MacAskill, also spelt Macaskill, is a surname. It is an Anglicisation of the Gaelic Mac Asgaill, meaning "son of Asgall". The Gaelic name Asgall is a reduced form of the Old Norse personal name Ásketill. The name is borne by a noted family on Skye, the MacAskills of Rubha an Dùnain, who historically followed the MacLeods of Dunvegan, possibly serving them as early as the fourteenth century (although documentation is lacking). In Gaelic the MacAskills are known as Clann t-Ascaill, and Clann t-Asgaill. In Scottish Gaelic, the surname is rendered MacAsgaill. In Irish, the surname is rendered Mac Ascaill. Early forms of the name on record in Scotland are Mackaiscail (in 1766), Mackaiscal (in 1769), and Macaiskill (in 1790). An early form of the name in England is Mac Askil (in 1311).
- Angus MacAskill (1825-1863), known as the world's largest "true" giant
- Danny MacAskill, a stunt cyclist
- Dianne Macaskill, Chief Executive and Chief Archivist of Archives New Zealand
- Glenn Macaskill, an author currently living in South Africa
- Ishbel MacAskill (1941-2011), Gaelic singer
- Kenny MacAskill (born 1958), a Scottish National Party politician
- Klara MacAskill (born 1964), a Hungarian born Canadian sprint canoer
- Ewen MacAskill (born 1952), a Scottish journalist actually working for The Guardian involved in preparing the publication disclosures from Edward Snowden
- William MacAskill (born 1987), a Scottish philosopher and author of Doing Good Better (2015)
- MacAskills Lake, a lake of Inverness County, in north-western Nova Scotia, Canada
- Black, GF (1971) . The Surnames of Scotland: Their Origin, Meaning, and History. New York: The New York Public Library. ISBN 0-87104-172-3. OL 8346130M – via Open Library. (registration required (. ))
- de Bhulbh, S (1997). Sloinnte na h-Éireann: Irish Surnames. Limerick: Comhar-Chumann Íde Naofa Teo. ISBN 0-9530560-0-7. OL 316008M – via Open Library. (registration required (. ))
- "Macaskill Family History". Ancestry.com. n.d. Retrieved 19 October 2015.
- Mark, C (2003). The Gaelic-English Dictionary. New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-203-27706-6.
- Martin, C (2014). "A Maritime Dominion — Sea-Power and the Lordship". In Oram, RD. The Lordship of the Isles. The Northern World: North Europe and the Baltic c. 400–1700 AD. Peoples, Economics and Cultures (series vol. 68). Leiden: Brill. pp. 176–199. doi:10.1163/9789004280359_009. ISBN 978-90-04-28035-9. ISSN 1569-1462.
- "Mccaskill Family History". Ancestry.com. n.d. Retrieved 19 October 2015.
- Reaney, PH (1995). Wilson, RM, ed. A Dictionary of English Surnames (3rd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-8631464.
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