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Mac OS X Jaguar

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(Redirected from Mac OS X v10.2)

Mac OS X 10.2 Jaguar
Version of the macOS operating system
Screenshot of Mac OS X 10.2 Jaguar
DeveloperApple Computer, Inc.
OS family
Source modelClosed, with open source components
August 23, 2002; 21 years ago (2002-08-23)[1]
Latest release10.2.8 / October 3, 2003; 20 years ago (2003-10-03)[2]
Kernel typeHybrid (XNU)
LicenseApple Public Source License (APSL) and Apple end-user license agreement (EULA)
Preceded byMac OS X 10.1
Succeeded byMac OS X 10.3 Panther
Official websiteApple - Mac OS X at the Wayback Machine (archived April 1, 2003)
TaglineWildly innovative.
Support status
Historical, unsupported as of January 1, 2007

Mac OS X Jaguar (version 10.2) is the third major release of macOS, Apple's desktop and server operating system. It superseded Mac OS X 10.1 and preceded Mac OS X Panther. The operating system was released on August 23, 2002 either for single-computer installations, and in a "family pack", which allowed five installations on separate computers in one household.[3] Jaguar was the first Mac OS X release to publicly use its code name in marketing and advertisements.[4]

System requirements


Mac OS X Jaguar requires a PowerPC G3 or G4 CPU and 128 MB of RAM.[5] Special builds were released for the first PowerPC G5 systems released by Apple.[5][6][7]

New and changed features


Jaguar introduced many new features to Mac OS X, which are still supported to this day, including MPEG-4 support in QuickTime,[8] Address Book, and Inkwell for handwriting recognition.[5] It also included the first release of Apple's Zeroconf implementation, Rendezvous (later renamed to Bonjour), which allows devices on the same network to automatically discover each other and offer available services, such as file sharing, shared scanners, and printers, to the user.

Mac OS X Jaguar Server 10.2.2 added journaling to HFS Plus, the native Macintosh file system, to add increased reliability and data recovery features. This was later added to the standard Mac OS X in version 10.3 Panther.[9]

Jaguar saw the debut of Quartz Extreme, a technology used to composite graphics directly on the video card, without the use of software to composite windows. The technology allotted the task of drawing the 3D surface of windows to the video card, rather than to the CPU, to increase interface responsiveness and performance.

Universal Access was added to allow the Macintosh to be usable by disabled computer users.

The user interface of Jaguar was also updated to add search features to the Finder, powered by Sherlock 3.

Internally, Jaguar also added the Common Unix Printing System (also known as CUPS), a modular printing system for Unix-like operating systems, and improved support for Microsoft Windows networks using the open-source Samba as a server for the SMB remote file access protocol and a FreeBSD-derived virtual file system module as a client for SMB.

The Happy Mac startup icon that was introduced with the original Macintosh was replaced with a grey Apple logo. The gray startup screen was used up until OS X Yosemite.



Jaguar was a $129 upgrade for both Mac OS 9 and existing Mac OS X users.[10] In October 2002, Apple offered free copies of Jaguar to all U.S K-12 teachers as part of the "X For Teachers" program. Teachers who wanted to get a copy had to fill out a form and a packet containing Mac OS X installation discs and manuals was shipped to the school where they worked.[11]

Jaguar was the first version of Mac OS X to use its internal codename as the official name of the operating system. To that effect, the retail packaging featured computer-generated jaguar fur designed by animation studio Pixar.[12]

Starting with Jaguar, Mac OS X releases were given a feline-related marketing name upon announcement until the introduction of OS X Mavericks in June 2013, at which point releases began to be named after locations in California, where Apple is headquartered. Mac OS X (rebranded as OS X in 2011 and later macOS in 2016) releases are now also referred to by their marketing name, in addition to version numbers.

Release history

Version Build Date Darwin version Notes
10.2 6C115 August 24, 2002 6.0 Original retail release
10.2.1 6D52 September 18, 2002 6.1 About the Mac OS X 10.2.1 Update, codename Jaguar Red
10.2.2 6F21 November 11, 2002 6.2 About the Mac OS X 10.2.2 Update, codename Jaguar Blue or Merlot
10.2.3 6G30 December 19, 2002 6.3 About the Mac OS X 10.2.3 Update, codename Jaguar Green
6G37 Updated retail release
6G50 Server edition; retail release
10.2.4 6I32 February 13, 2003 6.4 About the Mac OS X 10.2.4 Update, codename Jaguar Pink
10.2.5 6L29 April 10, 2003 6.5 About the Mac OS X 10.2.5 Update, codename Jaguar Plaid
10.2.6 6L60 May 6, 2003 6.6 About the Mac OS X 10.2.6 Update, codename Jaguar Black
10.2.7 6R65 September 22, 2003 6.7 Removed from distribution due to defects
10.2.8 6R73 October 3, 2003 6.8 About the Mac OS X 10.2.8 Update; released as 6R50 for one day
6S90 About the Mac OS X 10.2.8 (G5) Update

Mac OS X 10.2.7 (codenames Blackrider, Smeagol) was only available to the new Power Mac G5s and aluminum PowerBook G4s released before Mac OS X Panther. Officially, it was never released to the general public.

Mac OS X 10.2.8 is the last version of Mac OS X officially supported on the "Beige G3" desktop, minitower, and all-in-one systems as well as the PowerBook G3 Series (1998) also known as Wallstreet/PDQ; though later releases can be run on such Macs with the help of unofficial, unlicensed, and unsupported third-party tools such as XPostFacto.


Timeline of Mac operating systems
ARM architecture familyx86PowerPC68kMacBook Air (Apple silicon)iMac ProRetina MacBook ProMacBook AirApple–Intel architecturePower Mac G5Power Mac G4iMac G3Power MacintoshMacintosh QuadraMacintosh PortableMacintosh SE/30Macintosh IIMacintosh PlusMacintosh 128KmacOS SonomamacOS VenturamacOS MontereymacOS Big SurmacOS CatalinamacOS MojavemacOS High SierramacOS SierraOS X El CapitanOS X YosemiteOS X MavericksOS X Mountain LionMac OS X LionMac OS X Snow LeopardMac OS X LeopardMac OS X TigerMac OS X PantherMac OS X 10.2Mac OS X 10.1Mac OS X 10.0Mac OS X Server 1.0Mac OS X Public BetaA/UXA/UXA/UXMacWorks XLMacWorks XLSun RemarketingMacWorks XLMac OS 9Mac OS 9Mac OS 9Mac OS 8Mac OS 8Mac OS 8Mac OS 8System 7System 7System 7System 7System 6Classic Mac OSClassic Mac OSClassic Mac OSClassic Mac OSSystem 1Finder (software)Finder (software)Finder (software)Finder (software)Finder (software)Finder (software)Finder (software)


  1. ^ "Jaguar "Unleashed" at 10:20 p.m. Tonight" (Press release). Apple Inc. August 23, 2002. Archived from the original on January 3, 2018. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  2. ^ "Mac OS X Update 10.2.8 : Information and Download". Apple Inc. Archived from the original on October 15, 2007.
  3. ^ Fried, Ian (August 15, 2002). "Apple gives break to multi-Mac homes". News.com. Archived from the original on May 29, 2016. Retrieved April 5, 2016.
  4. ^ "About Mac OS 10.2 (Jaguar) and 10.3 (Panther)". University of California. Archived from the original on October 11, 2013.
  5. ^ a b c Knight, Dan (August 24, 2002). "Mac OS X 10.2 Jaguar". Low End Mac. Archived from the original on September 13, 2015. Retrieved September 27, 2015.
  6. ^ "Power Macintosh G5 1.6 (PCI) Specifications". EveryMac.com. Archived from the original on October 21, 2016. Retrieved September 27, 2015.
  7. ^ "Power Mac G5 Specifications". Apple Support. Apple Inc. Archived from the original on September 19, 2022. Retrieved September 27, 2015.
  8. ^ "Apple Introduces "Jaguar," the Next Major Release of Mac OS X" (Press release). Apple Inc. July 17, 2002. Archived from the original on September 19, 2022. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
  9. ^ "Mac OS X: About file system journaling". Apple Support. Apple Inc. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved September 27, 2015.
  10. ^ Apple Unleashes Jaguar Archived October 1, 2019, at the Wayback Machine. Macworld. 30 June 2002;
  11. ^ "Apple Gives Jaguar Free to All U.S. K-12 Teachers". Apple Inc. Archived from the original on June 8, 2011. Retrieved June 21, 2011.
  12. ^ "Jaguar: New Mac operating system a well-stuffed breed | The Seattle Times". archive.seattletimes.com. Archived from the original on July 14, 2022. Retrieved July 14, 2022.
Preceded by Mac OS X 10.2 (Jaguar)
Succeeded by