M (1951 film)
theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Joseph Losey|
|Produced by||Seymour Nebenzal|
|Written by||Waldo Salt (additional dialogue)|
|Screenplay by||Norman Reilly Raine|
Howard Da Silva
|Music by||Michel Michelet|
|Edited by||Edward Mann|
|Distributed by||Columbia Pictures|
M is a 1951 American film noir and a remake, directed by Joseph Losey, of Fritz Lang's 1931 German film of the same name. This version shifts the action from Berlin to Los Angeles and changes the killer's name from Hans Beckert to Martin W. Harrow. Both versions of M were produced by Seymour Nebenzal, whose son, Harold, was associate producer of the 1951 version.
Martin W. Harrow (David Wayne) is a compulsive child-murderer who is tracked down and then placed on trial by the criminal underworld in Los Angeles. Syndicate chieftain Marshall (Martin Gabel) organizes his fellow crooks in order to bring "M" to justice, thereby keeping the police off their own backs. Found guilty by his "peers" and sentenced to death, "M" makes an impassioned plea for his life, explaining that he is unable to stop himself from committing his unspeakable crimes.
- David Wayne as Martin W. Harrow
- Howard Da Silva as Inspector Carney
- Luther Adler as Dan Langley
- Martin Gabel as Charlie Marshall
- Steve Brodie as Lt. Becker
- Raymond Burr as Pottsy
- Glenn Anders as Riggert
- Karen Morley as Mrs. Coster
- Norman Lloyd as Sutro
- John Miljan as Blind Ballon Vender
- Walter Burke as MacMahan
- Roy Engel as Police Chief Regan
- Benny Burt as Jansen
- Leonard Bremen as Lembre (as Lennie Bremen)
- Jim Backus as The Mayor
- Janine Perreau as The Last Little Girl
- Frances Karath as Little Girl in Hallway
- Robin Fletcher as Elsie Coster
- Bernard Szold as Bradbury Bldg. Watchman
- Jorja Curtright as Mrs. Stewart
The film was shot on location in downtown Los Angeles, including the now demolished Victorian neighborhood of Bunker Hill. David Wayne's murderous character lived at an eccentric Victorian mansion on Bunker Hill Avenue known as the Max Heindel house, because Heindel, a famous astrologer in the early twentieth century, had once lived there. Some scenes were shot on and around the funicular Angels Flight on Third Street. But the most spectacular location footage takes place within a lengthy sequence shot inside the famous Bradbury Building on the southeast corner of Broadway and Third (just a block east of Angels Flight). Director Losey used the basement, the distinctive stairways and balconies, and the roof of the building. The Bradbury, which has been used in many films, including Blade Runner, because of its unique wrought-iron and brick beauty, remains a popular but restricted tourist attraction today.
When the film was released, an anonymous reviewer at Variety wrote: "David Wayne, as the killer of small children, is effective and convincing. Luther Adler, as a drunken lawyer member of a gangster mob, turns in an outstanding performance, as do Martin Gabel, the gang-leader, and Howard da Silva and Steve Brodie as police officials ... Joseph Losey’s direction has captured the gruesome theme skilfully."
The film was classified by Ohio film censors as unacceptable for public screenings. At the end of 1953, the film's producers appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court and, in 1954, M was approved for exhibition in Ohio without any cuts.
- M at the TCM Movie Database.
- Variety film review (1951); accessed July 17, 2013.
- Special to The New York Times (January 1, 1954). "HIGH COURT TO SEE TWO BANNED FILMS / Appeals From Rulings on 'M' and 'La Ronde' Call States' Action Unconstitutional". The New York Times. Retrieved February 17, 2019.