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Mamoul biscotti libanesi.jpg
Region or stateArab world
Main ingredientsSemolina, dates, pistachios or walnuts
Ma'amoul at Vienna Naschmarkt

Ma'amoul (Arabic: معمول[mɑʕmuːl] (About this soundlisten), also spelled m'aamoul, m'amul, m'aamul) is a filled semolina cookie found in Arab regions made with dates, nuts such as pistachios or walnuts and occasionally almonds, or figs.[1][2][3]

Ma'amoul are usually made a few days before Christmas, Easter, or Eid, then stored to be served with Arabic coffee and chocolate to guests who come during the holiday.[1][4] It is popular throughout the Arab world,[5] especially in the Arabian peninsula.[6]

They may be in the shape of balls, domed or flattened cookies.[7] They can either be decorated by hand or be made in special wooden moulds. Ma'amoul with date fillings are often known as menenas, and are sometimes made in the form of date rolls rather than balls or cookies.[8]


The Arabic word Ma'amoul (Arabic: معمول‎) is derived from the Arabic verb Arabic: 'amala‎, meaning to “to do”.[9]


Many households keep a stock of them all year round, but they are notably consumed during religious festivals.


A more elaborate version known as Karabij (Kerebiç in Turkish) is used on special occasions. For this, nut-filled ma'amoul balls are stacked in a pyramid and served with a white cream called Naatiffe made from egg whites, sugar syrup and soapwort (Saponaria officinalis). It is popular in Syria, Lebanon, and other Levantine countries.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Maamoul: An Ancient Cookie That Ushers In Easter And Eid In The Middle East". Retrieved 2017-11-10.
  2. ^ "Maamoul Is Date Filled Arabian Cookies - Munaty Cooking". Munaty Cooking. 2017-01-17. Retrieved 2017-11-10.
  3. ^ "Maamoul: Middle Eastern pistachio filled pastries". May I Have That Recipe. 8 May 2013.
  4. ^ "Maamoul: The Sweet Tradition of Eid". The Irresistible Magazine by Al Rifai. 7 September 2016.
  5. ^ Obayda, Gloria. Sweets And Desserts Of The Middle East. 101 Middle Eastern Delights.
  6. ^ "At the Immigrant's Table: Jewish ma'amoul pie". At the Immigrant's Table. 3 February 2014.
  7. ^ "Maamoul (ma'-mul) Dates". Retrieved 2017-11-11.
  8. ^ Rahayel, Anthony (2014-02-02). "Safsouf's Maamoul Madd bi Ashta: Back to Authenticity... :: NoGarlicNoOnions: Restaurant, Food, and Travel Stories/Reviews - Lebanon". NoGarlicNoOnions. Retrieved 2017-11-11.
  9. ^ Team, Almaany. "Definition and meaning of the verb in Arabic language - Arabic dictionary - Page 1".