M (1951 film)
theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Joseph Losey|
|Produced by||Seymour Nebenzal|
|Screenplay by||Norman Reilly Raine|
Waldo Salt (additional dialogue)
Howard Da Silva
|Music by||Michel Michelet|
|Edited by||Edward Mann|
|Distributed by||Columbia Pictures|
M is a 1951 American film noir directed by Joseph Losey. It is a remake of Fritz Lang's 1931 German film of the same name about a child murderer. This version shifts the action from Berlin to Los Angeles and changes the killer's name from Hans Beckert to Martin W. Harrow. Both versions of M were produced by Seymour Nebenzal, whose son, Harold, was associate producer of the 1951 version.
The film was restored in 2015, with Harold Nebenzal as Executive Producer of the restoration.
Martin W. Harrow (David Wayne) is a compulsive child-murderer, and the public demands of the mayor and police that he be caught. The police start a crackdown on criminal operations, dive bars and hangouts in the city, hoping that the murderer will turn up in one of the many raids. This pressure is preventing the city's crime syndicate from doing business, and its boss, Marshall (Martin Gabel), organizes his forces to find and stop the murderer, so the police will stop the crackdown and go back to business as usual. Meanwhile, Police Inspector Carney (Howard Da Silva) has a psychiatrist examining patients who have been released from mental hospitals as possible suspects.
At the same time that the police focus on Harrow, finding incriminating evidence – the shoes of the dead children – in his apartment, the criminals track him down with his intended next victim. They capture him, and place him on trial by his "peers" in the Los Angeles criminal underworld. Harrow makes an impassioned plea for his life, explaining that he is unable to stop himself from committing his unspeakable crimes. Just as he is about to be killed by the crowd, the police arrive to take him away, but not before Marshall has shot and killed his alcoholic lawyer, Dan Langley (Luther Adler).
- David Wayne as Martin W. Harrow
- Howard Da Silva as Inspector Carney
- Luther Adler as Dan Langley
- Martin Gabel as Charlie Marshall
- Steve Brodie as Lt. Becker
- Raymond Burr as Pottsy
- Glenn Anders as Riggert
- Karen Morley as Mrs. Coster
- Norman Lloyd as Sutro
- John Miljan as Blind ballon vender
- Walter Burke as MacMahan
- Roy Engel as Police Chief Regan
- Benny Burt as Jansen
- Leonard Bremen as Lembre
- Jim Backus as The Mayor
- Janine Perreau as The last little girl
- Frances Karath as Little girl in hallway
- Robin Fletcher as Elsie Coster
- Bernard Szold as Bradbury Building watchman
- Jorja Curtright as Mrs. Stewart
- M marked the screen debut of Martin Gabel, an original member of Orson Welles' Mercury Theatre troupe. He made only a few other films – including directing one – concentrating his career on working in the theatre as a performer, director and producer. He won a Tony Award in 1961 for Best Featured Actor in a Play.
Producer Seymour Nebenzel's Nero Films produced the original 1931 version of M directed by Fritz Lang, and Nebenzal retained the rights when he fled Nazi Germany and began to make films in Hollywood, primarily "B" pictures for major studios and low-budget independents. Nebenzal decided in 1950 to remake M, reset to Los Angeles – perhaps inspired by the anti-Communist mass hysteria then predominant in the country – and approached Lang about directing it, but Lang was appalled and outraged by the idea of anyone remaking a film he consider to be his masterpiece. Nebenzal then approached another expatriate German film director, Douglas Sirk, who also turned him down. Joseph Losey, however, took on the job, despite his being under suspicion of being a Communist by the FBI and the House Un-American Activities Committee. Losey's casting included actors who were also under suspicion. Losey would later leave the U.S. and settle in the U.K. to make films there, notably his collaborations with writer Harold Pinter: The Servant (1963), Accident (1967) and The Go-Between (1971).
The film was shot on location in downtown Los Angeles, including the now demolished Victorian neighborhood of Bunker Hill. David Wayne's character lived at an eccentric Victorian mansion on Bunker Hill Avenue known as the Max Heindel house because Heindel, a famous astrologer in the early 20th century, had once lived there. Some scenes were shot on and around the funicular Angels Flight on Third Street. The most spectacular footage occurs in a lengthy sequence shot inside the Bradbury Building on the southeast corner of Broadway and Third, a block east of Angels Flight. Director Losey used the basement, the distinctive stairways and balconies, and the roof of the building.
When the film was released, an anonymous reviewer at Variety wrote: "David Wayne, as the killer of small children, is effective and convincing. Luther Adler, as a drunken lawyer member of a gangster mob, turns in an outstanding performance, as do Martin Gabel, the gang-leader, and Howard da Silva and Steve Brodie as police officials ... Joseph Losey’s direction has captured the gruesome theme skilfully." Wayne in particular received good reviews.
Fritz Lang remarked that the release of the 1951 film earned his 1931 original the best reviews of his career.
M was boycotted in some cities because of director Losey's political views.
The film was classified by Ohio film censors as unacceptable for public screenings. At the end of 1953, the film's producers appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, and in 1954, M was approved for exhibition in Ohio without any cuts.
- M at the TCM Movie Database.
- Muller, Eddie (April 28, 2019) Outro to the Turner Classic Movies presentation of M
- "Martin Gabel: Shows" Internet Broadway Database
- "Martin Gabel: Awards" Internet Broadway Database
- Muller, Eddie (April 28, 2019) Intro to the Turner Classic Movies presentation of M
- Variety film review (1951); accessed July 17, 2013.
- Staff (January 1, 1954). "High Court to See Two Banned Films / Appeals From Rulings on 'M' and 'La Ronde' Call States' Action Unconstitutional". The New York Times. Retrieved February 17, 2019.