MRT Purple Line
MRT Purple Line train
|Locale||Bangkok and Nonthaburi Province, Thailand|
|Termini||Tao Poon (Bang Sue District)
Khlong Bang Phai (Bang Bua Thong District)
|Opened||6 August 2016|
|Owner||Mass Rapid Transit Authority of Thailand (MRTA)|
|Operator(s)||Bangkok Expressway and Metro Public Company Limited (BEM)|
|Rolling stock||21 3-car J-TREC trainsets|
|Line length||23 kilometers (14 mi) (est.)|
|Number of tracks||2 (3 near Klong Bang Phai depot)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Operating speed||80 km/h (50 mph)|
The MRT Purple Line (Thai: รถไฟฟ้ามหานคร สายสีม่วง), officially the MRT Chalong Ratchadham Line (Thai: รถไฟฟ้ามหานคร สายฉลองรัชธรรม), is a rapid transit line of the Bangkok MRT for the Mass Rapid Transit Authority of Thailand (MRTA) in the Bangkok Metropolitan Region and Nonthaburi Province, Thailand. It opened for service on 6 August, 2016 and is the second line operated by MRT and the city's fifth rapid transit line, following the Sukhumvit Line, Silom Line, MRT Blue Line and Airport Rail Link.
The Purple Line is aimed to serve travel demand between the northwestern suburb of Bangkok in Nonthaburi Province and southern area of Thonburi in Rat Burana District. It also runs through downtown along Samsen Road, passing Rattanakosin old quarter and many historical places in Dusit and Phra Nakhon District like the national library, Thewet market, Bang Lamphu, the Democracy Monument, the Golden Mount, Phahurat, the Memorial Bridge and Wongwian Yai roundabout, and also intends to serve the new Thai parliament construction site at Kiak Kai intersection.
The Line is divided into two sections, 23 km from Tao Poon - Khlong Bang Phai, which is operational, and 19.8 km from Tao Poon - Rat Burana. The first section was originally scheduled to be open in late 2014, but was delayed until August 2016.
This is the first Bangkok metro line into an adjacent province: the northern terminus, Khlong Bang Phai Station, is in Bang Bua Thong, Nonthaburi Province.
There is a 1km missing link between the Purple Line's terminus at Tao Poon and the MRT Blue Line at Bang Sue. A extension to the Blue Line is under construction to join the two lines. Passengers must take shuttle buses to transfer between the two lines, and the missing link was blamed for early low ridership, with only 22,000 daily passengers compared to projected numbers of 100,000.
The line is indicated by the colour purple on network maps.
The Tao Poon - Khlong Bang Phai section starts from the Tao Poon elevated station at Tao Poon junction, where it transfers to the MRT Blue Line extension. It runs north on a viaduct along Krung Thep-Nonthaburi Road, providing transfer to the Red commuter railway at Bang Son railway station, and approaches Mueang Nonthaburi District of Nonthaburi Province. The line goes further north via Tiwanon Road, passes the Ministry of Public Health, then turns at the Khae Rai intersection to west Nonthaburi via Rattanathibet Road, passes the Nonthaburi Government Centre, crosses the Chao Phraya River on a viaduct parallel to the Phra Nangklao Bridge. Then it continues to a large residential area in Bang Yai District and turns to the north along the Kanchanaphisek Highway, passes Bang Yai market and terminates at Khlong Bang Phai in Bang Bua Thong District. The total length is 23 kilometres (14 mi).
Construction is divided into three separate contracts. The first covers Bang Sue - Tao Poon - Phra Nangklao Bridge, with a length of 12 km, comprising nine stations. This contract also includes construction of a 1.2 km extension of the MRT Blue Line from Bang Sue to Tao Poon where the Blue Line and the Purple Line will interchange.
The second contract covers the Phra Nangklao Bridge (including a new bridge) - Bang Yai District - Khlong Bang Phai terminus, with a length of 11 km. and comprising seven stations. The third contract is for the construction of a train depot at the Bang Yai terminus and four park and ride buildings at Khlong Bang Phai, Bang Yai Intersection, Tha It, and the Nonthaburi Intersection station.
|1||Bang Sue-Tao Pun to Phra Nangklao Bridge||12|
|2||Phra Nangklao Bridge to Khlong Bang Phai terminus (river crossing viaduct included)||11|
|3||Depot at Khlong Bang Phai, four park and ride stations|
|4||Rolling Stock & Management - BMCL (Joint Development)|
|5||Signalling & Electrical - Bang Yai to Taopoon|
In September 2013, BEM (operator of the MRT Blue Line) signed an 82.6-billion-baht contract with the MRTA for the procurement of rolling stock, installation of E&S systems, operation and maintenance of the Purple Line. The concession is for a 30-year period.
The 6th contract, which was due to be awarded in mid-2011 for the laying of track was delayed for over one year due to internal disputes within the MRTA and uncertainty about the bidding process. However, this contract was finalised in October 2012.
In October 2012, BEM, private operator of the MRT Blue line, was granted a 30-year concession to operate the Purple line and supply rolling stock & electrical systems.
In November 2013, BEM contracted Marubeni Corp, Toshiba Corp, and East Japan Railway Company to install E&S systems, supply 63 cars of rolling stock and provide maintenance for 10 years as part of a contract worth 12.6 billion baht.
In the table below, an italicized name indicates that the station is under construction and not yet in operation.
|Khlong Bang Phai||คลองบางไผ่||P1||-||2||Bang Bua Thong||Nonthaburi|
|Talad Bang Yai||ตลาดบางใหญ่||P2||1.27||2|
|Sam Yaek Bang Yai||สามแยกบางใหญ่||P3||1.56||2|
|Bang Rak Yai||บางรักใหญ่||P5||1.20||2|
|Bang Rak Noi Tha It||บางรักน้อย-ท่าอิฐ||P6||1.25||2||Mueang Nonthaburi|
|Phra Nangklao Bridge||สะพานพระนั่งเกล้า||P8||1.47||2|
|Yaek Nonthaburi 1||แยกนนทบุรี 1||P9||1.63||2|
|Nonthaburi Civic Center||ศูนย์ราชการนนทบุรี||P11||0.90||2||MRT Pink Line (projected)
MRT Brown Line (projected)
|Ministry of Public Health||กระทรวงสาธารณสุข||P12||1.79||2|
|Wong Sawang||วงศ์สว่าง||P14||1.72||2||Bang Sue||Bangkok|
|Bang Son||บางซ่อน||P15||1.29||2||SRT Light Red Line (under construction)|
|Tao Poon||เตาปูน||P16||1.58||4||MRT Blue Line (opening on 5 December 2016)|
Phase 2, south:
The proposed extension from Tao Pun - Rat Burana will run southward through Bangkok's old quarter from Tao Pun junction on a viaduct. It then goes into an underground structure along Sam Sen Road, passing the new Thai parliament site, and transfers to the proposed Red inner-city shortcut commuter at Sanghi intersection. It passes the national library in Dusit District before it reaches Phra Nakhon District at Thewet Market. The line turns east at Bang Lamphu and goes along the city moat to the south, with transfers possible to the planned MRT Orange Line at Ratchadamnoen Road near the Democracy Monument. It also passes the Golden Mount before possible transfers to the southern extension of the Blue Line at Wang Burapha near Yaowarat Road in Chinatown and the Phahurat textile market.
The line crosses the Chao Phraya River near the Memorial Bridge towards the Wongwian Yai roundabout in Thonburi on the west bank, with possible transfers to the Dark Red Line commuter and to Wongwian Yai BTS Station. It continues south to Chom Thong, then on an elevated structure for 5.5 kilometres (3.4 mi) and terminates in Rat Burana District, a short distance to the nearby Phra Pradaeng suburban town in Samut Prakan Province. The total length will be about 19.8 km, and comprising eleven underground and five elevated stations.
A 4.5 km extension from Bang Yai to Bang Bua Thong Intersection, which is not part of the original Purple Line plan, is under consideration due to a request from the Nonthaburi Governor.
- Mass Rapid Transit Master Plan in Bangkok Metropolitan Region
- BTS Skytrain
- Sukhumvit Line
- Silom Line
- Airport Rail Link (Bangkok)
- Bangkok Metro
- MRT Blue Line
- MRT Brown Line
- MRT Grey Line
- MRT Light Blue Line
- MRT Orange Line
- MRT Pink Line
- MRT Yellow Line
- SRT Red Lines
- Bangkok BRT
- Mahitthirook, Amornrat (26 November 2012). "Mall links to boost MRT's bottom line". Bangkok. Retrieved 26 November 2012.
- "Fare cut boosts Purple Line riders, but still below target - Bangkok Post Property finance advice". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 2016-09-11.
- 'Purple Line deal agreed BEM signs 30-year contract with MRTA'. Bangkok Post, 5 September 2013
- "ITD closer to Purple Line contract". The Nation. Bangkok. 17 May 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2012.
- "Bangkok Purple Line contract awarded". International Railway Gazette. 22 Oct 2012. Retrieved 6 May 2013.
- 'Japanese firms win Purple Line deal'. Bangkok Post, 6 November 2013
- "First Sustina export order". International Railway Gazette. 23 Sep 2014.
- Bid to extend Purple Line to Sai Noi intersection. The Nation, 5 May 2011
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to MRT Purple Line.|
- "MRTA Purple Line website", "Coconuts BKK" 'Be the first to ride the MRT purple line this Father's Day, May 21, 2015.
- "MRTA Purple Line South Extension website"
- "2Bangkok Purple Line construction thread" Semi-regular updates, articles, pictures and commentary (In English)
- "Bangkok urban rail progress", Railway Gazette, January 22, 2009.
- Airport Rail Link, BTS, MRT & BRT network map