MSI (also known as Modified Plessey) is a barcode symbology developed by the MSI Data Corporation, based on the original Plessey Code symbology. It is a continuous symbology that is not self-checking. MSI is used primarily for inventory control, marking storage containers and shelves in warehouse environments.
Character set and binary lookup
The MSI bar code represents only digits 0–9; it does not support letters or symbols.
Each digit is converted to 4 binary-coded decimal bits. Then a 1 bit is prepended and two 0 bits are appended.
Finally, each bit is printed as a bar/space pair totalling three modules wide. A 0 bit is represented as 1/3 bar followed by 2/3 space, while a 1 bit is represented as 2/3 bar followed by 1/3 space.
Each digit and guard character is represented by a binary number, as shown in the table below.
To produce a barcode image from this map, one simply must consider the digit 1 to be a black bar and the digit 0 to be a white bar and produce an image accordingly.
Check digit calculation
The MSI barcode uses one of five possible schemes for calculating a check digit:
- No check digit (least common)
- Mod 10 (most common)
- Mod 11
- Mod 1010
- Mod 1110
Mod 10 Check Digit
When using the Mod 10 check digit algorithm, a string to be encoded 1234567 will be printed with a check digit of 4:
Mod 11 Check Digit
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1. Reverse the string to be encoded (in this case 1234567).
Let S be the reverse of the string to be encoded S = 7654321
2. The string is then "weighted" using a repeating weighting factor pattern. There are two modulo 11 algorithms which use different repeated weighting factor patterns: the IBM algorithm which uses (2,3,4,5,6,7), and the NCR algorithm which uses (2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9). Get the sum of the string by looping through each character and multiply it by a weight from 2 to 7 (IBM) or 2 to 9 (NCR) depending on its position. If the weight's value exceeds the highest number (7 or 9), reset the weight back to 2.
This example is using the IBM modulo 11 algorithm with a weighting pattern of (2,3,4,5,6,7) Let X = the final product of the string to encode. X = 7 * 2 X = 6 * 3 X = 5 * 4 X = 4 * 5 X = 3 * 6 X = 2 * 7 X = 1 * 2
X = 14 + 18 + 20 + 20 + 18 + 14 + 2 X = 106
3. Mod the sum by 11, subtract the result from 11, and then apply the mod 11 function again.
Let C equal the check digit. C = (11 - (X mod 11)) mod 11 C = (11 - (106 mod 11)) mod 11 C = (11 - 7) mod 11 C = 4 mod 11 C = 4
The check digit is 4.
Mod 1010 check digit
Simply calculate the Mod 10 check digit the first time and then calculate it again with the previous result and append the result of the second Mod 10 Calculation to the string to be encoded.
Mod 1110 check digit
Same as Mod 1010 but the first calculation should be a Mod 11 Check digit.
As an example, we will generate an MSI barcode for the number sequence 1234567 using the most common Mod 10 check digit methodology.
The check digit (as calculated above) for this sequence is 4.
Once you have calculated your check digit, simply map each character in the string to be encoded using the table above as a reference to get the binary map of the bar code; remember to precede the code with "start" and to end it with "stop" For example, to map the string 1234567 with a Mod 10 check digit it would produce the following binary map:
|Start||110||The start character|
|1||100100100110||The number 1|
|2||100100110100||The number 2|
|3||100100110110||The number 3|
|4||100110100100||The number 4|
|5||100110100110||The number 5|
|6||100110110100||The number 6|
|7||100110110110||The number 7|
|4||100110100100||The check digit 4|
This results in the following barcode: