MV Shōnan Maru 2
|Name:||MV Shōnan Maru 2|
|Owner:||Kyodo Senpaku Kaisha, LTD.|
|Operator:||Japanese Fisheries Agency|
|Port of registry:||Tokyo, Japan.|
|Builder:||Hitachi Shipbuilding, Osaka|
|In service:||In service as of 2015|
|Notes:||Security Ship for ICR; Water cannons and acoustic weapons both present|
|Length:||70.55 m (231 ft)|
|Beam:||10.2 m (33.5 ft)|
|Draft:||4.763 m (15.6 ft)|
|Propulsion:||1 x Diesel 4045kilowatts|
|Speed:||18 kts Maximum Speed 19knts|
The Shōnan Maru 2 (第二昭南丸 Daini Shōnan Maru) is a Japanese security vessel, operated by the Japanese Fisheries Agency.
Design and Appearance
The Shōnan Maru 2 is similar in design and appearance to whale catchers used by the ICR such as the Yūshin Maru series, the primary external differences being the presence of a crane near the aft end of her superstructure used to launch and recover rigid-hulled inflatable boats (craft not carried aboard other ICR whale catchers), minor differences in the design of the bridge section and forward catwalk, and the absence of a structure on her prow used to recover fired harpoons. Originally, the Shōnan Maru 2 sported the same blue & white paint scheme as the ICR whale catchers, but in late 2011 she was repainted to an overall white scheme, the word "Research" on the side of her superstructure being replaced with "Government of Japan"
Altercations with Sea Shepherd Conservation Society
In late 2009, the Shōnan Maru 2 intercepted and pursued the MY Steve Irwin, being shown with a water cannon mounted on the bow in place of a harpoon. The ship trailed the Steve Irwin from a distance before closing in and engaging the Sea Shepherd vessel with water cannons and an LRAD.
On January 6, 2010 the vessel was involved in a collision at sea with the MY Ady Gil which was participating in Sea Shepherd operations against Japanese whaling in the Southern Ocean. Out of the crew of six from the Ady Gil, one New Zealand cameraman sustained broken ribs. The Ady Gil sank soon after. The third vessel at location, Sea Shepherd's Bob Barker, and the Shōnan Maru 2, took footage of the incident. Video of the incident has been released by both Institute of Cetacean Research and Sea Shepherd Conservation Society.
Both sides blamed each other, each stating that the other side miscalculated a maneuver. The New Zealand government expressed concern at the risk of human lives in the hostile environment, and also repeated its opposition to whaling in the Sanctuary. A spokesman for the Institute of Cetacean Research said that Japan would continue to protect their operations "in whatever way it can" and that further clashes would be likely unless Sea Shepherd stopped its operations.
On January 9, 2010, Sea Shepherd lodged a piracy complaint against the captain and the crew of the Shōnan Maru 2 in the Dutch courts.
An investigation into the collision by the Australian Maritime Safety Authority (AMSA) was inconclusive and unable to assign blame for the collision. AMSA was unable to verify claims made by Sea Shepherd, while the Japanese government declined to participate with the investigation saying any information it had might be needed for an inquiry by its own authorities.
On February 15, 2010, Peter Bethune, then member of the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society and the skipper of the Ady Gil, boarded the Shōnan Maru 2 without permission. He used a jet ski to approach the ship then climbed onto its deck after cutting through an anti-boarding net that was draped around the hull. He presented the captain of the whaler with a claim for $3 million for damages that the Ady Gil had suffered. He was transported to Tokyo where the Japan Coast Guard charged him with vessel invasion.
On January 7, 2012, three Australians from Forest Rescue boarded the Shōnan Maru 2 off the coast of Bunbury, Australia within the Australian contiguous zone (16.2 miles from shore) without authorisation. The three suspects were detained on the vessel accordingly. The Australian government said on January 9 that it is negotiating for the release of the campaigners. On January 10, Japan and Australia reached an agreement to return the activists without charging them of any offense. The activists were then transferred to the Australian Customs and Border Protection Service vessel Ocean Protector.
Seizure by Russia
On 15 August 2014, the vessel and its crew were being held in Russia, after it entered Russian territorial waters without permission. One week later, on 26 August 2014, Shōnan Maru No. 2 was allowed to leave Russia after paying a fine of 30,000 rubles ($830 USD).
- "Investigation report Ady Gil and Shonan Maru No. 2" (PDF). MaritimeNZ.govt.nz. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 28, 2010. Retrieved November 18, 2010.
- "SHONAN MARU NO.2". marinetraffic.com. Retrieved November 18, 2010.
- "Shonan Maru information". Researchvessels.org. Retrieved 13 January 2010.
- ANDREW DARBY (January 6, 2010). "Japanese ship destroys whale protest boat Ady Gil". Melbourne: The Age. Retrieved January 7, 2010.
- Fitzgerald, Julie (January 7, 2010). "Govt calls for restraint after ocean clash". The New Zealand Herald. NZPA. Retrieved October 27, 2011.
- "Ady Gil sinks after collision". Melbourne: The Age. January 8, 2010. Retrieved January 8, 2010.
- "Japanese Whalers Ram Sea Shepherd Ship Ady Gil" (Press release). Sea Shepherd Conservation Society. January 5, 2010. Archived from the original on January 14, 2010. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
- "Conservationists File Piracy Claim Against Whalers". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-01-09.[dead link]
- Draper, Michelle (May 8, 2010). "Inquiry into Ady Gil crash inconclusive". The Sydney Morning Herald.
- Fackler, Martin; McDonald, Mark (2010-03-12). "Japanese Coast Guard Arrests Anti-Whaling Skipper". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-03-12.
- Johnston, Matt (9 January 2012). "Government negotiates with Japanese for release of Australians". Herald Sun. Retrieved 8 January 2012.
- Yamine, Evelyn (9 January 2012). "Sea Shepherd Conservation Society and Forest Rescue Australia put three campaigners on the Shonan Maru". The Telegraph. Retrieved 8 January 2012.
- "Russia seizes Japan research whaling ship in Sea of Okhotsk". The Japan Times. 22 August 2014. Retrieved 2014-09-04.
- "Japanese whaling patrol ship allowed to leave Russian port". The Japan Times. 26 August 2014. Retrieved 2014-09-04.
- "SHONAN MARU No 1 and No 2". Retrieved January 10, 2010. (Images of the Shōnan Maru 1 and 2)
- YouTube videos of the collision with Ady Gil
- "Collision of Sea Shepherd's Adi Gil and Japanese whaling boat". YouTube. Retrieved January 10, 2010.
- "Ady Gil Being Rammed, View From Bob Barker". YouTube. Retrieved January 10, 2010.
- "Footage from the Ady Gil, right before its ramming by the Shōnan Maru No. 2". YouTube. Retrieved January 10, 2010.