Mabgate

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Coordinates: 53°48′07″N 1°31′52″W / 53.802°N 1.531°W / 53.802; -1.531

Street sign on the north end of the street

Mabgate is an inner city area of Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, and the name of one of the streets in it. "The area is bounded to the west by North Street; to the east by Macaulay Street; to the north by Mushroom Street and to the south by the New York Road." [1] However, the street itself continues a little way on the south side of the New York Road (A64(M)). The area lies within the Burmantofts and Richmond Hill ward of the Leeds Metropolitan Council. The area to the west of Regent Street is in the City Centre boundary.[1]

The name comes from 'Mab', meaning a prostitute (16th to 19th century) and 'gate' meaning a street (common in Yorkshire street names).[2][3][4]

It started at the end of the 18th century as a series of woollen mills along the Lady Beck or Mabgate Beck which runs parallel to the Mabgate on the west, and by 1850 had become a dense area of industry and workers' houses.[1] On the other side of the stream is the street called Mabgate Green. The area west of the Lady Beck was known as the Leylands, a mixture of slum housing and factories in the 19th and early 20th century.[5]

Maps of 1725 and 1771 show the region as open land, but by 1821 it is shown as a named street (as is Skinner Lane) and with buildings along much of its length.[6]

The area today contains four listed buildings: two on Mabgate itself: The Hope Foundry, and Hope House (the offices for the foundry); and two in the former Leylands: Smithfield Hotel, North Street; and Crispin House, New York Road.[1] The Hope Foundry produced ironwork for street furniture such as lamps, bollards, benches, mileposts etc., many of which are still around.[7] The Black Horse public house is on the site of Mabgate Hall (1673) then the Black Bull Inn, being rebuilt in 1868 as the Black Horse.[8] The City of Mabgate Inn (on Mabgate) was converted to flats in 2006. It dates from 1857: the green area opposite was a cholera burial ground.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Leeds City Council (2007) Mabgate Development Framework
  2. ^ A. H. Smith (1961) The Place-Names of the West Riding of Yorkshire, Part IV Cambridge University Press
  3. ^ Oxford English Dictionary
  4. ^ Yorkshire Evening Post 2 October 2012 "Leeds funny place names"
  5. ^ Laura Vaughan & Alan Penn (2006) Urban Studies, Vol. 43, No. 3, 653–671, Jewish Immigrant Settlement Patterns in Manchester and Leeds 1881
  6. ^ Steven Burt & Kevin Grady (2002) The Illustrated History of Leeds, 2nd edn (Breedon Books, Derby) ISBN 185983 316 0
  7. ^ Brian Godward (2004) The Changing Face of Leeds (Sutton Publishing,Stroud) ISBN 0-7509-3413-1
  8. ^ www.leodis.net Black Horse, Mabgate
  9. ^ www.leodis.net City of Mabgate Inn.

Location grid[edit]