MV Port Fairy

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Rcv Port Fairy FL17599.jpg
History
Civil Ensign of the United Kingdom.svgUnited Kingdom
Name: MV Port Fairy
Namesake: Port Fairy, Victoria
Owner: Commonwealth and Dominion Line
Builder: Swan Hunter, Tyne and Wear, United Kingdom
Yard number: 1339
Launched: 18 July 1928[1]
Completed: October 1928[1]
Fate: Sold to Embajada Cia. Naviera SA of Piraeus
Greece
Name: MV Taishikan
Owner: Embajada Compania Naviera SA of Piraeus
Acquired: 1965
Identification: Official number: 5528236[1]
Fate: Broken up at Hong Kong on 4 June 1965[1]
General characteristics
Tonnage: 8072 GRT
Length: 477.4 ft (145.5 m)
Beam: 63.4 ft (19.3 m)
Propulsion:
  • Diesel engines
  • Twin screws
Speed: 15 knots (28 km/h)

MV Port Fairy was a UK merchant vessel built in 1928 for the Commonwealth & Dominion Line Ltd (or "Port Line") shipping company and sold in 1965 to Embajada Compania Naviera SA of Piraeus. Named after the coastal town of Port Fairy in Australia, she was renamed Taishikan for her final commercial voyage to Hong Kong where she was scrapped.

Career[edit]

Construction[edit]

Port Fairy, 8072 GRT, was built by Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson at Wallsend in 1928. She had a length of 147 m (482 ft 3 in), a beam of 19.3 m (63 ft 4 in) and a service speed of 15 knots.[2]

Pre-War[edit]

In 1930 her refrigeration equipment was modified and she carried the first cargo of chilled meat (instead of frozen meat) from Australia; she later worked the same cargo from New Zealand.

World War II[edit]

Port Fairy had an eventful war employed as an ammunition ship.[3]

Sailing in fast convoy OL8 from Liverpool to Canada on 22 October 1940, Port Fairy collided with the Canadian destroyer Margaree in rough seas about 300 miles (483 km) west of Ireland (position 53°24′N 22°50′W / 53.400°N 22.833°W / 53.400; -22.833.[4][5]). Margaree sank quickly; her captain, four officers and 136 crew were lost. Port Fairy rescued 34 of the survivors.

Focke Wulf Fw200

On 9 July 1943 the small Convoy Faith, comprising Port Fairy, the troopships Duchess of York and California, with escorts Iroquois, Douglas and Moyola, sailed Greenock for Freetown, Sierra Leone.[6] Two days later, when the convoy was about 300 miles west of Vigo, it was attacked by 3 Focke-Wulf Fw 200 aircraft of Kampfgeschwader 40[7] based at Merignac, near Bordeaux. The precision high-altitude bombing left both Duchess of York and California blazing.[3] Port Fairy picked up 64 RAF survivors from Duchess of York. Both Duchess of York and California were abandoned, and in the early hours of 12 July[3] they were sunk by torpedoes from their escorts as it was feared the flames from the ships would attract U boats.

Towards the end of the attack, the remnants of the convoy were joined by the British frigate Swale which had sailed Gibraltar two days earlier for a scheduled rendezvous with the convoy. Port Fairy was detached to Casablanca with Swale as escort shortly after midnight, for fear of further attacks. Nevertheless, the two ships were attacked the following evening by two Fw 200s returning from a reconnaissance mission. Despite the interception of the two bombers by two US Navy PBY Catalinas which strafed and badly damaged one of them[8] Port Fairy was hit on the port quarter by a 50 kg bomb which breached the hull, started a fire, and disabled her steering. Ammunition in adjacent cargo spaces was jettisoned and compartments flooded to minimize the risk of explosion. A bucket chain was set up to douse the fire, meanwhile Swale came alongside and played her own hoses on the blaze, which was extinguished by 2300 hrs. After two further air attacks, during which no hits were sustained, both ships completed the remaining 500 nm to Casablanca without further incident, Port Fairy steering by her engines.

Post-War[edit]

On 25 December 1953, while operating on the Montreal - Australian New Zealand service, both engines failed owing to contaminated lubrication oil and the ship drifted for three days towards the rocks of Fatu Hira atoll. Plans were put in place to rig a temporary sail, but as this was being done one of the engines was repaired and the ship made port at 5 knots.

Disposal[edit]

By 1965 Port Fairy was the oldest ship in the fleet, and was sold for £126,000 for scrap to Embajada Compania Naviera SA of Piraeus. Renamed Taishikan, she made her final commercial voyage to Hong Kong, where she was broken up.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "5528236". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 22 June 2009. (Subscription required (help)). 
  2. ^ http://iancoombe.tripod.com/id42.html
  3. ^ a b c "Maritime Disasters of World War II". Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  4. ^ "U-boat.net (HMCS Margaree)". Retrieved 2008-05-14. 
  5. ^ "Naval History.net". Retrieved 2008-05-14. 
  6. ^ Munro, A. (2006). The Winston Specials - Troopships via the Cape 1940-1943. Maritime Books, ISBN 1-904459-20-X
  7. ^ "Mercantile Marine.com". Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  8. ^ Ragnarsson, R. (2006). US Navy PBY Catalina Units of the Atlantic War, page 65. Osprey Publishing, ISBN 1-84176-910-X

External links[edit]