Mabalacat

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Mabalacat
Component City
City of Mabalacat
Mabalacatjf5838 10.JPG
Montessori de Xevera, Xevera, Mabalacat City, Pampanga, Philippines.JPG
Sanctuario de San Angelo, Xevera, Mabalacat City, Pampanga.jpg
3543aMacArthur Highwayfvf 02.jpg
Mabalacat City Hall.JPG
From top, left to right: Welcome Arch, Montessori de Xevera, Sanctuario de San Angelo, Dau Bus Terminal, City Hall
Official seal of Mabalacat
Seal
Map of Pampanga with Mabalacat highlighted
Map of Pampanga with Mabalacat highlighted
Mabalacat is located in Philippines
Mabalacat
Mabalacat
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 15°13′N 120°35′E / 15.22°N 120.58°E / 15.22; 120.58Coordinates: 15°13′N 120°35′E / 15.22°N 120.58°E / 15.22; 120.58
Country  Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Province Pampanga
District 1st District
Founded 1712
Cityhood July 21, 2012
Barangays 27 (see Barangays)
Government[1]
 • Type Sangguniang Panlungsod
 • Mayor Crisostomo Garbo
 • Vice Mayor Christian Halili
 • Congressman Carmelo Lazatin II
 • Electorate 95,901 voters (2016)
Area[2]
 • Total 83.18 km2 (32.12 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 250,799
 • Density 3,000/km2 (7,800/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2010
PSGC 035409000
IDD:area code +63 (0)45
Climate type Tropical monsoon climate
Revenue (₱) 1,117,424,108.70 (2016)
Website mabalacatcity.gov.ph

Mabalacat, officially the City of Mabalacat, (Kapampangan: Lakanbalen ning Mabalacat; Filipino: Lungsod ng Mabalacat), or simply referred to as Mabalacat City, is a class city in the province of Pampanga, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 250,799 people.[3]

The former municipality was officially converted into a city following a referendum on July 21, 2012 and became the third in Pampanga after Angeles City and San Fernando.

The city's name is derived from indigenous Negrito word mabalacat meaning "forest of balacats".

Mabalacat has a land area of 83.18 square kilometres (32.12 sq mi). Roughly majority of the Clark Freeport Zone is located in Mabalacat, the rest in nearby Angeles City, where the main gate is located. The Clark International Airport, as well as the numerous hotels, casinos, golf courses, and resorts in Clark Freeport, are mostly situated in Mabalacat City.[4]

The soil is charcoal black and shiny, a sign of fertility, and is suitable for growing rice, sugarcane and other rootcrops. Like the neighbouring cities of Angeles and San Fernando and the towns/municipalities of Porac, Bacolor, Santa Rita, Mexico, Magalang and Arayat, this city rarely gets inundated by floods from heavy rains and typhoons because it is situated on an elevated, well-drained part of the Central Luzon plains known as the "Upper Pampanga".

Mabalacat is 93 kilometres (58 mi) from Manila, 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from Angeles, and 27 kilometres (17 mi) from the provincial capital, San Fernando.

Barangays[edit]

Mabalacat is politically subdivided into 27 barangays.

  • Atlu-Bola
  • Bical
  • Bundagul
  • Cacutud
  • Calumpang
  • Camachiles
  • Dapdap
  • Dau
  • Dolores
  • Duquit
  • Lakandula
  • Mabiga
  • Macapagal Village
  • Mamatitang
  • Mangalit
  • Marcos Village
  • Mawaque (Mauaque)
  • Paralayunan
  • Poblacion
  • San Francisco
  • San Joaquin
  • Santa Ines
  • Santa Maria
  • Santo Rosario
  • Sapang Balen
  • Sapang Biabas
  • Tabun

The largest barangay is Dau, which became a barrio in 1936 by virtue of Presidential Proclamation Number 1. It is now a business center whose commercial output runs parallel to that of downtown. A former terminus of the North Luzon Expressway, it is the most urban and most populous area in Mabalacat, home to roughly 23% of the city's population.

San Francisco, the second largest barangay, along with San Joaquin, Santa Ines, Poblacion, Calumpang and other barangays are categorized as urban in view of their proximity to the city proper. Sapang Balen, with a population of 166 persons, is the smallest barangay.

History[edit]

Prior to 1712, Mabalacat was a barrio (barangay) of Bambang, now Bamban, Tarlac. It became a town in 1792, and was named after the abundant Balacat tree (Ziziphus talanai), a fourth class timber tree with bark that possess antimicrobial properties. Once a settlement of an Aeta tribe, the area was a virtual forest of balacat trees. "Ma-balacat" in the native Kapampangan language means "full of Balacats." Mabalacat in Maranao is "Mababaapalaqat" (Palacat), which means "maiksing hagdan" in Tagalog.

In 1853 Mabalacat had a population of 2,611 and four barangays, namely, Babangdapu, Duquit, Malabni, and Paglimbunan. By 1903 its population increased to 7,049 in 19 barangays. These were Bical, Bundagul, Dapdap, Dau, Dolores, Iba, Mabiga, Mamatitang, Mangalit, Matas, Mawaque, Paralayunan, Poblacion, Quitangil (later renamed to San Francisco), San Joaquin, Santa Ines, Santa Maria, Sapang Balen, and Sapang Biabas. In 1948, Mabalacat's barangays increased to 20 with the addition of Fort Stotsenburg.

In 1860 a military command was established by authorities of the Spanish Governor-General due to the lawlessness and depredations perpetrated by the negritos (Aetas, or derogatorily called balugas). The Pampanga towns of Bamban, Capas, Concepcion, Victoria, Tarlac, Magalang, Porac, and Floridablanca and Mabalacat were created into what was called a "Commandancia Militar". However, in 1873 the Military Command returned Mabalacat together with the towns of Magalang, Floridablanca, and Porac to the parent province, Pampanga.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Mabalacat
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 7,049—    
1918 9,378+1.92%
1939 20,560+3.81%
1948 25,281+2.32%
1960 31,752+1.92%
1970 55,897+5.81%
1975 69,874+4.58%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1980 80,966+2.99%
1990 121,115+4.11%
1995 129,990+1.33%
2000 171,045+6.06%
2007 203,307+2.41%
2010 215,610+2.16%
2015 250,799+2.92%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][5][6][7]

Economy[edit]

Mabalacat has an average annual income of P504,149,053.16 as of 2011 derived mostly from municipal license fees, land tax, Internal Revenue allotment, roads and bridges fund. In 1997, there were 2,447 business establishments registered in the Mabalacat City, consisting of 79 manufacturers mostly involved in sash factory, iron works, ceramics, bakery and 1,806 trading companies. The financial needs are served by eleven banks, mostly concentrated in Dau.

Public utilities include the Mabalacat Water System, Pampanga Electric Corporation II (PELCO II), three telephone companies namely, Datelcom Corporation (DATELCOM), Smart Communications (SMART) and Digital Telecommunications Philippines, Incorporated (DIGITEL) and one cable television network (PRO-SAT) which runs solely for Mabalacat.

The city is also a major transportation hub; a number of major road networks including the North Luzon Expressway, Subic-Clark-Tarlac Expressway, and MacArthur Highway cut across the region. At the southern part of the city is the Dau Bus Terminal, which caters to passengers bound for Metro Manila and provinces in Northern Luzon such as Tarlac, Pangasinan, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Nueva Ecija, La Union, Bataan, and Zambales.

City Fiesta[edit]

Xevera Fountain.

Legend tells us that when the early settlers were clearing the forests, Cabezang Laureana’s workers found, hidden among the bushes, a statue of the Blessed Virgin Mary with baby Jesus sitting on her lap. On February 2, the statue was presented by Caragan as a gift to Padre Maximo Manuguid, the priest of the early Mabalacat Church that was made of sawali and cogon grass. From then on, the city fiesta was observed on the second of February.

Pastorella[edit]

The pastorella (Misa de Pastores in honor of the shepherds at the birth of Jesus Christ - a set of Latin hymns of the 9-day Christmas Masses) ceased in Pampanga towns for 40 years after Vatican II.

In Mabalacat, however, at Our Lady of Divine Grace Parish, pastorella lives on: In the 4:30 a.m. mass on Monday, the pastorella repertoire includes the Kyrie (Lord, Have Mercy), Gloria (Glory to God in the Highest), Credo (Nicene Creed), Sanctus (Holy) and Agnus Dei (Lamb of God). The hymns are in Latin, except for Kyrie, which is in Greek."[8]

Education[edit]

There are 31 educational institutions in Mabalacat: one state college, one private college, one technical training school, two secondary public, two private high schools and 25 public elementary schools divided into two districts, Mabalacat North and Mabalacat South. Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) accredited institutions offering vocational-technical skills abound in the area.

Private schools[edit]

Private schools in Mabalacat listed with the Department of Education are Livingstone International School,Athena's Cradle Center, Inc., Brightstone Learning Center, Children of Fatima School, Inc., Christian Vision Academy Madapdap, Dee Hwa Liong College Foundation, Don Bosco Academy Pampanga (originally from Bacolor; moved to Mabalacat after lahar struck the old campus), Don Teodoro V. Santos Institute, Doña Asuncion Lee Integrated School, Great Shepherd Christian Academy, Immanuel Montessori School, Inc., Jose C. Feliciano College, Mabalacat Christian Academy, Mary Help of Christians School, Inc., Montessori School of St. Nicholas, Nehemiah Christian School, Inc., School of the Infant Jesus the Empowered Zone for Excellence in Education, Inc., Shield of Victory Christian School, St. Anthony College of Technology, St. Mutien College, and Divine Grace Academy.

Listed with and accredited by TESDA is the Asian Institute of Computer Studies (AICS), a private technical school offering I.T. courses.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "City". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "Province: Pampanga". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ http://mabalacatcity.gov.ph/index.php/9-uncategorised/76-business
  5. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  6. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO. 
  7. ^ "Province of Pampanga". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  8. ^ Inquirer.net, Latin hymns sung in masses in Pampanga Archived 2009-04-23 at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]