List of minor biblical figures, L–Z
Lahmi, according to 1 Chronicles 20:5, was the brother of Goliath, killed by David's warrior Elhanan. See also Elhanan son of Jair.
This entry is about the individual named Laish. For the city Dan, known also as Laish, see Dan (ancient city).
Laish is a name which appears in 1 Samuel 25:44 and 2 Samuel 3:15, where it is the name of the father of Palti, or Paltiel, the man who was married to Saul's daughter Michal before she was returned to David.
Letushim appears as a son of Dedan according to Genesis 25:3.
Levi (Hebrew לֵוִי "unite") was the name of two minor figures mentioned in the Bible. For the more famous biblical character by this name, see Levi.
- The great-great-grandfather of Jesus; son of Melchi and father of Matthat. (Luke 3:24)
- Another ancestor of Jesus. (Luke 3:29)
Libni (Hebrew לִבְנִי "whiten, purify, make bricks") was a son of Gershon of the house of Levi according to Exodus 6:17 and Numbers 3:18. He was born in Egypt. His descendants are referred to as the 'Libnites'.
Lo-Ammi (Hebrew for "not my people") was the youngest son of Hosea and Gomer. He had an older brother named Jezreel and an older sister named Lo-Ruhamah. God commanded Hosea to name him "Lo-Ammi" to symbolize his anger with the people of Israel (see Hosea 1:1-9).
Lo-Ruhamah (Hebrew for "not loved") was the daughter of Hosea and Gomer. She had an older brother named Jezreel and a younger brother named Lo-Ammi. Her name was chosen by God to symbolize his displeasure with the people of Israel (see Hosea 1:1-9).
Maadai son of Bani is found in Ezra 10:34, in a list of men recorded as having married foreign women.
Maadiah appears in a list of priests and Levites said to have accompanied Zerubbabel in Nehemiah 12:5.
Maaseiah (Hebrew מעשיהו maaseyahu "Work of God") is the name of several men in the Hebrew Bible:
- One of the Levites whom David appointed as porter for the ark 1 Chronicles 15:18, 1 Chronicles 15:20
- One of the "captains of hundreds" associated with Jehoiada in restoring king Jehoash to the throne 2 Chronicles 23:1
- The "king's son," probably one of the sons of king Ahaz, killed by Zichri in the invasion of Judah by Pekah, king of Israel 2 Chronicles 28:7
- One who was sent by king Josiah to repair the temple 2 Chr. 34:8. He was governor (Heb. sar, rendered elsewhere in the Authorized Version "prince," "chief captain," chief ruler") of Jerusalem.
- The father of the priest Zephaniah Jer. 21:1,Jer. 37:3
- The father of the false prophet Zedekiah Jer. 29:21
- a priest, the father of Neriah Jer. 32:12, Jer. 51:59
- The son of Shallum, "the keeper of the threshold" (Jeremiah 35:4) "may be the father of the priest Zephaniah mentioned in [Jeremiah] 21:1; 29:25; 37:3." 
- Head of the twenty-fourth priestly course in David's reign. 1 Chronicles 24:18
- Also, A priest Neh. 10:8
Machbena or Machbenah, according to the only mention of him, in 1 Chronicles 2:49, was the son of Sheva the son of Caleb.
Magpiash, according to Nehemiah 10:20, was one of the men who signed a covenant between God and the people of Yehud Medinata.
Hebrew: sickness, a company of dancers, or a harp
- Mahalath, one of the wives of Esau, and a daughter of Ishmael (Genesis 28:6-9). Thought to be the same as Basemath of Genesis 36.
- Mahalath, a daughter of Jerimoth and Abihail; the wife of king Rehoboam. (1 Chronicles 11:18)
Hebrew for "Grasping"
- A Kohathite Levite, father of Elkanah 1 Chronicles 6:35
- Another Kohathite Levite, of the time of Hezekiah 2 Chronicles 29:12
Maher-shahal-has-baz ("Hurry to spoil!" or "He has made haste to the plunder!") was the second mentioned son of the prophet Isaiah (Isaiah 8.1-4). The name is a reference to the impending plunder of Samaria and Damascus by the king of Assyria.
Mahlah (“infirmity,” “a harp”, or “pardon”) is the name of two biblical persons:
- One of the daughters of Zelophehad, who with her four sisters brought a claim regarding inheritance before Moses. (Num. 26:33, 27:1–11, 36; Jo. 17:3–6
- A child of Gilead's sister Hammolecheth and great-granddaughter of Manasseh. She had two siblings, Ishhod and Abiezer. (1 Chr. 7:18–6
For the deity sometimes called Malcam, Malcham, or Milcom, see Moloch.
Malchiel (Hebrew מַלְכִּיאֵל "my king is God") was a son of Beriah the son of Asher, according to Genesis 46:17 and Numbers 26:45. He was one of the 70 persons to migrate to Egypt with Jacob. According to 1 Chronicles 7:31, he was the ancestor of the Malchielites, a group within the Tribe of Asher.
Malchiah (Hebrew: מלכיהו malkiyahu "God is my king") son of the king (Jeremiah 38:6), owner of the pit into which Jeremiah was thrown
Heb. "Reigned over, or reigning."
- A Levite of the family of Merari 1 Chronicles 6:44
- A priest who returned from Babylon (Neh. NIV),(Ezra 10:29),(Ezra 10:32)
For the Maon who appears in a genealogy, see List of minor biblical places § Maon.
Marsena is listed by Esther 1:14 as one of seven Persian officials working for king Ahasuerus.
Matred, according to Genesis 36:39 and 1 Chronicles 1:50, was the mother-in-law of the Edomite king Hadad II.
"Gift of God", possibly also translated as Matthan.
- The son of Levi, and father of Heli (Luke 3:24), great grandfather to Jesus
- Son of another Levi (Luke 3:29), 31 generations before Jesus and 11 generations after King David
Mehir son of Chelub appears in a genealogy of the Tribe of Judah in 1 Chronicles 4:11.
Melatiah the Gibeonite is a person who, according to Nehemiah 3:7, was responsible for rebuilding a portion of the wall of Jerusalem after the end of the Babylonian captivity.
"Increase", or "Majority", the eldest of Saul's two daughters (1 Samuel 14:49). She was offered to David after his victory over Goliath, but does not seem to have entered heartily into this arrangement (1 Samuel 18:17-19). She was at length, however, married to Adriel of Abel-Meholah, a town in the Jordan valley, about 10 miles south of BethsheanBeit She'an, with whom the house of Saul maintained an alliance. She had five sons, who were all put to death by the Gibeonites on the hill of Gibeah (2 Samuel 21:8). Merab is also a common feminine name in Israel.
"Resistance", a chief priest, a contemporary of the high priest Joiakim (Neh 12:12).
- Father of Amariah, a priest of the line of Eleazar (1 Chronicles 6:6-7), (1 Chronicles 6:52). It is uncertain if he ever was the high priest.
- A priest who went to Jerusalem with Zerubbabel (Nehemiah 12:15). He is called Meremoth in Neh 12:3.
"Exaltations, heights", a priest who returned from Babylon with Zerubbabel (Nehemiah 12:3), to whom were sent the sacred vessels (Ezra 8:33) belonging to the temple. He took part in rebuilding the walls of Jerusalem (Neh 3:4).
Meres is listed in Esther 1:14 as one of seven officials in the service of Ahasuerus.
- The father of Berechiah, a member of the Tribe of Ephraim during the time when Pekah was king.
- A priest, the son of Immer. He is called "Meshillemoth" in 1 Chronicles 9:12.
Meshullam, meaning "befriended", was the name of eleven biblical individuals. (See Meshullam.)
Michaiah (Hebrew: מיכיהו Mikay'hu "Who is like Yah?") is the name of at least two biblical figures:
- Michaiah (or Micaiah), son of Imri (q.v.)
- Michaiah, the son of Gemariah, the son of Shaphan (Jeremiah 36:11),who heard Baruch's reading of the oracles of YHVH to Jeremiah, and reported to king Johoiakim
Mijamin (also spelled Miamin, Miniamin, Minjamin) ("from the right hand") is the name of three persons mentioned in the Bible:
- The head of the sixth of twenty four priestly divisions set up by King David. (1 Chr 24:9)
- A chief priest who returned from Babylon with Zerubbabel (Neh 12:5), who signed the renewed covenant with God. (Neh 10:8) In the time of Joiakim his family had joined with that of Moadiah, and was led by Piltai. He was also called Miniamin. (Neh 12:17)
- A non-priestly Mijamin son of Parosh is mentioned in Ezra 10:25 as one of those who divorced a gentile wife, and sacrificed a ram in atonement.
"Staves" or "Looking Down".
- An officer under Dodai, in the time of David and Solomon (1 Chr 27:4).
- A Benjamite (1 Chr 8:32),(1 Chr 9:37), (1 Chr 9:38).
This was the name of two biblical men.
Mishael was a son of Uzziel of the house of Levi according to Exodus 6:22, born in Egypt. He was a nephew of Amram and a cousin of Aaron, Miriam, and Moses. He and Elzaphan were asked by Moses to carry away Nadab’s and Abihu’s bodies to a place outside the camp. (Leviticus 10:4)
Mishael was one of the three Hebrew youths who were trained with Daniel in Babylon (Dan. 1:11, 19). He and his companions were cast into and miraculously delivered from the fiery furnace for refusing to worship the king's idol (3:13-30). Mishael's Babylonian name was Meshach.
misma bibical figure son of simeon
"Reminding, or remembrancer". A Christian of Jerusalem with whom Paul lodged (Acts 21:16). He was apparently a native of Cyprus, like Barnabas (Acts 11:19-20), and was well known to the Christians of Caesarea (Acts 4:36). He was an "old disciple" (R.V., "early disciple"), i.e., he had become a Christian in the beginning of the formation of the Church in Jerusalem.
(Hebrew מוֹלִיד "to have children")
(Hebrew מוֹצָא "escape route" said of flowing water, the rising sun, leafing plants, etc.)
- One of the sons of Caleb (1 Chr 2:46).
- The son of Zimri, of the posterity of Saul (1 Chr 8:36-37),(1 Chr 9:42-43).
Muppim (Hebrew מֻפִּים "wave offerings") or Shuphim was the eighth son of Benjamin in Genesis 46:21 and Numbers 26:39.
Naboth was a minor figure known for owning a vineyard that king Ahab wished to have for himself. When Naboth was unwilling to give up the vineyard, Ahab's wife Jezebel instigated a plot to have Naboth killed. See 1 Kings 21.
- Nahath, son of Reuel, son of Esau appears in a genealogy of the Edomites, found in Genesis 36:13 and repeated in 1 Chronicles 1:37. According to the Encyclopaedia Biblica', this Nahath is probably the same figure as the Naham of 1 Chronicles 4:19 and the Naam of 1 Chronicles 4:15.
- A Nahath appears in the ancestry of Samuel according to 1 Chronicles 6:26 (verse 11 in some Bibles).
- A Nahath appears in a list of Levite supervisors in the time of Hezekiah, in 2 Chronicles 31:13
Nahum, in addition to being the name of the well-known biblical prophet Nahum, is also the name of a figure mentioned in passing in Luke's version of the genealogy of Jesus. The Nahum of Luke has his name spelled Naum in the King James Version.
Narcissus is mentioned briefly in Romans 16:11, which sends greetings to "Those of the household of Narcissus who are in the Lord." Beyond this brief reference, nothing more is known for certain of the person referred to.
"Neariah" is the name of two biblical individuals. Neariah the son of Shemaiah, was a descendant of David, and father of Elionenai (1 Chronicles 3:22). The other Neariah was, according to Chronicles, a leader in the Tribe of Simeon (1 Chronicles 4:42).
Nebat (Hebrew: נבט nebat "Sprout"), an Ephrathite of Zereda, was the father of Jeroboam (q.v.)
Nekoda was the ancestor of 652 Jews who returned from Babylonia with Ezra, but were declared ineligible to serve as Kohanim (priests) because they could not prove that their ancestors had been Kohanim. This is recounted in Ezra 2:48,60 and in Nehemiah 7:50, 62, where the number of men is given as 642.
Nemuel was the name of two individuals mentioned in the Bible:
"Obadiah" was a descendant of David, father of Sheconiah, and son of Arnan
Obil was an Ishmaelite, a keeper of camels in the time of David, according to 1 Chronicles 27:30.
On, the son of Peleth, of the Tribe of Reuben, was a participant in Korah’s rebellion against Moses according to Numbers 16:1. On is referred to as "Hon" in the Douai Bible translation. He is mentioned alongside Korah, Dathan and Abiram as the instigators of the rebellion, but not referred to later when Korah, Dathan and Abiram were challenged and punished for their rebellion.
Ozem is a Hebrew name meaning strong, which applies to two people in the Bible.
- A brother of David, and the sixth son of Jesse (1 Chronicles 2:15).
- A son of Jerahmeel (1 Chronicles 2:25).
See Ezbon above.
Pelatiah (Hebrew: פלטיהו PeLaTYaHOo "Refugee of God" Ezekiel 11:1) son of Benaiah, a prince of the people, among the 25 Ezekiel saw at the East Gate; he fell dead upon hearing the prophecy regrarding Jerusalem.
Pul an abbreviation for the Assyrian King, Tiglath-Pileser III. Pul attacked Israel in the reign of Menahem and extracted tribute. II Kings 15:19
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Rabmag (Hebrew רַב־מָג) is the name of two figures in the Bible:
- The Assyrian "Rab-mugi" — a "chief physician" who was attached to the king of Babylon (Jeremiah 39:3,13).
- The title of one of Sennacherib's officers sent with messages to Hezekiah and the people of Jerusalem demanding the surrender of the city. He was accompanied by a "great army;" but his mission was unsuccessful (II Kings 18:17-19:13 and Isaiah 36:12-37:13).
Rephaiah (Hebrew רְפָיָה "the Lord has healed"), a descendant of David was the father of Arnan and the son of Jeshaiah.
In 1 Chronicles 26:7–8, Rephael (Hebrew: רְפָאֵל, Modern Refaʾel, Tiberian Rəp̄āʾēl; "healed of God") was one of Shemaiah's sons. He and his brethren, on account of their "strength for service," formed one of the divisions of the temple porters.
According to I Kings 11:23- Rezon (Hebrew: רזון ReZON "Thinness") became regent in Damascus and was an adversary of Solomon.
Hebrew: ראש rosh "Head"
A nation named Rosh is also mentioned in Ezekiel 38:2-3; 39:1 "Son of man, set your face toward Gog, the land of Magog, the prince of Rosh, Meshech, and Tubal; and prophesy concerning him." Also in a variant reading of Isaiah 66:19 (MT) and the Septuagint Jeremiah 32:23. Most scholars see this as a mistranslation of נְשִׂ֕יא רֹ֖אשׁnesi ro’š ("chief prince"), rather than a toponym.
Sachar was the name of two individuals mentioned in the Bible:
- One of David's heroes 1 Chronicles 11:35; also called Sharar 2 Samuel 23:33.
- A son of Obed-edom the Gittite, and a temple porter 1 Chronicles 26:4.
Shabbethai, a Levite who helped Ezra in the matter of the foreign marriages (Ezra 10:15), probably the one present at Ezra's reading of the law (Nehemiah 8:7), and possibly the Levite chief and overseer (Nehemiah 11:16). The name might mean "one born on Sabbath", but more probably is a modification of the ethnic Zephathi (Zephathite), from Zarephathi (Zarephathite). Meshullam and Jozabad, with which Shabbethai's name is combined, both originate in ethnic names. (Encyclopaedia Biblica)
"'Shammah, (present) third son of Jesse Samuel 16:9
- Shammua, the son of Zaccur of the house of Reuben, was a scout sent to Canaan prior to the crossing of the Jordan River according to Numbers 13:4.
- A son of David, mentioned in 2 Samuel 5:14 and 1 Chronicles 14:4.
- A Levite in the time of Nehemiah (11:17).
- A Levite in the time of Nehemiah (12:18).
Also the name of one of King David's sons by Bathsheba.
Sharar also known as shararer jat
Shearjashub, the first-mentioned son of Isaiah according to Isaiah 7:3. His name means "the remnant shall return" and was prophetic; offering hope to the people of Israel, that although they were going to be sent into exile, and their temple destroyed, God remained faithful and would deliver "a remnant" from Babylon and bring them back to their land.
Shechem was the name of two individuals mentioned in the Bible:
- A prince of Shechem who defiled Dinah according to Genesis 34
- A son of Manasseh according to Numbers 26:31, Joshua 17:2, and 1 Chronicles 7:19.
Shelemiah (Hebrew: שלמיהו Shelem-Yahu "God Provides") the son of Abdeel, along with two others, was commanded by king Jehoiakim to arrest Baruch the scribe and Jeremiah the prophet. Jeremiah 36:25
Shelomith was a daughter of Dibri of the house of Dan, according to Leviticus 24:11. She was married to an Egyptian and her son (unnamed) was stoned to death by the people of Israel for blasphemy, following Moses' issue of a ruling on the penalty to be applied for blasphemy.
Shemer (Hebrew: שמר SheMeR "Guardian") was the man from whom Omri, King of Israel, bought Samaria.
Shephatiah (Hebrew שפטיה "God is my judge") is the name of at least two Hebrew Bible men:
- Shephatiah the son of David and Abital, David's fifth son, according to II Samuel 3:4.
- Shephatiah the son of Mattan (Jeremiah 38:1) who was among the officers who denounced Jeremiah to king Zedekiah.
Sheshan is the name of one, or possibly two, biblical characters mentioned in the first book of Chronicles:
- "The son of Ishi was Sheshan, and Sheshan’s son was Ahlai ... Now Sheshan had no sons, only daughters. And Sheshan had an Egyptian servant whose name was Jarha. Sheshan gave his daughter to Jarha his servant as wife, and she bore him Attai."
Shimshai was a scribe who was represented the peoples listed in Ezra 4:9-10 in a letter to King Artaxerxes.
Shisha (Hebrew - שישא) was the father of Elihoreph and Ahijah, who were secretaries to King Solomon. 1 Kings 4:3.
Shobal was a Horite chief in the hill country of Seir during the days of Esau. He was a son of Seir the Horite, and his sons were Alvas, Manahath, Ebal, Shepho and Onam. He is mentioned in Genesis 36:20-29.
Taphath (Hebrew טפת, "Drop") was a daughter of Solomon and wife of one of her father's twelve regional administrators, the son of Abinadab (First Kings 4:11).
- A son of Issachar according to Genesis 46:13, Numbers 26:23 and 1 Chronicles 7:1. He was one of the 70 souls to migrate to Egypt with Jacob.
- Tola (biblical figure), also of the tribe of Issachar, one of the judges of Israel (Judges 10:1-2).
Tryphosa was a Christian mentioned in Romans 16:12 with other saints to whom Paul the apostle sent greetings and salutations.
Uri is mentioned 7 times, 6 of which indicate that another figure is the "son of Uri". The meaning of the name in English is "my light", "my flame" or "illumination".
- Uri (Hebrew: אוּרִי) is mentioned in Exodus 31 and 1 Chronicles 2 as a member of the Tribe of Judah. He is the son of Hur (Hebrew: חור) and the father of Bezalel (Hebrew: בצלאל).
- Another Uri (Hebrew: אוּרִי) is mentioned in Ezra 10 as one of those who have taken "strange wives."
Uriah ben Shemaiah
Uriah ben Shemaiah is mentioned in Jeremiah 26:20-23 as a minor prophet from Kiriath-Jearim who 'spoke in the name of the Lord against this city and nation just as Jeremiah did'. King Jehoiakim heard about his activities, and tried to kill him, but Uriah fled to Egypt 'in terror'. Elnathan son of Achbor was sent to return him, and Jehoiakim had him killed when he was brought back to Judah.
Urijah (Hebrew: אוריה uriyah "God is my light") a priest in the time of King Ahaz of Judah, built an altar at the temple in Jerusalem on the Damascene model for Tiglathpileser, king of Assyria. II Kings 16:10-16
- In 1 Chronicles 2:36-37, Zabad is a member of the Tribe of Judah, the family of Hezron and the house of Jahahmeel. He was the son of Nathan and the father of Ephlal.
- In 1 Chronicles 7:21, Zabad is an Ephraimite of the family of Shuthelah. He was the son of Tanath and the father of Suthelah.
- In 1 Chronicles 11:41, Zabad is one of King David's mighty men. He is the son of Ahlai.
- In 2 Chronicles 24:26, Zabad is one of two servants of King Joash who kill him in his bed. He is the son of Shimeath, an Amonite woman. In 2 Kings 12:21 this same man seems to be called Jozachar (Hebrew: יוֹזָכָר; Latin: Josachar). His fellow conspirator is Jehozabad (Hebrew: יהוֹזָבָד; Latin: Jozabad), the son of Shomer (Hebrew: שֹׁמֵר; Latin: Somer).
- In Ezra 10:27,33,34, three men named Zabad are listed as having taken foreign wives, whom Ezra persuades them to send away.
Zalmon the Ahohite, according to 2 Samuel 23:28 in the Masoretic Text, is listed as one of David's Mighty Warriors. In the Masoretic Text of 1 Chronicles 11:29, in another copy of the same list of warriors, he is called "Ilai the Ahohite." Where the Masoretic Text has "Zalmon," various manuscripts of the Greek Septuagint have Ellon, Sellom, or Eliman. And where the Masoretic Text has "Ilai," the Septuagint reads Elei, Eli, or Ela.
Zebadiah ("Gift of God"; "Jehovah has bestowed"; cf. Zebedee) may refer to:
- A son of Asahel, Joab's brother (1 Chr 27:7).
- A Levite who took part as one of the teachers in the system of national education instituted by Jehoshaphat (2 Chr 17:7-8).
- The son of Ishmael, "the ruler of the house of Judah in all the king's matters" (2 Chr 19:8-11).
- A son of Beriah (1 Chr 8:15).
- A Korhite porter of the Lord's house (1 Chr 26:2). Three or four others of this name are also mentioned.
(Hebrew צִדְקִיָּה tsidqiyah "the LORD is righteous and just")
- Zedekiah, King of Judah
- Zedekiah, son of Chenaanah, a false prophet in the time of Kings Jehoshaphat and Ahab
- Zedekiah, son of Maaseiah, who, according to Jeremiah 29:21, was a false prophet.
- Zedekiah the son of Hananiah, one of the princes to whom Michaiah told of Jeremiah's prophecy - Jeremiah 36:12
Zephaniah (Hebrew צפניה, pronounced TsePhNiYaH, which means "My God conceals me", was the name of at least two people in the Bible:
- Zephaniah the prophet (q.v.)
- Zephaniah the son of Maaseiah the priest in Jeremiah 29:25. A member of the deputation sent by King Zedekiah to Jeremiah (Jeremiah 21:1; 37:3). "He is probably the same Zephaniah who is called 'the second priest' in 52:24 ... and was among those executed after the capture of Jerusalem in 587 B.C. In the present situation he is overseer of the temple (vs. 26), occupying the position which had been held earlier by Pashur, who had put Jeremiah in stocks..." 
Zeror, son of Bechorath, of the tribe of Benjamin, was the great-grandfather of King Saul and of his commander Abner. According to Saul, his family was the least of the tribe of Benjamin. (1 Samuel 9)
Zidkijah is mentioned in chapter 10 of Nehemiah.
For the Zohar found in a variant reading of 1 Chronicles 4:7, see Izhar.
- List of biblical names
- List of burial places of biblical figures
- List of major biblical figures
- List of minor biblical tribes
- Numbers 3:21 NKJV
- T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) . "Likhi". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. 2, E-K. New York: The Macmillan Company.
- The Interpreter's Bible, 1951, volume V, page 1060
- T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) . "Machnadebai". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. 3, L-P. New York: The Macmillan Company.
- 1 Chronicles 8:9
- T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) . "Malcham". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. 3, L-P. New York: The Macmillan Company.
- T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) . "Matred". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. 3, L-P. New York: The Macmillan Company.
- Luke 3:31
- "Topical Bible: Matthan". biblehub. Retrieved 2015-10-02.
- T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) . "Matthanias". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. 3, L-P. New York: The Macmillan Company.
- Richard S. Hess (15 October 2007). Israelite Religions: An Archaeological and Biblical Survey. Baker Academic. p. 144. ISBN 978-1-4412-0112-6.
- (Adam Clarke, 1831, p. II 685)
- T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) . "Meshillemoth". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. 3, L-P. New York: The Macmillan Company.
- 2 Chr 28:12
- Neh 11:13
- Luke 3:25
- T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) . "Nagge". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. 3, L-P. New York: The Macmillan Company.
- T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) . "Naharai". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. 3, L-P. New York: The Macmillan Company.
- T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) . "Nahath". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. 3, L-P. New York: The Macmillan Company.
- Luke 3:25
- T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) . "Narcissus". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. 3, L-P. New York: The Macmillan Company.
- I Kings 11:26
- http://www.studylight.org › Dictionaries › Holman Bible Dictionary
- I Kings 16:34
- International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, "Shammua."
- Leviticus 24:15-16
- I Kings 16:24
- 1 Chron 2:31 and 34-35.
- Holman Bible Dictionary
- Thomas Kelly Cheyne (1901) . "Zalmon (second entry)". In T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black. Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. 4, Q-Z. New York: The Macmillan Company.
- I Kings 22:11
- The New Jerome Biblical Commentary, 1991, pp. 287-288
- The Interpreter's Bible, 1951, volume V, page 1021
- See New International Version, footnote.
- E.g. New International Version.
- See Shlomo ben Aderet: (responsa i., No. 12; quoted in the Jewish Encyclopedia): "one of the sons of Simeon is called Zohar in Gen. xlvi. 10 and Ex. vi. 15, and Zerah in Num. xxvi. 13, but since both names signify 'magnificent,' the double nomenclature is explained."
- For the etymology, see David Mandel (1 January 2010). Who's Who in the Jewish Bible. Jewish Publication Society. p. 419. ISBN 978-0-8276-1029-3.