|Region or state||Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Syria and throughout the Arab world|
|Main ingredients||Semolina, dates, pistachios or walnuts|
|Cookbook: Ma'amoul Media: Ma'amoul|
Ma'amoul (Arabic: معمول [mɑʕmuːl] ( listen), also spelled maamoul, mamul, maamul) is an ancient Arab dessert filled pastry or cookie made with dates, pistachios or nuts such as walnuts (occasionally almonds), figs. They may be in the shape of balls, domed or flattened cookies. They can either be decorated by hand or be made in special wooden moulds. Ma'amoul with date fillings are often known as menenas, and are sometimes made in the form of date rolls rather than balls or cookies.
Maamoul is usually made a few days before Eid, then stored to be served with Arabic coffee and chocolate to the guests who come during the holiday. It is popular throughout the Arab world, especially in Levant.
Ma'amoul originate from date-filled kahk, a similar cookie eaten by Egyptians for Eid al-Fitr and Easter. Kahk have been eaten in Egypt since the Eighteenth Dynasty, 3500 years ago, and have been part of the Eid feast since the 10th century AD Tulunid dynasty.
Many households keep a stock of them all year round, but they are particularly used on religious festivals.
- Muslims eat them at night during Ramadan and on the Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha holidays,
- Arab Christians and Greeks eat them in the days before Lent, on Easter Sunday and on the feast of Epiphany. In the Christian traditions of the Mediterranean area, the cookies are marked with a cross, or shaped into rings to symbolize the crown of Jesus.
- They are also popular among Syrian, Lebanese and Egyptian Jewish communities, where ma'amoul with nut fillings are eaten on Purim, and ma'amoul with date fillings are eaten on Rosh Hashanah and Hanukkah. The Levantine Jewish version of ma'amoul differs from the Levantine or Turkish versions by being made with pure white flour and no semolina, today this variation is eaten in Syrian and Egyptian Jewish communities in the Diaspora.
There is a more elaborate version known as Karabij (Kerebiç in Turkish), used on special occasions. In this, nut-filled ma'amoul balls are piled in a pyramid and served with a white cream called Naatiffe made from egg whites, sugar syrup and soapwort (Saponaria officinalis). These are popular in Syria, Lebanon, and other Levantine countries.
|Wikibooks Cookbook has a recipe/module on|
- "Maamoul: An Ancient Cookie That Ushers In Easter And Eid In The Middle East". NPR.org. Retrieved 2017-11-10.
- "Maamoul Is Date Filled Arabian Cookies - Munaty Cooking". Munaty Cooking. 2017-01-17. Retrieved 2017-11-10.
- "Maamoul: Middle Eastern pistachio filled pastries". May I Have That Recipe. 8 May 2013.
- "Maamoul (ma'-mul) Dates". www.libanaissweets.com. Retrieved 2017-11-11.
- Rahayel, Anthony (2014-02-02). "Safsouf's Maamoul Madd bi Ashta: Back to Authenticity... :: NoGarlicNoOnions: Restaurant, Food, and Travel Stories/Reviews - Lebanon". NoGarlicNoOnions. Retrieved 2017-11-11.
- "Maamoul: The Sweet Tradition of Eid". The Irresistible Magazine by Al Rifai. 7 September 2016.
- Obayda, Gloria. Sweets And Desserts Of The Middle East. 101 Middle Eastern Delights.
- "At the Immigrant's Table: Jewish ma'amoul pie". At the Immigrant's Table. 3 February 2014.
- Fawzi, Essam (November 11, 2009). "Kahk: Cookies with history". Egypt Independent. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
- Team, Almaany. "Definition and meaning of the verb in Arabic language - Arabic dictionary - Page 1". www.almaany.com.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ma'amoul.|
- Maamoul Mold,http://etsy.me/1jvh6zR:Turkey
- Farah, Madelain, Lebanese Cuisine: More than 200 Simple, Delicious, Authentic Recipes: London: 2001 ISBN 978-1-56858-179-8
- Smouha, Patricia, Middle Eastern Cooking, London 1955 ASIN: B0000CJAHX
- Roden, Claudia, A New Book of Middle Eastern Food: London 1986 ISBN 0-14-046588-X
- Roden, Claudia, The Book of Jewish Food: New York 1997, London 1999 ISBN 0-14-046609-6
- Uvezian, Sonia, Recipes and Remembrances from an Eastern Mediterranean Kitchen: A Culinary Journey Through Syria, Lebanon, and Jordan: 2004 ISBN 0-9709716-8-0, ISBN 978-0-9709716-8-5
- Joan Nathan, The Jewish Holiday Kitchen: New York 1988 ISBN 0-8052-0900-X
- Joan Nathan's Jewish Holiday Cookbook: 2004 ISBN 0-8052-4217-1, ISBN 978-0-8052-4217-1
- "Maamoul – Traditional Middle Eastern Cookies". www.libanaissweets.com. Retrieved 10 November 2015.