Ma'munids

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Ma'munid dynasty

995–1017
StatusMonarchy
CapitalGurganj
Common languagesKhwarezmian language
Religion
Islam
Khwarazm-Shah 
• 1017
Ma'mun I ibn Muhammad (first)
• 
Abu'l-Harith Muhammad (last)
Historical eraMiddle Ages
• Established
995
• Ghaznavid conquest of Khwarezm.
1017
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Afrighids
Ghaznavids
Faravahar background
History of Greater Iran

The Maʾmunids (Persian: مأمونیان‎) were an independent dynasty of Iranian rulers[1] in Chorasmia.[2] Their reign was short-lived (995–1017), and they were in turn replaced by the expansionist Ghaznavids.

Rulers and kingdom[edit]

The ancient Iranian kingdom of Khwarazm had been ruled until 995 by the old established line of Afrighids of Kath.[2] Khwarazm, or the classical Chorasmia, was the well irrigated and rich agricultural region of lower Oxus. Surrounded on all sides by steppe land and desert, it was geographically isolated from other areas of civilization. This isolation allowed it to maintain a separate distinctive Iranian language and culture.[2]

The Ma'munids replaced the ancient line of Afrighid Khwarazmshahs. The name of the rulers of this were:

1. Ma'mun I ibn Muhammad 385/995

2. Abu al-Hasan Ali 387/997

3. Ma'mun II ca. 399/1008-09

Folāna

4. Abu'l-Harith Muhammad 407-08/1017

They were in turn displaced by the Ghaznavids.

Further reading[edit]

  • "ĀL-E MAʾMŪN (or Maʾmunids)" in Encyclopædia Iranica by C.E. Bosworth [1][permanent dead link]
  • Clifford Edmund Bosworth, The New Islamic Dynasties: A Chronological and Genealogical Manual, Columbia University, 1996.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ĀL-E MAʾMŪN (or Maʾmunids)" in Encyclopedia Iranica by C.E. Bosworth[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ a b c Clifford Edmund Bosworth, The New Islamic Dynasties: A Chronological and Genealogical Manual, Columbia University, 1996.