macOS Monterey

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macOS Monterey
Version of the macOS operating system
Screenshot of macOS Monterey in light appearance
DeveloperApple
OS family
Source modelClosed, with open source components
General
availability
October 25, 2021; 2 years ago (2021-10-25)[1]
Latest release12.7.5[2] (21H1222) (May 13, 2024; 6 days ago (2024-05-13)) [±]
Update methodSoftware Update
Platformsx86-64, ARM64
Kernel typeHybrid (XNU)
LicenseProprietary software with open-source components and content licensed with APSL
Preceded bymacOS Big Sur
Succeeded bymacOS Ventura
Official websitewww.apple.com/macos/monterey at the Wayback Machine (archived 2022-10-18)
TaglineHigh powered meets "Hi everyone."
Support status
Receiving security updates. Drops support for most Macs released from mid 2013 to 2014, including all Macs with Nvidia GPUs.

macOS Monterey (version 12) is the eighteenth major release of macOS, Apple's desktop operating system for Macintosh computers. The successor to macOS Big Sur, it was announced at WWDC 2021 on June 7, 2021,[3][4][5][6] and released on October 25, 2021.[7][8] macOS Monterey was succeeded by macOS Ventura, which was released on October 24, 2022.

The operating system is named after Monterey Bay, continuing the trend of releases named after California locations since 2013's 10.9 Mavericks.

macOS Monterey is the final version of macOS that supports the 2015–2017 MacBook Air, Retina MacBook Pro, 2014 Mac Mini, 2015 iMac and cylindrical Mac Pro, as its successor, macOS Ventura, drops support for those models.

Changes[edit]

Monterey introduced several new features and changes, including the following:[3]

  • Shortcuts for the Mac
  • TestFlight for the Mac
  • Provisions to allow the planned introduction of Universal Control,[9] which allows a single keyboard and mouse to control multiple Macs and iPads. It works on Macs with Apple silicon and some with an Intel processor, including MacBook Pro (2016 and later), MacBook (2016 and later), MacBook Air (2018 and later), iMac (2017 and later), iMac (5K Retina, 27-inch, Late 2015), iMac Pro, Mac Mini (2018 and later), and Mac Pro (2019). It works on these iPads: iPad Pro, iPad Air (3rd generation and later), iPad (6th generation and later), and iPad Mini (5th generation and later).
  • Support for the Apple Music Voice Plan Subscription.
  • Portrait Mode and Noise Cancellation features for FaceTime and some apps (in Control Center).
  • New Toolbar features and designs for Finder and the Preview app.
  • Have a Live Memoji and Animoji right on the lock screen.
  • A yellow privacy indicator on the menu bar for indicating if the Mac's microphone or camera is active.
  • Live Text, which allows a user to copy, paste, translate and look up text from images displayed by Photos, Screenshot, Quick Look, and Safari.
  • New Passwords Manager for Mac
  • New on-device machine-learning–activated keyboard dictation using Siri, and also now for almost unlimited duration.
  • Low Power Mode for Mac that enables longer battery life for lightweight workflows such as reading PDFs, Web browsing, listening to music, etc. This works on MacBook Air (2018 and later) and MacBook Pro (2016 and later).[10]
  • A redesigned optional compact interface for the Safari browser.
  • Support for playing AirPlay content streamed from recent iOS and iPadOS devices and Macs, including MacBook Pro (2018 and later), MacBook Air (2018 and later), iMac (2019 and later), iMac Pro (2017), Mac Mini (M1, 2020 and later), Mac Pro (2019), iPhone 6s and later, iPad Pro (2nd generation and later), iPad Air (3rd generation and later), iPad (6th generation and later), and iPad Mini (5th generation and later). Older iPhone, iPad, and Mac models may share content at a lower resolution to supported Mac models when "Allow AirPlay for" is set to "Everyone" or "Anyone on the same network" in Sharing preferences.
  • Improvements to FaceTime, including the ability to share a screen and the SharePlay function that enables multiple users to watch or listen simultaneously and in sync (e.g., to music or TV shows).
  • The ability to factory reset the Mac from the System Preferences app.[11]
  • Visual Look Up makes it easy to identify objects (e.g. cat breeds, dog breeds, etc.) found within user's photos.
  • Focus to set different modes to filter notifications across iPhones, iPads and Macs.
  • The Time Machine backup functionality excludes more system files.[12]
  • Provisions to allow the planned introduction of "Expanded Protections for Children," which will apply cryptography to detect and help limit the spread of child sexual abuse material (CSAM) online by scanning the user's iCloud photos.[13]
  • Accessibility option to change the mouse pointer's colors.
  • Tips notifications.
  • The removal of a previously bundled PHP interpreter.[14]
  • The removal of a previously bundled Python 2.7 interpreter (from 12.3)[15][16]
  • The removal of the ability to use custom Quartz Composer filters and plugins in Photo Booth.
  • networkQuality, a command-line tool for measuring upload/download capacity, upload/download flows, and upload/download responsiveness
  • An automatically populated "Games" folder within launchpad
  • Support for ProMotion in new 2021 MacBook Pro
  • New Object Capture API for creating 3D models using images[17]

Applications[edit]

Notes[edit]

In the Notes application, users can now apply arbitrary tags to a note (e.g., #cooking, #work); groups of notes with a given tag or tags can be viewed in Smart Folders or a Tag Browser in the sidebar.[18] The new Quick Notes function enables a user to create a note from within any app via system-wide keyboard shortcut or hot corner.[19]

Maps[edit]

Apple Maps adds a 3D globe, with increased mountain, desert, and forest detail.[20]

Messages[edit]

Messages supports new features, also introduced in iOS 15, such as "Shared with You" which provides shortcut links to content shared via Messages in other Apple apps such as Safari, Photos, Music, and News.

When multiple photos are sent/received, they are now displayed as a collection instead of multiple messages. A download button is provided to download all photos simultaneously.[21]

Known problems[edit]

Users and developers have reported the following:

  • Laptops unable to boot (fixed with 12.0.1 update)[22][23]
  • Inability to charge sleeping laptops with MagSafe (fixed with 12.1 update)[24]
  • Mouse pointer memory leak issue (fixed with 12.1 update)[25]
  • Audio issue with speaker and audio output crackling and popping[26]
  • Problems connecting external displays to Mac using any version of Monterey[27]
  • Unicode Hex Input does not work if the code point number is 0xx0 (first and last digits are zero)[28] (fixed in Ventura 13.3)

Supported hardware[edit]

macOS Monterey drops support for Macs released from 2013 to 2014,[29][30] including all Macs with Nvidia GPUs.

Macs that support macOS Monterey are as follows.

By using patch tools, macOS Monterey can be unofficially installed on earlier computers that are officially unsupported, such as the 2014 iMac and the 2013 MacBook Pro.[31] Using these methods, it is possible to install macOS Monterey on computers as old as a 2008 MacBook Pro and iMac and 2009 Mac Mini.[32]

Release history[edit]

Previous release Current release
Version Build Release date Darwin version Release notes
12.0[a] 21A344 October 25, 2021 21.0.1
xnu-8019.30.61~4
Tue Sep 14 20:56:24 PDT 2021
Release notes

Security content

12.0.1[b] 21A559 21.1.0
xnu-8019.41.5~1
Wed Oct 13 17:33:23 PDT 2021
12.1 21C52 December 13, 2021 21.2.0
xnu-8019.61.5~1
Sun Nov 28 20:28:54 PST 2021
Release notes

Security content

12.2 21D49 January 26, 2022 21.3.0
xnu-8019.80.24~20
Wed Jan 5 21:37:58 PST 2022
Release notes

Security content

12.2.1 21D62 February 10, 2022 Release notes

Security content

12.3 21E230 March 14, 2022 21.4.0
xnu-8020.101.4~2
Mon Feb 21 20:34:37 PST 2022
Release notes

Security content

12.3.1 21E258 March 31, 2022 21.4.0
xnu-8020.101.4~15
Fri Mar 18 00:45:05 PDT 2022
Release notes

Security content

12.4 21F79[c] May 16, 2022 21.5.0
xnu-8020.121.3~4
Tue Apr 26 21:08:22 PDT 2022
Release notes

Security content

21F2081[d] June 14, 2022
21F2092[e] June 16, 2022
12.5 21G72 July 20, 2022 21.6.0
xnu-8020.140.41~1
Sat Jun 18 17:07:22 PDT 2022
Release notes

Security content

12.5.1 21G83 August 17, 2022 21.6.0
xnu-8020.141.5~2
Wed Aug 10 14:25:27 PDT 2022
Release notes

Security content

12.6 21G115 September 12, 2022 21.6.0
xnu-8020.140.49~2
Mon Aug 22 20:17:10 PDT 2022
Release notes

Security content

12.6.1 21G217 October 24, 2022 21.6.0
xnu-8020.240.7~1
Thu Sep 29 20:12:57 PDT 2022
Release notes

Security content

12.6.2 21G320 December 13, 2022 21.6.0
xnu-8020.240.14~1
Sun Nov 6 23:31:16 PST 2022
Release notes

Security content

12.6.3 21G419 January 23, 2023 21.6.0
xnu-8020.240.18~2
Mon Dec 19 20:44:01 PST 2022
Release notes

Security content

12.6.4 21G526 March 27, 2023 21.6.0
xnu-8020.240.18.700.8~1
Thu Mar 9 20:08:59 PST 2023
Release notes

Security content

12.6.5 21G531 April 10, 2023 Release notes

Security content

12.6.6 21G646 May 18, 2023 21.6.0
xnu-8020.240.18.701.5~1
Mon Apr 24 21:10:53 PDT 2023
Release notes

Security content

12.6.7 21G651 June 21, 2023 21.6.0
xnu-8020.240.18.701.6~1
Thu Jun 8 23:57:12 PDT 2023
Release notes

Security content

12.6.8 21G725 July 24, 2023 21.6.0
xnu-8020.240.18.702.13~1
Thu Jul 6 22:18:26 PDT 2023
Release notes

Security content

12.6.9 21G726 September 11, 2023 Release notes

Security content

12.7 21G816 September 21, 2023 21.6.0
xnu-8020.240.18.703.5~1
Fri Sep 15 16:17:23 PDT 2023
Release notes

Security content

12.7.1 21G920 October 25, 2023 21.6.0
xnu-8020.240.18.704.15~1
Wed Oct 4 23:55:28 PDT 2023
Release notes

Security content

12.7.2 21G1974 December 11, 2023 21.6.0
xnu-8020.240.18.705.10~1
Thu Nov 9 00:38:19 PST 2023
Release notes

Security content

12.7.3 21H1015 January 22, 2024 21.6.0
xnu-8020.240.18.706.2~1
Sun Dec 17 22:55:27 PST 2023
Release notes

Security content

12.7.4 21H1123 March 7, 2024 21.6.0
xnu-8020.240.18.707.4~1
Mon Feb 19 20:24:34 PST 2024
Release notes

Security content

12.7.5 21H1222 May 13, 2024 21.6.0
xnu-8020.240.18.708.4~1
Wed Apr 24 06:02:02 PDT 2024
Release notes

Security content

See Apple's main pages for Monterey release notes: for consumers and for enterprise, as well as their current security content page.

  1. ^ Preinstalled on 2021 MacBook Pros
  2. ^ Initial public release
  3. ^ Public release
  4. ^ Preinstalled on 2022 M2 MacBook Air & 13″ Pro
  5. ^ Update for 2022 M2 MacBook Air & 13″ Pro

Timeline of Mac operating systems[edit]

Timeline of Mac operating systems
ARM architecture familyx86PowerPC68kMacBook Air (Apple silicon)iMac ProRetina MacBook ProMacBook AirApple–Intel architecturePower Mac G5Power Mac G4iMac G3Power MacintoshMacintosh QuadraMacintosh PortableMacintosh SE/30Macintosh IIMacintosh PlusMacintosh 128KmacOS SonomamacOS VenturamacOS MontereymacOS Big SurmacOS CatalinamacOS MojavemacOS High SierramacOS SierraOS X El CapitanOS X YosemiteOS X MavericksOS X Mountain LionMac OS X LionMac OS X Snow LeopardMac OS X LeopardMac OS X TigerMac OS X PantherMac OS X 10.2Mac OS X 10.1Mac OS X 10.0Mac OS X Server 1.0Mac OS X Public BetaA/UXA/UXA/UXMacWorks XLMacWorks XLSun RemarketingMacWorks XLMac OS 9Mac OS 9Mac OS 9Mac OS 8Mac OS 8Mac OS 8Mac OS 8System 7System 7System 7System 7System 6Classic Mac OSClassic Mac OSClassic Mac OSClassic Mac OSSystem 1Finder (software)Finder (software)Finder (software)Finder (software)Finder (software)Finder (software)Finder (software)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Clover, Juli (October 25, 2021). "Apple Releases macOS Monterey With AirPlay to Mac, Live Text, Safari Updates, Shortcuts App and More". MacRumors. Archived from the original on October 25, 2021. Retrieved October 25, 2021.
  2. ^ Clover, Juli (May 13, 2024). "Apple Releases macOS Sonoma 14.5 With Apple News+ Improvements". MacRumors. Retrieved May 13, 2024. There's also a macOS 13.6.7 release for those who are still running macOS Ventura and a macOS 12.7.5 release for those who have macOS Monterey installed.
  3. ^ a b Griffin, Andrew (June 7, 2021). "MacOS Monterey: Apple launches new operating system for Mac". The Independent. Archived from the original on 2021-06-07. Retrieved 2021-06-07.
  4. ^ Clark, Mitchell (June 7, 2021). "macOS Monterey lets you run Shortcuts and share input and files between Macs and iPads". The Verge. Archived from the original on 2021-06-07. Retrieved 2021-06-07.
  5. ^ Rayome, Alison DeNisco. "MacOS Monterey is on the way: Apple previewed MacOS 12 at WWDC and gave it a name". CNET. Archived from the original on 2021-06-07. Retrieved 2021-06-07.
  6. ^ WWDC 2021 — June 7 | Apple, archived from the original on 2021-11-01, retrieved 2021-11-02
  7. ^ Fathi, Sami (October 18, 2021). "Apple Releasing macOS Monterey on October 25". MacRumors. Archived from the original on October 18, 2021. Retrieved October 18, 2021.
  8. ^ "Here's When You Can Download macOS Monterey Today [Update: It's Out!]". MacRumors. Archived from the original on 2021-11-02. Retrieved 2021-11-02.
  9. ^ "Apple macOS Monterey Review". PC Mag. Archived from the original on 2021-11-02. Retrieved 2021-11-02.
  10. ^ "macOS Monterey Preview – New Features". Apple (Hong Kong). Archived from the original on 2021-07-26. Retrieved 2021-07-26.
  11. ^ "Erase all content and settings on Mac". Archived from the original on 2021-10-31. Retrieved 2021-10-31.
  12. ^ Oakley, Howard (September 8, 2021). "What doesn't Time Machine back up?". Eclectic Light. Archived from the original on September 10, 2021. Retrieved September 10, 2021.
  13. ^ "Child Safety". Apple Inc. Archived from the original on 2021-09-03. Retrieved 2021-10-08.
  14. ^ Mandal, Bipasha (June 18, 2021). "macOS 12 Monterey update will no longer have built-in PHP". Archived from the original on September 27, 2021. Retrieved September 27, 2021.
  15. ^ "macOS Monterey 12.3 Release Notes". Apple Developer Documentation. Archived from the original on 2022-04-13. Retrieved 2022-03-14.
  16. ^ Rossignol, Joe (January 28, 2022). "Apple Finally Removing Python 2 in macOS 12.3". MacRumors. Archived from the original on 2022-03-26. Retrieved 2022-03-29.
  17. ^ Espósito, Filipe (2021-06-09). "Hands-on: macOS 12 brings new 'Object Capture' API for creating 3D models using iPhone camera". 9to5Mac. Archived from the original on 2022-03-10. Retrieved 2022-03-10.
  18. ^ Broach, Taha (June 28, 2021). "How to add and manage Tags in Notes in macOS Monterey and iOS 15". The 8-Bit. Archived from the original on July 9, 2021. Retrieved July 5, 2021.
  19. ^ Broach, Taha (June 9, 2021). "How to use Quick Note in macOS 12 Monterey". The 8-Bit. Archived from the original on July 9, 2021. Retrieved July 5, 2021.
  20. ^ "iOS 15 Features – What's New?". Goriber Tech. September 23, 2021. Archived from the original on September 24, 2021. Retrieved September 23, 2021.
  21. ^ "All the New Features Coming to the Messages App in macOS Monterey". Make Use Of. June 18, 2021. Archived from the original on November 16, 2022. Retrieved November 16, 2022.
  22. ^ Benjamin, Adam. "MacOS Monterey was bricking some laptops. That's been fixed". CNET. Archived from the original on 2021-12-04. Retrieved 2021-12-05.
  23. ^ Lawler, Richard (2021-11-05). "Apple fixes bug that could cause macOS Monterey to brick Macs with a T2 security chip". The Verge. Archived from the original on 2021-12-04. Retrieved 2021-12-05.
  24. ^ "Apple 'investigating' widespread MacBook Pro MagSafe charging issues". Macworld. Archived from the original on 2021-12-04. Retrieved 2021-12-05.
  25. ^ "macOS Monterey 12.1 Fixes Major Tap to Click, YouTube HDR, and Charging Bugs". MacRumors Forums. Archived from the original on 2022-08-06. Retrieved 2022-07-22.
  26. ^ Espósito, Filipe (May 10, 2022). "2021 MacBook Pro users complain about crackling and popping audio issues". Archived from the original on July 27, 2022. Retrieved July 27, 2022.
  27. ^ "Can no longer detect 2nd display in MacOS Monterey". Archived from the original on 2022-09-28. Retrieved 2022-09-28.
  28. ^ "Have you noticed that Unicode Hexadecimal Input does not work if the UCS/Unicode four-digit hexadecimal code point number begins and ends with a zero, and what is done about it?". Retrieved 2023-03-15.
  29. ^ Pawar, Deepanshu (2021-06-08). "List of All Macs Compatibility With macOS Monterey". Cyphers.in. Archived from the original on 2021-06-12. Retrieved 2021-06-12.
  30. ^ Clover, Juli (June 7, 2021). "Here Are All the Macs Compatible With macOS Monterey". MacRumors. Archived from the original on 2021-06-09. Retrieved 2021-06-07.
  31. ^ "Opencore Legacy Patcher – Monterey + Big Sur". Mac Research. November 2021. Archived from the original on January 15, 2022. Retrieved January 15, 2022.
  32. ^ "Supported Models". OpenCore Legacy Patcher. Archived from the original on February 1, 2022. Retrieved February 1, 2022.

External links[edit]

Preceded by macOS 12 (Monterey)
2021
Succeeded by