MV Arctic Sunrise
|Owner:||GC Rieber Shipping|
|Port of registry:||Ålesund|
|Builder:||Vaagen Verft, Kyrksæterøra, Norway|
|Completed:||18 January 1975|
|Fate:||Sold in 1995 to Greenpeace|
|Operator:||Stichting Greenpeace Council|
|Port of registry:||Amsterdam|
|Identification:||Call sign: PE6851
IMO number: 7382902
|General characteristics |
|Length:||49.5 m (162 ft)|
|Beam:||11.55 m (37.9 ft)|
|Draft:||5.32 m (17.5 ft)|
|Ice class:||DNV Icebreaker (maximum draught 4.7 m)|
|Installed power:||MaK 9M452AK (1,619 kW)|
|Propulsion:||Single shaft; controllable pitch propeller
Two thrusters (400 hp each)
|Speed:||13 knots (24 km/h; 15 mph)|
Arctic Sunrise is an ice-strengthened vessel operated by Greenpeace. The vessel was built in 1975 and has a gross tonnage of 949, a length of 50.5 metres (166 ft) and a maximum speed of 13 knots (24 km/h; 15 mph). She is classified by Det Norske Veritas as a "1A1 icebreaker" (the second highest ice strengthening notation at the time of construction).
Under the original name of Polarbjørn ("polar bear"), used as a seismic survey vessel not commissioned for use as a sealer. The vessel was subsequently used by the French government. Greenpeace purchased the ship in 1995. When Greenpeace approached the previous (Norwegian) owners, they said they would not sell the vessel to Greenpeace. Greenpeace responded by forming a "shell company" called Arctic Sunrise Ventures Ltd, to subvert the previous owner's sale restrictions.
In June 2006, Arctic Sunrise was banned from attending the 58th International Whaling Commission meeting in St. Kitts by the St. Kitts and Nevis Government citing national security concerns. Greenpeace's protests were discussed at the same IWC meeting with agenda item IWC/58/3, relating to their protest actions against Japanese whaling in the Southern ocean in December 2005 / January 2006, during which a Japanese whaling ship and a Greenpeace ship collided, resulting in this resolution from the IWC.
On 30 August 2007, Arctic Sunrise was involved in a protest against the Canadian laker Algomarine off of Nanticoke, Ontario where she was attempting to enter harbor with a load of coal for the power station. A RHIB came alongside and activists painted the hull of the laker with "No Coal. No Nuclear. Clean Energy." Two activists then boarded Algomarine and chained themselves to the self-unloading boom. A third activist suspended herself with a climbing harness from the rudder of Algomarine, effectively halting it. The Canadian Coast Guard was called in to remove the protesters.
In early February 2007 the ship was moored in Leith docks, in Edinburgh. On 23 February 2007, she took part in a blockade of Faslane Naval Base and was subsequently impounded by the MoD police but after weeks of the ship being impounded and campaigning the vessel was released.
In September 2013, Arctic Sunrise participated in Greenpeace protests against oil drilling activities by the Russian energy company Gazprom at the Prirazlomnaya oil rig in the Pechora Sea. Greenpeace opposes oil drilling in the Arctic on the grounds that oil drilling damages the Arctic ecosystem, and that no safety plans are in place to prevent oil spills. Earlier in August 2012, Greenpeace staged similar protests against the same oil rig. On September 18, the crew of Arctic Sunrise circled the Prirazlomnaya oil rig, while three crew attempted to board the platform. In response, the Russian Coast Guard seized control of the ship and detained the activists. The ship was later towed by a coast guard vessel to the Russian Arctic port of Murmansk. The Arctic Sunrise crew consisted of 30 members from 16 nationalities. The Russian government intended to charge the Greenpeace activists with piracy, which carries a maximum penalty of 15 years of imprisonment, although Russian President Vladimir Putin has said the activists are obviously "not pirates". Putin distanced himself from the case and indicated that the independent Russian judiciary would continue with the investigation. On 23 October 2013 the Russian prosecution altered the charges against the activists, rescinding the piracy allegation and charging them instead with hooliganism. A conviction of hooliganism in Russia can result in costly fines and up to 7 years in prison. According to Phil Radford, Executive Director of Greenpeace in the U.S. at the time, the reaction of the Russian coast guard and courts was the "stiffest response that Greenpeace has encountered from a government since the bombing of the Rainbow Warrior in 1985."
The Netherlands asked the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea to order Russia to release a Greenpeace ship and the activists who were on board. Russia subsequently indicated that it would not participate in the tribunal since the matter was an issue of internal Russian law involving criminal acts against Russian property.
- Rainbow Warrior (1955), an older Greenpeace vessel that was sunk by French intelligence service in 1985
- Rainbow Warrior (2011), the second vessel to carry the name
- MV Esperanza, another ship operated by Greenpeace
- "Arctic Sunrise (09552)". DNV Exchange. Det Norske Veritas. https://exchange.dnv.com/exchange/main.aspx?extool=vessel&subview=summary&vesselid=09552. Retrieved 2013-10-24.
- "DNV Exchange - ARCTIC SUNRISE - Classification". Det Norske Veritas. Retrieved 11/19/13.
- Ice Class - Arctic Sunrise.pdf "Det Norske Veritas statement". Greenpeace. Retrieved 11/26/13.
- Sun St. Kitts. St. Kitts/Nevis bars Greenpeace ship. 15 June 2006.
- Resolution 2006-2. RESOLUTION ON THE SAFETY OF VESSELS ENGAGED IN WHALING AND WHALE RESEARCH-RELATED ACTIVITIES
Videos of the main incident can be seen here:
Video 2 (man speaking on microphone and ship tooting)
- Greenpeace (Oceans). 8 January 2006.Whalers ram Greenpeace ship.
- Shaun Walker (September 24, 2013). "Russia to charge Greenpeace activists with piracy over oil rig protest". The Guardian. Retrieved 2013-09-25.
- "Greenpeace International responds to allegations from Russian authorities". Greenpeace International. September 22, 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-25.
- "Armed Russian guards storm Greenpeace vessel in Arctic". Channel News Asia. September 25, 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-25.
- "Footage of the seizure". The Guardian. 8 November 2013. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
- Amnesty: Piracy charges 'absurd'. 3 News NZ. 4 October 2013.
- Lally, Kathy; Englund, Will. "U.S. Greenpeace captain jailed in Russia". The Washington Post. Retrieved 10/02/13.
- Netherlands asks sea law tribunal to order Russia to release Greenpeace ship and activists, Washington Post, 21 October 2013
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Arctic Sunrise (ship, 1975).|
- Video footage of the Arctic Sunrise colliding with the Nisshin Maru
- Mirimar Ship Index
- Greenpeace Page on MV Arctic Sunrise