MacBook

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The MacBook is a brand of Macintosh laptop computers by Apple Inc. that merged the PowerBook and iBook lines during Apple's transition to Intel processors. The current lineup consists of the MacBook Air (2008–present) and the MacBook Pro (2006–present). A different MacBook line existed from 2006 to 2012 and 2015 to 2019.

Overview[edit]

The MacBook family were initially housed in designs similar to the iBook and PowerBook lines which preceded them, now making use of a unibody aluminum construction first introduced with the MacBook Air. This new construction also has a black plastic keyboard that was first used on the MacBook Air, which itself was inspired by the sunken keyboard of the original polycarbonate MacBooks. The now standardized keyboard brings congruity to the MacBook line, with black keys on a metallic aluminum body.

The lids of the MacBook family are held closed by a magnet with no mechanical latch, a design element first introduced with the polycarbonate MacBook. Memory, drives, and batteries were accessible in the old MacBook lineup, though the newest compact lineup solders or glues all such components in place. All of the current MacBooks feature backlit keyboards.

The MacBook was discontinued from February 2012 until March 2015, when a new model featuring an ultraportable design and an all-metal enclosure was introduced. It was again discontinued on July 2019 following a price reduction of the 3rd generation MacBook Air and discontinuation of the 2nd generation model.

MacBook family models[edit]

Current[edit]

MacBook Air[edit]

The MacBook Air is Apple's least expensive notebook computer. While the 1st generation was released as a premium ultraportable positioned above the 2006 - 2012 MacBook, lowered prices on subsequent iterations and the discontinuation of that MacBook has made it serve as the entry-level Macintosh portable. The 2010 to 2017 base model came with a 13-inch screen, and was Apple's thinnest notebook computer until the introduction of the MacBook in March 2015. This MacBook Air model features two USB Type-A 3.0 ports and a Thunderbolt 2 port, as well as an SDXC card slot (only on the 13inch model). This model of MacBook Air did not have a Retina Display. A MacBook Air model with an 11-inch screen was available from October 2010 to October 2016. In 2017, the MacBook Air received a small refresh, with the processor speed increased to 1.8 GHz.

On October 30, 2018, the MacBook Air underwent a major design change, dropping the USB Type-A ports, MagSafe, and the SD card slot in favor of two USB-C/Thunderbolt 3 ports and a headphone jack. It was updated with a Retina display and Intel Y-series Amber Lake i5 CPUs, as well as a Force Touch trackpad, a third generation butterfly mechanism keyboard, and the Touch ID sensor found in the fourth generation MacBook Pro, but without the Touch Bar. The base price was also raised, although the base configuration of the 2017 model was retained until July 9, 2019, when it was discontinued along with the Retina MacBook.[1] The base price of this model was also dropped to $1099 ($999 for students) on the same day.[2]

MacBook Pro[edit]

The MacBook Pro is Apple's higher end laptop available in both 13-inch and 15-inch configurations. A redesigned MacBook Pro was introduced on October 27, 2016, which is thinner and lighter than the previous generation MacBook Pro. Both size models feature a touch-sensitive OLED display strip located in place of the function keys, a Touch ID sensor integrated with the power button, a butterfly mechanism keyboard similar to the MacBook, and four USB-C ports that also serve as Thunderbolt 3 ports. The 13-inch model was also available in a less expensive configuration with conventional function keys and only two USB-C/Thunderbolt 3 ports, but since July 2019, the base MacBook Pro model has the Touch Bar as well as quad-core processors, similar to the higher-end models, although it still has only two USB-C / Thunderbolt 3 ports.[3]

Discontinued[edit]

The original MacBook was a line of Macintosh portable computers introduced in May 2006 that served as entry-level laptops following Apple's transition to Intel processors, replacing the iBook G4. It was discontinued on July 20, 2011 for consumer purchase and in February 2012 for education institutions, being superseded by the 2nd generation MacBook Air, as the 11-inch model introduced in 2010 had the same starting price of the MacBook.[4]

The Retina MacBook was a line of Macintosh portable computers introduced in March 2015. It was discontinued on July 9, 2019, as it had been superseded by the 13-inch Retina MacBook Air, which had a lower base price ($1299 for the MacBook, $1199 for the 2018 MacBook Air, and $1099 for the 2019 MacBook Air), additional USB-C / Thunderbolt 3 ports (the MacBook has only one USB-C port vs two USB-C / Thunderbolt 3 ports on the MacBook Air), and better performance.[5]

Comparisons[edit]

Model Processor (Intel) Security Chip Memory Storage Graphics Display Resolution (16:10 IPS Retina) Peripheral connections Battery (lithium polymer, non-removable) MSRP
MacBook Air 1.6 GHz (i5-8210Y) dual‑core Intel Core i5, Turbo Boost 3.6 GHz, with 4 MB L3‑cache Apple T2 8 GB of onboard 2133 MHz LPDDR3 SDRAM[6]

Optional 16 GB at the time of purchase only.

128 GB or 256 GB PCIe-based SSD

Optional 512 GB or 1 TB at the time of purchase, not upgradable after.

Intel UHD Graphics 617 with up to 1.5 GB LPDDR3 SDRAM shared from main memory 13.3", native 2560 x 1600 pixels 227 ppi, True Tone display 49.9 Wh $1099, $999 for students[7]
MacBook Pro (13-inch, Two Thunderbolt 3) 1.4 GHz quad-core Intel Core i5 Coffee Lake (8257U), up to 3.9 GHz, 6 MB L3 cache, 128 eDRAM

Optional 1.7 GHz quad-core Intel Core i7 Coffee Lake (i7-8557U), up to 4.5 GHz, 8 MB L3 cache,128 MB eDRAM

128 GB or 256 GB PCIe-based SSD

Optional 512 GB, 1 TB or 2 TB at the time of purchase, not upgradable after.

Intel Iris Plus Graphics 645 with 128 MB eDRAM 13.3", 2560 × 1600, 227 ppi with Wide colour (P3) gamut, 500-nits, True Tone display 58.2 Wh $1299, $1199 for students[7]
MacBook Pro (13-inch, Four Thunderbolt 3) 2.4 GHz quad-core Intel Core i5 Coffee Lake (8279U),[8]up to 4.1 GHz, 6 MB L3 cache, 128 MB eDRAM

Optional 2.8 GHz quad-core Intel Core i7 Coffee Lake (8569U), up to 4.7 GHz, 8 MB L3 cache, 128 MB eDRAM

256 GB PCIe-based SSD

Optional 512 GB, 1 TB or 2 TB at the time of purchase, not upgradable after.

Intel Iris Plus Graphics 655 with 128 MB eDRAM [9] 58.0 Wh $1799
MacBook Pro (15-inch)
  • 2.6 GHz six-core Intel Core i7 (9750H) Coffee Lake (9th Gen), up to 4.5 GHz, 12 MB L3 cache Optional 2.4 GHz eight-core Intel Core i9 (9980HK) Coffee Lake (9th Gen), up to 5 GHz, 16 MB L3 cache
  • 2.3 GHz eight-core Intel Core i9 (9880H) Coffee Lake (9th Gen), up to 4.8 GHz, 16 MB L3 cache Optional 2.4 GHz eight-core Intel Core i9 (9980HK) Coffee Lake (9th Gen), up to 5 GHz, 16 MB L3 cache
16 GB of onboard 2400 MHz PC4-19200 DDR4 SDRAM

Optional 32 GB RAM configuration available at time of purchase only

256 GB PCIe-based SSD

Optional 512 GB, 1 TB, 2 TB or 4 TB at the time of purchase, not upgradable after.

Intel UHD Graphics 630 & AMD Radeon Pro 555X with 4 GB of GDDR5 memory or AMD Radeon Pro 560X with 4 GB of GDDR5 memory (automatic graphics switching). Configurable to Radeon Pro Vega 16 with 4 GB of HBM2 memory or Radeon Pro Vega 20 with 4GB of HBM2 memory 15.4", 2880 × 1800, 220 ppi with Wide colour (P3) gamut, 500-nits, True Tone display (15") 83.6 Wh $2399

Timeline of the MacBook family

iMac ProiPad ProApple WatchiPadiPhoneMacBook Pro#Fourth generationMacBook Pro#Fourth generationMacBook Pro#Fourth generationMacBook Pro#Third generation (Retina)MacBook Pro#Third generation (Retina)MacBook Pro#Second generation (unibody)MacBook Pro#Second generation (unibody)MacBook Pro#Second generation (unibody)MacBook#Unibody aluminum modelMacBook Pro#First generationMacBook Pro#First generationMacBook#Unibody polycarbonate modelMacBook#Original polycarbonate modelMacBook AirMacBook AirMacBook (2015–2019)MacBook AirMacBook Air


Sales[edit]

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See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Apple MacBook Air 2018 gets Retina display, Touch ID for $1,199, available Nov. 7". CNET. 2018-10-30. Retrieved 2018-11-15.
  2. ^ "MacBook Air and MacBook Pro updated for back-to-school season". Apple Newsroom. Retrieved 2019-08-07.
  3. ^ "MacBook Pro". Apple.com. Apple. Retrieved October 27, 2016.
  4. ^ Slivka, Eric. "Apple Discontinues White MacBook [Updated]". www.macrumors.com. Retrieved 2019-08-07.
  5. ^ "Apple killed the 12-inch MacBook". Engadget. Retrieved 2019-07-11.
  6. ^ "MacBook Air 13" Retina 2018 Teardown". iFixit. 2018-11-08. Retrieved 2019-08-07.
  7. ^ a b "MacBook Air and MacBook Pro updated for back-to-school season". Apple Newsroom. Retrieved 2019-08-07.
  8. ^ Axon, Samuel (2019-05-21). "Apple refreshes MacBook Pro with updated keyboard, 8-core 9th-gen Intel CPUs". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2019-05-22.[verification needed]
  9. ^ "Intel Core i7-8559U Processor". Intel. July 9, 2018. Retrieved November 16, 2018.[verification needed]