MV Piano Land

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Oriana in dock November 20, 2017 (37849009726).jpg
Piano Land as Oriana in 2017
History
Name:
  • Oriana (1995–2019)
  • Piano Land (2019–present)
Owner:
Operator:
  • P&O Cruises (1995–2019)
  • Astro Ocean (2019–present)
Port of registry:
Builder: Meyer Werft, Papenburg, Germany
Yard number: 636[2]
Laid down: 11 March 1993
Launched: 30 June 1994[2]
Christened:
Acquired: 2 April 1995[2]
Maiden voyage: 9 April 1995[2]
In service: 9 April 1995[2]
Identification:
Status: In service
General characteristics [2]
Type: Cruise ship
Tonnage:
Length: 260.00 m (853.02 ft)
Beam: 32.20 m (105.64 ft)
Draught: 7.90 m (25.92 ft)
Decks: 10 (passenger accessible)[3]
Installed power:
  • 2 × MAN-B&W 9L58/64 & 2 x MAN-B&W 6L58/64
  • 47,750 kW (combined)
Speed:
  • 26.2 knots (48.5 km/h; 30.2 mph) (sea trials)
  • 24 knots (44 km/h; 28 mph) (service)
Capacity:
  • 1,822 (normal)
  • 1,928 (maximum)[3]
Crew: 794[3]

MV Piano Land is a cruise ship in service for Astro Ocean, a newly-formed Chinese cruise line.[1] She originally entered service in April 1995 as Oriana for P&O Cruises, and was named by Queen Elizabeth II.[4] She was built by Meyer Werft at their shipyard in Papenburg, Germany, and measures 69,153 gross tons.[4] As Oriana, she held the Golden Cockerel trophy in recognition of being the fastest ship in the P&O Cruises fleet from 1997, when she succeeded her fleetmate Canberra,[5]

Overview[edit]

When she was built in 1995, Oriana was the first new ship commissioned for P&O Cruises, and the first to be designed specifically for the British cruise market.[6] At 69,153 gross tons, she was one of the largest cruise ships in the world.[7] She was also designed in the style of an ocean liner to facilitate long distance voyages and world cruises. She was the second ship to carry the name Oriana, and was named in tribute to the first Oriana, which served for Orient Line and P&O from 1960 to 1986. After a lengthy campaign, P&O Cruises were permitted to allocate the new Oriana the call sign 'GVSN', which was the same call sign as the first Oriana.[8]

From 1995 when she was built, until 2000, Oriana was owned by P&O. In 2000 P&O de-merged its cruise ship operations, with ownership of Oriana transferring to the new company, P&O Princess Cruises.[9] In 2003 P&O Princess merged with Carnival Corporation to form Carnival Corporation & plc.[10] Despite these changes of ownership, Oriana was operated by P&O Cruises throughout.

In 2006 she was re-registered to Bermuda so that weddings could be conducted on board,[11] and as a result, her call sign was changed to ZCDU9. In November 2011, Oriana became a ship exclusively for adults.[12]

In August 2019, Oriana was sold to the newly-formed Chinese cruise line Astro Ocean and renamed Piano Land.[1]

General characteristics[edit]

Oriana is 260 metres (853 ft) long, with a beam of just over 32 metres (105 ft), and a draught of 7.9 metres (26 ft), which varies up to 8.2 m depending on load. There is a 69,153 GT and a maximum passenger capacity of 1,928. Outside passenger deck space is 105,000 square feet (9,800 m2). Power is provided by four MAN B&W Diesels generating a total of 47,750 kW giving the ship a service speed of 24 knots (44 km/h).

Design and construction[edit]

P&O wanted the new Oriana to be built in the United Kingdom, but there were no longer British shipyards capable of completing such an order, so P&O Cruises looked overseas.

Two of the three main designers, Sweden’s Robert Tillberg and British designer John McNeece, spent a considerable amount of time on board SS Canberra investigating the needs of British passengers, so as to include as many of Canberra's features as possible into Oriana's design. Oriana's single funnel is designed to resemble Canberra's twin funnels. She has a single deck of balconies reserved for suites, mini suites and staterooms to cater for the growing desire for balconies on board.

John McNeece and his London-based team of designers were engaged by P&O to bring the British look to the high-revenue generating interiors of the ship, such as Anderson's, Lord's Tavern, the Knightsbridge Shops, the Emporium, Harlequins, the Casino, the Photo Gallery, the Pacific Lounge, and related public spaces, as well as on-board information graphics.

Service history[edit]

When she entered service Oriana was one of the largest cruise ships in the world, and the largest ship built in Germany since 1914. Since then tonnages have increased as economies of scale make larger ships more profitable to operate. Nowadays most new cruise ships have a GRT of around 100,000 tonnes. Annually undertaking world cruises with fleetmate Aurora, she normally operates cruises within the Mediterranean, the Canaries, Madeira and the Baltic seas.

In December 2006 the Oriana underwent a £12 million refit in Bremerhaven, Germany. Coinciding with the refit she was re-registered from Britain to Bermuda[13] so that weddings could be held at sea. Due to the success of the 'Arcadian Rhodes' restaurant on board the Arcadia, a new Oriana Rhodes restaurant was introduced, replacing The Curzon Room. Oriana Rhodes was designed by chef Gary Rhodes, and can accommodate 96 passengers. Other modifications included the extension of the popular Lord's Tavern bar, festooned with cricket memorabilia, and refurbishment of the children's play areas. All her cabins were restyled to include one of four new colour schemes, new curtains, carpets, beds, linen and duvets.

In 2011 during a refit at the Blohm and Voss shipyard Oriana had a 'ducktail' stern fitted and the children's play areas were converted to cabins. Oriana was classed as an adults only ship when she re entered service.

During cruises in four consecutive years to 2014 the ship suffered outbreaks of norovirus;[14] about 400 passengers were affected in 2012, earning the vessel the nickname of "the plague ship".[15] In 2014 passengers, angry at not being told of the earlier outbreaks, took legal action against P&O Cruises.

In June 2018, P&O Cruises announced that Oriana would be leaving the fleet in August 2019.[16]

The MV Oriana left the P&O fleet on August 9th 2019 after completing her final voyage around the Baltic. Her final port of call as 'Oriana' was Belfast on August 7th 2019 before returning to Southampton one final time. She was sold to a Chinese company and has now been re-named 'Piano Land'. She had been leased back to P&O for the last few months in order to complete her final voyages with P&O. The ship will sail to China and be re-fitted before sailing out of Xiamen for her newly formed owners, Astro Ocean.[16]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Astro Ocean Takes Over Piano Land as Ship Sails for China". Cruise Industry News. 17 August 2019. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Micke Asklander. "M/S Oriana (1995)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Retrieved 17 December 2007.
  3. ^ a b c "Oriana ship". P&O Cruises official website. Archived from the original on 16 August 2007. Retrieved 17 December 2007. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  4. ^ a b Boyle, Ian. "Oriana". Simplon Postcards. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  5. ^ Goossens, Reuben. "SS Canberra – Times Are 'a' Changing". SS Maritime. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  6. ^ "P&O Oriana – Cruise Ship". Ship Technology. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  7. ^ "Oriana Ship History". Archived from the original on 28 August 2019. Retrieved 27 July 2019. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  8. ^ Call sign SS Oriana[permanent dead link].
  9. ^ Bennett, Neil (23 July 2000). "P&O reshapes cruise float". Telegraph. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  10. ^ "Carnival cruises towards P&O deal". BBC. 25 October 2002. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  11. ^ Hamilton, Keith (22 November 2006). "Union criticises plans to re-flag cruise liner". Daily Echo. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  12. ^ Honeywell, John (14 November 2010). "Oriana for adults only". Captain Greybeard. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  13. ^ "Shipping News 2006". Maritime Matters. 23 November 2008. Archived from the original on 13 December 2007. Retrieved 19 March 2008. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  14. ^ "Passengers take legal action after norovirus outbreak on P&O Oriana ship on Norwegian cruise (From Daily Echo)". Dailyecho. 22 June 2014. Retrieved 9 May 2016.
  15. ^ "P&O 'plague ship' passengers disembark in Southampton after norovirus outbreak - video". The Guardian. 14 December 2012. Retrieved 9 May 2016.
  16. ^ a b "Oriana to leave P&O Cruises fleet in August 2019". Meyer Werft. 29 June 2018. Retrieved 29 June 2018.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Poole, Sharon; Sassoli-Walker, Andrew (2012). Oriana & Aurora: Taking UK Cruising into a New Millennium. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Amberley Publishing. ISBN 9781445604428.
  • Smith, Brian David (2012). Aurora & Oriana: P&O Cruises' Distinctive British Liners. Ramsey, Isle of Man: Lily Publications. ISBN 9781906608460.

External links[edit]