MS Saga Sapphire
MS Saga Sapphire at Tallinn on 15 May 2012
|Port of registry:|
|Builder:||Bremer Vulkan, Bremen, Germany|
|Launched:||December 22, 1980|
|Acquired:||December 5, 1981|
|Maiden voyage:||January 8, 1982|
|In service:||January 8, 1982-present|
|General characteristics (as built)|
|Tonnage:||37,049 GT; 5,168 DWT|
|Length:||199.63 m (654.95 ft)|
|Beam:||28.55 m (93.67 ft)|
|Draught:||8.30 m (27.23 ft)|
|Speed:||21 knots (39 km/h)|
|General characteristics (as Bleu de France)|
|Decks:||12 (10 passenger accessible)|
|Speed:||19 kn (35 km/h)|
MS Saga Sapphire is a cruise ship owned and operated by the cruise line, Saga Cruises II Ltd. It was originally built in 1981 by Bremer Vulkan, Germany for Hapag-Lloyd Cruises as MS Europa. In 1999 Europa was sold to Star Cruises and it was renamed MS SuperStar Europe and year later MS Superstar Aries. In 2004 she was sold to Pullmantur Cruises and renamed MS Holiday Dream. In May 2008 she was transferred to the fleet of CDF Croisières de France and was renamed Bleu de France. In November 2010 the vessel was sold to Saga Cruises, but retained on charter by CDF for a further 12 months. Following an extensive refit in Italy from November 2011 to March 2012, the vessel was renamed Saga Sapphire.
Concept and construction
Since its formation in 1970, Hapag-Lloyd operated the former North German Lloyd liner Europa (originally Swedish American Line's Kungsholm) as the flagship of their cruise services. By the late 1970s the decision was made to replace the then-current Europa with a new state-of-the-art ship tailored specifically for the German cruise market, also to be called Europa. The new Europa would be the third ship to bear the name in the North German Lloyd/Hapag-Lloyd fleet. Designed before the advent of the mega cruise ship, at 33,000 gross register tons the new Europa was to be amongst the largest passenger ships in the world at the time.
The order for the new Europa was placed with the Bremer Vulkan shipyard in Bremen, the home city of North German Lloyd. The ship was launched on 22 December 1980, and delivered to her owners on 5 December 1981.
During her subsequent career the former Europa has undergone two notable rebuildings. First in 1999, in preparation for entering service with Star Cruises as SuperStar Europe, the ship was docked at Sembawang shipyard in Singapore for a $15 million refit. The most notable external change was the addition of new balconies to the suites under the bridge wings. In 2004 she was rebuilt again, this time in preparation for entering service with Pullmantur Cruises as Holiday Dream, but then the rebuilding was mostly limited to redecorations of the public spaces. She has recently gone through a 30 million € refit in Barcelona during the spring of 2008 to prepare for her transfer to the fleet of CDF Croisières de France. She now Sails For Saga Cruises as the Saga Sapphire.
Europa left on her maiden voyage from Genoa on 8 January 1982, to destinations in Africa. Subsequently she was used for luxury cruising all over the world, including on the Amazon River. On 3 August 1985, Europa ran aground off the coast of Greenland. She was refloated three days later.
On 30 April 1992 Europa collided with the Greece-registered container ship Inchon Glory outside Hong Kong. No passengers on board Europa were injured. Initially she was towed to Kaohsiung, Taiwan, where passengers were evacuated. Subsequently the ship was towed to Singapore for repairs. After lengthy repairs Europa re-entered service on 7 July 1992.
In the mid-1990s Hapag-Lloyd decided to order a replacement for Europa (again, also named Europa). In preparation for delivery of the new Europa, the 1981 Europa was sold to Star Cruises on 5 April 1998, but was chartered back to Hapag-Lloyd until 30 June 1999.
Star Cruises took over Europa in Hamburg on 1 July 1999. On the same date she was renamed SuperStar Europe, and five days later left Hamburg for Singapore, where she arrived on 31 July 1999. After rebuilding at Sembawang shipyard, SuperStar Europe entered service for Star Cruises in October 1999, initially with Laem Chabang as her port of departure. After just five months of service as SuperStar Europe, the ship was renamed Superstar Aries in February 2000.
In March 2001 Star Cruises announced that SuperStar Aries would be transferred to the fleet of their subsidiary Orient Lines in 2002 as the Ocean Voyager. However, the plans were shelved following the drop in passenger numbers caused by the September 11, 2001 attacks. As a result, the SuperStar Aries was transferred to cruising from Thailand and China. She stayed in Star Cruises fleet until March 2004, when she was sold to the Spain-based Pullmantur Cruises.
Croisières de France
In September 2007 Royal Caribbean International, the new owner of Pullmantur Cruises, made public their plans for Croisières de France, a new cruise line aimed at the French market. Holiday Dream was given a 30 million € refit at Barcelona by the Finnish MML Shipbuilding in spring 2008, with her interiors refurbished to suit French cultural tastes.
Following the refit, the vessel was renamed Bleu de France and entered service as the first ship of the Croisières de France brand. During the northern hemisphere summer season she operated cruises in the Mediterranean out of Marseille, while for the winter season she offered cruises in the Caribbean, from La Romana, Dominican Republic.
Work included refurbishing the interior, creating new cabins (including additional balcony accommodation to her superstructure), an overhaul of the machinery, also repainting and maintenance of the hull.
Saga Sapphire suffered from  engine failure during her April 2012 maiden voyage with Saga Cruises, forcing the UK-based cruise line to cancel the 16-day voyage.
In mid-May 2014, cruising near the Isle of Mull, in Scotland, an electrical fire aboard the ship knocked out her power supply. Repairs took place to an electrical panel whilst the ship was anchored off the island in calm seas for a few days.
Although Hapag-Lloyd originally considered a traditional two-funnel design for the fourth Europa, they finally opted for a modern, balanced design. The superstructure is moderately streamlined, with the boat deck located relatively high. The rear decks are tiered to allow a large amount of outer deck space.
For the interior of the ship, Hapag-Lloyd decided to adapt a design previously used in cruiseferries such as Svea Corona of 1975 and Finnjet of 1977, with the interiors divided vertically. Cabins are located to the front of the ship, furthest away from engine noise, while public spaces and various storages—where engine noise is not as big of an issue as in cabins—are located at the rear of the ship, above the engines. Most of the public spaces were built with higher than standard ceiling height.
The current public spaces include a main restaurant spanning the entire width of the ship, a show lounge, two further dining facilities and several bars. There is one outdoor swimming pool situated amidships (the astern outdoor pool was removed) and also a large indoor swimming pool.
Each cabin on the ship was completely pre-fabricated, with complete furnishing and soundproofing, and individually installed on board the ship. The ship was originally built with spacious cabins, all of which include illuminated closets, colour television and a VCR, with many cabins equipped with a bathtub. The 1999 refit added six suites in the place of former officers' cabins, while six balconies were added to the existing suites under the bridge wings. During the 2011/2012 refit, a small number of balcony cabins were created aft, while a considerable number of existing midships cabins were fitted with small French balconies.
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- Ward, Douglas (2006). Complete Guide to Cruising & Cruise Ships. Singapore: Berlitz. pp. 347–348. ISBN 981-246-739-4.
- Ton Grootenboer. "Holiday Dream at Martinique 17 January 2007 (photograph)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 18 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-29.
- Equasis, Malta (since 01-04-2006)
- GL-Reg-No : 16201 (IMO : 7822457)
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- Asklander, Micke. "M/S Kungsholm (1953)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Retrieved 2008-01-29.
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- Ulrich, Kurt. Monarchs of the Seas. Tauris Parke. pp. 236–237. ISBN 1 86064 3736.
- "Liner go-ahead". The Times (62209). London. 6 August 1985. col F, pp. 4.
- Asklander, Micke. "M/S Europa (1999)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Retrieved 2008-01-29.
- Boyle, Ian. "Europa (1981)". Simplon Postcards. Retrieved 2008-01-29.
- Cruise Business Review: Royal Caribbean starts new cruise line dedicated to French market Archived 2011-07-08 at the Wayback Machine., retrieved 14. 10. 2007
- Newman, Doug (2007-09-13). "Royal Caribbean Announces CDF Croisières de France". At Sea with Doug Newman. Retrieved 2008-01-30.
- Saga Expands Fleet?
- Saga Names Latest Ship
- "Italy: Fincantieri Wins Saga Cruises' 37.301 t Bleu de France Refit and Refurbishment Project". Shipbuilding Tribune. 7 October 2011. Archived from the original on 9 October 2011. Retrieved 9 October 2011.
- Asklander, Micke. "M/S Astor (1981)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Retrieved 2008-01-30.
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