Macabebe

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Macabebe
Municipality of Macabebe
Municipal Hall
Municipal Hall
Official seal of Macabebe
Seal
Motto(s): 
"Memalen Macabebe, tapat makiabe!"
Map of Pampanga with Macabebe highlighted
Map of Pampanga with Macabebe highlighted
Macabebe is located in Philippines
Macabebe
Macabebe
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°54′29″N 120°42′56″E / 14.9081°N 120.7156°E / 14.9081; 120.7156Coordinates: 14°54′29″N 120°42′56″E / 14.9081°N 120.7156°E / 14.9081; 120.7156
Country Philippines
RegionCentral Luzon (Region III)
ProvincePampanga
District4th District
FoundedJanuary 17, 1575 [1]
Barangays25 (see Barangays
Government
[2]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorAnnette Flores Balgan
 • Vice MayorVince Flores
 • CongressmanJuan Pablo P. Bondoc
 • Electorate41,642 voters (2016)
Area
[3]
 • Total105.16 km2 (40.60 sq mi)
Population
(2015 census)[4]
 • Total75,850
 • Density720/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
2018
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)45
Climate typeTropical monsoon climate
Income class1st municipal income class
Revenue (₱)146,444,457.22 (2016)
Native languagesKapampangan
Tagalog

Macabebe, officially the Municipality of Macabebe, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Pampanga, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 75,850 people.[4]

Geography[edit]

Macabebe is located in the southern part of Pampanga. It is bounded to the north by the municipalities of Minalin, Guagua and Apalit; to the east by the municipalities of Calumpit and Hagonoy in Bulacan; to the west by the municipality of Sasmuan; and to the south by the municipality of Masantol and Manila Bay.

Barangays[edit]

Macabebe is politically subdivided into 25 barangays.[3]

  • Batasan [Bitas]
  • Caduang Tete
  • Candelaria
  • Castuli
  • Consuelo
  • Dalayap
  • Mataguiti
  • San Esteban
  • San Francisco
  • San Gabriel (Poblacion)
  • San Isidro (Poblacion)
  • San Jose
  • San Juan
  • San Rafael
  • San Roque (Poblacion)
  • San Vicente
  • Santa Cruz (Poblacion)
  • Santa Lutgarda
  • Santa Maria
  • Santa Rita (Poblacion)
  • Santo Niño
  • Santo Rosario (Poblacion)
  • Sapang Pari
  • Saplad David
  • Tacasan
  • Telacsan

History[edit]

Macabebe, an ancient town in the province of Pampanga is intimately linked to the Pampanga River (Rio Grande de la Pampanga). The town was named Macabebe because it is geographically situated along the shores or banks of Rio Grande de Pampanga. Some called it Macabibi because the river was abundantly grown with corals and shells during the early times. The Macabebes were the first known Kapampangans. In the Spanish Colonial period of the Philippines, Macabebe was considered one of the oldest and most important communities of Pampanga.

The ancient town of Macabebe owes its importance to its location along the Rio Grande de la Pampanga (Pampanga River). The river's routes and its northern tributaries provided the pathways to the early major settlements in Pampanga. The English translation of Macabebe, meaning: 'surrounded by rivers' describes the historical heritage of the ancient town.[5]

The Macabebe dialect is said to be harsher and louder than others due to how the townspeople communicate across the river.

The Pampanga River is of great importance to Macabebe. Fishing is still a major source of sustenance and income for its residents. A number of fisheries can be found along the river.

The province of Pampanga is also the traditional homeland of the Kapampangan people. The Kapampangan of Macabebe had played a dynamic and at times conflicting role in the history of the Philippines. They fought against the Spanish in 1571, such as the case when the youthful Tarik Soliman (Bambalito)[6] became the first Kapampangan and Filipino martyr who fought against Spanish rule.[7] They also defended the last Spanish garrison against revolutionaries in 1898.

In 1901, American General Frederick Funston and his troops captured Philippine President Emilio Aguinaldo in Palanan, Isabela, with the help of some Kapampangans (called the Macabebe Scouts after their home locale) who had joined the Americans' side. The Americans pretended to be captives of the Macabebes, who were dressed in Philippine Army uniforms. Once Funston and his "captors" entered Aguinaldo's camp, they immediately apprehended Aguinaldo and his men.

During World War II, the Japanese fighter and bomber planes air raided the municipalities of Macabebe on December 1941. Macabebe was occupied by the Japanese Imperial Army in 1942.

Demographics[edit]

Public Market
Population census of Macabebe
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 14,405—    
1918 16,100+0.74%
1939 20,149+1.07%
1948 17,647−1.46%
1960 27,888+3.89%
1970 39,017+3.41%
1975 42,397+1.68%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1980 45,830+1.57%
1990 55,505+1.93%
1995 59,469+1.30%
2000 65,346+2.04%
2007 70,332+1.02%
2010 70,777+0.23%
2015 75,850+1.33%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[4][8][9][10]

In the 2015 census, the population of Macabebe, Pampanga, was 75,850 people,[4] with a density of 720 inhabitants per square kilometre or 1,900 inhabitants per square mile.

Religion[edit]

San Nicolas de Tolentino Parish Church
San Gabriel Chapel

In religion, the town has Catholics 87%, Members Church of God International 5%, Iglesia ni Cristo 3%, Evangelicals 2%, others 3%.

Churches[edit]

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of San Fernando has jurisdiction over the 1575 San Nicolas de Tolentino Parish Church. It was founded in 1575 under the advocation of San Nicolas de Tolentino. The heritage church measures 70 metres (230 ft) long, 17 metres (56 ft) wide and 11 metres (36 ft) high. The facade of the church has scantly ornamentation and its architectural symmetry is lost amid and the various forms assumed the windows and the main entrance. Simple neo-classic lines of the facade.[11]

Macabebe is also home to San Gabriel Chapel. This newly erected chapel is a replacement of the old chapel that has been devastated by the flooding after the Mt. Pinatubo eruption and was then formally constructed in 2002, by the then Chairman of the Aguman Damayan San Gabriel, Romeo Paras. Who was born in this barrio and migrated to the United States of America in 1979. The chapel has come into completion as inaugurated in May 2010.

And one of the most visited church at Macabebe is the Sta Maria Chapel, the home of the barangay's Queen and Patroness (NUESTRA SENIORA DELA PAZ). The chapel is under the jurisdiction of San Rafael Archangel Parish Church. The newly erected chapel is a replacement of the old chapel because its always been flooded during rainy seasons. So the completion of its renovation is inaugurated last April 2005 and blessed by its Excellency Archbishop Paciano Aniceto. Based on the history, before, the place where the church is erected was called "baliti". Because in ancient times at that exact place, a Big Baliti Tree is planted.

Local government[edit]

Like other towns in the Philippines, Macabebe is governed by a mayor and vice mayor who are elected to three-year terms. The mayor is the executive head and leads the town's departments in executing the ordinances and improving public services. The vice mayor heads a legislative council (Sangguniang Bayan) consisting of councilors from the barangays of barrios.

Tourism and culture[edit]

The town is rich in its past and treasures. Its town hall and churches reveal the wealth of the town's heritage.

Town Fiesta[edit]

The town's fiesta is held annually on the 10th of September in honor of San Nicolas de Tolentino, the town's patron saint.

Barangay Fiestas[edit]

  • Barangay Sta. Maria. (Nuestra Señora dela Paz) or locally known as "Apung Maria" has the largest area among all other barangays in Macabebe. The image of the Virgin is the most venerated Marian image in the town and in the province of Pampanga. Every fiesta eve, they bring the original image to "Taldawa" or bukid (which is now under the place of Masantol & Minalin) for a house to house blessing within the whole day by means of "limbun", a Capampangan term for Libot or Umiikot. Only Apung Maria can do that wonderful event all over the province because she’s connecting and making the way again in the place that Macabebe owns before. The feast day is every last Saturday and Sunday of the month of April, and holds one of the most grandiose festivity in the whole town of Macabebe. Devotees from abroad and Manila and locals of Pampanga come together to give honor and celebrate her festivity. During her festivity, they gather around to the original image for a grand procession (afternoon and evening) in tuned of Batalya, as she is known as LA REINA DE BATALYA, in honor of St. Mary, Mother of Jesus.
  • Barangay San Jose celebrates fiesta on the 3rd Sunday of March in honor of St. Joseph.
  • Barangay Saplad David celebrates fiesta on the 9th of January in honor of the dark-skinned, kneeling Jesus Christ carrying the Cross or the Black Nazarene.
  • Barangay Sto. Rosario celebrates fiesta on the 1st of May in honor of the Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary.
  • Barangay San Rafael celebrates fiesta on the 24th of October in honor of St. Raphael the Archangel
  • Barangay San Juan celebrates fiesta on the 24th of June in honor of St. John the Baptist, people splash water to each other.
  • Barangay San Gabriel and Barangay Caduang Tete celebrates fiesta on the 2nd Sunday of May and 29th of September in honor of St. Gabriel the Archangel.
  • Barangay San Isidro celebrates fiesta on the 15th of May in honor of St. Isidore the Farmer.
  • Barangay Sto. Niño celebrates fiesta twice a year one is on the 3rd Sunday of January and the other on the 3rd Sunday of April in honor of the Sto. Niño.
  • Barangay Batasan celebrates fiesta on the 2nd of February in the honor of Nuestra Señora de Candelaria and the "Presentation of the Lord Parish".
  • Barangay Santa Rita celebrates fiesta on the 22nd May in honor of St. Rita.
  • Barangay San Roque celebrates fiesta on the 1st Sunday of May in honor of Saint Roch but the Western celebrates his death on the 16th of August (13).
  • Brgy. Sta. Lutgarda celebrates fiesta on the 1st Sunday of May and on the 16th of June in honor of the birth of their patron Apung Sta. Lutgarda.
  • Brgy. San Vicente celebrates fiesta on the 1st Sunday of April in honor of St. Vincent.
  • Brgy. San Francisco celebrates fiesta on the last Sunday of April and on the 4th of October in honor of St. Francis of Assisi.
  • Barangay Castuli celebrates their fiesta on the last Saturday of February in honor of Our Lady of Lourdes.
  • Barangay Mataguiti celebrates their fiesta on the 1st Sunday of May and known for having a "libad" or boat procession in honoring the Lord Jesus Christ cross as their patron.
  • Barangay Candelaria celebrates fiesta on the 2nd of February and known for having a "libad" or boat procession in honoring the Nuestra Senora de Candelaria.
  • Barangay San Esteban celebrates their fiesta on the 4th Sunday of April.
  • Barangay Sta. Cruz celebrates their fiesta on the 3rd of May.
  • Barangay Tacasan celebrates fiesta on the 19th of March in honor of Señor San José.
  • Barangay Telacsan celebrates their fiesta on the 15th of May and 31st of December (the last day of the year) to give thanks to St. Isidore the Farmer, their patron saint, for all the blessings that they have received for the whole year.

Healthcare[edit]

Our Lady of Rosary Hospital

The town provides medical missions and free medical operations, including fully functional health facilities serves in every barangay. There are few hospitals in the town. The District Office of the Congressional representative stands near the town centre.

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.sunstar.com.ph/article/388444
  2. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  3. ^ a b "Province: Pampanga". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  5. ^ otopphilippines.gov.ph[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ https://www.filipiknow.net/bambalito-the-first-warrior-hero-who-died-fighting-for-our-freedom/
  7. ^ https://www.filipiknow.net/bambalito-the-first-warrior-hero-who-died-fighting-for-our-freedom/
  8. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  9. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  10. ^ "Province of Pampanga". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  11. ^ http://www.visitmyphilippines.com/index.php?title=Churches&func=all&pid=4370&tbl=0

External links[edit]