MP 05

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MP 05
MP05 L1 2011-11-03 IMG 1045.JPG
An MP 05 train in service on Line 1, on the Pont de Neuilly, between Esplanade de la Défense station and Pont de Neuilly station.
In service 2011
Manufacturer Alstom
Number built Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 1 53 (ordered), 52 (in service)
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 14 18 (ordered - in progress, with several trains already in service)
Formation 6 cars per trainset
Capacity 722 per train
Operator RATP
Line(s) served Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 1
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 14
Train length 90,280 mm (296 ft 2.3 in)
Width 2,440 mm (8 ft 0.06 in)
Height 3,480 mm (11 ft 5.01 in)
Maximum speed 80 km/h (50 mph)
Traction system 8 three-phase induction motors
Power output 2,400 kW (3,200 hp)
Acceleration 1.35 m/s2 (4.4 ft/s2)
Electric system(s) 750 V DC Current taken from the guide bars on either side of the track
Current collection method Horizontal contact shoe
A vertical contact shoe sliding on the rails provides grounding.
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in),
with running pads for the rubber
tired wheels outside of the steel rails

The MP 05 (Metro Pneu appel d'offre 2005)[note 1] is a rubber-tyred electric multiple unit with automatic operation, ordered by the RATP in 2005 for the Paris Métro. The units were designed to replace the older MP 89s on line 1 in order to remove drivers from the line. A fleet of trains will also be deployed to line 14 between 2013 and 2017 in order to improve service frequencies and to prepare for the line's northern extension towards Mairie de Saint-Ouen. The trainsets are being constructed by Alstom.

The MP 05 trains are the second Paris Métro rolling stock to include air-conditioning, after the MF 01 rolling stock.


Automation of Line 1[edit]

Following the success of line 14, which is completely automated, during the early 2000s the RATP planned to automate additional lines on the metro. Automation would not only allow for Paris to remain as a model for technological innovations in the railway industry but also would permit an increase in the number of lines in normal service when RATP workers are striking.

The RATP decided to first focus on line 1, which is the busiest line of the network and the line most frequented by tourists. However, the current MP 89 CC rolling stock on the line is not equipped to run on an automated line. Therefore, the RATP had the choice of either equipping the existing rolling stock with an automatic system or ordering new rolling stock. The latter option was chosen as it will allow the MP 89 trainsets to be moved to line 4: this line has some trains very similar to those of line 1, allowing for the aging MP 59s in use, which were reaching the end of their working lives, to be replaced and retired.


Alstom is handling the orders since it is the only manufacturer with experience in constructing rubber-tyred metros. The RATP and Alstom signed a contract on October 20, 2005 for the delivery of 49 MP 05 trains, with the option of an additional ten trains, and spare parts and related tools. The total order was for 474 million euros (about $US640 million), about 9.7 million euros ($US13 million) per train.

The Alstom factories in France working on the contract are:

Deliveries and service on Line 1[edit]

An MP 05 at the Fontenay service depot

Alstom began constructing the first trains in 2008 in Valenciennes. The first train was delivered to the RATP at the beginning of May 2009, to the service depot at Fontenay. At the end of March 2010, the second train (501) was delivered to the same depot. At the ground-breaking for the construction of automatic boarding doors in the stations, the press was invited to view train 502 on June 12, 2009. On November 3, 2011, trains 501 through 509 went into regular passenger service. As of April 1, 2013, there are 49 trains are in regular passenger service, with an option for 10 more trains if needed fr:MP 05.

Reinforcement of Line 14[edit]

On May 27, 2009, the STIF ordered four extra MP 05 trains at a cost of around 50 million euros (about $US70 million) in order to improve service frequencies on line 14. This will be followed by 14 more trains to prepare for the northern extension towards Mairie de Saint-Ouen, making a total of 18 MP 05 trains on the line. (4 with the initial order and 14 for the future extension). Trains that are part of the initial order are numbered 581 through 584 are in the same RATP livery as the other trains along Lines 1 and 14. The additional order comprises of trains numbered 584 through 597, which are in the RATP/STIF joint livery that is based off of the MI 09 commuter rail rolling stock on the RER Line A.

It is expected that in around 2020 or so, the next generation MP 14 railcars of 8-car formations will begin to replace the MP 89CA and MP 05 stock. This will allow both precedent stock to be reassigned to other lines, such as Line 1 or Line 4 [1].

Reinforcement of Line 1[edit]

As of May, 2015, additional trains have been placed into service on Line 1. These trains are numbered 550 and onward, and are painted in the RATP/STIF livery.

Features and appearance[edit]


The MP 05s are based on the MP 89s and their exterior appearance is the same.


Interior arrangement of a new MP 05 train.

The RATP opted for an interior similar to that of the MP 89, with only the colors differing: the blue and gray tones will be replaced by an off-white tone, the floor will be colored brick red, and the seats will be colored with a rainbow pattern. The design was conceived by Yo Kaminagai.

The trains are equipped with a Dilidam multimedia system and security cameras; as well as an air conditioning system, with an output of 11 kW, housed on the roof. Most trains are equipped with rubber gangways that are similar to that of the MP 89CA stock. However, trains #533 and onward are equipped with MF 01 type gangways.

Technical specifications[edit]

The bogie of an MP 05, showing the flanged steel wheel inside the rubber tired one, as well as the vertical contact shoe on top of the steel rail.

The technical specifications are similar to those of the MP 89, with some modern adaptations such as the electrical system, a multimedia system, and climate control. The MP 05's traction system is the same as the MF 01's. The MP 05 will have a lower noise level than the MP 89 due to improvements in the transmission.

  • Length: 90,280 mm (296 ft 2.3 in)
  • Width: 2,440 mm (8 ft 0.06 in)
  • Height: 3,480 mm (11 ft 5.01 in)
  • Composition: S+N+N+N+N+S
  • Number of seats: 144
  • Number of folding seats: 72
  • Standing passenger capacity: 578 (4 passenger per 1 square metre (11 sq ft))
  • Three doors per car (automatic)
  • Power: 8 x 300 kW (400 hp) (2 induction motors per bogie)
  • Speed: 80 km/h (50 mph)
  • Starting acceleration: 1.35 m/s2 (4.4 ft/s2)

Other Systems[edit]

While the MP 05 stock is only confined to the Paris Metro, there is speculation that a variant could eventually be produced for the Lausanne Metro's M3 Line. Plans for the new line have indicated for rolling stock that is consistent with the MP 89CA variant stock that currently operates along the M2 Line.


  1. ^ Rubber-tyred metro ordered in 2005