Macarena

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"Macarena"
Remix of Los Del Rio's Macarena by The Bayside Boys European CD.jpeg
One of artworks for 1995 European release of The Bayside Boys Mix
Single by Los del Río
from the album A mí me gusta and Fiesta Macarena
Released
  • 1993 (original)
  • 15 August 1995 (Bayside Boys mix)
Format
Recorded1992; 1994
GenreLatin pop, dance-pop
Length4:12 (Bayside Boys mix)
LabelRCA Records
Songwriter(s)
  • Rafael Ruiz Perdigones
  • Antonio Romero Monge
  • SWK
Producer(s)Los del Río
Los del Río singles chronology
"Macarena"
(1993)
"Macarena Christmas"
(1996)
Alternative cover
Artwork for 1993–94 Version Maquina retail release
Artwork for 1993–94 Version Maquina retail release

"Macarena" (Spanish pronunciation: [makaˈɾena]) is a Spanish dance song by Los del Río about a woman of the same name. Appearing on the 1993 album A mí me gusta, it was an international hit and dance craze throughout the second half of the 1990s. The song got the group ranked the "#1 Greatest One-Hit Wonder of All Time" by VH1 in 2002. The song uses a type of clave rhythm. In 2012, it was ranked No. 7 on Billboard's All Time Top 100. It also ranked at No. 1 on Billboard's All Time Latin Songs.[1][2]

The "Bayside Boys Mix" version's meaning is later revealed to be about a woman who cheats on her boyfriend while he is being drafted into the army.[3]

Composition[edit]

Macarena's composition features a variant on the clave rhythm.[4][5] The song is written in the key of A♭ major, moves at a tempo of 103 beats per minute, and follows the repeated chord progression A♭–G♭ throughout.[6]

Origin and history[edit]

As a result of their lounge act, Los del Río were invited to tour South America in 1992[7] and, while visiting Venezuela, they were invited to a private party held by the Venezuelan empresario Gustavo Cisneros.[8] During the celebration, a local flamenco teacher, Diana Patricia Cubillán Herrera, performed a dance for the guests, and Los del Río were pleasantly surprised by Cubillán's dance skills. Spontaneously, Antonio Romero Monge, one half of the Los del Río duo, recited the song's chorus-to-be on the spot, as an accolade to Cubillán: "¡Diana, dale a tu cuerpo alegría y cosas buenas!'" ("Give your body some joy, Diana").[7] When the authors wrote the song, they changed the name to Macarena, in honor to Antonio's daughter Esperanza Macarena.[8]

English-language remix[edit]

In mid-1996, the song became a worldwide hit roughly one year after the Bayside Boys (composed of Mike Triay and Carlos de Yarza) produced a remix of the song that added English lyrics.[9] Jammin Johnny Caride, a radio personality at Power 96 in Miami, first learned of the "Macarena" when clubgoers at a club where he worked as a deejay requested the song.[9] Caride brought the "Macarena" to his supervisors at Power 96 who asked him to create an English-language version of the song.[9]

Caride recruited his two partners at Bayside Records, Mike "In The Night" Triay and Carlos de Yarza, to remix the original song.[9] The new, English-language lyrics were written by Carlos de Yarza. The Bayside Boys, Triay and de Yarza, added a new dance beat with English-language lyrics sung originally by a studio singer, then later during a concert tour by Carla Vanessa.[9] Vanessa accepted a fixed-fee contract for her participation and live performances, and so does not receive any residual performer royalties.[10] The finished version was called "Macarena (Bayside Boys Remix)."[9] The Bayside Boys remix hit No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 in August 1996 and remained at the top of the chart for fourteen weeks.[11]

Critical reception[edit]

Dave Fawbert from ShortList commented that "Macarena" is "a song that exists independently of cool, time, criticism – it’s just there."[12]

Popularity[edit]

The reworked "Macarena (Bayside Boys remix)" spent 14 weeks at No. 1 on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 singles chart becoming one of the longest runs atop the Hot 100 chart in history.[11] The single spent its final week at No. 1 on its 46th week on the chart, recorded as the latest No. 1 single in Hot 100 history. Billboard ranked it as the No. 1 song for 1996.[13] In the United Kingdom the song was released on 10 June 1996 and peaked at No. 2 on 17 August 1996,[14] kept off the No. 1 spot by the huge popularity of the Spice Girls song "Wannabe."[15] In Australia, it was the most successful song of 1996.

"Macarena" remained popular through 1996, but by the beginning 1997, its popularity had begun to diminish. The song stayed in the Hot 100 chart for 60 weeks, the longest reign among No. 1 songs, only surpassed fifteen years later by Adele's "Rolling in the Deep". The Bayside Boys remix includes a sample from Yazoo (also known in the United States as Yaz) track "Situation"—the laughter of Yazoo vocalist Alison Moyet. The chorus uses female vocal samples previously used by the Farm in their song "Higher and Higher (Remix)" from their album, Spartacus. The Bayside Boys toured the U.S. and the world, and featured singer Carla Vanessa.

In the United States, the song, and its corresponding Macarena dance, became popular around the time of the 1996 Democratic National Convention in August that year. C-SPAN filmed attendees dancing to the song in an afternoon session, a clip of which became popular on YouTube years later.[16] Vice President Al Gore, having a reputation for stiffness, made a joke about doing the Macarena dance during his speech. He said, "I would like to demonstrate for you the Al Gore version of the Macarena," then remained motionless for a few seconds, and eventually asked, "Would you like to see it again?"[17]

By 1997, the song had sold 11 million copies. While having only a 25% take in royalties from the song, Romero and Ruiz became immensely wealthy. According to BBC News, during the year 2003 alone—a full decade after the song's initial release—Romero and Ruiz made US$250,000 in royalties.[a] Julio Iglesias is quoted as congratulating the duo personally: "My success singing in English from Miami is nothing compared to yours; coming out of Dos Hermanas with little international exposure elsewhere and selling these many records in Spanish takes two huge sets of cojones."[18]

In VH1's 2002 documentary 100 Greatest One-hit Wonders, "Macarena" was ranked as No. 1. "Macarena" was also ranked No. 1 on a different VH1 documentary, 40 Awesomely Bad No. 1 Songs.

On America's Best Dance Crew, it was danced to on the Whack Track Challenge, given to the Ringmasters.

Music video[edit]

The music video for the reworked Bayside Boys-remix of "Macarena" was directed by Vincent Calvet.[19] It was choreographed and starred Mia Frye. It features ten different women singing and dancing with Los del Río against a white background.

Accolades[edit]

Year Publisher Country Accolade Rank
2000 VH1 United States "100 Greatest Dance Songs"[20] 84
2002 VH1 United States "Greatest One-Hit Wonder of All Time" 1
2005 Blender United States "The 500 Greatest Songs Since You Were Born"[21] 198
2009 Billboard United States "All Time Latin Songs" 1
2012 Billboard United States "All Time Top 100" 7
2014 Rolling Stone United States "20 Biggest Songs of the Summer: The 1990s"[22] 3
2017 Billboard United States "The 100 Biggest Summer Songs of All Time"[23] 27
2017 BuzzFeed United States "The 101 Greatest Dance Songs of the '90s"[24] 49
2017 Paste United States "The 60 Best Dancefloor Classics"[25] 60
2018 ThoughtCo United States "The Best 100 Songs From the 1990s"[26] 2
2019 Insider United States "100 of the best songs from the '90s"[27] *
2019 Insider United States "The 57 best one-hit wonders of all time"[28] *
2019 Stacker United States "Best 90s pop songs"[29] 2

(*) indicates the list is unordered.

Charts and certifications[edit]

"Macarena"[edit]

"Macarena (Bayside Boys Mix)"[edit]

Sales and certifications[edit]

Region Certification Certified units/sales
Australia (ARIA)[65] 3× Platinum 210,000^
Austria (IFPI Austria)[86] Platinum 50,000*
Belgium (BEA)[87] 2× Platinum 100,000*
France (SNEP)[89] Diamond 910,000[88]
Germany (BVMI)[90] 3× Gold 750,000^
Netherlands (NVPI)[91] Platinum 75,000^
New Zealand (RMNZ)[92] Platinum 10,000*
Sweden (GLF)[93] Gold 25,000^
Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)[94] Gold 25,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[95] Platinum 600,000double-dagger
United States (RIAA)[97] 4× Platinum 4,300,000[96]

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone
double-daggersales+streaming figures based on certification alone

"Macarena Christmas"[edit]

Critical reception[edit]

Music & Media wrote about the song: "Just when you thought this was just a version of their worldwide smash with a couple of jingle bells added, this seasonal single erupts into a cheerful medley of Joy To The World, Jingle Bells and Silent Night. For all those who are looking for an uncomplicated Christmas."[98]

Charts[edit]

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Certified units/sales
Australia (ARIA)[109] Gold 35,000^

^shipments figures based on certification alone

Los Del Mar version[edit]

"Macarena"
Macarlosmar.jpg
Artwork for French and Australian releases
Single by Los del Mar
from the album Macarena: The Hit Album
Released1996
Format
Recorded1995
Genre
Length3:49
LabelLime Inc.
Songwriter(s)
  • Rafael Ruiz Perdigones
  • Antonio Romero Monge
  • SWK
Producer(s)Los del Mar

The song was covered by Los del Mar with vocals by Pedro Castaño.

It was first released in 1995 and then again at the same time as the original in the United Kingdom and Australia. In the UK it only reached No. 43 in the charts, but remained on the charts for almost two months; however, the Los del Rio version peaked at No. 2. In Australia, the Los del Mar version was more successful than in the United Kingdom, and peaked at No. 2 whilst the Los del Rio version was still at No. 1. In Canada, the Los del Mar version was quite popular on MuchMusic and top 40 radio in 1995.

Music video[edit]

A music video was produced for the song. In it, a man (Wil Veloz) sits in his house with his cat, getting ideas for the dance by watching clips of children dancing to the song. Two people comes to his house with a made-up dance to it. Soon, more people come outdoors of his house, performing the Macarena line dance. A girl's body transfers to a CGI replica on a screen, doing the dance. From this point, the video focuses on everyone doing the dance from it while Veloz sings it. At the mark of 2 minutes and 50 seconds, a car comes near the house. Two men come out of it. In Spanish, they say (complete with captions) "Hey! Can everybody dance your Macarena?". Soon, they (and two doubles) join the dance, leading into a fade-out. This removes 20 seconds out of the song.

Track listings[edit]

Australian CD single

  1. "Macarena" (Radio Mix) – 3:49
  2. "Macarena" (Bola Mix) – 6:08

Charts[edit]

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Certified units/sales
Australia (ARIA)[65] Platinum 70,000^
France (SNEP)[124] Gold 250,000*

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone

Tyga version[edit]

"Ayy Macarena"
Ayy-Macarena-Tyga.jpg
Single by Tyga
Released13 November 2019
Recorded2019
Length2:11
Label
Songwriter(s)
Producer(s)Pliznaya
Tyga singles chronology
"Juicy"
(2019)
"Ayy Macarena"
(2019)
"Freak"
(2020)
Music video
"Ayy Macarena" on YouTube

On 13 November 2019, American rapper Tyga released a remix, rap version of the song, called "Ayy Macarena".[125] J Balvin also sings the hook of the original song at the beginning of this version. This version has a more club-oriented sound.

In addition to this, a music video premiered on Tyga's official YouTube channel on 17 December 2019. Los Del Rio also make a cameo appearance at the beginning of The Mask-inspired music video, performing the original's iconic hook; they also make sporadic appearances throughout the video as well.[125]

Charts[edit]

Chart (2020) Peak
position
Austria (Ö3 Austria Top 40)[126] 13
Belgium (Ultratip Flanders)[127] 4
Belgium (Ultratip Wallonia)[128] 16
Canada (Canadian Hot 100)[129] 48
Denmark (Tracklisten)[130] 24
France (SNEP)[131] 97
Germany (Official German Charts)[132] 9
Hungary (Dance Top 40)[133] 28
Hungary (Stream Top 40)[134] 32
Italy (FIMI)[135] 21
Romania (Airplay 100)[136] 6
Slovakia (Singles Digitál Top 100)[137] 56
Spain (PROMUSICAE)[138] 27
Switzerland (Schweizer Hitparade)[139] 9
Ukraine Airplay (Tophit)[140] 46
US Bubbling Under Hot 100 Singles (Billboard)[141] 3
US Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs (Billboard)[142] 42
US Rhythmic (Billboard)[143] 27

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Certified units/sales
Italy (FIMI)[144] Gold 35,000double-dagger
Poland (ZPAV)[145] Gold 10,000*

*sales figures based on certification alone
double-daggersales+streaming figures based on certification alone

Other remixes, covers and parodies[edit]

Brujeria[edit]

Death metal band Brujeria released the EP "Marijuana", a parody of the song with changed lyrics.

MC Rage parody[edit]

MC Rage released the single "Fuck Macarena" in November 1996. It is a hardcore techno parody of Los del Río's "Macarena" and mocks the original version's lyrics, as do the dancers in the music video. MC Rage sings vulgar mocking lyrics as an outburst against the huge success of "Macarena". It peaked at No. 7 on the Dutch Top 40 on 27 December 1996, and at No. 8 on the Dutch Mega Top 100 on 25 January 1997.[146][147] The song has a music video featuring gabber ravers dancing hakken.

The GrooveGrass Boyz version[edit]

In 1997, The GrooveGrass Boyz recorded a country music version of the "Macarena", with re-written lyrics.[148] This rendition peaked at No. 70 on the Hot Country Songs charts and No. 7 on the Bubbling Under Hot 100. This version was released on Imprint Records and sold over 80,000 copies.[149]

Physics parody regarding the holographic principle[edit]

At the Strings 1998 conference in Santa Barbara about string theory, shortly after the publication of the paper "Anti De Sitter Space And Holography" by Edward Witten, Jeffrey A. Harvey composed a parody song "The Maldecena" about the Holographic principle.[150][151]


References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ Antonio Burgos claims that the song generated 1.5 billion Spanish pesetas or US $8.9 million, at the exchange rate from the time the peseta was replaced by the euro (167 pesetas was equal to $1 United States dollar).

Citations

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