Myosin, a structural component of muscle, consists of two heavy chains and four light chains. The protein encoded by this gene is a myosin light chain that may regulate muscle contraction by modulating the ATPase activity of myosin heads. The encoded protein binds calcium and is activated by myosin light chain kinase. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.
Szczesna-Cordary D, Guzman G, Zhao J et al. (2005). "The E22K mutation of myosin RLC that causes familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy increases calcium sensitivity of force and ATPase in transgenic mice.". J. Cell. Sci.118 (Pt 16): 3675–83. doi:10.1242/jcs.02492. PMID16076902.
Deloukas P, Matthews LH, Ashurst J et al. (2001). "The DNA sequence and comparative analysis of human chromosome 20.". Nature414 (6866): 865–71. doi:10.1038/414865a. PMID11780052.
Ota T, Suzuki Y, Nishikawa T et al. (2004). "Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs.". Nat. Genet.36 (1): 40–5. doi:10.1038/ng1285. PMID14702039.
Iwasaki T, Murata-Hori M, Ishitobi S, Hosoya H (2001). "Diphosphorylated MRLC is required for organization of stress fibers in interphase cells and the contractile ring in dividing cells.". Cell Struct. Funct.26 (6): 677–83. doi:10.1247/csf.26.677. PMID11942626.
Higashihara M, Watanabe M, Usuda S, Miyazaki K (2008). "Smooth muscle type isoform of 20 kDa myosin light chain is expressed in monocyte/macrophage cell lineage". Journal of smooth muscle research = Nihon Heikatsukin Gakkai kikanshi44 (1): 29–40. doi:10.1540/jsmr.44.29. PMID18480596.
Kumar CC, Mohan SR, Zavodny PJ et al. (1989). "Characterization and differential expression of human vascular smooth muscle myosin light chain 2 isoform in nonmuscle cells". Biochemistry28 (9): 4027–35. doi:10.1021/bi00435a059. PMID2526655.