Mabel White Holmes

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Mabel White Holmes ((1890-12-01)December 1, 1890-November 1977) was the inventor of Jiffy baking mixes, and president of the Chelsea Milling Company.[1]

Holmes' father, E.K. White, had founded a flour mill in 1887, which was incorporated as the Chelsea Milling Company in 1901. In 1908, White sold the company to Mabel's father-in-law, Harmon Holmes.[2] Mabel's husband, Howard Holmes, ran the company until his death in 1936, after which she became company president.[1][3] Holmes was active in the business until the early 1940s.[4]

Holmes first had the idea for a prepared baking mix in the late 1920s when she saw the poor quality of a biscuit made by the widowed father of her sons' friend.[2][1] She wanted to develop a product that would save time in the kitchen and be so easy even a contemporary man could make it.[2][5][4] Jiffy Biscuit Mix was introduced in 1930 as America's first prepared baking mix.[4]

Holmes was inducted into the Michigan Women's Hall of Fame in 2015.[4]


  1. ^ a b c Clampitt, Cynthia (28 February 2015). Midwest Maize: How Corn Shaped the U.S. Heartland. University of Illinois Press. p. 89. ISBN 978-0-252-09687-7.
  2. ^ a b c "Mabel White Holmes" (PDF). Michigan Women’s Historical Center & Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2017-09-02.
  3. ^ Attoun, Marti (2006-12-24). "Chelsea Milling Co. — Making Jiffy Baking Mix". American Profile.
  4. ^ a b c d Carolin, Lisa (2015-09-24). "Mabel Holmes to be inducted into the Michigan Women's Hall of Fame on Oct. 29". Chelsea Update. Chelsea, Michigan. Retrieved 2017-09-02.
  5. ^ Ann M. Dugan; Sharon P. Krone; Kelly LeCouvie, PhD; Jennifer M. Pendergast, Denise H. Kenyon-Rouvinez and Amy M. Schuman (4 January 2011). A Woman's Place: The Crucial Roles of Women in Family Business. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 29. ISBN 978-0-230-11596-5.