full magazine inserted in the weapon) and are fully ambidextrous (the selector lever is present on each side of the trigger housing). The additional setting of the fire selector, one place before the fully automatic setting, enables a two or three-shot burst firing mode.

Heckler & Koch offers dedicated training variants of these weapons, designated MP5A4PT and MP5A5PT (PT—Plastic Training), modified to fire a plastic 9×19mm PT training cartridge produced by Dynamit Nobel. These weapons operate like the standard MP5 but have a floating chamber and both rollers have been omitted from the bolt to function properly when firing the lighter plastic projectiles. To help identify these weapons blue dots were painted on their cocking handles and additional lettering provided. The PT variant can be configured with various buttstocks and trigger groups and was developed for the West German Police and Border Guard.[29]

A variant with the last trigger group designated the MP5-N (N—Navy) was developed in 1986 for the United States Navy. This model has a collapsible stock, a tritium-illuminated front sight post and a 225 mm (8.9 in) threaded barrel for use with a stainless steel sound suppressor made by Knight's Armament Company together with quieter subsonic ammunition. It had ambidextrous controls, a straight pistol grip, pictogram markings, and originally had a four-position selector (Safe, Semi-Auto, 3-Round Burst, Full Auto). This was replaced with a similar three-position ambidextrous selector after an improperly-reassembled trigger group spontaneously fired during an exercise. The "Navy"-style ambidextrous trigger group later became standard, replacing the classic "SEF" trigger group.

In late 2013, Heckler & Koch unveiled the MLI (Mid Life Improvement) version of the MP5. It is fitted with a tri-rail foregrip, a quick-release-optic mount, an MP5F stock standard, and comes in with the new RAL8000 (Yellow-Brown) color scheme.


  • HK54: The original model that was produced in 1964. The 54 designation is from the Heckler & Koch company's old system that indicates that it is a submachine gun/assault carbine (5-) chambered for the 9×19mm cartridge (-4). It had a charcoal-gray phosphated finish rather than the matte-black lacquered finish used on later models and had narrow slotted metal handguards. Its major differences were that it had a longer and heavier bolt carrier than the MP5 and a flip up "ladder"-style rear sight (like the early G3 rifle) rather than the MP5's aperture sight. Its original 15- or 30-round steel magazines were straight rather than curved, had a plastic follower, and were reinforced with ribs (thus their nickname of "waffle"-type magazines).[30]
  • MP5: A slightly modified version of the HK54 first created in 1966. A matte-black lacquered finish instead of the grayish phosphated finish was introduced for export models in 1977. It originally had the narrow checkered metal "Slimline" handguards in the place of the HK54's narrow slotted metal ones. These were later replaced by the thicker "Tropical" handguards in 1978. The proprietary Heckler & Koch "claw mount" rails for mounting optical and electronic scopes were added around 1973. The improved 15- and 30-round magazines were adopted in 1977; they were curved, had unribbed sides, and had chromed-steel followers.[30] The MP5SFA2 (SF – single-fire) was developed in 1986 in response to the Federal Bureau of Investigation's request for a "9 mm Single-fire Carbine". It is the same as the MP5A2 but is fitted with an ambidextrous semi-automatic only trigger group. The MP5SFA3 is similar except it has a retractable metal stock like the MP5A3. Versions delivered after December 1991 are assembled with select-fire bolt carriers allowing fully automatic operation when used with the appropriate trigger module.[31] The semi-automatic "MP5SF" models are widely used by British police forces including London's Metropolitan Police Service Specialist Firearms Command, Diplomatic Protection Group, authorised firearms officers, and the Police Service of Northern Ireland to name a few.[citation needed] The two-position trigger unit was also used in the semi-automatic HK94 carbine that was produced specifically for the civilian market with a 420 mm (16.5 in) barrel.[29]
    • MP5A1: No buttstock (endplate/receiver cap in place of buttstock), "SEF" trigger group.[30]
    • MP5A2: Fixed buttstock, "SEF" trigger group.[30]
    • MP5SFA2: Fixed buttstock, single-fire (SE) trigger group.[30]
    • MP5A3: Retractable buttstock, "SEF" trigger group.[30]
    • MP5SFA3: Semi-automatic carbine version of MP5A3. Retractable buttstock and single-fire (SE) trigger group.[30]
    • MP5A4: Fixed buttstock, 3-round burst trigger group.[30]
    • MP5A5: Retractable buttstock, 3-round burst trigger group.[30]
    • MP5-N: Model developed specifically for the U.S. Navy. Ambidextrous "Navy" trigger group, 3-lug/threaded barrel for attaching a sound suppressor; rubber-padded retractable stock.[25]
    • MP5F: Model developed in 1999 specifically for the French military. Rubber-padded retractable stock, ambidextrous sling loops/bolts and internal modifications to handle high-pressure ammunition.[25]
    • MP5 MLI: Modernised variant of the MP5. Suitable MLI components can be retrofitted to any MP5 model.
Trigger group
Type Positions Settings Location
SEF 3-position Safe (Sicher), semi-auto (Einzelfeuer), fully automatic (Feuerstoß) Left-side
SE 2-position Safe & semi-auto (Fire) Ambidextrous
Navy 4-position Safe, semi-auto, 2- or 3-round burst, fully automatic Ambidextrous
Navy 3-position Safe, semi-auto, fully automatic Ambidextrous
Trigger group settings
Setting Marking system
Number Letter Pictogram
Safe Marked by a white numeral "0" Marked by a white letter "S" Marked by a white pictogram of a bullet symbol inside a closed rectangle with an "X" through it.
Semi-automatic fire Marked by a red numeral "1" Marked by a red letter "E" Marked by a red pictogram of a bullet symbol inside a closed rectangle.
Burst fire Marked by a red numeral "2" or "3" Marked by a red numeral "2" or "3" Marked by a red pictogram of 2 or 3 bullets in a line inside a closed rectangle.
Fully automatic fire Marked by a red numeral "30" Marked by a red letter "F" Marked by a red pictogram of 7 bullets in a line inside a rectangle with an open end facing the muzzle.



The MP5SD was created in 1974, Heckler & Koch initiated design work on a sound-suppressed variant of the MP5, designated the MP5SD (SD—Schalldämpfer, German for "sound suppressor"),[32] which features an integral but detachable aluminium sound suppressor and a lightweight bolt. The weapon's 146 mm (5.7 in) barrel has 30 2.5 mm (0.1 in) ports drilled forward of the chamber through which escaping gases are diverted to the surrounding sealed tubular casing that is screwed onto threading on the barrel's external surface just prior to the ported segment. The suppressor itself is divided into two stages; the initial segment surrounding the ported barrel serves as an expansion chamber for the propellant gases, reducing gas pressure to slow down the acceleration of the projectile. The second, decompression stage occupies the remaining length of the suppressor tube and contains a stamped metal helix separator with several compartments which increase the gas volume and decrease its temperature, deflecting the gases as they exit the muzzle, so muffling the exit report. The bullet leaves the muzzle at subsonic velocity, so it does not generate a sonic shock wave in flight. As a result of reducing the barrel's length and venting propellant gases into the suppressor, the bullet's muzzle velocity was lowered anywhere from 16% to 26% (depending on the ammunition used) while maintaining the weapon's automation and reliability. The weapon was designed to be used with standard supersonic ammunition with the suppressor on at all times.[24] The cyclic rate of fire of the MP5SD is around 700 rounds per minute.[33]

The MP5SD is produced exclusively by Heckler & Koch in several versions: the MP5SD1 and MP5SD4 (both have a receiver end cap instead of a buttstock), MP5SD2 and MP5SD5 (equipped with a fixed synthetic buttstock) and the MP5SD3 and MP5SD6 (fitted with a collapsible metal stock). The MP5SD1, MP5SD2 and MP5SD3 use a standard 'SEF' trigger group (from the MP5A2 and MP5A3), while the MP5SD4, MP5SD5, and MP5SD6 use the 'Navy' trigger group—a trigger module with a mechanically limited 3-round burst mode and ambidextrous selector controls (from the MP5A4 and MP5A5). A suppressed version was produced for the U.S. Navy—designated the MP5SD-N, which is a version of the MP5SD3 with a retractable metal stock, front sight post with tritium-illuminated dot and a stainless steel suppressor. This model has a modified cocking handle support to account for the slightly larger outside diameter of the suppressor. The design of the suppressor allows the weapon to be fired with water inside, should water enter the device during operation in or near water.[34]

  • MP5SD1: No buttstock (endplate/receiver cap in place of buttstock), "SEF" trigger group, integrated suppressor[32]
  • MP5SD2: Fixed buttstock, "SEF" trigger group, integrated suppressor.[32]
  • MP5SD3: Retractable buttstock, "SEF" trigger group, integrated suppressor.[32]
  • MP5SD4: No buttstock (endplate/receiver cap in place of buttstock), 3-round burst trigger group, integrated suppressor.[32]
  • MP5SD5: Fixed buttstock, 3-round burst trigger group, integrated suppressor.[35]
  • MP5SD6: Retractable buttstock, 3-round burst trigger group, integrated suppressor.[35]
  • MP5SD-N1: Retractable buttstock, "Navy" trigger group, KAC stainless steel suppressor.[35]
  • MP5SD-N2: Fixed buttstock, "Navy" trigger group, KAC stainless steel suppressor.[35]



In 1976, a shortened version of the MP5A2 was introduced; the MP5K (K from the German word Kurz = "short") was designed for close quarters battle use by clandestine operations and special services. The MP5K does not have a shoulder stock (the receiver end was covered with a flat end cap, featuring a buffer on the inside and a sling loop on the outside), and the bolt and receiver were shortened at the rear. There are no MP5KA2 or MP5KA3 models because it does not come with a fixed or retractable stock. The resultant lighter bolt led to a higher rate of fire than the standard MP5 at around 900 rounds per minute. It has a shortened 4.5 in (114 mm) barrel, a shorter trigger group frame, the charging handle and its cover were shortened and a vertical foregrip was used to replace the standard handguard. The barrel ends at the base of the front sight, which prevents the use of any sort of muzzle device.[25]

The MP5K is produced (by Heckler & Koch and under license in Iran and Turkey) in four different versions: the MP5K, MP5KA4, MP5KA1, MP5KA5, where the first two variants have adjustable, open-type iron sights (with a notched rotary drum), and the two remaining variants – fixed open sights; however, the front sight post was changed and a notch was cut into the receiver top cover. The MP5K retained the capability to use optical sights through the use of an adapter.[25]

A civilian semiautomatic derivative of the MP5K known as the SP89 was produced that had a foregrip with a muzzle guard in place of the vertical grip.[36]

In 1991, a further variant of the MP5K was developed, designated the MP5K-PDW (PDW—Personal Defense Weapon) that retained the compact dimensions of the MP5K but restored the fire handling characteristics of the full-size MP5A2. The MP5K-PDW uses a side-folding synthetic shoulder stock (made by the U.S. company Choate Machine and Tool), a "Navy" trigger group, a front sight post with a built-in tritium insert and a slightly lengthened threaded, three-lug barrel (analogous to the MP5-N). The stock can be removed and replaced with a receiver endplate; a rotary drum with apertures from the MP5A2 can also be used.[35]

  • MP5K Prototype: A stockless, cut-down MP5A2 with regular iron sights and an open vertical foregrip. It was created in 1976.
  • MP5KA1: MP5K with smooth upper surface and small low-profile iron sights; "SEF" trigger group.[25]
  • MP5KA4: MP5K with regular iron sights; four-position 3-round burst trigger group.[25]
  • MP5KA5: MP5K with smooth upper surface and small low-profile iron sights; four-position 3-round burst trigger group.
  • MP5K-N: MP5K with "Navy" trigger group and 3-lug/threaded barrel for mounting suppressors or other muzzle attachments.[25]
  • MP5K-PDW: Personal Defense Weapon; MP5K-N variant introduced in 1991 for issue to special operations aircraft or vehicle crews. It adds a Choate side-folding stock, 5-inch 3-lug barrel for mounting a quick-detachable Qual-A-Tec suppressor, and an ambidextrous 4-position trigger group with a 3-round burst mode. A shoulder cross-draw or thigh quick-draw holster is available.[35]
  • MP5K Operational Briefcase: MP5K mounted with a STANAG claw mount inside a plastic hard shell Special Briefcase (Spezialkoffer), with an external trigger mounted in the briefcase handgrip released in 1978.[37] An earlier version called the Special Bag (Spezialtasche) included a large opening in the rear of a soft side leather case to grasp the pistol grip and manually actuate the trigger. The briefcase was sold preconfigured with the MP5K as well as separately.[38] A third version known as the Zerfallkoffer was also released in 1978.[37] It worked by having a button release that caused the briefcase to fall away from the gun.[39]

MP5/10 and MP5/40[edit]

MP5/40 with polymer, 30-round magazine in .40 S&W

In 1992, Heckler & Koch introduced the MP5/10 (chambered in 10mm Auto) and MP5/40 (chambered for the .40 S&W cartridge), which are based on the MP5A4 and MP5A5. These weapons were assembled in fixed and retractable stock configurations (without a separate designation) and are fed from translucent 30-round polymer box magazines. These weapons include a bolt hold-open device, which captures the bolt group in its rear position after expending the last cartridge from the magazine. The bolt is then released by pressing a lever positioned on the left side of the receiver. Both weapons use a barrel with 6 right-hand grooves and a 380 mm (1:15 in) twist rate, and like the MP5-N, both have a 3-lugged muzzle device and a tritium-illuminated front sight aiming dot.[40]

Problems with the MP5/10 and MP5/40 led to their discontinuation in 2000, although Heckler & Koch continues to provide support and spare parts.[40]

  • MP5/10: Chambered in 10mm Auto, available in various stock/trigger group configurations. It was produced from 1992 to 2000.[35]
  • MP5/40: Chambered in .40 S&W, available in various stock/trigger group configurations. It was produced from 1992 to 2000.[41]

Civilian variants[edit]

  • HK94: American import model of the MP5 with an exposed 16.54-inch [420mm] barrel and special SF (safe/semi-automatic) trigger group, designed for civilian use. The 94 factory designation code indicates that it is a semi-auto only Sporting Rifle (9-) chambered for the 9x19mm Parabellum cartridge (-4).
    A barrel-mounted vertical foregrip and a ventilated barrel shroud were available for the stock HK94. The HK94 was imported from 1983 to 1989, in three different configurations:
    • The HK94A2 had a fixed stock, an overall length of 34.59 inches [829 mm], and weighed 6.43 lbs. [2.92 kg.]. In 1991, the state of California imported 420 HK-94A2s, mostly for their state Department of Corrections; it was the last batch of HK-94s imported into the United States.[36]
    • The HK94A3 had a retractable stock, an overall length of 27.58 inches [700 mm] collapsed and 34.05 inches [865 mm] extended and weighed 7.18 lbs. [3.26 kg].[36]
    • The HK94/SG-1 (Scharfschützengewehr, "sharp-shooting rifle") was designed for short-range sniping in built-up areas like cities or prisons. It proved to be unsuitable for its designed purpose, due to its poor penetration and stopping power,[citation needed] and most went to target shooters and collectors. It had a fixed match stock with a rubber buttpad and an adjustable cheekpiece, folding bipod, flash hider, and a 6 × 42mm Leupold VIII Adjustable Objective scope. It had an overall length of 40.39 inches [1026mm] and a weight of 9.25 lbs. [4.2 kg]. Its mean standard retail price (MSRP) in 1986 was US$1,525; this was more than twice what a stock HK94A2 (US$650) or HK94A3 (US$720) cost. Only 50 were imported into the United States; authentic models have serial numbers running in the 43XX range.
      As an aftermarket modification, a PSG-1 trigger pack with target pistol grip and match trigger could be added by a gunsmith by changing the ejector and hammer spring. The 6× Leupold scope was calibrated for .223 Remington rounds, so other scopes were often substituted.
  • SP89: Sportpistole M1989. Semi-automatic only version of the MP5K designed for civilian use. It lacked a vertical foregrip to make it compliant with the National Firearms Act. It was made from 1989 to 1994.[30]
  • SP5K: First introduced in 2016, the SP5K is an updated version of the SP89. It features a Picatinny rail mounted on the top of the receiver for mounting accessories. As with the SP89, it is semi-automatic only and the forward handguard does not have a vertical foregrip.[42]
  • SP5: Introduced in 2019, the SP5 is a semi-automatic only version. With an 8.86 inch [225mm] barrel, the same length as that of the original MP5A2. It features the Navy barrel with the threaded adaptor available in the MP5K, paddle magazine release, and fluted chamber.[43][44]

Rechambering kit[edit]

A rechambering kit for 6.5×25mm CBJ which only required a barrel change was proposed.[45]



Worldwide users of the MP5 (former and current)
Country/Region Organization name Model Caliber Reference
 Afghanistan Afghan National Army Pakistani-made (after 2001)

West German[58]

_ [59]
Zahir Qadir's Frontier Force [60]
 Albania Garda e Republikës _ _ [61]
Batalioni i Operacioneve Speciale (BOS) MP5K _ [citation needed]
 Algeria Algerian Police MP5SD6, MP5SD3, MP5K, MP5A3, MP5A5 9mm [62]
Algerian Special Forces 9mm [citation needed]
 Argentina Argentine Navy _ _ [63]
Argentine National Gendarmerie _ _ [63]
Argentine Federal Police _ _ [63]
Argentine Naval Prefecture MP5A2 _ [63]
 Australia Airfield Defence Guards of the Royal Australian Air Force MP5A3 9mm [64]
Special Operations Command MP5A3, MP5K, MP5SD 9mm [65]
Police Tactical Groups _ 9mm [66]
 Bahrain _ _ _ [67]
 Bangladesh Bangladesh Army _ _ [68]
Bangladesh SWAT Police _ _
Rapid Action Battalion, _ _
Special Warfare Diving And Salvage of the Bangladesh Navy _ _
 Belarus "Almaz" anti-terrorist group MP5A3
9mm [69]
KGB Alpha Group MP5A3 9mm [70]
 Belgium Various Police units _ 9mm [67]
 Brazil Federal Police MP5A2, MP5A3, MP5A5, MP5SD3 9mm [71][72]
BOPE MP5A5, MP5K 9mm [73][72]
1º Batalhão de Forças Especiais MP5KA4, MP5SD1, MP5SD6 9mm [74][72]
Brasilia Police MP5A3 9mm [72]
Civil Police of Rio de Janeiro State [75]
Comando de Operações Taticas MP5A5, MP5SD6 9mm [72]
COMANF MP5KA4, MP5SD6 9mm [72]
 Brunei Special Force of the Royal Brunei Police Force _ 9mm [76]
 Bulgaria Specialized Anti-Terrorism Task Force MP5SD3 9mm [77]
 Cameroon _ _ _ [67]
 Canada Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Royal Canadian Navy & the Intervention group of the Sûreté du Québec[78] MP5A3
_ [79]
 Chile _ _ _ [67]
 China Chongqing & Guangxi police tactical unit NR-08 or CS/LS3 _ [80][81]
 Costa Rica UEA (Unidad Especial de Apoyo) Special Police Unit _ _ [82]
 Croatia Lučko Anti-Terrorist Unit MP5SD3 _ [83]
 Cuba Black Wasp (Cuban Special Forces) MP5A3 _ [84]
Special Unit of MININT
 Czech Republic Police of the Czech Republic (standard-issue PDW for general patrols) MP5A5, MP5SD6, MP5SA3, MP5K _ [67]
Military of Czech Republic _ [85]
 Democratic Republic of Congo _ _ _ [67]
 Denmark Frogman Corps, Danish Police _ _ [86]
 Ecuador Special units GOE (Grupo de Operaciones Especiales) and GIR (Grupo de Intervención y Rescate) of the National Police _ _ [87]
 Egypt Egyptian military counter terrorism Unit 777 And Police Special Unit Black Cobra MP5K




_ [88]
 El Salvador Salvadoran Army _ _
National Civil Police _ _
 Estonia Estonian Defence Forces MP5A2 9mm [89]
 Fiji _ _ [90]
 Finland Special operations forces and military police of the Finnish Defence Forces MP5A3 9mm [91]
 France Groupe d'Intervention de la Gendarmerie Nationale (GIGN) MP5K _ [86]
Certain specialized units within the French Army MP5A5, MP5SD3 9mm [92][93]
 Georgia Georgian Special Forces
Special State Protection Service (SSPS)
Coast Guard of Georgia
MP5K, MP5SD, MP5A3, MP5A1 9mm [94][95]
 Germany Bundespolizei (Federal Police) _ _ [96]
Landespolizei (State Police) _ _
German Army _ _ [97]
Feldjäger (Military Police) _ _
GSG 9 police tactical unit _ _ [98]
German Navy _ _ [67]
 Ghana _ _ _ [67]
 Honduras _ _ _ [67]
 Hong Kong Airport Security Unit _ _ [99]
Counter Terrorism Response Unit _ _ [100]
Emergency Unit _ _
Small Boat Unit _ _
Special Duties Unit _ _
Surveillance Support Unit _ _
VIP Protection Unit _ _
Witness Protection Unit _ _
 Iceland Icelandic Coast Guard MP5A2N 9 mm [101]
Víkingasveitin _ _ [102]
Icelandic National Police _ _
 India Indian Army _ _ [103]
National Security Guards _ _
Force One counter-terrorism group of the Mumbai Police _ _
Tactical unit of the Mizoram Police _ _ _
Special Protection Group before replaced with the FN P90 _ _ [104]
All-Female tactical unit of the Delhi Police _ _ _
 Indonesia Komando Pasukan Katak (KOPASKA) tactical diver group of Indonesian Navy _ 9mm [86]
 Iraq Counter Terrorist Service MP5A3 [67]
 Iran Iranian Army MPT-9 _
 Ireland Army Ranger Wing MP5A3, MP5SD6, MP5F, MP5K 9mm [105]
Directorate of Military Intelligence _ _
Garda Special Detective Unit _ _
Garda Emergency Response Unit _ _
 Italy Carabinieri _ _ [106]
 Ivory Coast Unknown users MP5A5 9mm [107]
 Jamaica Jamaica Constabulary Force _ _ [67]
 Japan Special Boarding Unit MP5A5, MP5SD6 9mm [108]
Special Assault Teams, Anti-firearms squads of prefectural police departments MP5A4, MP5A5
_ [109]
Special Investigation Teams of prefectural police departments MP5SFK _ [110]
Special Security Team of the Japan Coast Guard _ _ [111]
Japanese Special Forces Group MP5SD6 9mm [112]
Japanese Imperial Guard _ _ [113]
 Jordan _ _ _ [67]
 Kuwait _ _ _ [114]
 Kenya Kenya Police _ _ [115][116]
 Latvia Latvian Land Forces MP5A3 9mm [117]
 Lebanon Marine Commandos[citation needed] MP5A3 _ [118]
 Libya _ _ [118]
 Liechtenstein Special Police Unit _ _ [119][120]
Security Corps _ _
 Lithuania Lithuanian Armed Forces _ _ [121]
Aras _ _ [122]
 Luxembourg Unité Spéciale de la Police intervention unit of the Grand Ducal Police _ _ [123]
 Malaysia Malaysian Army MP5A2, MP5A3, MP5K 9mm [citation needed]
Royal Malaysia Police [124]
Royal Malaysian Customs [125]
10 Paratrooper Brigade commando of the Malaysian Army MP5A3, MP5SD2, MP5SD3 [126]
National Special Operations Force (NSOF) _
Unit Gempur Marin (UNGERIN) tactical diver group of the Royal Malaysia Police MP5A3, MP5K,
Trup Tindakan Cepat special operations unit of the Malaysian Prison Department MP5A3,
 Malta Armed Forces of Malta _ _ [67]
 Mauritius _ _ _ [67]
 Mexico Mexican Army MP5A4 9mm [128][129]
 Morocco Royal Moroccan Army MP5A2 9mm [130]
Royal Moroccan Navy _ _
Royal Moroccan Gendarmerie MP5A2 9mm
 Montenegro Armed Forces of Montenegro MP5SD6, MP5SD3, MP5SD2, MP5A5, MP5A3, MP5A2, MP5K-PDW 9mm [131][132][133]
Protivteroristička Jedinica Policije (Counter-Terrorist Police Unit) (PTJ) MP5SD3, MP5A3, MP5A2, MP5K 9mm
Posebna Jedinica Policije (Special Police Unit) (PJP) MP5SD3, MP5A3, MP5A2, MP5K 9mm
   Nepal Nepalese Army _ _ [134]
 Netherlands Dutch Royal and Diplomatic security (DKDB) _ _ [135]
Koninklijke Marechaussee MP5A3 9mm
Arrestatieteam ( AT ) _ _
 New Zealand Special Air Service Commandos of the New Zealand Army _ _ [136]
Special Tactics Group of the New Zealand Police _ _
 Nicaragua _ _ _ [67]
 Niger _ _ _ [67]
 Nigeria _ _ _ [67]
 Norway Norwegian Armed Forces, replaced by the MP7 MP5A2N, MP5A3N 9mm [137]
Norwegian Police Service _ _ [138]
 Pakistan Pakistan Army _ _ [139]
Airports Security Force _ _
Personal security detail of VIP's _ _
 Peru Peruvian Army special forces MP5SD3 _ [140]
 Philippines Armed Forces of the Philippines _ _ [141]
Special Action Force and other police and tactical units of the Philippine National Police _ _
 Poland Police of Poland MP5A3, MP5A5, MP5SD6, MP5KA4 9mm [142][143][144][145][146][147]
 Portugal Portuguese Army (Special Operations Troops Centre) MP5A5, MP5SD6, MP5KA4 9mm [148]
Portuguese Marine Corps MP5A5 9mm [149]
National Republican Guard (GIOE) _ 9mm [150]
Polícia de Segurança Pública _ 9mm [151]
 Qatar _ _ _ [67]
 South Korea Republic of Korea Naval Special Warfare Brigade _ _ [152]
 Romania Romanian Special Operations Forces MP5-N 9mm [153]
Romanian Intelligence Service (SRI) Counter Terrorist Brigade (Brigada Antiteroristă) _ 9mm [154]
Brigada Specială de Intervenție a Jandarmeriei _ 9mm [155]
Detașamentul Special de Protecție și Intervenție _ 9mm [156]
 Russia FSB Alpha Group MP5A3 9mm [157][18]
 Saudi Arabia Royal Saudi Land Forces MP5A2, MP5A3 9mm [22]
 Serbia 72nd Reconnaissance-Commando Battalion MP5SD3 _ [67]
 Singapore Singapore Armed Forces Commando Formation _ 9mm [158]
Singapore Police Force _ [159][160]
Gurkha Contingent of the Singapore Police Force _
Police Coast Guard of the Singapore Police Force _
Special Operations Command of the Singapore Police Force _
Special Tactics And Rescue (STAR) of the Singapore Police Force _
 Slovakia Slovak Police _ _ [161]
 Slovenia Military Police of Slovenian Armed Forces _ _ [162]
SEP SWAT Special Police Unit of Slovenian Police _ _
 South Africa Special Task Force of the South African Police Service MP5-N 9mm [163][164]
South African Special Forces MP5SD3
South African Army
Maritime Reaction Squadron
 Spain Grupo Especial de Operaciones (GEO) _ _ [165]
 Sudan Sudanese Army _ _ [51]
 Sweden Swedish Police Authority MP5A5 _ [166]
  Switzerland Swiss Army MP5A5 _ [167]
 Taiwan Republic of China Army, Republic of China Marine Corps,

Coast Guard Administration, National Police Agency

_ _ [67]
 Thailand Royal Thai Police/Department of Corrections (Thailand) MP5A2, MP5A3 9mm [67]
 Turkey Turkish Armed Forces MP5A2, MP5A3
9mm [98]
General Directorate of Security
 Ukraine Rapid Operational Response Unit (KORD) MP5A3 (made by MKEK) 9mm [168]
 United Arab Emirates _ _ _ [67]
 United Kingdom United Kingdom Special Forces (UKSF) _ 9mm [98]
Police Service of Northern Ireland MP5SF 9mm [169]
Metropolitan Police Specialist Firearms Command (SCO-19) MP5SF 9mm [170]
Other British police Authorised Firearms Officers MP5SF 9mm [171]
 United States Special Operations Command (SOCOM) MP5N, MP5K-N, MP5SD-N 9mm [172]
Secret Service _ _ [173]
FBI Hostage Rescue Team MP5/10 10mm [174]
Various police SWAT units _ _
 Uruguay Uruguayan Navy Special Forces MP5A5 9mm [67]
 Vatican City Swiss Guard _ _ [175]
 Vietnam Used by Mobile Police Command (CSCĐ) teams and quick reaction force (113) police MP5A3, MP5K-A4 9mm [176]
 Zambia _ _ _ [67]

Former users[edit]


See also[edit]


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