Macabebe, Pampanga

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Municipality of Macabebe
Municipal Hall
Municipal Hall
Official seal of Macabebe
Motto(s): "Memalen Macabebe, tapat makiabe!"
Map of Pampanga with Macabebe highlighted
Map of Pampanga with Macabebe highlighted
Macabebe is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°54′29″N 120°42′56″E / 14.9081°N 120.7156°E / 14.9081; 120.7156Coordinates: 14°54′29″N 120°42′56″E / 14.9081°N 120.7156°E / 14.9081; 120.7156
Country  Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Province Pampanga
District 4th District
Barangays 25 (see Barangays
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Annette Flores Balgan
 • Vice Mayor Vince Flores
 • Congressman Juan Pablo P. Bondoc
 • Electorate 41,642 voters (2016)
 • Total 105.16 km2 (40.60 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 75,850
 • Density 720/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2018
PSGC 035410000
IDD:area code +63 (0)45
Climate type tropical monsoon climate
Income class 1st municipal income class

Macabebe, officially the Municipality of Macabebe, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Pampanga, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 75,850 people.[3]


Macabebe is located in the southern part of Pampanga. It is bounded to the north by the municipalities of Minalin, Guagua and Apalit; to the east by the municipalities of Calumpit and Hagonoy in Bulacan; to the west by the municipality of Sasmuan; and to the south by the municipality of Masantol and Manila Bay.


Macabebe is politically subdivided into 25 barangays.[2]

  • Batasan [Bitas]
  • Caduang Tete
  • Candelaria
  • Castuli
  • Consuelo
  • Dalayap
  • Mataguiti
  • San Esteban
  • San Francisco
  • San Gabriel (Poblacion)
  • San Isidro (Poblacion)
  • San Jose
  • San Juan
  • San Rafael
  • San Roque (Poblacion)
  • San Vicente
  • Santa Cruz (Poblacion)
  • Santa Lutgarda
  • Santa Maria
  • Santa Rita (Poblacion)
  • Santo Niño
  • Santo Rosario (Poblacion)
  • Sapang Pari
  • Saplad David
  • Tacasan
  • Telacsan


Macabebe, an ancient town in the province of Pampanga is intimately linked to the Pampanga River (Rio Grande de la Pampanga). Thus, the Kapampangan word "Makabebe" means 'Nakabaybay' in Filipino, or 'bordering the river banks' where the town's name was derived. The Macabebes were the first known Kapampangans. In the Spanish Colonial period of the Philippines, Macabebe was considered one of the oldest and most important communities of Pampanga.

The ancient town of Macabebe owes its importance to its location along the Rio Grande de la Pampanga (Pampanga River). The river's routes and its northern tributaries provided the pathways to the early major settlements in Pampanga. The English translation of Macabebe, meaning: 'sorrounded by rivers' describes the historical heritage of the ancient town.[4]

The Macabebe dialect is said to be harsher and louder than others due to how the towns people must have had to communicate across the river.

The Pampanga River is of great importance to Macabebe. Fishing is still a major source of sustenance and income for its residents. A number of fisheries can be found along the river banks.

The province of Pampanga is also the traditional homeland of the Kapampangan people. The Kapampangan of Macabebe have played a dynamic and at times conflicting role in the history of the Philippines. They fought against the Spanish in 1571, but they also defended the last Spanish garrison against revolutionaries in 1898.

In 1901, American General Frederick Funston and his troops captured Philippine President Emilio Aguinaldo in Palanan, Isabela, with the help of some Kapampangans (called the Macabebe Scouts after their home locale) who had joined the Americans' side. The Americans pretended to be captives of the Macabebes, who were dressed in Philippine Army uniforms. Once Funston and his "captors" entered Aguinaldo's camp, they immediately fell upon the guards and quickly overwhelmed them and the weary Aguinaldo.

During World War II, many Japanese fighter and bomber planes was crashed and air raid invading the municipalities in Macabebe on December 1941 under the Japanese Invasion and they occupied by the Imperial Japanese troops was entered the municipalities on 1942 under the Japanese Occupation.

Many Kapampangan guerrillas and Hukbalahap resistance was downfall invading the municipalities in Macabebe was the siege of three year conflicts and attacking Japanese troops. After the insurgencies, many Kapampangan guerrillas and Hukbalahap resistance was downfall retreating by the Japanese Imperial Armed Forces in the town municipalities. When the last stand of the Japanese military garrisons and invading guerrillas and Hukbalahap resistance and they captured and victory by all Kapampangan guerrillas and Hukbalahap resistance groups and before the local Filipino troops of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and Philippine Constabulary units has entering the municipal towns on 1945 before the liberation.

When the Battle of Macabebe begins on 1945. When the all stronghold of local Filipino soldiers and military officers under the Philippine Commonwealth Army 3rd, 32nd, 36th and 37th Infantry Division and the Philippine Constabulary 3rd Constabulary Regiment was came liberated and recapturing battles and re-invaded the town municipalities in Macabebe and helping Kapampangan guerrillas and Hukbalahap communist resistance groups and defeats Imperial Japanese armed force and ending aftermath of World War II.


Public Market
Population census of Macabebe
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 14,405 —    
1918 16,100 +0.74%
1939 20,149 +1.07%
1948 17,647 −1.46%
1960 27,888 +3.89%
1970 39,017 +3.41%
1975 42,397 +1.68%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1980 45,830 +1.57%
1990 55,505 +1.93%
1995 59,469 +1.30%
2000 65,346 +2.04%
2007 70,332 +1.02%
2010 70,777 +0.23%
2015 75,850 +1.33%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][5][6][7]

In the 2015 census, the population of Macabebe, Pampanga, was 75,850 people,[3] with a density of 720 inhabitants per square kilometre or 1,900 inhabitants per square mile.


San Nicolas de Tolentino Parish Church
San Gabriel Parish Church

In religion, the town has Catholics 87%, Members Church of God International 5%, Iglesia ni Cristo 3%, Evangelicals 2%, others 3%.


The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of San Fernando has jurisdiction over the 1575 San Nicolas de Tolentino Parish Church. It was founded in 1575 under the advocation of San Nicolas de Tolentino. The heritage church measures 70 metres (230 ft) long, 17 metres (56 ft) wide and 11 metres (36 ft) high. The facade of the church has scantly ornamentation and its architectural symmetry is lost amid and the various forms assumed the windows and the main entrance. Simple neo-classic lines of the facade.[8]

Macabebe is also home to San Gabriel Chapel. This newly erected chapel is a replacement of the old chapel that has been devastated by the flooding after the Mt. Pinatubo erpution and was then formally constructed in 2002, by the then Chairman of the Aguman Damayan San Gabriel, Romeo Paras. Who was born in this barrio and migrated to the United States of America in 1979. The chapel has come into completion as inaugurated in May 2010.

And one of the most visited church at Macabebe is the Sta Maria Chapel, the home of the barangay's Queen and Patroness (NUESTRA SENIORA DELA PAZ). The chapel is under the jurisdiction of San Rafael Archangel Parish Church. The newly erected chapel is a replacement of the old chapel because its always been flooded during rainy seasons. So the completion of its renovation is inaugurated last April 2005 and blessed by its Excellency Archbishop Paciano Aniceto. Based on the history, before, the place where the church is erected was called "baliti". Because in ancient times at that exact place, a Big Baliti Tree is planted.

Local government[edit]

Like other towns in the Philippines, Macabebe is governed by a mayor and vice mayor who are elected to three-year terms. The mayor is the executive head and leads the town's departments in executing the ordinances and improving public services. The vice mayor heads a legislative council (Sangguniang Bayan) consisting of councilors from the barangays of barrios.

Tourism and culture[edit]

The town is rich in its past and treasures. Its town hall and churches reveal the wealth of the town's heritage.

Town Fiesta[edit]

The town's fiesta is held annually on September 10 in honor of San Nicolas de Tolentino, the town's patron saint.

Barangay Fiestas[edit]

  • Barangay Sta. Maria. (Nuestra Señora dela Paz) or locally known as "Apung Maria" has the largest area among all other barangays in Macabebe. The image of the Virgin is the most venerated Marian image in the town and one of the most venerated image in the province of Pampanga. Every fiesta eve, they bring the original image to "Taldawa" or bukid (which is now under the place of Masantol & Minalin) for a house to house blessing within the whole day by means of "limbun", a Capampangan term for Libot or Umiikot. Only Apung Maria can do that wonderful event all over the province because she’s connecting and making the way again in the place that Macabebe owns before. The feast day is every last Saturday and Sunday of the month of April, and holds one of the most grandiose festivity in the whole town of Macabebe. Devotees from abroad and Manila and locals of Pampanga come together to give honor and celebrate her festivity. During her festivity, they gather around to the original image for a grand procession (afternoon and evening) in tuned of Batalya, as she is known as LA REINA DE BATALYA, in honor of St. Mary, Mother of Jesus.
  • Barangay San Jose celebrates fiesta every 3rd Sunday of March in honor of St. Joseph.
  • Barangay Saplad David celebrates fiesta every 9 January in honor of the dark-skinned, kneeling Jesus Christ carrying the Cross or the Black Nazarene.
  • Barangay Sto. Rosario celebrates fiesta every 1 May in honor of the Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary.
  • Barangay San Rafael celebrates fiesta every 24 October in honor of St. Raphael the Archangel
  • Barangay San Juan celebrates fiesta every 24 June in honor of St. John the Baptist, people splash water to each other.
  • Barangay San Gabriel and barangay Caduang Tete celebrates fiesta every 2nd Sunday of May and 29 September in honor of St. Gabriel the Archangel.
  • Barangay San Isidro celebrates fiesta every 15 May in honor of St. Isidore the Farmer.
  • Barangay Sto. Niño celebrates fiesta twice a year one is every 3rd Sunday of January and the other one is every 3rd Sunday of April in honor of the Sto. Niño.
  • Barangay Batasan celebrates fiesta every 2nd day of February in the honor of Nuestra Señora de Candelaria and the "Presentation of the Lord Parish".
  • Barangay Santa Rita celebrates fiesta every 22 May in honor of St. Rita.
  • Barangay San Roque celebrates fiesta every 1st Sunday of May in honor of Saint Roch but the Western celebrates his death every August 16 (13).
  • Brgy. Sta. Lutgarda celebrates fiesta every 1st Sunday of May and 16th day of June in honor of the birth of their patron Apung Sta. Lutgarda.
  • Brgy. San Vicente celebrates fiesta every first Sunday of April in honor of St. Vincent.
  • Brgy. San Francisco celebrates fiesta every last Sunday of April and 4th day of October in honor of St. Francis of Assisi.
  • Barangay Castuli celebrates their fiesta every last Saturday of February in honor of Our Lady of Lourdes.
  • Barangay Mataguiti celebrates their fiesta every 1st Sunday of May and known for having a "libad" or boat procession in honoring the Lord Jesus Christ cross as their patron.
  • Barangay Candelaria celebrates fiesta every 2nd day of February and known for having a "libad" or boat procession in honoring the Nuestra Senora de Candelaria.
  • Barangay San Esteban celebrates their fiesta every 4th Sunday of April.
  • Barangay Sta. Cruz celebrates their fiesta every 3rd day of May.
  • Barangay Tacasan celebrates fiesta every 19th day of March in honor of Señor San José.
  • Barangay Telacsan celebrates their fiesta every 15 May and 31 December (the last day of the year) to give thanks to St. Isidore the Farmer, their patron saint, for all the blessings that they have received for the whole year.


Our Lady of Rosary Hospital

The town provides medical missions and free medical operations, including fully functional health facilities serves in every barangay. There are few hospitals in the town and a market in the town. The District Office of the Congressional representative stands near the town centre.


  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Pampanga". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  6. ^ Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 
  7. ^ "Province of Pampanga". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  8. ^

External links[edit]