MT-class minesweeper

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Class overview
Name: MT class (Project 253L)
Operators:
Built: 1943-1945
In commission: 1943-1956
Completed: 92
Lost: 1
Retired: 91
General characteristics
Displacement: 126.6-141.3 tons
Length: 38 meters
Beam: 5.7 meters
Draft: 1.4 meters
Installed power: 3x230 hp (170 kW)
Propulsion: diesel engines driving triple screws
Speed: 14 knots (26 km/h)
Range: 2,500 nmi (4,600 km) at 8.6 kn (15.9 km/h)
Armament:
Armor: 8mm (control room only)

The MT class were a group of coastal minesweepers built for the Soviet Navy in the 1943-1945. The Soviet designation was Project 253L.

Design[edit]

The specifications for the Project 253 were issued in April 1942 by admiral Lev Galler. Initial design iteration made by TsKB-32 was unsatisfactory and was transferred in 1943 to TsKB-51 for improvements, resulting in Project 253L (named after chief designer N. G. Loshchinskii). The minesweepers were badly needed in the heavily mined Baltic Sea, therefore pre-production series comprising 32 vessels were ordered 12 April 1943, followed by full-capacity production on two shipyards starting from 12 June 1943. The minesweeper was extremely successful, resulting in 4 shipyards assigned to its production starting from 31 October 1943.[1]

Two main versions were produced:

  • MT-1 (June 1943) - full displacement 126.6 tons
  • MT-2 (April 1944) - full displacement increased to 141.3 tons, smaller engines rated to 160 hp (120 kW).

The ships were routinely fitted with four mine-sweeping gears, comprising two mechanical trails, magnetic and acoustic towed trails.

Ships[edit]

A total of 92 ships were built, all to the Baltic fleet operation. Numbers were T-222 to T-249, T-351 to T-391, T-434 to T-441, T-459 to T-479. Only T-387 was lost to enemy action been sunk by German submarine U-481 28 November 1944.

In 1946, the seven minesweepers (T-225, T-228, T-231, T-241, T-244, T-465, T-467) were transferred to the  Polish Navy.

Upon retirement in 1956, the MT minesweepers were routinely converted into diving support ships.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mikhail Monakov, Jurgen Rohwer, "Stalin's Ocean-going Fleet: Soviet Naval Strategy and Shipbuilding Programs 1935-1953", p.155

External links[edit]