|Agency||Davis, Johnson, Mogul & Colombatto|
|Release date(s)||1986–1989, 2007|
Mac Tonight was a fictional character used in the marketing for McDonald's restaurants during the 1980s. Known for his crescent moon head, sunglasses and piano-playing, the character used the song "Mack the Knife" which was made famous in the United States by Bobby Darin. Throughout the campaign, Mac was portrayed by actor Doug Jones in his first Hollywood job.
Originally conceived as a promotion to increase dinner sales by Southern California licensees, Mac Tonight's popularity led McDonald's to take it nationwide in 1987. However, McDonald's ceased airing the commercials after settling a lawsuit brought by Darin's estate in 1989 although the character was reintroduced in Southeast Asia in 2007.
Original marketing campaign (1986-1989)
The campaign was created locally for California McDonald's franchisees by Los Angeles advertising firm Davis, Johnson, Mogul & Colombatto. Looking to increase the after-4pm dinner business, the agency was inspired by the song "Mack the Knife" which was made famous in the United States by Bobby Darin in 1959 and listened to different versions of it before opting to create an original version with new lyrics. After deciding not to feature real people or celebrities, the designers settled on an anthropomorphic crooner moon on a man's body with 1950s-style sunglasses; the song and style were designed to appeal to baby boomers and a revival of 1950s-style music in popular culture. The character, who played a grand piano atop either a floating cloud or a giant Big Mac (hence the name), was intended to garner a "cult-like" following, e.g. Max Headroom.
From 1986 to 1987, the campaign expanded to other cities on the American West Coast. McDonald's said that the campaign had "great success" while trade magazine Nation's Restaurant News announced that it had contributed to increases of over 10% in dinnertime business at some Californian restaurants. A crowd of 1,500 attended the visit of a costumed character to a Los Angeles McDonald's. Despite concerns that he was too typical of the West Coast, in February 1987 it was decided that the character would feature on national advertisements which went to air that September and he attracted a crowd of 1,000 in Boca Raton, Florida. During this period, Happy Meal toys modeled after the character were also released at participating McDonald's restaurants. A September 1987 survey by Ad Watch found that the number of consumers who recalled McDonald's advertising before any other doubled from the previous month, and was higher than any company since the New Coke launch in 1985.
Doug Jones performed Mac Tonight for over 27 commercials over the three years. Years later in 2013, he said that "[T]hat's when my career took a turn that I was not expecting. I didn't know that was a career option." Mac Tonight's voice was provided by Roger Behr. Director Peter Coutroulis, who won a Clio Award for a previous campaign for Borax, pitched several commercials which did not air including an E.T.-like one in which two astronomers watch Mac Tonight drive his Cadillac through the sky.
In 1989, Bobby Darin's son Dodd Mitchell Darin claimed that the song infringed upon his father's trademark without prior permission and filed a lawsuit as well as an injunction for the song to be removed from both TV and radio ads. As a response to the lawsuit, McDonald's stopped airing the commercials and retired the character after nearly four years of usage.
Reintroduction in Southeast Asia (2007)
In 2007, McDonald's brought back the character in territories throughout Southeast Asia such as in Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines. The new Asian-exclusive campaign featured a CGI-animated Mac Tonight dancing atop a McDonald's restaurant while singing and playing a saxophone rather than a grand piano as he played in the original advertising campaign in the United States.
Additionally, Mac Tonight advertisements have also been aired in Taiwan and Hong Kong to promote the restaurants' new 24-hour schedule with Mac speaking both English and Chinese; the character is voiced by Chinese singer Eason Chan.
In addition to the advertising campaign, a number of McDonald's restaurants during the early 1990s were also fitted with Mac Tonight animatronic figures which featured the character seated in front of a piano and playing it. The most and only prominent McDonald's restaurant to still feature one of the animatronics is the "World's Largest Entertainment McDonald's" in Orlando, Florida. Other locations include a retro-themed McDonald's located in Woodbridge, Virginia and a Greenfield, Wisconsin McDonald's known as the "Solid Gold McDonald's" prior to undergoing major renovations in 2011.
Between 1997 and 1998, McDonald's sponsored NASCAR Hall of Famer Bill Elliott with Mac Tonight featured on his car. In 2016, the Mac Tonight theme was McDonald's driver Jamie McMurray's Chip Ganassi Racing No. 1 Chevrolet SS throwback scheme for Darlington Raceway's Southern 500.
In popular culture
- The Simpsons episode "Kiss Kiss Bang Bangalore" featured a cardboard cutout of Mac Tonight.
- Mac Tonight was also featured on the cover of Saint Pepsi's album Late Night Delight (with Luxury Elite). A commercial featuring Mac Tonight was also used as the (unofficial) music video for Saint Pepsi's song "Enjoy Yourself", which had 11 million views on YouTube (as of February 2018). The video was removed from YouTube in March 2018 due to "hate speech", because of the link between Mac Tonight and the Moon Man character. However, reuploads of the video are available.
Moon Man is an unofficial parody of Mac Tonight to which the character is depicted as advocating for racism, white supremacy, antisemitism, neo-Nazism, terrorism, race war and genocide. The character originated in 2007 when internet user "farkle" created a site on the internet community YTMND showing a video loop of Mac Tonight with the reggaeton song "Chacarron Macarron" by El Chombo in the background. Using a text-to-speech program by AT&T, more Moon Man pages were created some of which included the program uttering “KKK” (a nod to the Ku Klux Klan, the infamous white supremacist organization) repeatedly in the background audio. Other users made Moon Man sing and rap. The first such video had him performing "Money in the Bank" by Lil Scrappy with few lyrical changes apart from Moon Man's name being inserted into the song and a chorus chanting for the Ku Klux Klan ("KKK, KKK, KKK"). Further videos were made portraying Moon Man as a racist.
In 2008, the YTMND Moon Man group was created to make and spread Moon Man content on YTMND. On October 2, 2008, a racist parody of "Hypnotize" by The Notorious B.I.G., commonly known as "Notorious KKK", was created by YTMND user MluMluxMlan. It gained over 119,000 views over the next seven years. In 2015, the character spread to websites such as 4chan and 8chan, as part of the alt-right movement. New songs were made supporting police brutality and celebrating the Pulse nightclub shooting. On June 1, 2015, an album of Moon Man songs was released under the name "WhiteTopia" with the YouTube version accumulating 130,000 views. YouTube consistently removes Moon Man videos for violating its community guidelines on hate speech, and AT&T has edited its text-to-speech software to filter out the character's name and obscenities. Salon compared Moon Man to Pepe the Frog, another meme labeled as a hate symbol.
Charles Johnson also raised funds for a pro-Trump billboard in the battleground state of Pennsylvania ahead of the 2016 election, depicting Pepe the Frog as Trump guarding the wall on the Mexican border and Moon Man in the background.
- Prescott, Eileen (November 29, 1987). "The Making of 'Mac Tonight'". The New York Times. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
- Burke, Timothy (22 December 2014). "Rape, Murder, Violent Racism: The Weirdest McDonald's Ad Campaign Ever". Deadspin. Retrieved 28 July 2015.
- Radish, Christina (June 25, 2013). "Doug Jones Talks FALLING SKIES Season 3, the Makeup Process, His Career, His Desire to Make HELLBOY 3, and More". Collider. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
- "Roger Behr". Patterson & Associates.
- "Darin's Son Sues McDonald's". Deseret News. October 15, 1989. Retrieved August 30, 2012.
- Sheffield, Matthew (25 October 2016). "Meet Moon Man: The alt-right's racist rap sensation, borrowed from 1980s McDonald's ads". Salon.
- magicelevator (2011-08-24), 麥當勞24小時餐廳-陳奕迅 Mac Tonight McDonald's Commercial from Hong Kong, retrieved 2018-07-12
- "#LittleBigMoments: McDonald's Hong Kong Celebrates Chinese New Year". brandchannel:. 2018-02-21. Retrieved 2018-07-12.
- "Mac Tonight". Retrieved 2018-07-12.
- "World's Largest Entertainment McDonald's opens in Orlando". Attractions Magazine. 2016-03-16. Retrieved 2018-07-12.
- Snyder, Molly (28 March 2011). "So long, Solid Gold McDonald's". On Milwaukee. Retrieved 6 September 2018.
- "Bill Elliott". Racing Reference. Retrieved 2 December 2015.
- Jensen, Tom (August 15, 2016). "Jamie McMurray unveils 'Mac Tonight' Darlington throwback scheme". Foxsports.com. Retrieved August 30, 2016.
- Beauchamp, Scott (August 18, 2016). "How Vaporwave Was Created Then Destroyed by the Internet". Retrieved August 26, 2016.
- Minor, Jordan (May 19, 2016). "McDonald's Mac Tonight should make a comeback as the lead in a fast food cinematic universe". Retrieved August 25, 2016.
- "SAINT PEPSI - ENJOY YOURSELF (Music Video)". YouTube. September 5, 2014. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
- "Trump-Inspired Pepe The Frog Billboards To Hit Battleground State". Vocativ. 6 October 2016. Retrieved 26 November 2016.